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Straffällige Frauen - eine Untersuchung der Strafzumessung und Rückfälligkeit

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Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863950491 Year: Pages: 393 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-138 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-06 11:01:26
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Gegenstand der Arbeit ist der Umgang der Kriminaljustiz mit Straftaten von Frauen – ein weithin vernachlässigtes Thema im Bereich der empirischen Kriminologie. Ausgewertet werden sämtliche Eintragungen im Bundeszentral- und Erziehungsregister zu Personen, die im Jahr 2004 mit einer relevante Bezugsentscheidung im Register erfasst waren. Dadurch konnten über eine Millionen Straffällige, darunter rund 200.000 Frauen, mit allen zu ihnen im Register gespeicherten strafrechtlichen Entscheidungen in die Untersuchung einbezogen werden. Diese konzentriert sich dabei im Wesentlichen auf zwei Themenkomplexe: Einmal wird die Strafzumessung bei weiblichen im Vergleich zu männlichen Straffälligen differenziert untersucht. Dabei zeigt sich, dass Frauen entgegen landläufiger Meinung keinen Strafzumessungsbonus genießen. Zum anderen wird aufgezeigt, dass das Maß der Rückfälligkeit straffälliger Frauen sich je nach justizieller Reaktion unterscheidet und von Kriterien wie Art und Anzahl der Voreintragungen abhängt.

Medical Innovation: Science, technology and practice

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Routledge International Studies in Health Economics ISBN: 9781138860346 Year: Pages: 186 pages | 26 B/W I Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097665
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-10 11:01:16
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This book brings together a collection of empirical case studies featuring a wide spectrum of medical innovation. While there is no unique pathway to successful medical innovation, recurring and distinctive features can be observed across different areas of clinical practice. This book examines why medical practice develops so unevenly across and within areas of disease, and how this relates to the underlying conditions of innovation across areas of practice. The contributions contained in this volume adopt a dynamic perspective on medical innovation based on the notion that scientific understanding, technology and clinical practice co-evolve along the co-ordinated search for solutions to medical problems. The chapters follow an historical approach to emphasise that the advancement of medical know-how is a contested, nuanced process, and that it involves a variety of knowledge bases whose evolutionary paths are rooted in the contexts in which they emerge.&#xD;&#xD;This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners concerned with medical innovation, management studies and the economics of innovation.&#xD;&#xD;Chapter 5 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at www.tandfebooks.com/openaccess. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

Technological Accretion in Diagnostics (Book chapter)

Book title: Medical Innovation: Science, technology and practice

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Routledge International Studies in Health Economics ISBN: 9781138860346 Year: Pages: 186 pages | 26 B/W I Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097665
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02
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This book brings together a collection of empirical case studies featuring a wide spectrum of medical innovation. While there is no unique pathway to successful medical innovation, recurring and distinctive features can be observed across different areas of clinical practice. This book examines why medical practice develops so unevenly across and within areas of disease, and how this relates to the underlying conditions of innovation across areas of practice. The contributions contained in this volume adopt a dynamic perspective on medical innovation based on the notion that scientific understanding, technology and clinical practice co-evolve along the co-ordinated search for solutions to medical problems. The chapters follow an historical approach to emphasise that the advancement of medical know-how is a contested, nuanced process, and that it involves a variety of knowledge bases whose evolutionary paths are rooted in the contexts in which they emerge.&#xD;&#xD;This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners concerned with medical innovation, management studies and the economics of innovation.&#xD;&#xD;Chapter 5 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at www.tandfebooks.com/openaccess. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

Real Convergence in the European Union

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Book Series: Schriften zur Wirtschaftstheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik ISBN: 9783631321225 Year: Pages: 172 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:43
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Over the next couple of years, the European Union will face a difficult stage, being confronted with the eventual transition to a monetary union. In the beginning of 1997, it is less clear than ever, if and when the European Monetary Union will eventually be realized, which countries will join in this process, and which countries will benefit from monetary union or are likely to loose out. Using econometric methods, the work attempts to assess the real economic effects of the European Monetary Union. In a first step, differences in labor and goods market adjustment processes between the fifteen member states of the European Union, the United States and Canada are studied in order to evaluate the short-term prospects of monetary union. Turning to the long-run effects, within a second step, convergence of living standards is assessed.

Keywords

Analysis --- Convergence --- Empirical --- European --- Real --- Schmidt --- Union

Audiovisuelle Rhythmen. Filmmusik, Bewegungskomposition und die dynamische Affizierung des Zuschauers

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Book Series: Cinepoetics. Poetologien audiovisueller Bilder ISSN: 2509-436X ISBN: 9783110488319 9783110491210 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: viii, 291 DOI: 10.1515/9783110488319 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Performing Arts --- Music
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 12:41:27
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The book explores the relationship of movement and music in film to study the aesthetic principles of audience affect. It begins by a reconstructive analysis and theoretical reflection on the rhythmicity of films – and goes on to show the extent to which the rhythmic dimension of audiovisual images offers access to intersubjective strategies to induce affect in the movie theater.

Empirical modelling of translation and interpreting

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783961100248 9783961100255 Year: Pages: 522 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1089335 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-13 11:01:52
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"Empirical research is carried out in a cyclic way: approaching a research area bottom-up, data lead to interpretations and ideally to the abstraction of laws, on the basis of which a theory can be derived. Deductive research is based on a theory, on the basis of which hypotheses can be formulated and tested against the background of empirical data. Looking at the state-of-the-art in translation studies, either theories as well as models are designed or empirical data are collected and interpreted. However, the final step is still lacking: so far, empirical data has not lead to the formulation of theories or models, whereas existing theories and models have not yet been comprehensively tested with empirical methods. This publication addresses these issues from several perspectives: multi-method product- as well as process-based research may gain insights into translation as well as interpreting phenomena. These phenomena may include cognitive and organizational processes, procedures and strategies, competence and performance, translation properties and universals, etc. Empirical findings about the deeper structures of translation and interpreting will reduce the gap between translation and interpreting practice and model and theory building. Furthermore, the availability of more large-scale empirical testing triggers the development of models and theories concerning translation and interpreting phenomena and behavior based on quantifiable, replicable and transparent data."

What can intellectual property law learn from happiness research? (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781782549970 9781783470532 Year: Pages: 24 DOI: 10.4337/9781783470532.00014 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-14 17:01:08
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As the description of the 2012 ATRIP congress’s theme highlights, traditionally, scholars have used historical, doctrinal or comparative analyses, law and economics, political economy or philosophy, to discuss intellectual property law. Other methods such as empirical analysis, international relations, and human development are more recent. This chapter looks at intellectual property law in a new way, namely through the angle of happiness or well-being research. The field of happiness research is not that recent but strangely, so far, happiness researchers have hardly discussed the relationship between well-being and technology despite the pervasive role of the latter in contemporary society. Likewise, the discussion of happiness is also rare in the legal field (except of course in (mental) health law) and it is absent from intellectual property law, except indirectly through the discussion of the capability approach in the discourse on intellectual property and development. I consciously leave the capability approach for another article but it needs to be noted that there are parallels to be drawn between the application of happiness research on the one hand and the capability approach on the other hand, to intellectual property law. In effect, the two approaches converge or are complementary in many respects. There is a debate to be had about the value of happiness research for the field of intellectual property law.

Auf Erfolgen aufbauend

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ISBN: 9783863882839 9783940755780 Year: Pages: 49 DOI: 10.3224/94075578 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:08
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This publication contains the recommendations of the German Data Forum (RatSWD) for expanding the research infrastructure for the social, economic and behavioral sciences. They were previously published as part of the comprehensive double-volume final report „Building on Progress – Expanding the Research Infrastructure for the Social, Economic, and Behavioral Sciences“. The recommendations are based on the 68 advisory reports published in the aforementioned final report. They reflect the current status of consideration regarding design and development of an internationally viable and innovative research infrastructure for the social, economic and behavioral sciences in Germany. The information presented in this short volume is aimed at policy makers, researchers, as well as research sponsors.

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 19th International Conference, XP 2018, Porto, Portugal, May 21–25, 2018, Proceedings

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ISSN: 1865-1348 ISBN: 9783319916019 9783319916026 Year: Volume: 314 Pages: 309 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91602-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Agile Alliance
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-21 13:37:42
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This open access book constitutes the proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2018, held in Porto, Portugal, in May 2018.XP is the premier agile software development conference combining research and practice, and XP 2018 provided a playful and informal environment to learn and trigger discussions around its main theme – make, inspect, adapt.The 21 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 62 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: agile requirements; agile testing; agile transformation; scaling agile; human-centric agile; and continuous experimentation.

Single Period Inventory Control and Pricing

Author:
Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631612224 Year: Pages: 116 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:25
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The price-setting newsvendor model is used to address the single period joint pricing and inventory control problem. The objective is to set the optimal price and replenishment quantity of a single product in order to maximize the expected profit. Products with a short selling season and relatively long replenishment lead times such as fashion goods are the most relevant application areas of the model. The focus of the work is the generalization of the model with respect to the modeling of uncertainty in demand. The author presents an analytical and empirical study which compares different demand models with a more flexible model based on price and inventory optimization. She concludes that using a general model can increase the profits significantly.

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