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Economics of Land Degradation and Improvement – A Global Assessment for Sustainable Development

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ISBN: 9783319191676 9783319191683 Year: Pages: 686 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-19168-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences --- Manufactures --- Business and Management --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 16:53:56
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This volume deals with land degradation, which is occurring in almost all terrestrial biomes and agro-ecologies, in both low and high income countries and is stretching to about 30% of the total global land area. About three billion people reside in these degraded lands. However, the impact of land degradation is especially severe on livelihoods of the poor who heavily depend on natural resources. The annual global cost of land degradation due to land use and cover change (LUCC) and lower cropland and rangeland productivity is estimated to be about 300 billion USD. Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) accounts for the largest share (22%) of the total global cost of land degradation. Only about 38% of the cost of land degradation due to LUCC - which accounts for 78% of the US$300 billion loss – is borne by land users and the remaining share (62%) is borne by consumers of ecosystem services off the farm. The results in this volume indicate that reversing land degradation trends makes both economic sense, and has multiple social and environmental benefits. On average, one US dollar investment into restoration of degraded land returns five US dollars. The findings of the country case studies call for increased investments into the rehabilitation and restoration of degraded lands, including through such institutional and policy measures as strengthening community participation for sustainable land management, enhancing government effectiveness and rule of law, improving access to markets and rural services, and securing land tenure. The assessment in this volume has been conducted at a time when there is an elevated interest in private land investments and when global efforts to achieve sustainable development objectives have intensified. In this regard, the results of this volume can contribute significantly to the ongoing policy debate and efforts to design strategies for achieving sustainable development goals and related efforts to address land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.

The Great Mindshift: How a New Economic Paradigm and Sustainability Transformations go Hand in Hand

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Book Series: The Anthropocene: Politik—Economics—Society—Science ISSN: 2367-4024 ISBN: 9783319437651 9783319437668 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-43766-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-24 12:15:45
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This book describes the path ahead. It combines system transformation research with political economy and change leadership insights when discussing the need for a great mindshift in how human wellbeing, economic prosperity and healthy ecosystems are understood if the Great Transformations ahead are to lead to more sustainability. It shows that history is made by purposefully acting humans and introduces transformative literacy as a key skill in leading change.

Contingent Valuation of Environmental Goods: A Comprehensive Critique

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ISBN: 9781786434685 9781786434692 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.4337/9781786434692 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-19 12:41:51
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Contingent valuation is a survey-based procedure that attempts to estimate how much households are willing to pay for specific programs that improve the environment or prevent environmental degradation. For decades, the method has been the center of debate regarding its reliability: does it really measure the value that people place on environmental changes? Bringing together leading voices in the field, this timely book tells a unified story about the interrelated features of contingent valuation and how those features affect its reliability. Through empirical analysis and review of past studies, the authors identify important deficiencies in the procedure, raising questions about the technique’s continued use.

Marginality: Addressing the Nexus of Poverty, Exclusion and Ecology

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ISBN: 9789400770607 9789400770614 Year: Pages: 389 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7061-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Manufactures --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:11:17
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This book takes a new approach on understanding causes of extreme poverty and promising actions to address it. Its focus is on marginality being a root cause of poverty and deprivation. “Marginality” is the position of people on the edge, preventing their access to resources, freedom of choices, and the development of capabilities. The book is research based with original empirical analyses at local, national, and local scales; book contributors are leaders in their fields and have backgrounds in different disciplines. An important message of the book is that economic and ecological approaches and institutional innovations need to be integrated to overcome marginality. The book will be a valuable source for development scholars and students, actors that design public policies, and for social innovators in the private sector and non-governmental organizations.​

Socioeconomic and Environmental Implications of Agricultural Residue Burning: A Case Study of Punjab, India

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science ISSN: 21915547 ISBN: 9788132221463 9788132220145 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.1007/978-81-322-2014-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-20 15:26:18
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This book discusses the important issue of the socioeconomic and environmental impacts of agricultural residue burning, common in agricultural practices in many parts of the world. In particular, it focuses on the pollution caused by rice residue burning using primary survey data from Punjab, India. It discusses emerging solutions to agricultural waste burning that are cost-effective in terms of both money and time. The burning of agricultural residue causes severe pollution in land, water and air and contributes to increased ozone levels and climate change in the long term. However, appropriate assessments have not been undertaken so far to demonstrate the relevant impact of agriculture-based pollution, especially residue burning. This book addresses this gap in the literature. Punjab has been used as a case study as it is the chief granary of India, contributing to 27.2 percent of the Indian national produce of rice and 43.8 percent of wheat. It is presumed that the findings from this state will be useful not only for other agricultural areas in India, but across the world. This book, therefore, sensitizes policy makers, researchers and students about the impacts of air pollution caused by agricultural residue burning---a subject not much dealt in the literature---and provides a way forward.

Sustainable Governance in Northeast Asia: Challenges for Innovation Frontier

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038971535 9783038971542 Year: Pages: 274 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-154-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Business and Management --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-21 12:02:45
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This special edition is based on the annual conference of Sustainable Asia Conference (http://abf.inha.ac.kr/). The purpose of the conference is to work together for our future challenges. Every year more than 50 papers are presented in the conference and published in the special edition of Sustainability. Your participation on the next SAC conference shall greatly enhance our research human network. Once a friend, forever friend, it is our slogan for the conference.

Ökonomische Bildung für eine nachhaltige Entwicklung

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ISBN: 9783847410140 9783847420293 Year: Pages: 353 DOI: 10.3224/84742029 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:05
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How can economic education enable us to shape a sustainable transformation of our economic system in the face of man-made social and ecological crises? The author prepares models from Ecological Economics and Environmental Economics for educational processes, analyzes pre-concepts of students of Economic Education, and brings together scientific models and learners' ideas to form seminar concepts.

Beiträge zum Göttinger Umwelthistorischen Kolloquium 2007 - 2008

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ISBN: 9783940344397 Year: Pages: 256 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This annual yearbook presents essays in environmental history based on lectures given at the Göttingen study group “Environmental History” by external authors. As previous yearbooks it is dedicated to the plurality of approaches in environmental history and serves as a valuable source for information about current research in that realm.

Global Carbon Pricing

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780262340397 9780262036269 Year: Pages: 268 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:31
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Why the traditional “pledge and review” climate agreements have failed, and how carbon pricing, based on trust and reciprocity, could succeed.After twenty-five years of failure, climate negotiations continue to use a “pledge and review” approach: countries pledge (almost anything), subject to (unenforced) review. This approach ignores everything we know about human cooperation. In this book, leading economists describe an alternate model for climate agreements, drawing on the work of the late Nobel laureate Elinor Ostrom and others. They show that a “common commitment” scheme is more effective than an “individual commitment” scheme; the latter depends on altruism while the former involves reciprocity (“we will if you will”).The contributors propose that global carbon pricing is the best candidate for a reciprocal common commitment in climate negotiations. Each country would commit to placing charges on carbon emissions sufficient to match an agreed global price formula. The contributors show that carbon pricing would facilitate negotiations and enforcement, improve efficiency and flexibility, and make other climate policies more effective. Additionally, they analyze the failings of the 2015 Paris climate conference.ContributorsRichard N. Cooper, Peter Cramton, Ottmar Edenhofer, Christian Gollier, Éloi Laurent, David JC MacKay, William Nordhaus, Axel Ockenfels, Joseph E. Stiglitz, Steven Stoft, Jean Tirole, Martin L. Weitzman

Greening the Financial Sector: How to Mainstream Environmental Finance in Developing Countries

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ISBN: 9783642050862 9783642050879 Year: Pages: 249 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-05087-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-16 16:43:16
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Environmental finance, particularly energy efficiency and renewable energy (EERE) finance, can and should serve as an interface to other sub-sectors of financial sector promotion such as microfinance, housing finance or agricultural finance. For example, existing clients of financial institutions include small and medium-sized enterprises and households, and these are often suffering from high energy prices or have no access to sustainable energy supply. At the same time, these clients are vulnerable to extreme weather events, and often hit hardest by the impact of climate change. There are many other examples which show that the financial sector has an enormous potential to support “green” investments. In order to tap this potential on a sustainable basis, it is important to have a sound understanding which role financial institutions can and should play.This book provides a blend of well-founded professional and scientific perspectives on the potential of Environmental finance in developing and transition countries.

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