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The Environmental Impact of Sieben Linden Ecovillage

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ISBN: 9780367145644 9780429032349 Year: Pages: 114 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:02
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The present study was born out of an agreement between the Sieben Linden&#xD;community (Siedlungsgenossenschaft Ökodorf e.G.) and the Politecnico&#xD;di Torino (DIST), approved on May 9, 2013. The Politecnico team, led&#xD;by professor Andrea Bocco, intended to perform an overall analysis of&#xD;the way of living in the ecovillage, including a number of areas among&#xD;which are agriculture, biodiversity, building, decision-making, diet, economy,&#xD;energy, land husbandry, etc. The Sieben Linden community, on the&#xD;other hand, was particularly interested in having a new ecological impact&#xD;assessment done, a dozen years after that by the University of Kassel&#xD;(Dangelmeyer et al. 2004).

The Bionarrative: The story of life and hope for the future

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ISBN: 9781760460501 Year: DOI: 10.22459/B.08.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Biology --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-09 11:01:05
License: ANU Press

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This book is for the general reader interested in the human place in nature and the future of civilisation. It is based on the biohistorical approach to the study of human situations. This approach recognises human culture as a new and extremely important force in the biosphere. The book discusses the evolution of life and the essential ecological processes on which all life, including human civilisation, depend. It describes the conditions of life and ecology of humans in the four ecological phases in human history, with emphasis on the impacts of human culture on biological systems. It explains how, as cultures evolved, they often came to embrace not only factual information of good practical value, but also assumptions that are sheer nonsense, sometimes leading to activities that caused unnecessary human distress or damage to local ecosystems. These are examples of cultural maladaptation. There have been countless instances of cultural maladaptation in human history. The days of the fourth ecological phase of human history, the Exponential Phase, are numbered. Cultural maladaptations are now on a massive scale, and business as usual will inevitably lead to the ecological collapse of civilisation. The only hope for the survival of civilisation lies in radical changes in the worldviews and priorities of the prevailing cultures of the world, leading to a fifth ecological phase — a phase in which human society is truly sensitive to, in tune with and respectful of the processes of life. This is called a biosensitive society. The book concludes with discussion on the essential characteristics of a biosensitive society and on the means by which the necessary cultural transformation might come about.

Low-dose antibiotics: current status and outlook for the future

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193554 Year: Pages: 167 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-355-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Microbiology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-10 08:14:32
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Antimicrobial therapy is a key factor in our success against pathogens poised to ravage at risk or infected individuals. However, we are currently at a watershed point as we face a growing crisis of antibiotic resistance among diverse pathogens. One area of intense interest is the impact of the application of antibiotics for uses other than the treatment of patients and the association with such utilization with emerging drug resistance. This Research Topic “Low- dose antibiotics: current status and outlook for the future” in Frontiers in Microbiology: Antimicrobials, Resistance and Chemotherapy details various aspects of the wide ranging effects of antimicrobial therapy from areas such as the regulation of host responses to modulation of bacterial virulence factors to acquisition of antibiotic resistance genes.

The Ecological Scarcity Method for the European Union: A Volkswagen Research Initiative: Environmental Assessments

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Book Series: AutoUni – Schriftenreihe ISBN: 9783658195052 9783658195069 Year: Pages: 93 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-658-19506-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 16:13:58
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This report transfers the Ecological Scarcity Method (ESM) to the EU and its 28 member states. It provides a powerful tool for unbiased environmental assessments in enterprises and surveys the current impacts and the targets published by environmental authorities, specifically the European Environment Agency. ESM assesses environmental impacts of manufacturing sites and production processes. Developed in 1990 in Switzerland, ESM has already gained regulatory status in proving entitlements for tax exemptions. The method assesses all important impacts in air, water, energy consumption, waste generation and freshwater consumption and also supports en vironmental investment decisions.

Consideration of Abiotic Natural Resources in Life Cycle Assessments

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ISBN: 9783038975458 / 9783038975465 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-546-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-28 11:06:31
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The book contains a collection of articles dealing with how the extraction of mineral resources can be considered in environmental analyses such as Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). The consumption of resources, e.g., metals, is increasing strongly worldwide. This is associated with more energy use; environmental pollution; and social, economic, and political consequences. An increase is also expected for the coming decades. At the same time, modern products and technologies, even in the field of renewable energies, require a large number of critical raw materials. A crucial question here is the exhaustibility of natural resources. What is the relevance of resource depletion today? Must a geological shortage of metals be expected in the foreseeable future? How could such a thing be considered in the LCA of products and weighed against other environmental aspects? The articles in question have been written over the past three years by leading experts in both geology and environmental sciences and show the breadth of the controversial discussion.

Social innovation: combining profits and progress (Book chapter)

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781788116848 9781788116855 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.4337/9781788116855.00017 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-14 12:53:45
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A growing number of new and established organizations are addressing social ills through innovative and profitable organization. In that regard, we seek to understand how a deeper understanding of social innovation can be achieved by a more sophisticated discussion of organizational form. In this chapter we ask, ‘Which organizational designs and practices can meet both financial and social objectives?’ and ‘How can organizations use those practices to profitably address social ills such as poverty, social inequity, climate change, and educational failure?’ This chapter draws on novel data, practitioners’ experiences, and dozens of interviews to highlight the organizational design and innovation behavior that further the profitable pursuit of social innovation. We focus on benefit corporations or B-corporations as an organizational design that simultaneously delivers business and social impact. We then identify and analyze behaviors within established companies that support social innovation. B-corporations currently exist in 50 countries. They are certified and have their social and environmental impact formally tracked and publicly reported by B-Lab. B-Lab is a non-profit organization that serves and inspires the global movement of ‘B-corporations’ with the aim of building a global community, promoting mission alignment, and helping social innovators ‘measure what matters in the business’. B-Lab’s main instrument is the B-Lab Impact Assessment, which determines the outcome of B-Lab certification. Legal benefit corporations (currently only in the US) may choose to be certified as ‘B-corporations’ as well, though there is no strict requirement to do so. Here, we report on stylized findings from the data.

Ecological Management of Pine Forests

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038974253 / 9783038974260 Year: Pages: 262 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-426-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Forestry --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-25 11:16:47
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Natural pine forests characterize many landscapes preserved over time, either as a result of a specific forest management practice or a disturbance. In the event of a lack of management over a long period of time, these formations could evolve with increasingly chaotic structures towards other formations. This process can lead to landscape change, the spread of insects and pathogens, and the risk of fires and watercourse obstruction. Pine forest plantations should be considered as transient tree populations, destined to evolve into more complex and stable formations. However, sometimes they should be preserved for their cultural value. Careful management of these forests also takes into account the close relationship between forest and human settlements. As a first step, ecological management assumes the definition of these two macro types. These approaches include the application of integrated methods for determining the reference conditions of the main functional and structural ecosystem components of forests. The reference conditions are the historical (or natural) variability range of ecological structures and processes, reflecting the recent evolution and dynamic interaction of biotic and abiotic conditions and patterns of disturbance. These conditions form the basis for comparison with contemporary ecosystem processes and structures and are a frame of reference for designing ecological restoration treatments and conservation plans. The productive aspects must not be overlooked; rather, they have to be considered, planned, and managed with a perspective of sustainability and ecosystem functionality. This should be considered for a common approach to forest management, for a forest rehabilitation, and for forest restoration activities.

Environmentally Sustainable Livestock Production

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ISBN: 9783038975526 / 9783038975533 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-553-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-25 10:30:03
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This book looks at key research covering a wide range of aspects of environmental sustainability and the mitigation of environmental impacts of livestock production, including emissions of greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide), nitrogen and phosphorus excretion, ammonia emissions, land use and land management, and use of energy and other resources. All the globally most important livestock species (beef and dairy cattle, pigs, broiler chicken and laying hens) are covered in the book. The mitigation methods assessed in the papers include general system changes, changes in feeding, improvement of animal health, and new technologies of manure management. The scope of the papers included in this book ranges from farm level mitigation methods to national level system changes. This book also addresses methodological development in assessing the environmental sustainability of the livestock production chains, including holistic methods, such as environmental and social life cycle assessment (LCA) and other modeling approaches.

Offshore Renewable Energy: Ocean Waves, Tides and Offshore Wind

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038975922 / 9783038975939 Year: Pages: 370 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-593-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Mechanical Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-11 10:36:21
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This book covers technical articles based on individual contributions from a number of authors working on offshore wind, wave and tidal energy research. Articles describing various aspects of offshore wind, wave and tidal energies including resource prediction, shape optimisation of energy converters, optimal design of rotors for cost reductions, numerical modelling of large scale array energy converters, numerical simulation of electricity converting machines, hybrid energy converters, control system for generators, farm interactions, assessing economic benefits, and energy production benefits have been included in this book. This book will find its use to researchers and industries working in offshore renewable technologies.

New Trends in Recycled Aggregate Concrete

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211401 / 9783039211418 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-141-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book is the result of a Special Issue published in Applied Sciences, entitled “New Trends in Recycled Aggregate Concrete"". It identifies emerging research areas within the field of recycled aggregate concrete and contributes to the increased use of this eco-efficient material.Its contents are organised in the following sections: Upscaling the use of recycled aggregate concrete in structural design; Large scale applications of recycled aggregate concrete; Long-term behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete; Performance of recycled aggregate concrete in very aggressive environments; Reliability of recycled aggregate concrete structures; Life cycle assessment of recycled aggregate concrete; New applications of recycled aggregate concrete.

Keywords

reactive power concrete --- shrinkage --- creep --- steel fibre --- model --- compressive strength --- models --- geological nature of aggregates --- quality of aggregates --- concrete --- recycled aggregates --- seismic load --- strain rate --- fiber-reinforced concrete --- dynamic mechanical property --- recycled aggregate quality --- bond strength --- shear behavior --- aggregate interlock mechanism --- size effect --- ready-mixed concrete --- recycled concrete aggregates --- returned concrete --- concrete sludge fines --- soil stabilization --- recycled aggregate --- recycled aggregate concrete --- artificial neural networks --- aggregate characteristic --- input variable --- recycled concrete --- aggregate --- mixture proportioning --- flexural behavior --- recycling --- heavyweight waste glass --- cyclic load --- reinforced concrete member --- recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) --- steel reinforced recycled aggregate concrete (SRRAC) --- elevated temperature --- residual properties --- recycled coarse aggregate concrete --- nylon fiber --- mechanical properties --- permeability --- microstructure --- foam concrete --- cellular concrete --- ceramic foam --- modulus --- crushing --- energy absorbing --- CT --- foam structure --- foam stability --- recycled aggregate --- concrete --- life cycle assessment --- environmental impact --- recycled concrete aggregate --- crumb rubber --- crushed glass --- compressive strength --- tensile splitting strength --- water absorption --- concrete --- aggregates --- fly-ash --- silica fume --- blast-furnace slag --- mechanical properties --- water absorption --- reinforced concrete --- recycled aggregate concrete --- columns --- seismic performance --- numerical analysis --- variable sensitivity --- recycled aggregate --- concrete --- construction waste --- mechanical characteristics --- durable characteristics --- n/a

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