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Social Media in Emergent Brazil

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Book Series: Why we post ISBN: 9781787351653 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351653 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Ethnology --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-25 11:01:54
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Since the popularisation of the internet, low-income Brazilians have received little government support to help them access it. In response, they have largely self-financed their digital migration. Internet cafés became prosperous businesses in working-class neighbourhoods and rural settlements, and, more recently, families have aspired to buy their own home computer with hire purchase agreements. As low-income Brazilians began to access popular social media sites in the mid-2000s, affluent Brazilians ridiculed their limited technological skills, different tastes and poor schooling, but this did not deter them from expanding their online presence. Young people created profiles for barely literate older relatives and taught them to navigate platforms such as Facebook and WhatsApp. Based on 15 months of ethnographic research, this book aims to understand why low-income Brazilians have invested so much of their time and money in learning about social media. Juliano Spyer explores this question from a number of perspectives, including education, relationships, work and politics. He argues that social media is the way for low-income Brazilians to stay connected to the family and friends they see in person on a regular basis, which suggests that social media serves a crucial function in strengthening traditional social relations

Keywords

facebook --- brazil --- anthropology --- ethnography

Visualising Facebook

Authors: ---
Book Series: Why We Post ISBN: 9781911307402 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781911307402 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Anthropology --- Sociology --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 11:01:22
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Since the growth of social media, human communication has become much more visual. This book presents a scholarly analysis of the images people post on a regular basis to Facebook. By including hundreds of examples, readers can see for themselves the differences between postings from a village north of London, and those from a small town in Trinidad. Why do women respond so differently to becoming a mother in England from the way they do in Trinidad? How are values such as carnival and suburbia expressed visually? Based on an examination of over 20,000 images, the authors argue that phenomena such as selfies and memes must be analysed in their local context. The book aims to highlight the importance of visual images today in patrolling and controlling the moral values of populations, and explores the changing role of photography from that of recording and representation, to that of communication, where an image not only documents an experience but also enhances it, making the moment itself more exciting.

The Online Advertising Tax

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534860 9781911534860 9781911534877 9781911534884 Year: Pages: 33 DOI: 10.16997/book24 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Law --- Computer Science --- Philosophy --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Google and Facebook currently control close to two-thirds of global advertising revenue. While dominating the online advertising market, these two companies have thus far avoided paying adequate taxes.

This CAMRI policy brief presents a new policy innovation, the online advertising tax. Considering the key role of user activity and user data for the value of Google and Facebook’s services, it explains how digital advertising companies’ revenues could be taxed based on the respective country in which targeted users are located.

The author reviews existing policy arguments and policy options and sets out practical steps to ensure that tax avoidance by online advertising companies is mitigated. Furthermore, he illustrates how tax revenues could be used to support public service internet platforms."

The Online Advertising Tax as the Foundation of a Public Service Internet

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Book Series: CAMRI Policy Briefs ISBN: 9781911534945 9781911534938 9781911534945 9781911534952 9781911534969 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.16997/book23 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press
Subject: Philosophy --- Law --- Computer Science --- Political Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:39
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"Online advertising will soon form the largest share of global advertisement revenues. Google and Facebook netted profits of US $29 billion in 2016. While these two giants control more than 66% of all online advertising revenues complex legal company structures have minimised their tax liabilities. This extended policy report considers where they should be taxed and where the value of their activities is actually created. It argues that tax paid by those platforms should be levied in the country where platform users are located when they click on or view an advertisement. Furthermore, the report examines the practical steps needed to ensure transparent accounting of taxed transactions in order to avoid long term negative effects for media and democracy.

Considering counter-arguments the author makes the case for an online advertising tax alongside a public service Internet strategy that could support other viable platforms and counter the dangers of duopoly or oligopoly and the high risks of financial bubbles in a world where advertising is the Internet's dominant business model."

Avoiding Unintended Flows of Personally Identifiable Information : Enterprise Identity Management and Online Social Networks

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ISBN: 9783731500940 Year: Pages: XVIII, 196 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000036269 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01

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This work addresses potentially occurring unintended flows of personally identifiable information (PII) within two fields of research, i.e., enterprise identity management and online social networks. For that, we investigate which pieces of PII can how often be gathered, correlated, or even be inferred by third parties that are not intended to get access to the specific pieces of PII. Furthermore, we introduce technical measures and concepts to avoid unintended flows of PII.

Facebook Democracy

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ISBN: 9781409444305 Year: Pages: 200 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:01:52
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Political participation; Technological innovations; Communication in politics; Data processing; Facebook; Disclosure of information; Online social networks; Political aspects

Tweets and the Streets

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ISBN: 9780745332499 9781849648004 9781849648011 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100871
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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Tweets and the Streets analyses the culture of the new protest movements of the 21st century. From the Arab Spring to the 'indignados' protests in Spain and the Occupy movement, Paolo Gerbaudo examines the relationship between the rise of social media and the emergence of new forms of protest. Gerbaudo argues that activists' use of Twitter and Facebook does not fit with the image of a 'cyberspace' detached from physical reality. Instead, social media is used as part of a project of re-appropriation of public space, which involves the assembling of different groups around 'occupied' places such as Cairo’s Tahrir Square or New York’s Zuccotti Park. An exciting and invigorating journey through the new politics of dissent, Tweets and the Streets points both to the creative possibilities and to the risks of political evanescence which new media brings to the contemporary protest experience.

Tech Giants, Artificial Intelligence and the Future of Journalism

Author:
ISBN: 9781138499973 9781351013758 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102683
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:02
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This book examines the impact of the "Big Five" technology companies – Apple, Alphabet/Google, Amazon, Facebook and Microsoft – on journalism and the media industries. It looks at the current role of algorithms and artificial intelligence in curating how we consume media and their increasing influence on the production of the news.Exploring the changes that the technology industry and automation have made in the past decade to the production, distribution and consumption of news globally, the book considers what happens to journalism once it is produced and enters the media ecosystems of the internet tech giants – and the impact of social media and AI on such things as fake news in the post-truth age.

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