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Migrações e Exílios no Mundo Contemporâneo

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Book Series: História Contemporânea ISBN: 9789892617893 Year: Pages: 546 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1790-9 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-20 16:48:45
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Abstract

Fruto de perseguições políticas ou religiosas, os exílios marcam o nosso actual quotidiano com imagens que parecem repetir o martírio sofrido pelos exilados do século passado. A visão de campos de refugiados e de crianças amontoadas em balsas em pleno Mediterrâneo lembra-nos cenas antigas, como as da “Retirada” dos republicanos espanhóis através dos Pireneus, em Fevereiro de 1939, ou as fugas em massa durante a Segunda Guerra. A Europa conflituosa e ditatorial gerou a saída de um grande contingente populacional para o território latino-americano. A partir da segunda metade do século passado, as ditaduras latinoamericanas cuidaram para que a rota em busca da liberdade fosse em sentido inverso. Em Portugal, a partir do 28 de Maio de 1926, o exílio foi a única saída possível para muitos dos opositores do regime. Na Europa, nichos de liberdade, como a França antes de Vichy e a Espanha antes de Franco, também acolhem republicanos dispostos a dar sequência

Keywords

Migrations --- Exiles

Gli Invisibili: Polizia politica e agenti segreti nell’Ottocento borbonico

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Book Series: Clio: Saggi di scienze storiche, archeologiche e storico-artistiche ISSN: 2532-4608 ISBN: 9788868870355 Year: Volume: 21 Pages: 152 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-035-5 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-04 17:41:31
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Abstract

During the nineteenth century, the police control represented, for the European continent, first one of the pivotal components of the international system developed by Metternich and then a function to be reshaped in view of the political crisis due to the events of 1848.In the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, in the aftermath of the French Decade, the police were the focus of an intense reflection, inclined to rethink it beyond the Napoleonic model, whose outcome was not at all obvious. The issues that emerged in this context concerning the nature and limits of police power were destined to remain, in the following decades, the subject of a debate developed in the broader framework of the Italian peninsula. The revolutionary turmoil crossing the Kingdom, in particular following the 1848 revolutions, nevertheless placed in the foreground the urgency of deploying suitable devices and instruments to make the prevailing task of police control a defense of the status quo. Moreover, facing the global scale of the liberal-democratic threat, the Bourbon police rearranged political surveillance in a transnational sense, resorting to secret agents and spies, but also to consuls and diplomats, on the trail of exiles and conspirators in a European and Mediterranean dimension.

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