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Konzeptionen von Förderung, Selektion und Gerechtigkeit

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Book Series: Rekonstruktive Bildungsforschung ISBN: 9783658257828 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-25782-8 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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In diesem Open Access Buch wird in einer rekonstruktiven Vorgehensweise der Frage nachgegangen, inwiefern sich an Primarschulen kollektive/divergierende Orientierungen von Förderung und Selektion sowie dahinterliegende Bildungsgerechtigkeitskonzeptionen zeigen. Basierend auf einer sinngenetischen Typologie werden Vorstellungen gelungener Förderung und Selektion theoretischen Gerechtigkeitskonzeptionen gegenübergestellt. Die Analyse der Diskursverläufe zeigt, dass die Organisation eine sinngebende Struktur darstellt, wenn sich die Schulakteure aktiv in der Bearbeitung des Spannungsverhältnisses zwischen Bezugnahme zum Kontext sowie der innerorganisatorischen Ausgestaltung erleben.

Häuser machen Schule

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Book Series: Rekonstruktive Bildungsforschung ISBN: 9783658266530 Year: Pages: 307 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-26653-0 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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In diesem Open-Access-Buch werden in einem methodisch unkonventionellen, quasi-archäologischen Vorgehen aus Architekturen von Schulhäusern die in ,Stein gehauenen‘ Sinnstrukturen rekonstruiert. In ihren Raum(an)ordnungen eröffnen Architekturen einen Möglichkeitsraum, dem spezifische pädagogische Ordnungen und Vorstellungen ,guter Schule‘ eingeschrieben sind und der die Praktiken und Beziehungen der Akteure vorstrukturiert. Schulgebäude und architektonische Artefakte fungieren somit als eine latent wirkende Einflussstruktur, die subtil und zugleich dauerhaft die Schule in ihrer ,Schulförmigkeit‘ festschreibt. Schulförmige Artefakte erzeugen eindeutige, monofunktionale Handlungsaufforderungen und unterbinden gleichzeitig Handlungsalternativen.

Diversity and Inclusion in Global Higher Education

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ISBN: 9789811516283 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-1628-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:22
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This open access book offers pioneering insights and practical methods for promoting diversity and inclusion in higher education classrooms and curricula. It highlights the growing importance of international education programs in Asia and the value of understanding student diversity in a changing, evermore interconnected world. The book explores diversity across physical, psychological and cogitative traits, socio-economic backgrounds, value systems, traditions and emerging identities, as well as diverse expectations around teaching, grading, and assessment. Chapters detail significant trends in active learning pedagogy, writing programs, language acquisition, and implications for teaching in the liberal arts, adult learners, girls and women, and Confucian heritage communities. A quality, relevant, 21st Century education should address multifaceted and intersecting forms of diversity to equip students for deep life-long learning inside and outside the classroom. This timely volume provides a unique toolkit for educators, policy-makers, and professional development experts.

Socioeconomic Inequality and Educational Outcomes

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030119911 Year: Pages: 83 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11991-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18

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This open access book focuses on trends in educational inequality using twenty years of grade 8 student data collected from 13 education systems by the IEA’s Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) between 1995 and 2015. While the overall positive association between family socioeconomic status (SES) and student achievement is well documented in the literature, the magnitude of this relationship is contingent on social contexts and is expected to vary by education system. Research on how such associations differ across societies and how the strength of these relationships has changed over time is limited. This study, therefore, addresses an important research and policy question by examining changes in the inequality of educational outcomes due to SES over this 20-year period, and also examines the extent to which the performance of students from disadvantaged backgrounds has improved over time in each education system. Education systems generally aim to narrow the achievement gap between low- and high-SES students and to improve the performance of disadvantaged students. However, the lack of quantifiable and comprehensible measures makes it difficult to assess and monitor the effect of such efforts. In this study, a novel measure of SES that is consistent across all TIMSS cycles allows students to be categorized into different socioeconomic groups. This measure of SES may also contribute to future research using TIMSS trend data. Readers will gain new insight into how educational inequality has changed in the education systems studied and how such change may relate to the more complex picture of macroeconomic changes in those societies.

Indigenous Knowledge and Education in Africa

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Book Series: Frontiers in African Business Research ISBN: 9789811366352 Year: Pages: 115 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-6635-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
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This open access book presents a strong philosophical, theoretical and practical argument for the mainstreaming of indigenous knowledge in curricula development, and in teaching and learning across the African continent. Since the dawn of political independence in Africa, there has been an ongoing search for the kind of education that will create a class of principled and innovative citizens who are sensitive to and committed to the needs of the continent. When indigenous or environment-generated knowledge forms the basis of learning in classrooms, learners are able to immediately connect their education with their lived reality. The result is much introspection, creativity and innovation across fields, sectors and disciplines, leading to societal transformation. Drawing on several theoretical assertions, examples from a wide range of disciplines, and experiences gathered from different continents at different points in history, the book establishes that for education to trigger the necessary transformation in Africa, it should be constructed on a strong foundation of learners’ indigenous knowledge. The book presents a distinct and uncharted pathway for Africa to advance sustainably through home-grown and grassroots based ideas, leading to advances in science and technology, growth of indigenous African business and the transformation of Africans into conscious and active participants in the continent’s progress. Indigenous Knowledge and Education in Africa is of interest to educators, entrepreneurs, policymakers, researchers and individuals engaged in finding sustainable and strategic solutions to regional and global advancement.

The Governing-Evaluation-Knowledge Nexus

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Book Series: Evaluating Education: Normative Systems and Institutional Practices ISBN: 9783030211431 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-21143-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:07
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This Open Access book analyses the interplay between governing, evaluation and knowledge with an empirical focus on Swedish higher education. It investigates the origins, logics, and mechanisms of evaluation and quality assurance reforms and their dynamic interactions with institutional, national and European policy contexts. The chapters report findings from extensive empirical studies that offer detailed insight into the work of governing in higher education, by giving voice to actors at various levels and positions including the ministry, national agency and University employees. Central themes include the influence of European policy, changing system designs, media relations and quality assurance enactments in University institutions. The book also explores the ways in which an emerging professional cadre, labelled qualocrats, enacts and mediates evaluation and quality assurance policy and practice. Taken together, the expanding evaluation machinery in Swedish higher education highlights the pivotal role of knowledge as a governing resource, and points to special features of evaluation as a particular form of practice that makes knowledge work for governing.

Youth Transitions among Descendants of Turkish Immigrants in Amsterdam and Strasbourg:

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030117900 Year: Pages: 147 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11790-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Migration --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
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This open access book maps the youth transitions of descendants of migrants from Turkey living in Amsterdam and Strasbourg, through a comparative mixed-methods research design. As such, it is of interest to discussions in youth sociology, social mobility and second-generation research. The book follows transition trajectories of the second-generation, from school to activity or inactivity in the labour market, to marriage or further study and, deepens our understanding of transitions by unravelling the macro and micro mechanisms behind individual pathways. On the one hand, the author reveals the ongoing significance of distinct macro institutional settings as well as social structures such as social class, ethnicity and gender in shaping the youth transition experience. On the other, she shows that youth transitions are not predestined to social reproduction when institutional and social structures create conditions for the development of resources necessary for social mobility. Therefore, through an examination of how immigrants’ descendants develop forms of capital in their social trajectories, in relation to institutional and social structures, the book advances the theoretical discussion on Bourdieu’s capital theory. Moreover, in times when native-born descendants of immigrants are at the forefront of public debate being subjected to normative integration demands, the book significantly shifts the lens and draws our attention to the daily challenges and realities faced by ethnic minority youth.

Teaching for Excellence and Equity

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Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030161514 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16151-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18

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This open access book examines the interrelationship of national policy, teacher effectiveness, and student outcomes with a specific emphasis on educational equity. Using data from the IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) conducted between 1995 and 2015, it investigates grade four and grade eight data to assess trends in key teacher characteristics (experience, education, preparedness, and professional development) and teacher behaviors (instructional time and instructional content), and how these relate to student outcomes. Taking advantage of national curriculum data collected by TIMSS to assess changes in curricular strategy across countries and how these may be related to changes in teacher and student factors, the study focuses on the distributional impact of curriculum and instruction on students, paying particular attention to overall inequalities and variations in socioeconomic status at the student and country level, and how such factors have altered over time. Multiple methods, including regression and fixed effects analyses, and structural equation modelling, establish the evolution of these associations over time.

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