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Coupled 3D hydrodynamic models for submarine outfalls. Denvironmental hydraulic design and control of multiport diffusers

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Book Series: Dissertationsreihe am Institut für Hydromechanik der Universität Karlsruhe ISSN: 14394111 ISBN: 9783866441606 Year: Volume: 2006,3 Pages: 219 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000006668 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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The book describes the hydraulic design and environmental impact prediction technologies for such installations. Focus are the hydrodynamics approached by computer models. First, a multiport diffuser design program was developed. Second, two model systems for discharge analysis, CORMIX for the near-field and intermediate-field and Delft3D for the far-field were coupled, and third a regulatory procedure is proposed to license and monitor outfall installations.

Modelling the human cardiac fluid mechanics. 3rd ed

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ISBN: 9783866443570 Year: Pages: 80 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000011015 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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The third edition of this article on the modelling and simulation of the flow in human hearts supplements earlier editions. It discusses the flow-structure coupled heart model KAHMO FSI (Karlsruhe Heart Model) and examines patient-specific clinical application of the heart model for cardiac surgery. The KAHMO heart model can be used to predict flow losses and flow structures due to pathalogical ventricle defects. These are considered before and after surgery.

Vortex Dynamics and Optical Vortices

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ISBN: 9789535129295 9789535129301 9789535141044 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.5772/62608 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Hydraulic Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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The contents of the book cover a wide variety of topics related to the analysis of the dynamics of vortices and describe the results of experiments, computational modeling and their interpretation. The book contains 13 chapters reaching areas of physics in vortex dynamics and optical vortices including vortices in superfluid atomic gases, vortex laser beams, vortex-antivortex in ferromagnetic hybrids, and optical vortices illumination in chiral nanostructures. Also, discussions are presented on particle motion in vortex flows, on the simulation of vortex-dominated flows, on vortices in saturable media, on achromatic vortices, and on ultraviolet vortices. Fractal light vortices, coherent vortex beams, together with vortices in electric dipole radiation, and spin wave dynamics in magnetic vortices are examined as well.

Vortex Structures in Fluid Dynamic Problems

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ISBN: 9789535129431 9789535129448 9789535141068 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.5772/67197 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Hydraulic Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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The contents of the book cover topics on vortex dynamics in a variety of flow problems and describe observational measurements and their interpretation. The book contains 13 chapters that first include vortices in the earth and planetary sciences related to vortices in the Venus plasma wake and also on tropical cyclones and on rotating shallow water in the earth's atmosphere. Vortices in fluid problems include airplane wake vortices, vorticity evolution in free-shear flows, together with axisymmetric flows with swirl, as well as thermal conductivities in fluid layers. Vortices in relativistic fluids, in magnetic disks, solitons and vortices, and relaxation for point vortices were also examined. Other chapters describe conditions in a vortex bioreactor and in vortex yarn structures.

Granular Materials

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ISBN: 9789535135050 9789535135067 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5772/66007 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This volume presents basic notions and fundamental properties of granular materials covering a wide spectrum of granular material mechanics. The granular materials may behave as fluids or solids or both. The grain size may span from microscopic to macroscopic scale. From the wet sand effect, Reynolds inspired in 1885 the notion of granular universe introducing the term ""dilatancy."" Bak, Tan, and Wisenfeld (1987, 1988) used the sand pile as a representative model of complex systems. In this collection of chapters, granular dynamics, granular flow from dilute to jammed states, dynamics of granular gas in microgravity, particle jetting induced by impulsive loadings, particle migration phenomena in embankment dams, and the grading entropy-based criteria of granular materials and filters are presented.

Colorimetry and Image Processing

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ISBN: 9789535137443 9789535137450 9789535140375 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68246 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Hydraulic Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Nowadays, the technological advances allow developing many applications in different fields. In the book Colorimetry and Image Processing, two important fields are presented: colorimetry and image processing. Colorimetry is observed by a visual interactive programming learning system, an approach based on color analysis of Habanero chili pepper, an approach based on scene image segmentation centered on mathematical morphology, other systems based on the simulations of the dichromatic color appearance, and, finally, an approach based on the color reconstruction in order to enhancement its using super-resolution methods. On the other hand, image processing is shown by pansharpening algorithms for hyperspectral images, an approach based on the analysis of the low-resolution satellite images and ground-based sky camera for estimating the cloud motion, a hybrid super-resolution framework that combines desirable features of TV and PM models, a study of the real-time video analysis used for anthropometric measurements on agricultural tools and machines, and finally, an approach based on the threshold optimization iterative algorithm using the ground truth data and assessing the accuracy of a range of threshold values through the corresponding Kappa coefficient of concordance.

Porosity - Process, Technologies and Applications

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ISBN: 9781789230420 9781789230437 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68404 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book discusses multiways in the porous materials. It involves materials with a large number of holes, and it highlights the synthesis, structure, and surface properties of porous materials closely related to more applications, such as support, catalyst, energy storage, chemical reactions, and optical applications. It studies the effect of the filling materials, the thermal treatments, and the porous density in the improvement of physical properties, electrical and energy efficiency, and the generation of new materials. Some synthetic process will be discussed with the effect of some parameters on the final characteristics of the prepared porous structures.

Microfluidics and Nanofluidics

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ISBN: 9781789235401 9781789235418 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71136 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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In the present book, various applications of microfluidics and nanofluidics are introduced. Microfluidics and nanofluidics span a broad array of disciplines including mechanical, materials, and electrical engineering, surface science, chemistry, physics and biology. Also, this book deals with transport and interactions of colloidal particles and biomolecules in microchannels, which have great importance to many microfluidic applications, such as drug delivery in life science, microchannel heat exchangers in electronic cooling, and food processing industry. Furthermore, this book focuses on a detailed description of the thermal transport behavior, challenges and implications that involve the development and use of HTFs under the influence of atomistic-scale structures and industrial applications.

Novel, Integrated and Revolutionary Well Test Interpretation and Analysis

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ISBN: 9781789848502 9781789848519 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.81031 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Hydraulic Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The TDS technique is a practical, easy, and powerful tool for well test interpretation. It uses characteristic features and points found on the pressure derivative versus time plot, so that reservoir parameters can be easily calculated by using several analytic expressions. Most calculations can be verified more than once and applied to systems where the conventional straight-line method has no applications. This book deals with well tests run in elongated systems, partially completed/penetrated wells, multirate tests, hydraulically fractured wells, interference tests, and naturally fractured reservoirs. This technique is used in all commercial well-testing software. Its use is the panacea for well test interpretation and can also be extended to rate-transient analysis, although not shown here.

Wettability and Interfacial Phenomena - Implications for Material Processing

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ISBN: 9781838805388 9781838805395 9781838807139 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75334 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Wettability at the solid/liquid interface, its dynamics, tunability, the influence of operating parameters, surface and interfacial phenomena play an increasingly significant role in a wide variety of applications, for example, material processing, nanotechnology, oil recovery, oil spills, chemical leaching, water management, and disease transmission. Although a mature field, it is experiencing dramatic developments on several fronts with emerging applications in new fields. This book presents a collection of eight chapters on nanoscale wetting phenomena, oil extraction from reservoir rocks, the role of coatings, particle morphology, surface roughness and viscosity in metal processing, and practical applications of superhydrophobic behaviour in cell culturing, isolation, anti-icing, anti-reflective and anti-corrosion coatings in the transportation and optical devices fields.

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