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German Rabbis in British Exile. From ‘Heimat’ into the Unknown

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ISBN: 9783110471717 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1515/9783110471717 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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The rich history of the German rabbinate came to an abrupt halt with the November Pogrom of 1938. The need to leave Germany became clear and many rabbis made use of the visas they had been offered. Their resettlement in Britain was hampered by additional obstacles such as internment, deportation, enlistment in the Pioneer Corps. But rabbis still attempted to support their fellow refugees with spiritual and pastoral care. The refugee rabbis replanted the seed of the once proud German Judaism into British soil. New synagogues were founded and institutions of Jewish learning sprung up, like rabbinic training and the continuation of Wissenschaft des Judentums. The arrival of Leo Baeck professionalized these efforts and resulted in the foundation of the Leo Baeck College in London. Refugee rabbis now settled and obtained pulpits in the many newly founded synagogues. Their arrival in Britain was the catalyst for much change in British Judaism, an influence that can still be felt today.

Oskar Kokoschka

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ISBN: 9783205770305 Year: Pages: 360 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437217 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3433
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:51
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Result of our research is a monographic study dealing with a prominent part of Kokoschka's life and work which has hitherto been regarded too little by scholars. The years of his exile in Prague and particularly in London, where he had to work under a lot of stress and pressure, are the time in which his political allegories came to be. As these works are outside the established canon of art historical development, and as they have no affinity to Surrealism or to Abstract art, scholars have so far spent comparatively less effort to analyse them. This study approaches the group of these works from a transdisciplinary perspective. The authors (G. Sultano is trained historian, P. Werkner art historian) set out from different questions with regard to his oevre and his life. This results in combining the view of a prominent body of Kokoschka's paintings with a biographical perspective set against a political-historical background.The years between 1937 and 1950 were chosen as preliminary structure for a segment of a part of Kokoschka's life and work, in which he was hit to the utmost by the politcal changes of the time. 1937 was picked because of the prominent exhibition which Kokoschka had in that year at the Österreichische Museum für Kunst und Industrie in Vienna and also in the travelling exhibition "Degenerate Art", which was first opened in Munich. 1950 was picked for various reasons, among them the large overview of Kokoschka's work in the "Haus der Kunst" in Munich. By this, the artist was rehabilitated, as it was, at the place of his former degradation.Art historical analysis of Kokoschka's paintings is combined here with poltical history, with reception history and history of institutions, and also with questions regarding the role of the audience. The Viennese exhibition is analysed including studies of some of its proponents, among them the curator Carl Moll, Ferdinand Bloch-Bauer, the maecenas, and the museum's director, Richard Ernst. The show "Degenerate Art", which was held at nearly the same time in Munch, is looked upon with reference to the prototype of such "exhibitions of disgrace". The role attributed to Kokoschka in the show is also analysed. The auction in Lucerne, in 1939, in which highly prominent works from German museums were sold, shows itself as another variation of his defamation in the "Reich".Kokoschka had a prominent role in exile, first in Prague, then in London, where he became a leading figure among emigrants and in antifascist circles. The chapter on the poltical allegories both treats the allegorical group of his works and provides an elemental iconographical view in context. The era of the Cold War, which has also become prominent among art historians in recent years, plays an important role in the reception of Kokoschka's work after WW II. The artist's strenuous relationship to Viennese poltical and art circles is treated here, as well as the story of Kokoschka's portrait of the Viennese mayor Theodor Körner. Finally, the question of the artist's relationship to the Salzburg-based art dealer Friedrich Welz is examined, and also his conservative turnaround in the late 40's.The illustrations of the study are also of considerable interest, as they provide another form of insight at several occasions. Kokoschka, the letter-writer, is also being presented in a variety of long quotations. A synchronoptic presentation of political and cultural developments provides with a panorama of the time. A list of the artist's exhibitions, a selection of contemporary critiques in the press, and the literature list provide the scholar with material for further research.

“The Truth about the Desert”

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ISBN: 9783946198321 9783946198352 9783946198338 9783946198345 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.16994/bai Language: English
Publisher: Modern Academic Publishing
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology --- Religion --- History --- Migration --- Linguistics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:02:04
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"The Truth about the Desert explores the living conditions under which Tuareg refugees from northern Mali rebuild their lives in the Nigerien diaspora and how these conditions affect their self-understandings and cultural practices, established status hierarchies, and religious identity formation. The book counterbalances an earlier scholarly preoccupation with Tuareg nobility by zoning in on two inferior social status groups, the Bellah-Iklan and free-born vassals, which have been neglected in conventional accounts of Tuareg society. By offering a multi-layered analysis of social status and identity formation in the diaspora, it pleads for a more dynamic understanding of Tuareg socio-political hierarchies. Analyzing in detail how both status groups rely on moralizing labels and racial stereotyping to reformulate their own social and ethnic identity, the study highlights refugees’ aspirations and capacities to remake their imaginary and material worlds in the face of adverse and often deeply humiliating living conditions. The book provides vital insights for refugee studies and for scholarly debates on ethnicity, social identity formation, and memory politics. Souleymane Diallo earned his PhD in socio-cultural anthropology from the University of Cologne. His research interests include forceful migrations and memory politics; Islam, spiritual authority, and power in the Sahara; and the theory and practice of anthropological filmmaking."

Keywords

community --- exile --- tuareg --- memory --- refugees

Bilderbuch-Heimkehr? Remigration im Kontext

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783938375778 Year: Pages: 391 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_631319 Language: English|German
Publisher: Arco Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 377
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 11:02:03
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This publication addresses the topic of remigration – focussing on the return of exiles to Germany and Austria after 1945. The articles of this book explore the multidiscipli-nary field primarily from the point of view of social sciences and humanities, thereby aiming at a systematic approach.

Performing Exile

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ISBN: 9781783208173 9781783208180 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Intellect Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100968
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:35:40
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This book brings together essays by an international group of scholars and artists, focusing on live performance inspired by living in exile, or created by exiled artists. Bringing together a range of perspectives to examine the full impact of political, socio-economic or psychological experiences of exile, Performing Exile: Foreign Bodies presents an inclusive mix of established and emerging voices from varied cultural and geographic affiliations. Chapters blend close critical analysis and autoethnography to document and interrogate performances and the political, religious, economic and cultural contexts that inform them. With a foreword by Yana Meerzon, and featuring essays on artists of Mexican, Korean-American, Lebanese-Quebecois, Spanish, Azerbaijani and Canadian Aboriginal origin, to name a few, Performing Exile is truly diverse.

Exile and Return, The Babylonian Context

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ISBN: 9783110419283 9783110578096 9783110419528 Year: Pages: 377 DOI: 10.1515/9783110419283 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:07

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This collection of essays explores new ways of understanding the Babylonian Exile and the return to Yehud &#8211 a formative period in ancient Judaism. Drawing among others on new materials from cuneiform texts, the contributions study how Judean and other exiles interacted with the host society and vice versa, the way in which various biblical books reflect Babylonian culture, and the return migration to Jerusalem.

Russian Literature in Exile

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876902234 Year: Pages: 224 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:00
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In der Reihe Slavistische Beiträge werden vor allem slavistische Dissertationen des deutschsprachigen Raums sowie vereinzelt auch amerikanische, englische und russische publiziert. Darüber hinaus stellt die Reihe ein Forum für Sammelbände und Monographien etablierter Wissenschafter/innen dar.

Verleihung der Bruno Snell-Plakette an Fritz Stern. Reden zur Festveranstaltung am 19. November 2002 an der Universität Hamburg

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Book Series: Hamburger Universitätsreden Neue Folge ISBN: 9783937816005 Year: Pages: 97 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HURNF.5.52 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:20

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This volume brings together speeches made on the occasion of the presentation of the Bruno Snell plaque to the historian Prof. Fritz Stern.

Robert Neumann: Mit eigener Feder

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ISBN: 9783706550819 Year: Pages: 929 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_453484 Language: English|German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 53
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:33
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Robert Neumann (1897–1957, Austrian exiled author and Vicepresidet of the PEN International, was even a disputatious antifascist political writer. His essays, his letters and biograpical documents give a vivid portrait of the diversity of literary life in Germay and Austria (before 1933/after 1958) and of exile in England (1933–1958).

Berthold Viertel

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ISBN: 9783205205036 Year: Pages: 370 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 459
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:02:28
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Berthold Viertel – a writer and director born in Vienna in 1885 – left an extensive yet fragmentary autobiographical project that had been subject to many substantial changes during his exile and remigration in 1948. In order to examine Viertel’s complex autobiographical writing an innovative biographical approach had to be chosen, interlinking his autobiographical practice between 1917 and 1953 with collective memory and current research in 15 biographical “sites of memory” (lieux de mémoire), encompassing the period between 1860 and 1917. Viertel is shown as a fascinating player in the cultural scene of Vienna 1900 as well as a typical representative of a critical avant-garde, whose lines of tradition he wanted to preserve in his autobiographical writing.

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