Search results: Found 13

Listing 1 - 10 of 13 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
„Kinderwunschmedizin“ – Reformbedarf im Abstammungsrecht?

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783863952099 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:50
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Der vorliegende Band vereinigt die Referate des am 31. Oktober 2014 veranstalteten 13. Göttinger Workshops zum Familienrecht, der sich mit den familienrechtlichen Folgen der Kinderwunschbehandlung mit fremden Keimzellen beschäftigt hat. Da ein deutsches Fortpflanzungsmedizingesetz fehlt, müssen zentrale Fragen des Abstammungsrechts (wie etwa die rechtliche Zuordnung des Kindes zum Wunschelternteil) mit den auf die natürliche Fortpflanzung ausgerichteten Regelungen mehr schlecht als recht gelöst werden. Seit Jahrzehnten werden daher Reformen angemahnt und zunehmend übernimmt die höchstrichterliche Rechtsprechung die Aufgabe, Lösungen im Wege der richterlichen Rechtsfortbildung zu entwickeln. Die Beiträge des vorliegenden Bandes geben einen Überblick über die aktuelle Diskussion um eine Reform des Abstammungsrechts und ergänzen diese durch die Einbindung verfassungsrechtlicher, rechtsvergleichender und interdisziplinärer Aspekte. Band 17 der Reihe „Göttinger Juristische Schriften“: Die Reihe wird von der Juristischen Fakultät der Georg-August-Universität herausgegeben und macht Veranstaltungen an der Fakultät einer interessierten Öffentlichkeit zugänglich.

Chapter One (The Wrong Kind of ) Gonorrhea in Antiquity (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9781580469616 Year: Pages: 25 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 605972
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 11:21:14
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Studying the relationship between disease and fertility in antiquity is challenging.&#xD;The first difficulty is establishing the presence, and then prevalence,&#xD;of any particular condition before an assessment can be made of its demographic&#xD;impact. In the case of what are now called sexually transmitted infections&#xD;(STIs), the empirical obstacles to identifying such infections in the&#xD;classical world are exacerbated by the moralizing that attends discussions of&#xD;sexual practice and that has so strongly characterized the ways sexual behavior&#xD;and pathology have been, and continue to be, conceptually conjoined. Julius&#xD;Rosenbaum’s influential and exhaustive nineteenth-century exploration of&#xD;the ancient history of syphilis (broadly construed), for example, is based on&#xD;the assumption that venereal diseases are caused by the “abuse” of the genital&#xD;organs for nonprocreative purposes. Their history is, therefore, the history&#xD;of human “lasciviousness and debauchery,” and there was so much of that&#xD;in classical Greece and Rome that syphilis and all kinds of genital afflictions&#xD;necessarily followed.

What Works in Conservation: 2017

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: What Works in Conservation ISBN: 9781783743100 Year: Pages: 442 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0109 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-22 11:01:43
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

"Is leaving headlands in fields unsprayed beneficial for wildlife? Is paying farmers to cover the costs of bird conservation measures effective?&#xD;Is using prescribed fire beneficial for young trees in forests?&#xD;Does translocating frogs benefit wild populations?&#xD;Is providing artificial roost structures for bats beneficial?&#xD;What Works in Conservation has been created to provide practitioners with answers to these and many other questions about practical conservation. This book provides an assessment of the effectiveness of 763 conservation interventions based on summarized scientific evidence. Chapters cover the practical global conservation of amphibians, bats, birds and forests, conservation of European farmland biodiversity and some aspects of enhancing natural pest control, enhancing soil fertility and control of freshwater invasive species. It contains key results from the summarized evidence for each conservation intervention and an assessment of the effectiveness of each by international expert panels. The accompanying website www.conservationevidence.com describes each of the studies individually, and provides full references.&#xD;This is the second edition of What Works in Conservation, which is revised on an annual basis. It will also available online as a free-to-download PDF at www.conservationevidence.com"

What Works in Conservation 2018

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: What Works in Conservation ISSN: 20594232 20594240 ISBN: 9781783744282 9781783744305 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 660 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0131 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-17 14:12:22
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

What Works in Conservation has been created to provide practitioners with answers to these and many other questions about practical conservation. This book provides an assessment of the effectiveness of 1277 conservation interventions based on summarized scientific evidence. The 2018 edition contains new chapters covering practical global conservation of primates, peatlands, shrublands and heathlands, management of captive animals as well as an extended chapter on control of freshwater invasive species. Other chapters cover the global conservation of amphibians, bats, birds and forests, conservation of European farmland biodiversity and some aspects of enhancing natural pest control, enhancing soil fertility and control of freshwater invasive species. It contains key results from the summarized evidence for each conservation intervention and an assessment of the effectiveness of each by international expert panels. The accompanying website www.conservationevidence.com describes each of the studies individually, and provides full references.

What Works in Conservation 2019

Author:
Book Series: What Works in Conservation ISSN: 2059-4232 / 2059-4240 ISBN: 9781783747627 / 9781783747641 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 706 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0179 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Ecology --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-25 23:09:57
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

What Works in Conservation has been created to provide practitioners with answers to these and many other questions about practical conservation. This book provides an assessment of the effectiveness of 1389 conservation interventions based on summarized scientific evidence. The 2019 edition contains new material on bat conservation. Other chapters cover practical global conservation of primates, peatlands, shrublands and heathlands, management of captive animals as well as an extended chapter on control of freshwater invasive species, the global conservation of amphibians, bats, birds and forests, conservation of European farmland biodiversity and some aspects of enhancing natural pest control, enhancing soil fertility and control of freshwater invasive species. It contains key results from the summarized evidence for each conservation intervention and an assessment of the effectiveness of each by international expert panels. The accompanying website www.conservationevidence.com describes each of the studies individually, and provides full references.This is the fourth edition of What Works in Conservation, which is revised on an annual basis.

Soil Productivity Enhancement

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781789846782 9781789846799 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74124 Language: English
Publisher: InTechOpen
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Soil Productivity Enhancement comprises five chapters written by scientists from various parts of the world. The book is divided into three sections. 1: Conversion of Environmentally Polluting Waste into Fertilizer. This section discusses the conversion of waste water and other by-products from factories into organic fertilizers. It further examines how these materials can be used to enhance crop production and improve soil productivity. 2: Practices for Improving Nutrient Availability. Good nutrient management and proper composting of organic materials are options that can be used to enhance the productivity of soil. These and other practices are examined in this section. 3: Policy on Fertilizer Use. The need for effective policies to control and promote the effective and efficient use of fertilizers is discussed in this section.

Teenage Reproductive Health: Pregnancy, Contraception, Unsafe Abortion, Fertility

Author:
ISBN: 9783038970613 9783038970620 Year: Pages: X, 190 Language: Englisch
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Gynecology and Obstetrics --- Sociology --- Pediatrics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-15 10:23:33
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Maternal mortality is still globally high and reducing it is a top priority. Teenage pregnancies have more complications and are also unwanted in many cases. This contributes to the high maternal mortality with both obstetric complications and burden of unsafe abortion. Additionally, many teenagers live in areas with heavy pollution that affects the mother and the unborn child. Global public health is a very important issue that aims to prevent disease, prolong life, and promote physical, mental and social well-being. Teenagers are the future, and maternal death is a disaster that should be prevented. Hence, research should aim to improve teenage reproductive health and influence policy makers. There are a variety of topics in this issue, with some conclusions and ways forward as described in different papers in this book.

Bismarck's Institutions

Author:
ISBN: 9783161522727 9783161524974 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101865
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The decline in birth rates in advanced economies is not a new phenomenon. Between 1880 and 1900 birth rates dropped from 5.5 children per woman to 2.5 children per woman. A further decline from 2.5 to 1.5 or even 1.3 children took much longer – about 80 years. One of the most apparent causes is, however, widely ignored. Beatrice Scheubel tries to fill this gap. According to the so-called Social Security Hypothesis, insurance against the risks of life (i.e. poverty for all sorts of reasons, in particular, age) by the state crowds out all types of private insurance. One of the (vast) different possibilities to privately insure oneself against poverty is having children. That is why it should not be surprising to witness falling birth rates given the sheer magnitude of the welfare state. In this book, Beatrice Scheubel analyses the effects of the first comprehensive system of social security, which was introduced between 1883 and 1891 in Germany.

Antioxidants and Second Messengers of Free Radicals

Author:
ISBN: 9783038975335 / 9783038975342 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-534-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology --- Medicine (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 09:35:49
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The history of science can teach modern men that our understanding of life is to a great extent based on the accuracy of the analytical methods that we use and, on our readiness to oppose dogmatic opinions, which are based on outdated methods and black/white approaches to the major questions raised by mankind in the past. The recent decades have brought a lot of new insights into the fundamentals of the active principles of reactive oxygen species that are necessary for living cells, but which also cause dangerous pathophysiological processes. Accordingly, although they were previously considered to be the most undesired toxic compounds generated as the final products of the oxidative degradation of lipids, reactive aldehydes are now considered to play important roles both in health and in major diseases. Represented mostly by 4-hydroxynonenal (HNE), a substance discovered only fifty years ago, reactive aldehydes are the focus of research not only because of their toxicity but also because of their positive effects regulating the most important metabolic processes such as growth of living cells or the death of cells. Better understanding the interactions between reactive aldehydes and natural or synthetic antioxidant substances might eventually help us to better monitor, prevent and control modern diseases, thus building pillars for the development of the modern, multidisciplinary life sciences and integrative medicine of the 21st century.

Mechanisms of Adiponectin Action

Author:
ISBN: 9783039212453 / 9783039212460 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-246-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The adipokine adiponectin is very concentrated in plasma, and decreased levels of adiponectin are associated with pathological conditions such as obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and metabolic syndrome. When produced in its full-length form, adiponectin self-associates to generate multimeric complexes. The full-length form of adiponectin can be cleaved by the globular form of elastase that is produced locally, and the resulting biological effects are exerted in a paracrine or autocrine manner. The different forms of adiponectin bind to specific receptors consisting of two G-protein-independent, seven-transmembrane-spanning receptors, called AdipoR1 and AdipoR2, while T-cadherin has been identified as a potential receptor for high molecular weight complexes of adiponectin. Adiponectin exerts a key role in cellular metabolism, regulating glucose levels as well as fatty acid breakdown. However, its biological effects are heterogeneous, involving multiple target tissues. The Special Issue “Mechanisms of Adiponectin Action” highlights the pleiotropic role of this hormone through 3 research articles and 7 reviews. These papers focus on the recent knowledge regarding adiponectin in different target tissues, both in healthy and in diseased conditions.

Listing 1 - 10 of 13 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by