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The Summa Halensis. Doctrines and Debates

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Book Series: Veröffentlichungen des Grabmann-Institutes zur Erforschung der mittelalterlichen Theologie und Philosophie ISSN: 05802091 ISBN: 9783110685008 Year: Volume: 66 Pages: 378 DOI: 10.1515/9783110685008 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-17 18:36:55
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The Summa Halensis (1236-45) was collaboratively authored by the founding members of the Franciscan school at Paris and represents not only the first official statement of Franciscan thought but also a defining text for the field of systematic theology. This volume brings together leading scholars who explore the diverse doctrines and debates, with a view to highlighting its innovativeness and influence on subsequent generations.

The Summa Halensis. Sources and Context

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Book Series: Veröffentlichungen des Grabmann-Institutes zur Erforschung der mittelalterlichen Theologie und Philosophie ISSN: 05802091 ISBN: 9783110685022 Year: Volume: 65 Pages: 338 DOI: 10.1515/9783110685022 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-17 18:36:55
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For generations, early Franciscan thought has been widely regarded as unoriginal: a mere attempt to systematize the longstanding intellectual tradition of Augustine in the face of the rising popularity of Aristotle. This volume brings together leading scholars in the field to undertake a major study of the sources and context of the so-called Summa Halensis (1236-45), which was collaboratively authored by the founding members of the Franciscan school at Paris, above all, Alexander of Hales, and John of La Rochelle, in an effort to lay down the Franciscan intellectual tradition or the first time. The contributions will highlight that this tradition, far from unoriginal, laid the groundwork for later Franciscan thought, which is often regarded as formative for modern thought. Furthermore, the volume shows the role this Summa played in the development of the burgeoning field of systematic theology, which has its origins in the young university of Paris. This is a crucial and groundbreaking study for those with interests in the history of western thought and theology specifically.

L’usura tra Santa Croce e Santa Maria Novella: Pietro de Trabibus e Remigio de’ Girolami a confronto (Book chapter)

Book title: The Dominicans and the Making of Florentine Cultural Identity (13th-14th centuries) / I domenicani e la costruzione dell'identità culturale fiorentina (XIII-XIV secolo)

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Book Series: Reti Medievali E-Book ISSN: 27046079 ISBN: 9788855180467 Year: Volume: 36 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-046-7.12
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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Between 1290 and 1310, two Mendicant friars active in Florence dealt with the controversial issue of usury: the Franciscan lector Peter of Trabibus, who until now has been studied primarily for his relationship to Olivi’s teaching, and the Dominican Remigio de’ Girolami. In the mid-nineties of the thirteenth century, in the context of his quodlibetal questions, Peter of Trabibus discusses the social role of merchants and he broaches the question of the restitution of usurious gains. Some years later, Remigio also deals with similar issues in his quodlibetal questions and writes a treatise that bears the title De peccato usurae.

Disciplinamento sociale e teologia nei Quodlibeta di Pietro de Trabibus (Book chapter)

Book title: The Dominicans and the Making of Florentine Cultural Identity (13th-14th centuries) / I domenicani e la costruzione dell'identità culturale fiorentina (XIII-XIV secolo)

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Book Series: Reti Medievali E-Book ISSN: 27046079 ISBN: 9788855180467 Year: Volume: 36 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-046-7.13
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This article analyzes some questiones quodlibetales (1296-1297) delivered by Peter of Trabibus, a Florentine Franciscan of Santa Croce. He reflects on and attempts to regulate Florentine society in times of unprecedented political and economic dynamism. Dealing with the definition of “new” sins, these questions examine tantalizing cases pertaining to economic life outside the convent, and which thus constitute matters of great juridical and political interest. The critical edition of Petrus of Trabibus’ questions 17 to 22, Quodlibet 2, here published for the first time, completes this contribution.

“Yo soy libre y no indio: Soy Guarayo” : Para una historia de Guarayos, 1790-1948

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ISBN: 9782821844155 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.ifea.8509 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Institut français d’études anatoliennes
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Esta obra estudia las razones fundamentales que provocaron el fracaso del proyecto misional franciscano en los poblados guarayos dado que en el momento de la secularización (1938-1939), los Guarayo habitantes de Ascensión, Nuestra Señora de los Ángeles de Urubichá, San Francisco de Yotaú, Santa Cruz de Yaguarú y San Pablo, no sólo permanecían al margen de la bolivianidad, sino que como consecuencia de la desaparición de la «tutela» ejercida hasta entonces por los misioneros, vieron cómo, progresivamente, parte de sus territorios pasaban a terceros - Estado y particulares - y, ellos mismos, se veian incorporados como mano de obra a las empresas agropecuarias de los grupos blanco-mestizos. Una lectura atenta de las fuentes franciscanas permitió intuir que parte de dicho fracaso fue consecuencia de un proyecto específico impulsado por los religiosos franciscanos en un determinado contexto histórico (fines del siglo XIX) en el cual la «incorporación» de los indígenas a la nacionalidad implicaba no sólo la desaparición de los Guarayo como grupo étnico-cultural, sino también, dejar a los indígenas al libre arbitrio de las élites económicas y, por ende, favorecer la sobreexplotación de aquéllos que podía llevar incluso a la desaparición física de los mismos por unos grupos que pretendieron hacer de los Indígenas mano de obra bajo su control y, en determinadas coyunturas como la de la época cauchera, quasi esclava. Este proyecto misional se plasmó en la llamada república guaraya que, inspirándose en la república indígena cerrada al exterior proyectada por los jesuítas en sus misiones coloniales, pasó por la «recreación» o reelaboración de la identidad guaraya, de la que se conservarían una serie de elementos autóctonos, y a la que se incorporarían diversos elementos procedentes de la cosmovisión e ideología católica. Sin embargo, el fracaso del proyecto misional en incorporar a los indígenas a la bolivianidad fue consecuencia, también y en última instancia, de las características del régimen misional imperante desde la temprana conquista y reducción de los Guarayo (década de 1840) hasta la secularización de los poblados (1938-1939). Tratar de responder al interrogante inicial en torno a las razones del fracaso franciscano en lograr la completa socialización de los Guarayo pasa por señalar los aspectos fundamentales del grupo étnico-cultural previamente a su reducción, estudiar las características que presentó la conquista y reducción de dicha población ya en su aspecto teórico como en la praxis misional, y tratar de relevar los aspectos más significativos de los religiosos mediadores culturales por excelencia que misionaron en la región. La diversidad de fuentes escritas, estadísticas, planos urbanísticos de los poblados y fotografías históricas han constituido material fundamental para la Investigación.

Poesia e filosofia a Firenze tra Santa Croce e Santa Maria Novella (Book chapter)

Book title: The Dominicans and the Making of Florentine Cultural Identity (13th-14th centuries) / I domenicani e la costruzione dell'identità culturale fiorentina (XIII-XIV secolo)

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Book Series: Reti Medievali E-Book ISSN: 27046079 ISBN: 9788855180467 Year: Volume: 36 DOI: 10.36253/978-88-5518-046-7.14
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-26 11:35:25
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This article draws a comparison between the thirteenth- and fourteenth-century library collection of the Dominican convent of Santa Maria Novella and that of the Franciscan convent of Santa Croce. Such an investigation casts new light on the links between philosophy and po- etry which enliven Dante’s literary production. In particular, the author considers Aristotelian works as potential vehicles of literary knowledge about, for instance, Homeric characters.

Religion and Art: Rethinking Aesthetic and Auratic Experiences in 'Post-Secular' Times

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ISBN: 9783039210329 9783039210336 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-033-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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How can we think of the “aura” of (sacred) contexts and (sacred) works? How to think of individual and collective (esthetic/religious) experiences? What to make of the manipulative dimension of (religious and esthetic) “auratic” experiences? Is the work of art still capable of mediating the experience of the “sacred,” and under what conditions? What is the significance of the “eschatological” dimension of both art and religion (the sense of “ending”)? Can theology offer a way to reaffirm the creative capacities of the human being as something that characterizes the very condition of being human? This Special Issue aspires to contribute to the growing literature on contemporary art and religion, and to explore the new ways of thinking of art and the sacred (in their esthetic, ideological, and institutional dimensions) in the context of contemporary culture.

Measures of Spirituality/Religiosity (2018)

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ISBN: 9783038979326 9783038979333 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-933-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 17:16:14
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The interest in the topic of spirituality as a more or less independent dimension of quality of life is continuously growing, and research questions are beginning to change as the field of religiosity changes, becoming more diverse and pluralistic. Addressing new topics in health research also relies on standardized questionnaires. The number of instruments intended to measure specific aspects of spirituality is growing, and it is particularly difficult to evaluate the new instruments. This Special Issue will focus on some of the established instruments (updating them to different languages and cultures), but will also describe the features and intentions of newly-developed instruments, which may potentially be used in larger studies to develop knowledge relevant to spiritual care and practice. This Special Issue will serve as a resource on the instruments used to study the wide range of organized religiosity, the individual experience of the divine, and an open approach in the search for meaning and purpose in life.

Witchcraft, Demonology and Magic

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ISBN: 9783039289592 / 9783039289608 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-960-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Witchcraft and magic are topics of enduring interest for many reasons. The main one lies in their extraordinary interdisciplinarity: anthropologists, folklorists, historians, and more have contributed to build a body of work of extreme variety and consistence. Of course, this also means that the subjects themselves are not easy to assess. In a very general way, we can define witchcraft as a supernatural means to cause harm, death, or misfortune, while magic also belongs to the field of supernatural, or at least esoteric knowledge, but can be used to less dangerous effects (e.g., divination and astrology). In Western civilization, however, the witch hunt has set a very peculiar perspective in which diabolical witchcraft, the invention of the Sabbat, the persecution of many thousands of (mostly) female and (sometimes) male presumed witches gave way to a phenomenon that is fundamentally different from traditional witchcraft. This Special Issue of Religions dedicated to Witchcraft, Demonology, and Magic features nine articles that deal with four different regions of Europe (England, Germany, Hungary, and Italy) between Late Medieval and Modern times in different contexts and social milieus. Far from pretending to offer a complete picture, they focus on some topics that are central to the research in those fields and fit well in the current “cumulative concept of Western witchcraft” that rules out all mono-causality theories, investigating a plurality of causes.

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