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Counteracting Urban Heat Island Effects in a Global Climate Change Scenario

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ISBN: 9783319104249 9783319104256 Year: Pages: 400 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-10425-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Heat
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-10 14:41:54
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Urban heat islands are a new type of microclimatic phenomenon that causes a significant increase in the temperature of cities compared to surrounding areas. The phenomenon has been enforced by the current trend towards climate change. Although experts consider urban heat islands an urgent European Union public health concern, there are too few policies that address it. The EU carried out a project to learn more about this phenomenon through pilot initiatives. The pilots included feasibility studies and strategies for appropriately altering planning rules and governance to tackle the problem of urban heat islands. The pilots were carried out in eight metropolitan areas: Bologna/Modena, Budapest, Ljubljana, Lodz, Prague, Stuttgart, Venice/Padova, and Vienna. The feasibility studies carried out in these pilot areas focused on the specific morphology of EU urban areas, which are often characterised by the presence of historical old towns.

Sustainable Manufacturing: Challenges, Solutions and Implementation Perspectives

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Book Series: Sustainable Production, Life Cycle Engineering and Management ISSN: 2194-0541 ISBN: 9783319485133 9783319485140 Year: Pages: 283 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-48514-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Biotechnology --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-13 13:22:51
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This edited volume presents the research results of the Collaborative Research Center 1026 “Sustainable manufacturing - shaping global value creation”. The book aims at providing a reference guide of sustainable manufacturing for researchers, describing methodologies for development of sustainable manufacturing solutions. The volume is structured in four chapters covering the following topics: sustainable manufacturing technology, sustainable product development, sustainable value creation networks and systematic change towards sustainable manufacturing. The target audience comprises both researchers and practitioners in the field of sustainable manufacturing, but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Sustainability Assessments of Buildings

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ISBN: 9783038425984 9783038425991 Year: Pages: 196 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-10 13:26:11
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International research has confirmed that the built environment is the most promising sector for a rapid transition to sustainability. In this scenario, many examples of sustainable urban environments are showing the advantages of sustainability. Meanwhile, an increasing request for tools to assess their sustainability is recorded. The assessment of sustainability of the built environment is an essential step toward its promotion. However, large difficulties exist creating useful and measurable assessment indicators since sustainability is time- and location-dependent. Meanwhile, the need to assess both products and processes for sustainable buildings has been considered particularly important for a sector as inertial as that of the built environment. This books contains ten recently published papers in the Special Issue about "Sustainability assessments of buildings". The demand for this Special Issue raised from the floor, as more and more papers dealing with this topic were submitted to Sustainability in the last few months. The need to collect the recent research in this field became evident, and the respond to the call showed the high attention of the scientific community towards this topic. A selection of ten papers among those published in the special issue will guide the reader thorough the variety of approaches in sustainability assessments of buildings and their main challenges.

Climate Change Mitigation and Adaptation—ZEMCH 2016

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ISBN: 9783038429654 9783038429661 Year: Pages: VIII, 110 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Construction
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-22 10:56:00
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This book explores the current issues around sustainable design and energy efficiency within the construction industry in both developed and developing countries. Sustainable housing; thermal comfort; daylighting; low-income housing; green roofs; energy efficient retrofitting and photovoltaic façades are some of the subjects discussed in the book.

Fahrerassistenzsysteme zur energieeffizienten Längsregelung - Analyse und Optimierung der Fahrsicherheit

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriftenreihe Fahrzeugsystemtechnik / Institut für Fahrzeugsystemtechnik ISSN: 18696058 ISBN: 9783731507550 Year: Volume: 59 Pages: XII, 305 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000079367 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The most important drivers of driver assistance systems are improving driving safety and energy efficiency. In many cases, energy-efficient driving also implies a safe driving technique. In some cases, however, energy-efficient driving can lead to a decline in driving safety. This work therefore investigates whether an energy-efficient driving style by the forward vehicle leads to a decline in driving safety.

Energieeffizienz von Konstantdrucksystemen mit sekundärgeregelten Antrieben beim Einsatz in mobilen Arbeitsmaschinen

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriftenreihe Fahrzeugsystemtechnik / Institut für Fahrzeugsystemtechnik ISSN: 18696058 ISBN: 9783731503774 Year: Volume: 35 Pages: XXV, 163 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000047003 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Within this work, it is investigated under which conditions constant pressure systems with secondary controlled drives may be an energetic efficient and cost effective alternative to established mobile hydraulic circuit configurations. For this purpose, a methodology is introduced to evaluate chances and risks at employment of this technology in mobile machines. A demonstrator with three secondary controlled variable displacement drives is developed to confirm the results of the methodology.

Ein Ansatz zur Bewertung klimapolitischer Instrumente am Beispiel der Metallerzeugung und -verarbeitung

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Book Series: Produktion und Energie / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und industrielle Produktion u. Deutsch-Französisches Institut für Umweltforschung ISSN: 21942404 ISBN: 9783731504948 Year: Volume: 11 Pages: XVII, 402 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000052714 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Achieving the ambitious greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction targets set up by German legislation requires political incentives to reduce GHG emissions of energy intensive industries without hampering their international competitiveness. This dissertation therefore analyses the influence of different political instruments (ETS, EEG, EnergieStG, StromStG) on induced emission reductions as well as on relevant economic parameters. Thereby, the focus is set on the metal production.

Greening the Financial Sector: How to Mainstream Environmental Finance in Developing Countries

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ISBN: 9783642050862 9783642050879 Year: Pages: 249 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-05087-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-16 16:43:16
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Environmental finance, particularly energy efficiency and renewable energy (EERE) finance, can and should serve as an interface to other sub-sectors of financial sector promotion such as microfinance, housing finance or agricultural finance. For example, existing clients of financial institutions include small and medium-sized enterprises and households, and these are often suffering from high energy prices or have no access to sustainable energy supply. At the same time, these clients are vulnerable to extreme weather events, and often hit hardest by the impact of climate change. There are many other examples which show that the financial sector has an enormous potential to support “green” investments. In order to tap this potential on a sustainable basis, it is important to have a sound understanding which role financial institutions can and should play.This book provides a blend of well-founded professional and scientific perspectives on the potential of Environmental finance in developing and transition countries.

Advances in Integrated Energy Systems Design, Control and Optimization

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ISBN: 9783038424901 9783038424918 Year: Pages: X, 176 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-491-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-18 08:26:19
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In the face of climate change and resource scarcity, energy supply systems are on the verge of a major transformation, which mainly includes the introduction of new components and their integration into the existing infrastructures, new network configurations and reliable topologies, optimal design and novel operation schemes, and new incentives and business models. This revolution is affecting the current paradigm and demanding that energy systems be integrated into multi-carrier energy hubs. It is highly increasing the interactions between today’s energy systems at various scales and future intelligent energy systems, which are able to incorporate an increasing amount renewable energy sources. This transformation is also accommodating active participation of end-users as responsive prosumers at different scales which in turn helps to reduce energy costs and to mitigate carbon footprints.This book covers the mentioned promising and dynamic areas of research and development, and reports on contributions in design, control and optimization of integrated energy systems. The contents of the book which are gathered based on the accepted articles in the special issue on Advances in Integrated Energy systems Design, Control and Optimization also covers a variety of topics, ranging from operation and control of small-scale electrical networks to the complex energy systems design and planning.

Dietary Fructose and Glucose: The Multifacetted Aspects of Their Metabolism and Implication for Human Health (Vol. 1)

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ISBN: 9783038970538 9783038970545 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: X, 318 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-15 09:00:11
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We welcome the submission of manuscripts, either describing original research, or reviewing scientific literature. Manuscripts should focus on well-defined topics, not previously reported extensively in the literature, such as (without being limited to): functional aspects of fructose and glucose metabolism health effects of chronic fructose and glucose consumption molecular and mechanistic insights of hexoses-induced metabolic adaptations sugars, sweet taste receptors and brain responses intervention studies in humansPapers covering species comparisons of nutrition/metabolism or evolutionary perspectives, or effects of fructose and glucose in specific physiological conditions (physical activity, pregnancy, growth, etc.) or special tissues (testis, placenta) are welcome.

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