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La création dans l’industrie du jeu vidéo

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ISBN: 9782111398887 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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La filière du jeu vidéo a atteint une maturité dont témoignent une troisième génération de créateurs et l’apparition de nombreux studios de développement. La création joue un rôle essentiel dans cette filière pour permettre un renouvellement de la production de jeux qui tire parti de potentialités techniques en constant développement et de formes renouvelées de jouabilité. Or la création, par ses formes collectives d’organisation au sein des studios et du fait de ses coûts et de ses risques, peine à être reconnue au sein d’une industrie mondialisée où le poids des consoliers et des éditeurs est particulièrement important. Ce sont donc les formes de reconnaissance de cette création (statut, rémunération, organisation sociale, etc.) qui sont explorées dans la perspective de rendre pérenne sa vitalité et, partant, celle du secteur vidéo-ludique en France.

Multitasking: Executive Functioning in Dual-Task and Task Switching Situations

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454532 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-453-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Multitasking refers to performance of multiple tasks. The most prominent types of multitasking are situations including either temporal overlap of the execution of multiple tasks (i.e., dual tasking) or executing multiple tasks in varying sequences (i.e., task switching). In the literature, numerous attempts have aimed at theorizing about the specific characteristics of executive functions that control interference between simultaneously and/or sequentially active component of task-sets in these situations. However, these approaches have been rather vague regarding explanatory concepts (e.g., task-set inhibition, preparation, shielding, capacity limitation), widely lacking theories on detailed mechanisms and/ or empirical evidence for specific subcomponents. The present research topic aims at providing a selection of contributions on the details of executive functioning in dual-task and task switching situations. The contributions specify these executive functions by focusing on (1) fractionating assumed mechanisms into constituent subcomponents, (2) their variations by age or in clinical subpopulations, and/ or (3) their plasticity as a response to practice and training.

«Formula Flexibility»

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783261022332 Year: Pages: 368 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:31
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Antizyklische Regelmechanismen für den Staatssektor («formula flexibility») werden mit diskretionärer staatlicher Konjunkturpolitik verglichen. Damit wird der häufig anzutreffende Vergleich vermieden, bei dem die kontroversen Strategien sich ausserdem durch die Zielsetzung unterscheiden oder mit unterschiedlichen Annahmen über die Funktionsmechanismen der Wirtschaft konfrontiert werden. Sowohl theoretische Überlegungen als auch anhand empirischer Beispiele belegte Ergebnisse (Indikatorvorschläge aus den USA, Gesamtindikator des Sachverständigenrats und Bestersscher Indikatorvorschlag aus der BRD) lassen «formula flexibility» als völlig ungeeignet zur Lösung konjunkturpolitischer Probleme erscheinen.

Coordinating Service Compositions : Model and Infrastructure for Collaborative Creation of Electronic Documents

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ISBN: 9783731500346 Year: Pages: X, 179 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000035097 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Electronic documents frequently include contributions from different human and non-human sources. The Web, for instance, offers ever-changing content and services which can perform activities during document creation. This thesis introduces a solution for collaborative document creation which maps contributions of human and non-human participants to software services. The joint flexible composition and coordination of these services leads to a novel understanding of dynamic Web-based documents.

The Transformation of Welfare States?

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ISBN: 9780203099490 9780415142502 9780415142519 9781134765706 9781134765690 9781134765652 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203099490 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:06
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This accessible work provides a ‘political sociology’ of welfare states in industrial societies, with both historical and contemporary perspectives. Ellison focuses on the social and political underpinnings of a number of welfare regimes and looks at the transformations they have undergone and the challenges they face. This book assesses current debates about the role of ‘globalization’ in welfare state change, paying particular attention to contemporary views about the capacity of embedded institutional structures to limit the effects of global economic pressures. Ellison assesses the changing nature of social policies in nine OECD countries – selected to include ‘liberal, ‘social democratic’ and ‘continental’ welfare regimes. Taking labour market and pension policies as the main areas of investigation, this volume provides ‘snapshots’ of welfare reform in each case, charting the ways in which different regimes ‘manage’ the range of challenges with which they are confronted. Ultimately, the book suggests that all contemporary welfare regimes are experiencing a level of ‘neoliberal drift’. As yet, this trend towards liberalization remains constrained in those countries with more ‘coordinated’ economies and institutionalized forms of social partnership – but the question is for how long? This book will be of great interest to students and scholars of International Politics, Sociology and Social Policy.

Executive Functions in Psychiatric Disorders

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453061 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-306-1 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology --- Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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Executive Functions comprise a range of neuropsychological processes related to intentional behavior and cognitive control. There are several theoretical models defining and explaining the concept of Executive Functions. Most of these models consider that the term Executive Functions encompasses cognitive process as working memory, cognitive flexibility, inhibitory control and other complex functions as planning, problem-solving and abstract reasoning. Other models argue that motivational and emotional functions, such as affective decision-making, reside under the concept of Executive Function. Much evidence supports how complex cognitive functions are related to the physiological activity of brain networks, including the frontal cortex and its connections with subcortical structures. Several psychiatric disorders related to impairment in these brain networks (eg., bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, ADHD, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and drug addiction) leading to deficits in Executive Functions. These cognitive deficits affect patients’ everyday functioning, worsening the clinical course of the disease. For example, deficits in Executive Functions are related to suicide behavior in bipolar disorder patients. Furthermore, these deficits also relate to obesity, a lack of adherence to treatment and an underperformance in the workplace and educational settings. The understanding of the role of deficits in Executive Functions, including its neurobiological basis, developmental trajectories, and relationship with clinical outcomes, is fundamental to improve clinical management of psychiatric patients. This research topic includes 13 articles with interdisciplinary contributions related to the understanding of the deficits in Executive Functions and its relationship with clinical manifestations in psychiatric disorders.

Current Progress and Challenges in the Development of a Hepatitis C Virus Vaccine

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889457144 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-714-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Allergy and Immunology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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More than 70 million people worldwide are infected with hepatitis C virus, a major cause of liver cirrhosis, liver failure and hepatocellular carcinoma world-wide. In the last decade, this cancer has emerged as the second leading cause of cancer death and the global burden is increasing by two million new infections per year, mainly due to injection drug use. An effective vaccine will be the most effective means to contain the spread of this virus worldwide. The articles in this Research Topic describe the progress that has been made towards a preventive vaccine and the challenges that still need to be overcome to ultimately achieve this goal.

Intelligent Business Process Optimization for the Service Industry

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ISBN: 9783866444546 Year: Pages: 310 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000014466 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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The company's sustainable competitive advantage derives from its capacity to create value for customers and to adapt the operational practices to changing situations. Business processes are the heart of each company. Therefore process excellence has become a key issue. This book introduces a novel approach focusing on the autonomous optimization of business processes by applying sophisticated machine learning techniques such as Relational Reinforcement Learning and Particle Swarm Optimization.

Development of executive function during childhood

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198009 Year: Pages: 457 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-800-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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Executive function refers to the goal-oriented regulation of one’s own thoughts, actions, and emotions. Its importance is attested by its contribution to the development of other cognitive skills (e.g., theory of mind), social abilities (e.g., peer interactions), and academic achievement (e.g., mathematics), and by the consequences of deficits in executive function (which are observed in wide range of developmental disorders, such as attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder and autism). Over the last decade, there have been growing interest in the development of executive function, and an expanding body of research has shown that executive function develops rapidly during the preschool years, with adult-level performance being achieved during adolescence or later. This recent work, together with experimental research showing the effects of interventions targeting executive function, has yielded important insights into the neurocognitive processes underlying executive function. Given the complexity of the construct of executive function, however, and the multiplicity of underlying processes, there are often inconsistencies in the way that executive function is defined and studied. This inconsistency has hampered communication among researchers from various fields. This Research Topic is intended to bridge this gap and provide an opportunity for researchers from different perspectives to discuss recent advances in understanding childhood executive function. Researchers using various methods, including, behavioral experiments, neuroimaging, eye-tracking, computer simulation, observational methods, and questionnaires, are encouraged to contribute original empirical research. In addition to original empirical articles, theoretical reviews and opinions/perspective articles on promising future directions are welcome. We hope that researchers from different areas, such as developmental psychology, educational psychology, experimental psychology, neuropsychology, neuroscience, psychiatry, computational science, etc., will be represented in the Research Topic.

Tendances de l’emploi dans le spectacle

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782111398481 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Business and Management --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Observé sur une période de près de vingt ans, l’emploi dans le champ du spectacle (audiovisuel et spectacle vivant) se caractérise par une progression continue du nombre de professionnels, infléchie depuis 2004. Le nombre d’entre- prises et leur offre d’emploi en revanche n’ont cessé de croître, en particulier dans le spectacle vivant. Après s’être nettement et durablement dégradée en termes de temps de travail et de rémunération, du fait de la disjonction des rythmes de croissance entre effectifs et volume d’emploi, la situation moyenne des intermittents se stabilise au cours des années 2000. De fortes différences catégorielles subsistent, le volume moyen d’emploi et de rémunération des artistes étant deux fois moindre que celui des techniciens.

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