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Remains of the Soviet Past in Estonia

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Book Series: Fringe ISBN: 9781787353534 9781787353534 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787353534 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Political Science --- Ethnology --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-02 11:01:02
License: UCL Press

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What happens to legacies that do not find any continuation? In Estonia, a new generation that does not remember the socialist era and is open to global influences has grown up. As a result, the impact of the Soviet memory in people’s conventional values is losing its effective power, opening new opportunities for repair and revaluation of the past.&#xD;&#xD;Francisco Martinez brings together a number of sites of interest to explore the vanquishing of the Soviet legacy in Estonia: the railway bazaar in Tallinn where concepts such as ‘market’ and ‘employment’ take on distinctly different meanings from their Western use; Linnahall, a grandiose venue, whose Soviet heritage now poses diffi cult questions of how to present the building’s history; Tallinn’s cityscape, where the social, spatial and temporal co-evolution of the city can be viewed and debated; Narva, a city that marks the border between the Russian Federation, NATO and the European Union, and represents a place of continual negotiation of belonging; and the new Estonian National Museum in Raadi, an area on the outskirts of Tartu, that has been turned into a memory field.&#xD;

Keywords

Estonia --- Communism --- Eastern Europe --- Soviet

A Difficult Neighbourhood

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ISBN: 9781760460600 Year: DOI: 10.22459/DN.10.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:14
License: ANU Press

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"Through a series of essays on key events in recent years in Russia, the western ex-republics of the USSR and the countries of the one-time Warsaw Pact, John Besemeres seeks to illuminate the domestic politics of the most important states, as well as Moscow’s relations with all of them. At the outset, he takes some backward glances at the violent suppression of national life in the ‘bloodlands’ of Europe during World War II by the Stalinist and Nazi regimes, which helps to explain much about the region’s dynamics since. His concern throughout is that a large area of Europe with a combined population well in excess of Russia’s could again be consigned by the West to Moscow’s care, not this time by more and less malign forms of collusion, but by distracted negligence or incomprehension. ‘This is a wonderful collection of essays from a leading Eastern Europe specialist. John Besemeres brings a lifetime of experience, profound insights, and an incisive style to subjects ranging from wartime and post-war Poland through contemporary Ukraine to Putin’s Russia. At a time when doublespeak has become the new normal, his refreshing honesty has never been in greater need.’&#xD;— Bobo Lo"

Van Eeden tot heden

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Lage Landen Studies ISBN: 9789038220918 Year: Pages: 305 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_466591 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Academia Press
Subject: Arts in general --- Psychology --- Social Sciences --- History of arts --- Languages and Literatures --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-10 15:05:09
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Ranging from Polish inspirations in contemporary authors such as Bernlef, Frank Westerman and Erwin Mortier, over the Central European successes of the now forgotten Jo van Ammers-Küller, to the Bulgarian character Firmin Debeljanov in The Sorrow of Belgium: with its focus on the various interrelations between the contemporary literature of the Low countries and the so-called smaller literary cultures located between the German and the Russian language areas, the volume Van Eeden tot heden offers a multi-faceted perspective on a hitherto barely explored topic in twentieth-century European literature. Due to the academic background of the contributing authors the emphasis is on Polish, Hungarian and Czech case studies, though the Balkans are also being dealt with – albeit less prominently. Whereas some contributions search for contacts, links and influences between literatures and literators, some other chapters set up textual encounters in which authors and their works are compared from a thematic, poetic, stylistic or generic angle. Apart from these comparative endeavors, another group of contributors offer reception analysis regarding the overall topic. In the last part of the volume the focus is on issues of (national) representation and the discursive strategies that are used for it.

Historical Memory versus Communist Identity

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ISBN: 9789949326174 9789949326495 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_507876 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-13 11:01:08
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This collection consists of articles on the subjects addressed by the research conference “The Shaping of Identity and Personality under Communist Rule: History in the Service of Totalitarian Regimes in Eastern Europe”, held in Tallinn, Estonia, on 9–10 June 2011 and arranged by the Estonian Institute of Historical Memory Foundation and the Unitas Foundation. The organisers of the conference intended to describe, analyse and explain the state policies and activities used in Eastern Europe for shaping the Communist identity and personality by means of manipulating the historical consciousness, and the efficiency of those policies and activities, proceeding from the official historical approaches of the former Eastern bloc. Ideologically mutated history was the important component of the official, Communist identity. The artificial official history and the new historical identity it forced upon the population aspired to establish the sole possible truth by means of half-truths. Probably the most important thread that comes through every article in this collection is the conflict between the official, communist identity and the nation's historical memory, and its consequences.

Mistrust

Author:
Book Series: Malinowski Monographs ISBN: 9780997367522 Year: Language: English
Publisher: HAU Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101684
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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Trust occupies a unique place in contemporary discourse. Seen as both necessary and good, it is variously depicted as enhancing the social fabric, lowering crime rates, increasing happiness, and generating prosperity. It allows for complex political systems, permits human communication, underpins financial instruments and economic institutions, and holds society itself together. There is scant space within this vision for a nuanced discussion of mistrust. With few exceptions, it is treated as little more than a corrosive absence. This monograph, instead, proposes an ethnographic and conceptual exploration of mistrust as a legitimate epistemological stance in its own right. It examines the impact of mistrust on practices of conversation and communication, friendship and society, as well as politics and cooperation, and suggests that suspicion, doubt, and uncertainty can also ground ways of organizing human society and cooperating with others.

Chapter 8 Unintended Consequences of EU Democracy Support in the European Neighbourhood (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367346492 Year: Pages: 17 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-13 11:21:03
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"The European Union’s (EU) impact on the political governance of&#xD;the European neighbourhood is varied and sometimes opposite to&#xD;the declared objectives of its democracy support policies. The&#xD;democracy promotion literature has to a large extent neglected&#xD;the unintended consequences of EU democracy support in Eastern&#xD;Europe and the Middle East and North Africa. The EU has left&#xD;multiple imprints on the political trajectories of the countries in&#xD;the neighbourhood and yet the dominant explanation, highlighting&#xD;the EU’s security and economic interests in the two regions,&#xD;cannot fully account for the unintended consequences of its policies.&#xD;The literature on the ‘pathologies’ of international organisations&#xD;offers an explanation, emphasizing the failures of the EU&#xD;bureaucracy to anticipate, prevent or reverse the undesired effects&#xD;of its democracy support in the neighbourhood."&#xD;

Mittelalterliche Eliten und Kulturtransfer östlich der Elbe - interdisziplinäre Beiträge zu Archäologie und Geschichte im mittelalterlichen Ostmitteleuropa

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783941875104 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The different written and archaeological sources give a very heterogeneous picture of the social and religious structures in Eastern Middle Europe. Recent developments in modern archaeological and historical research have shown new approaches to the analysis of elites. In every society there is a leading minority, who cumulates both wealth and prestige and is characterized by an elevated social rank, reputation and acceptance. An external marker of these elites is especially the superregional transfer of certain items, but also of the culturally encoded value systems. The present study asks whether this notion of cultural transfer, developed in the context of modern history, can be applied as well to the study of mutual influences between the elites of medieval Western and Eastern Middle Europe. It also raises the question if this terminology is equally useful for the analysis of written and material sources, and to what extent it might open a new perspective on the rich but as yet often unexplored history of the lands east of the Elbe river.

The Governance of Educational Welfare Markets: A Comparative Analysis of the European Social Fund in Five Countries

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783034318990 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0353-0688-0 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Political Science --- Education --- Social Sciences --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:38
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This book is a first exploratory inquiry into possible educational selectivity effects of the European Social Fund (ESF). It assesses the extent of the gap between the social policy objectives set through regulatory competences in multi-level governance and the structure of incentives it breeds in practice, with a broad range of implications for the capacity of the government to control for an equitable distribution of services at the community level. The chapters emphasize the educational selectivity involved in national policy decisions concerning ESF implementation in the five countries, the role of informal mechanisms in fine-tuning implementation, the negative effects of formalization and failures in accommodating the complexity of goals which characterizes the ESF, as well as the overall fairness of ESF implementation towards the most disadvantaged groups in society. The empirical analysis suggests that social-service delivery contracting as an instrument of governance is no longer regulating against risks for beneficiaries, but fuels increased social division in access to public services.

Erinnerungen an den Krieg – Krieg der Erinnerungen

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ISBN: 9783666300905 Year: DOI: 10.13109/9783666300905 Language: German
Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103644
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:10
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Dieses Buch schreibt die Geschichte der litauischen Erinnerungskultur auf eine neue und unkonventionelle Art und Weise. Durch den Fokus auf die Geschichte der Gedenkstätten und Denkmale des Zweiten Weltkrieges werden vielfältige Akteure, Erinnerungspraktiken und historische Diskurse umfassend ausgeleuchtet. Hatten die ersten Kriegsdenkmale und Museen die Funktion, auf die Präsenz der Sowjetmacht hinzuweisen, wurde in den 1960er Jahren das Motiv des litauischen Heldenmutes und Widerstandes zentral. Diese Nationalisierung des Widerstandes ging auf Kosten der jüdischen Untergrundkämpfer; und auch für jüdische Opfer der Massenvernichtung während der deutschen Besatzung war in der sowjetischen Erinnerungspolitik kaum Platz. Nach dem politischen Umbruch und der Wiedererlangung der Staatssouveränität im Jahr 1990 bekam die »erlebte« Geschichte – und vor allem die Erfahrung der Opfer des stalinistischen Terrors – einen zentralen Platz in der öffentlichen Geschichtspräsentation. Fast alle Erinn

“Frozen conflicts” in Europe

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ISBN: 9783847401339 9783847404286 Year: DOI: 10.3224/84740133 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102285
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-07 11:21:02
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Oft forgotten but simmering “frozen conflicts” continuously mark the political map of Europe. All located in South Eastern Europe, the Black Sea area and Transcaucasia, these conflicts run along ethnic, national, cultural and linguistic lines, separating communities. This insightful book offers a rare critical analyses of the cases of Northern Cyprus, Transnistria, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, Nagorno-Karabakh, Kosovo, and Crimea.

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