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Development by Free Trade? Développement à travers le libre-échange?

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9782807602540 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3726/b10897 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:11:47
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One year ago the negotiations between Tunisia and the European Union about a deep and comprehensive free trade agreement (DCFTA) had started in Tunis. Experts from both sides of the Mediterranean accepted to contribute to this book in order to foster the public debate in the North-African countries by informing actors of the civil society about the risks of this new generation of free trade agreements of the EU for the respective countries and their population. In fact, by analyzing the impact of the structural adjustment programs of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund in Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria since the late 1980s followed up by the EU’s free trade policy, the authors seriously doubt about the positive effects on development and prosperity promised by the promotors of free trade. They underline, on the contrary, that it is the EU which profits from the asymmetric power-relations in order to pursue its economic and especially its security interests related to "illegal migration". Publié un an après le début des négociations sur l’Accord de libre échange complet et approfondi (ALECA) entre la Tunisie et l’Union européenne, cet ouvrage veut contribuer au débat public dans les pays concernés et alerter les acteurs de la société civile sur les risques que comporte cette nouvelle génération des accords de libre-échange de l’UE. Les experts nord-africains et européens réunis pour débattre des enjeux de la politique économique de l’UE vis-à-vis des pays de l’Afrique du Nord mettent sérieusement en cause la promesse de développement et de prospérité du libre-échange. Analysant l’impact de cette politique entamée par la Banque mondiale et le FMI depuis les années 1980 en Tunisie, en Algérie et au Maroc et poursuivie par l’UE, ils soulignent au contraire que l’UE profite de l’asymétrie des relations de pouvoir pour poursuivre ses intérêts économiques et sécuritaires liés à la « migration illégale ».

Role and dynamics of 'Late-comers' in the global technology competition

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ISBN: 9783866446489 Year: Pages: 230 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000022378 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Faster developing cycles and economic developments created many emerging economies in the 20th century. For sustainable economic growth, however, the construction and constant preservation of a profound knowledge base and technological pool is crucial. Brazil, China, India and Russia, experienced constant high economic growth rates and begun to evolve to solid economies which are challenging the established players. This book consists of a profound empirical analysis of these emerging economies.

Made in Africa:

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ISBN: 9780198739890 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198739890.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-30 23:58:36
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This book presents the findings of original field research into the design, practice, and varied outcomes of industrial policy in three sectors in Ethiopia, covering export-oriented and import-substitution industries. The three sectors are cement, leather and leather products, and floriculture. Given that there is a single industrial strategy, why do its outcomes vary across sectors? To what extent is this a function of the specific market and political economy features of each sector? The book examines industrial structures and associated global value chains to demonstrate the challenges faced by African firms in international markets. Part of the book’s relevance is the light it throws on the whole question of industrial policy in low-income countries, the subject of renewed discussion among development economists and organizations in recent years. The findings are also discussed in the light of the history of, and the history of thought about, industrialization. Insights for researchers and policymakers emerge from the analysis of failures and successes in the three industrial sectors. The book also challenges prevailing wisdom on how much and what kind of state intervention is required to support transformational industrial policy in Africa. Among other things, the book highlights the significance for policy design of maximizing linkage effects, backward and forward, from particular industries and activities.

Die wettbewerbspolitische Behandlung der leitungsgebundenen Energiewirtschaft

Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631754313 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3726/b13951 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:04:33
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Exporterloesinstabilitaet

Book Series: Allokation im marktwirtschaftlichen System ISBN: 9783631755693 Year: Pages: 361 DOI: 10.3726/b14072 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:13:21
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Subjective Lives and Economic Transformations in Mongolia

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Book Series: Economic Exposures in Asia ISBN: 9781787351462 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351462 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Ethnology --- History --- Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-03 23:56:55
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Almost 10 years ago the mineral-rich country of Mongolia experienced very rapid economic growth, fuelled by China’s need for coal and copper. New subjects, buildings, and businesses flourished, and future dreams were imagined and hoped for. This period of growth is, however, now over. Mongolia is instead facing high levels of public and private debt, conflicts over land and sovereignty, and a changed political climate that threatens its fragile democratic institutions. Subjective Lives and Economic Transformations in Mongolia details this complex story through the intimate lives of five women. Building on long-term friendships, which span over 20 years, Rebecca documents their personal journeys in an ever-shifting landscape. She reveals how these women use experiences of living a ‘life in the gap’ to survive the hard reality between desired outcomes and their actual daily lives. In doing so, she offers a completely different picture from that presented by economists and statisticians of what it is like to live in this fluctuating extractive economy.

Malaysia und Indonesien: Wirtschaftliche Entwicklungsstrategien in zwei Vielvoelkerstaaten

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Book Series: Goettinger Studien zur Entwicklungsoekonomik / Goettingen Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9783631753620 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3726/b13884 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-03 00:17:58
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Environmental Policy and Air Pollution in China

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Environmental Policy ISBN: 9780429838859 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.4324/9780429452154 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences --- Political Science --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:22:49
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This book systematically analyzes how and why China has expectedly lost and then surprisingly gained ground in the quest to solve the complicated environmental problem of air pollution over the past two decades. Yuan Xu shines a light on how China’s sulfur dioxide emissions rose quickly in tandem with rapid economic growth but then dropped to a level not seen for at least four decades. Despite this favorable mitigation outcome, Xu details how this stemmed from a litany of policy stumbles within the Chinese context of no democracy and a lack of sound rule of law. Throughout this book, the author examines China’s environmental governance and strategy and how they shape environmental policy. The chapters weave together a goal-centered governance model that China has adopted of centralized goal setting, decentralized goal attainment, decentralized policy making and implementation. Xu concludes that this model provides compelling evidence that China’s worst environmental years reside in the past. This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of Chinese environmental policy and governance, air pollution, climate change and sustainable development, as well as practitioners and policy makers working in these fields.

Futures Past. Economic Forecasting in the 20th and 21st Century

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Literatur – Kultur – Oekonomie / Literature – Culture – Economy ISBN: 9783631818695 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3726/b16817 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: History --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-06 00:05:18
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Few areas in economics are as controversial as economic forecasting. While the field has sparked great hopes for the prediction of economic trends and events throughout the 20th and 21st centuries, economic forecasts have often proved inaccurate or unreliable, thus provoking severe criticism in times of unpredicted crisis. Despite these failures, economic forecasting has not lost its importance. Futures Past considers the history and present state of economic forecasting, giving a fascinating account of the changing practices involved, their origins, records, and their implications. By bringing together economists, historians, and sociologists, this volume offers fresh perspectives on the place of forecasting in modern industrial societies, thereby making a broader claim for greater interdisciplinary cooperation in the history of economics.

The Role of Smallholder Farms in Food and Nutrition Security

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030421489 Year: Pages: 251 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42148-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Economics --- Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:08
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This open access book discusses the current role of smallholders in connection with food security and poverty reduction in developing countries. It addresses the opportunities they enjoy, and the constraints they face, by analysing the availability, access to and utilization of production factors. Due to the relevance of smallholder farms, enhancing their production capacities and economic and social resilience could produce positive impacts on food security and nutrition at a number of levels. In addition to the role of small farmers as food suppliers, the book considers their role as consumers and their level of nutrition security. It investigates the link between agriculture and nutrition in order to better understand how agriculture affects human health and dietary patterns. Given the importance of smallholdings, strategies to increase their productivity are essential to improving food and nutrition security, as well as food diversity.

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