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Antologia Grega: Apêndice de Planudes (Livro XVI)

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Book Series: Autores Gregos e Latinos - Textos ISSN: 2183220X ISBN: 9789892613314 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1332-1 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
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The Planudean, copied in the fourteenth-century autograph Marcianus gr. 481, was between the sixteenth and the eighteenth centuries the single known garland of Greek epigram, having had, therefore, a huge influence in modern poetry and culture in general. As a didactic text it was for Renaissance students of Greek and Latin, it was frequently their first contact with Greek literature. Poets and other writers made a large use of it. Erasmus is an example, he who copies and comments in his Adagia about 50 components, alongside Alciato’s Emblemmata, first published in 1492, where a much larger number of epigrams are illustrated, translated into Latin and commented. This volume offers in translation the epigrams transmitted by Planudes that are absent from the Palatinus, nowadays published as Book XVI of the Greek Antholoy. The larger part of them (356 out of 392) comes from chapter IV of the Marcianus, a collection of ecphrastic poems. Among them are the components dedicated to the charioteers of Constantinople (numbers 335-386), which archaeology proved to have been actually inscribed.

Keywords

Greek Anthology --- Planudean --- epigram

Antologia Grega. Epigramas Vários (Livros IV, XIII, XIV, XV)

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Book Series: Autores Gregos e Latinos - Textos ISSN: 2183220X ISBN: 9789892615059 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1506-6 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
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This volume of the series Greek Anthology gathers, under the possible title Miscellaneous Epigrams, books IV, XIII, XIV and XV of the collection. First, the Prefaces written by the three primordial anthologists (Meleager, Philipp and Agathias). The remaining books, absent from the Cephalean garland as they seem to be, are mostly playful texts, poetic exercises on metrics (book XIII), arithmetic, riddles, enigmas, and oracles (book XIV). About book XV, it must be read as the locus spurius where the Palatine scribe put the pieces on whose poetic and semantic value he himself doubted. Special is the case for the technopaignia, ancient model of visual poetry.

Antologia Grega. Epigramas de autores cristãos (Livros I e VIII)

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Book Series: Autores Gregos e Latinos - Textos ISSN: 2183220X ISBN: 9789892615912 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1592-9 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
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This volume gathers the two books of epigrams composed exclusively by Christian authors on episodes and characters of the religion that, from the fourth century onwards, became the official one of the Empire. Heading the Anthology, book I has 123 components said “pious and divine”, mostly by anonymous poets: dedications of monuments, invocations of Christ and the Virgin, ekphrastic and miscellaneous epigrams. As for book VIII, it offers a garland of 254 epigrams written by Gregorius of Nazianzus, one of the Church Fathers (Cappadocia, 329- 389), of which only 158 are actual epitaphs. The remaining ones are given in the form of prayers to the deceased one by their living relatives, authorial self-reflexions and, closing the book, a large series of epigrams (more than 40) against tomb-desecrators.

Antologia Grega. Epigramas eróticos (Livro V)

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Book Series: Autores Gregos e Latinos - Textos ISSN: 2183220X ISBN: 9789892616278 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1628-5 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
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Book five of the Greek Anthology gathers 310 epigrams united by their erotic subject. Taking the adjective “erotic” literally, it comprises both compositions of sexual theme and intention, with a more or less disguised obscene language, and others where a more or less violent expression of love can be read, similar to the one that would be found in medieval Iberian bards. Apart from a small group of epigrams that resort to Greek mythology, the poems address the most frequent and timeless symptoms and complains of the in loved subject, the often-contradictory feelings inspired by an Eros that Posidippus straightforwardly defines as bittersweet (num. 134).

Keywords

Greek Anthology --- Epigram --- eroticism

Antologia Grega: A Musa dos Rapazes (Livro XII)

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Book Series: Autores Gregos e Latinos - Textos ISSN: 2183220X ISBN: 9789892613338 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1334-5 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
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Book XII of the Greek Anthology, the one this volume first offers in Portuguese translation, gathers around 260 epigrams united by the homoerotic subject they all develop. Besides a small group of components devoted to heterosexual love, erroneously included in the collection by scribers and here translated as well, they all deal with the model of a love-relationship between an adult (the so-called erastes, the top-lover) and a teenager (the eromenos, supposed to be the bottom). The Boyish Muse’s immediate parallel is Book five of the Greek Antholoy, devoted to heterosexual love. Nonetheless, a first reading of both of them sheds light on their similarities, enhancing several common topics and images, themselves prove enough of a same reality that is celebrated – both the joys (rather few) and the (many) pains of love.

Keywords

Greek Anthology --- Strato --- epigram --- homoerotism

Antologia Grega. Epigramas Ecfrásticos (Livros II e III)

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Book Series: Autores Gregos e Latinos - Textos ISSN: 2183220X ISBN: 9789892610283 Year: Pages: 76 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1029-0 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
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The Greek Anthology, a compilation of epigrams from the Classical, Hellenistic and Byzantine periods, is the larger epigrammatic garland in Greek language that we possess. Organized in modern times in 16 books, it depends mostly on two manuscripts, the so-called Palatinus (Palatinus Graecus 23 + Parisinus Graecus Suppl. 384 – X cent.) and Maximus Planudes’ autograph (Marcianus Graecus 481 – beginnings of the XIV). This volume, the first of a planned series, offers the translation of two of those 16 books, thematically united by the fact that both gather ecphrastic epigrams, i.e. poems composed upon plastic works of art. With Book II, work of Cristodoros from the beginnings of the VI century AD, the reader can walk through the statuary collection held at the famous baths of Zeuxippus in Constantinople. As for Book III, it gathers 19 anonymous epigrams on the pillars of the Apollonis Temple in Cyzicus (built in the II cent. BC), which must also had been composed in the VI century AD. Altogether, Books II and III end-up being a testimony of the use of poetry with political and touristic purposes. Besides a thematic and linguistic introduction, which does not intent to be extensive, the translation also presents some interpretative notes, especially related to myth.

Antologia Grega. Epigramas votivos e morais (Livros VI e X)

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Book Series: Autores Gregos e Latinos - Textos ISSN: 2183220X ISBN: 9789892616292 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1630-8 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
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Book five of the Greek Anthology gathers 358 votive epigrams, usually short pieces that, rather intended to be engraved or exercises upon an older model, inform about the reasons for the dedication of everyday-life objects of those who dedicate them. Simplicity and honesty are the words that better resume most of these texts. As for book X, already called Book of Palladas given the large number of poems by him that it includes, it gathers 126 epigrams that are to be read as the result of a very old tradition of gnomic and moralizing poetry. Shining optimism and obscure pessimism are the two poles one can find in these texts, with a clear preference for the last one.

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