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Guayaquil: Arquitectura, espacio y sociedad, 1900-1940

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ISBN: 9789978841501 9782821845039 Year: Language: Spanish
Publisher: Institut français d’études andines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 11:52:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Este libro contiene un estudio, casi único en su género, sobre la ciudad portuaria más importante del país, Guayaquil, en las primeras cuatro décadas del presente siglo, es decir, en un período crítico, y al mismo tiempo innovador, de la historia socioeconómica de esta ciudad. Su objetivo es analizar la evolución de la arquitectura urbana de la metrópoli costera del Ecuador, en un contexto espacial, geográfico y social. En sus páginas cobra vida no solo la arquitectura, sino la sociedad guay...

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Ecuador

Frontera y poblamiento: estudios de historia y antropología de Colombia y Ecuador

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ISBN: 9789589537978 9782821844933 Year: Language: Spanish
Publisher: Institut français d’études andines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 11:52:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Los estudios contenidos en esta publicación conjunta del Instituto Francés de Estudios Andinos, la Universidad de Los Andes y el Instituto Amazónico de Investigacíones Cintificas, Sinchi, abocan el angulo de las relaciones entre espacio y sociedad en un largo paréntisís de la historia de los pueblos asentados entre los Andes, una parción de su borde pacífico y el piedemonte amazónica. Las sociedades consideradas en estos trabajos, particularmente las precolombinas y las coloniales, han sido e...

Quito y la crisis de la alcabala (1580-1600)

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ISBN: 9789978840290 9782821844889 Year: Language: Spanish
Publisher: Institut français d’études andines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 11:52:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Quinto y la crisis de la alcabala (1580-1600) intenta comprender la lógica del desarrolló de este capítulo que la historiografía ecuatoriana juzga a menudo decisivo para el devenir nacional, pero que no ha sido jamás objeto de un estudio preciso. A pesar de la enorme cantidad de documentos de origen diverso que existen sobre el tema, nada nuevo se había hecho desde González Suárez y su célebre Historia General de la República del Ecuador. Bernard Lavallé reconstruve el juego complejo de los ...

La Cuenca Oriente: Geología y petróleo

ISBN: 9789978438596 9782821840454 Year: Language: Spanish
Publisher: Institut français d’études andines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 11:52:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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La Cuenca Oriente Ecuatoriana representa un extraordinario sistema natural, cuya armonía permea desde lo más profundo de su subsuelo, hasta la explosión de vida vegetal y animal que se desarrolla sobre un suelo, cuya morfología se caracteriza por relieves relativemente importantes con respecto a las demás cuencas de ante-país andinas. La alta densidad de información de subsuelo de la Cuenca Oriente, así como la presencia de afloramientos relativamente buenos en su margen occidental, han perm...

Primeras sociedades de la alta Amazonia : La cultura Mayo Chinchipe-Marañón

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ISBN: 9782709926058 DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.18159 Language: Spanish
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-31 11:25:14
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Esta obra presenta a! público el contexto natural y cultural de la Alta Amazonia, subrayando el aporte que los antiguos pueblos de esta región hicieron a la construcción cosmológica de la Civilización Andina. Se sintetizan las evidencias arqueológicas de la antigua historia de los pueblos selváticos, para luego presentar en detalle los datos de una de las primeras sociedades amazónicas: la cultura Mayo Chinchipe-Marañón. La conclusión obvia es que la Amazonia no sólo es la mayor reserva de la biosfera, sino que es sobre todo una creación cultural. Los seres humanos han participado desde hace más de 6000 años en la modificación y regeneración de la biodiversidad. La naturaleza indómita es en realidad un paisaje cultural, modelado como el escenario social de los pueblos amazónicos.

Antes : Arqueologia de la Amazonia ecuatoriana

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782709925402 DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.17970 Language: Spanish
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-31 11:25:14
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Los peligros volcánicos asociados con el Tungurahua

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9782709925846 DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.18041 Language: Spanish
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-31 11:25:14
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

¿Cómo es el voleán Tungurahua? ¿Cuál ha sido su comportamiento histórico? ¿Qué tipo de fenómenos volcánicos se producen en él? ¿Cómo es vigilado por los técnicos? ¿Qué sucede en el actual proceso eruptivo? ¿Cuáles son los peligros ante los que la ciudadanía debe estar preparada? Este libro responde a estas inquietudes que actualmente son parte de la vida cotidiana de grandes sectores de población.

Arqueología Amazónica : Las civilizaciones ocultas del bosque tropical

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ISBN: 9782709925433 DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.18758 Language: Spanish
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-31 11:25:14
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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El presente libro reúne las intervenciones más destacadas del coloquio internacional Arqueología regional en la Amazonía Occidental: temáticas, resultados y políticas. El coloquio surgió como respuesta a una necesidad que se Ta venido sintiendo en el transcurso de los últimos 10 artos sobre el estado de las investigaciones arqueológicas efectuadas en la parte Occidental de la Amazonía de los países andinos. El problema real es la falta de intercambio de información básica sobre las pesquisas y los nuevos datos que se generan en la ceja de montaña. Los arqueólogos que trabajan en esta área reconocen el gran vacío que existe en la información regional sobre los avances alcanzados en la investigación de los países vecinos. Aunque las problemáticas que se enfocan en los distintos países de la región andina sean diferentes, todos concuerdan en que lo que se logra en un país, beneficia necesariamente al conocimiento y a las estrategias que se deberían implementar en la región. Una ciencia joven debe construirse con el aporte de todos sus actores y una perspectiva regional multiplica las oportunidades de avanzar a un ritmo más acelerado. La discusión de las políticas de investigación no sólo incumbe a los practicantes, sino sobre todo es una responsabilidad del Estado. Entre sus obligaciones sociales, éste debería plantear los objetivos y las problemáticas, trazar las estrategias y organizar sus recursos para lograr las metas que se pretende alcanzar La investigación debería regirse por un plan socializado y coherente que englobe el estudio, la conservación y la difusión de los recursos patrimoniales (naturales y culturales), pues sin estos pasos previos no es posible ponerlos en función social. Las políticas de estado deben guardar coherencia con el plan de gobierno y en materia patrimonial debe fijarse como objetivo a corto plazo la recuperación de la identidad ancestral y la construcción de un sentido de unidad dentro de la pluriculturalidad que caracteriza al Ecuador actual.

Contested Knowledges: Water Conflicts on Large Dams and Mega-Hydraulic Development

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038978107 / 9783038978114 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-811-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

Water acquisition, storage, allocation and distribution are intensely contested in our society, whether, for instance, such issues pertain to a conflict between upstream and downstream farmers located on a small stream or to a large dam located on the border of two nations. Water conflicts are mostly studied as disputes around access to water resources or the formulation of water laws and governance rules. However, explicitly or not, water conflicts nearly always also involve disputes among different philosophical views. The contributions to this edited volume have looked at the politics of contested knowledge as manifested in the conceptualisation, design, development, implementation and governance of large dams and mega-hydraulic infrastructure projects in various parts of the world. The special issue has explored the following core questions: Which philosophies and claims on mega-hydraulic projects are encountered, and how are they shaped, validated, negotiated and contested in concrete contexts? Whose knowledge counts and whose knowledge is downplayed in water development conflict situations, and how have different epistemic communities and cultural-political identities shaped practices of design, planning and construction of dams and mega-hydraulic projects? The contributions have also scrutinised how these epistemic communities interactively shape norms, rules, beliefs and values about water problems and solutions, including notions of justice, citizenship and progress that are subsequently to become embedded in material artefacts.

Keywords

hydroelectric development --- hydropower --- dam --- indigenous peoples --- first nations --- Canada --- Site C --- British Columbia --- environmental impacts --- socio-economic impacts --- hydropower --- Mekong River Basin --- political ecology --- STS --- public knowledge controversies --- large dams --- dam safety --- hazard risk --- environmental governance --- uncertainty --- knowledge politics --- marginalization --- political ecology --- Himalayas --- India --- hydropower development --- politicized collective identity --- territory --- collective action --- agonistic unity --- vernacular statecraft --- Dzumsa --- North Sikkim --- hydrosocial territory --- knowledge encounters --- hydraulic utopia --- modernity --- commensuration --- anti-dam movement --- Málaga --- Spain --- hiding hand --- A.O. Hirschman --- irrigation --- hydraulic projects --- San Lorenzo irrigation project --- Chixoy irrigation project --- Peru --- Guatemala --- megadams --- social construction of technology --- politics of the governed --- anti-dam resistance movements --- technological design --- contested knowledge --- Ecuador --- expectations --- hydroelectric megaprojects --- socio-technical imaginaries --- Ecuador --- energy policy --- large dams --- socioenvironmental impacts --- compensation measures --- knowledge systems --- commensuration --- negotiation --- territorial control --- Bolivia --- Jacques Lacan --- psychoanalysis --- fantasy --- mega-dam --- Inga --- DR Congo --- hydropolitics --- mega-hydraulic projects --- modernist traditions --- knowledge arenas --- manufactured ignorance --- depoliticization --- UnGovernance --- dehumanizing rationality --- multi-actor multi-scalar alliances --- co-creation --- power --- n/a

Breastfeeding and Human Lactation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038979302 / 9783038979319 Year: Pages: 450 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-931-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

Human lactation has evolved to produce a milk composition that is uniquely-designed for the human infant. Not only does human milk optimize infant growth and development, it also provides protection from infection and disease. More recently, the importance of human milk and breastfeeding in the programming of infant health has risen to the fore. Anchoring of infant feeding in the developmental origins of health and disease has led to a resurgence of research focused in this area. Milk composition is highly variable both between and within mothers. Indeed the distinct maternal human milk signature, including its own microbiome, is influenced by environmental factors, such as diet, health, body composition and geographic residence. An understanding of these changes will lead to unravelling the adaptation of milk to the environment and its impact on the infant. In terms of the promotion of breastfeeding, health economics and epidemiology is instrumental in shaping public health policy and identifying barriers to breastfeeding. Further, basic research is imperative in order to design evidence-based interventions to improve both breastfeeding duration and women’s breastfeeding experience.

Keywords

human milk --- breastfed infants --- body composition --- anthropometrics --- milk intake --- bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy --- ultrasound skinfolds --- maternal factors --- infant --- feeding --- preterm --- premature --- bottle --- human milk --- breastfeeding --- nipple shield --- infant feeding --- choline --- phosphocholine --- glycerophosphocholine --- lactation --- human milk --- infants --- adequate intake --- dietary recommendations --- Canada --- Cambodia --- breast milk --- galactogogues --- mothers of preterm infants --- breastfeeding --- attitudes --- knowledge --- midwifery --- formula supplementation --- justification of supplementation --- maternal wellbeing --- maternal distress --- post-partum distress --- breastfeeding support --- paternal role --- partner support --- infant --- Ireland --- passive immunity --- antibodies --- lactation --- peptidomics --- prematurity --- proteolysis --- breast milk --- preterm infant --- enteral nutrition --- lipids --- omega-3 fatty acids --- omega-6 fatty acids --- Docosahexaenoic acid --- Arachidonic acid --- long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids --- pregnancy --- breast milk --- lactation --- maternal diet --- n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acid --- docosahexaenoic acid --- zinc deficiency --- plasma zinc --- lactating women --- zinc supplementation --- Quito --- Ecuador --- Andean region --- GDM --- lactation --- thyroid --- triiodothyronine --- thyroxine --- thyroid antibodies --- breastfeeding --- knowledge --- practice --- barriers --- social support --- professional support --- raw breast milk --- cytomegalovirus --- milk-acquired infections --- preterm infant --- adipokines --- adiponectin --- leptin --- breastfeeding --- infant --- body composition --- bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy --- ultrasound skinfolds --- human milk --- lactation --- human lactation --- expressing --- milk synthesis --- fat synthesis --- human milk --- milk metabolites --- lactation --- milk metabolomics --- human milk --- breastfeeding --- lactation --- lipids --- lipidomics --- mass spectrometry --- chromatography --- NMR spectroscopy --- human milk --- sex-specificity --- infant growth --- early life nutrition --- postnatal outcomes --- breastfeeding --- breast milk --- human milk --- colostrum --- IgA --- HGF --- TGF-? --- growth factors --- geographical location --- human milk --- potassium --- sodium --- ICP-OES --- ion selective electrode --- lactoferrin --- human milk --- infection --- immunity --- antisecretory factor --- human milk --- breast milk --- breastfeeding --- inflammation --- lactoferrin --- candida --- human milk --- milk cells --- immune cells --- antimicrobial proteins --- human milk --- breastfeeding --- ethnicity --- composition --- diet --- responsive feeding --- breastfeeding --- breastmilk --- babywearing --- co-sleeping --- mother–infant interaction --- feeding cues --- maternal responsiveness --- mother–infant physical contact --- proximal care --- fatty acids --- long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids --- endocannabinoids --- infant health --- breast milk --- casein --- whey --- protein --- breastfeeding --- infant --- body composition --- bioelectrical impedance spectroscopy --- ultrasound skinfolds --- human milk --- calculated daily intakes --- lactation --- human milk --- metabolites --- microbiome --- mode of delivery --- caesarean section --- proton nuclear magnetic resonance --- breastfeeding --- human milk composition --- body composition --- maternal diet --- infant growth --- appetite regulation --- N-acylethanolamines --- OEA --- SEA --- PEA --- breastfeeding --- human milk composition --- obesity --- Breastfeeding --- human lactation --- lactation --- human milk --- breast milk --- milk composition

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