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La CGT dans les années 1950

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ISBN: 9782753501379 9782753524057 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-22 17:18:59
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Propices aux polémiques et à la caricature, les années 1950 sont au nombre des périodes encore mal connues de l’histoire de la CGT. Le Centre d’histoire sociale du XXe siècle et l’Institut CGT d’histoire sociale ont uni leurs compétences afin de mieux comprendre ce que fut la Confédération en ces temps difficiles. Tel était l’objet du colloque tenu en novembre 2003 dont rend compte le présent ouvrage. Durant la guerre froide, le poids du parti communiste a très fortement pesé sur la vie de la...

The forgotten French: Exiles in the British Isles, 1940-44

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ISBN: 9780719064388 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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It is widely assumed that the French in the British Isles during the Second World War were fully-fledged supporters of General de Gaulle, and that across the channel at least, the French were a 'nation of resisters'. This highly provocative study reveals that most exiles were on British soil by chance rather than by design, and many were not sure whether to stay. Overlooked by historians, who have concentrated on the 'Free French' of de Gaulle, these were the 'Forgotten French': refugees swept off the beaches of Dunkirk; servicemen held in camps after the Franco-German armistice; Vichy consular officials left to cater for their compatriots; and a sizeable colonist community based mainly in London. Drawing on little-known archival sources, this study examines the hopes and fears of these communities who were bitterly divided among themselves, some being attracted to Pétain as much as to de Gaulle. It also looks at how they fitted into British life and how the British in turn responded. The author finds that while the public was often charitable, the Government was suspicious of their loyalties and even considered general internment. Illustrated throughout, this is essential reading for anyone interested in the British and French experiences of the Second World War.

Keywords

france --- dunkirk --- ptain --- vichy

The French party system

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ISBN: 9780719061196 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book provides a complete overview of political parties in France. The social and ideological profiles of all the major parties are analysed chapter by chapter, highlighting their principal functions and dynamics within the system. This examination is complemented by analyses of bloc and system features, including the pluralist left, Europe, and the ideological space in which the parties operate. In particular, the book addresses the impressive capacity of French parties and their leaders to adapt themselves to the changing concerns of their electorates and to a shifting institutional context. Contrary to the apparently fragmentary system and increasingly hostile clashes between political personalities, the continuities in the French political system seem destined to persist. Drawing on the expertise of its French and British contributors, 'The French party system' forms a benchmark study of the state of party politics in France. It will be an essential text for all students of French politics and parties, and for students of European politics more generally.

Keywords

france --- government --- politics --- french

The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau: The impossibility of reason

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ISBN: 9780719065804 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This exciting new book presents the first overview of Jean Jacques Rousseau's work from a political science perspective. Was Rousseau - the great theorist of the French Revolution - really a conservative? This original study argues that the author of The Social Contract was a constitutionalist much closer to Madison, Montesquieu and Locke than to revolutionaries. Outlining his profound opposition to Godless materialism and revolutionary change, this book finds parallels between Rousseau and Burke, as well as showing that Rousseau developed the first modern theory of nationalism. The book presents an integrated political analysis of Rousseau's educational, ethical, religious and political writings, and will be essential reading for students of politics, philosophy and the history of ideas.

Keywords

france --- revolution --- french --- rousseau

Fathers, pastors and kings: Visions of episcopacy in seventeenth-century France

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ISBN: 9780719069765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book explores how the conceptions of episcopacy shaped the identity of the bishops of France in the wake of the reforming Council of Trent (1545-63). It demonstrates how the episcopate, initially demoralized by the Wars of Religion, developed a powerful ideology of privilege, leadership and pastorate that enabled it to become a flourishing participant in the religious, political and social life of the ancien régime. Arguing that the traditional images portrayed by Trent and prelates such as Charles Borromeo of Milan did not offer a comprehensive model of episcopal spirituality, government and pastoral care, the study examines the distinctive images of episcopacy that were developed by French reformers and theologians to respond to the specific demands of ecclesiastical leadership and reform in seventeenth-century France. It then assesses the ways in which an increasingly assertive episcopate put these ideals into practice, and explains that the bishops' tempestuous relations with the religious orders, the Jansenists, the papacy and the Bourbon monarchy were profoundly shaped by their gallican, conciliarist and independent views of episcopal duties and prerogatives. This is the first publication to analyse the attitudes of Tridentine bishops towards their office by considering the French episcopate as a recognisable caste, possessing a variety of theological and political principles that allowed it to dominate the French church. It will be indispensable to those interested in the culture of early modern catholicism and the ancien régime.

Keywords

france --- bishops --- religion

Louis XIV and the Parlements: The assertion of royal authority

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ISBN: 9780719062353 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This is the first scholarly study of the political and economic relationship between Louis XIV and the parlements of France, the Parlement of Paris and all the provincial tribunals. The author explains how the king managed to overcome the century-old opposition of the parlements to new legislation, and to impose upon them the strict political discipline for which this reign, and only this reign, is known. Hurt shows that the king built upon that discipline to extract large sums of money from the judges in the parlements, notably in the form of forced loans and office sales, thus damaging their economic interests. When the king died in 1715, the regent, Philippe d'Orléans, after a brief attempt to befriend the parlements through compromise, resorted to the authoritarian methods of Louis XIV and perpetuated the Sun King's political and economic legacy. This study calls into question the current revisionist understanding of the reign of Louis XIV and insists that, after all, absolute government had a harsh reality at its core. Based upon extensive archival research, Louis XIV and the parlements will be of interest to all students of the history of early modern France and the monarchies of Europe.

Keywords

france --- history --- politics --- monarchy

Le cuisinier nostalgique

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ISBN: 9782271059673 9782271091444 Year: Language: French
Publisher: CNRS Éditions
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-18 10:20:52
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Mondialement reconnue pour sa gastronomie, la France est aussi le pays des cantines… dont les opérateurs occupent une position dominante sur les principaux marchés internationaux. Sur notre territoire, ils se hissent au premier rang des employeurs de cuisiniers, avant les restaurants. Ils offrent des conditions de travail relativement satisfaisantes et leurs contraintes d’activité impliquent plutôt une maîtrise ou un élargissement des compétences traditionnelles de la restauration. Mais le po...

Eugène Morel et la lecture publique

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ISBN: 9782902706730 9782842462253 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Bibliothèque publique d’information
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-06 08:58:08
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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« Eugène Morel n'est point de ceux qui abaissent ou rapetissent une question, un problème, si vastes soient-ils ; il a bien vu que la question des bibliothèques rejoint celles - d'une si pressante actualité - de l'utilisation et du progrès même de la science, de l'éducation et de l'organisation des grandes démocraties, c'est-à-dire des nations qui vivent et veulent vivre... Nous voici tout à coup bien loin des stériles querelles de catalogueurs, et des odieuses rivalités d'écoles, nous sommes...

Las monarquías española y francesa (siglos xvi-xviii)

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ISBN: 9788496820555 9788490961322 Year: Language: Spanish
Publisher: Casa de Velázquez
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-29 12:09:57
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Desde fines del siglo xx, los historiadores de lo político llevaron adelante una crítica de fondo de la aplicación a la época moderna de conceptos heredados del siglo xix, tales como los de nación o Estado moderno. Así, se ha considerado hasta ahora que existían dos modelos políticos opuestos, sobre todo porque ciertos actores diferenciaban los caracteres y los usos «franceses» y «españoles». ¿En qué medida las monarquías española y francesa pueden seguir concebiéndose como contrapuestas? A p...

Éducation et longue durée

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ISBN: 9782841332588 9782841338191 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Caen
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-09 10:12:49
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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L’ouvrage se propose d’étudier certaines déterminations historiques, sociologiques et anthropologiques de l’école aujourd’hui dans la perspective de la « longue durée » et telles qu’elles trouvent leur point d’émergence et de constitution dans des périodes reculées du passé. Elles peuvent concerner des composantes aussi diverses que la forme des exercices, l’organisation du temps et de l’espace, les outils, certains thèmes pédagogiques, la forme des exercices, la hiérarchie des disciplines. M...

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