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Suedosteuropa in der Wahrnehmung der deutschen Oeffentlichkeit vom Wiener Kongress (1815) bis zum Pariser Frieden (1856)

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Book Series: Suedosteuropa-Studien ISBN: 9783631743294 Year: Pages: 180 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:45
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Die Südosteuropa-Studien werden von der in München ansässigen Südosteuropa-Gesellschaft, der wichtigsten Wissenschaftsorganisation der Südosteuropa-Forschung im deutschsprachigen Raum, herausgegeben. Sie dienen der vertieften und interdisziplinären wissenschaftlichen Darstellung wichtiger Themen aus der Südosteuropa-Forschung. Auch Fragen zur aktuellen politischen und sozio-ökonomischen Entwicklung in der Region Südosteuropa werden aufgegriffen. Herausgeber der Einzelbände sind renommierte Repräsentanten der deutschen und internationalen Südosteuropa-Forschung.

Die Europaidee im Zeitalter der Aufklärung

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Book Series: Open Book Classics ISBN: 9781783743988 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0127 Language: German
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-02 11:01:49
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In view of the challenges—many of which are political—that different European countries are currently facing, scholars who work on the eighteenth century have compiled this anthology which includes earlier recognitions of common values and past considerations of questions which often remain pertinent nowadays. During the Enlightenment, many men and women of letters envisaged the continent’s future in particular when stressing their hope that peace could be secured in Europe. The texts gathered here, and signed by major thinkers of the time (Rousseau, Montesquieu, Voltaire, Kant, Hume or Staël for instance), as well as by writers history has forgotten, present the reflections, with a couple of chronological extensions (from Sully to Victor Hugo) of authors from the long eighteenth century—the French Empire and the fall of Napoleon generated numerous upheavals—on Europe, its history, its diversity, but also on what the nations, which, in all their diversity, make up a geographical unit, have in common. They show the historical origins of the project of a European union, the desire to consolidate the continent’s ties to the Maghreb or to Turkey, the importance granted to commerce and the worries engendered by history’s convulsions, but also the hope vested in future generations.

Kaiser Ferdinand III. (1608–1657)

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ISBN: 9783205777656 Year: Pages: 580 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_455750 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4270
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-11 21:10:21
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Ferdinand III. inherited the Thirty Years' war from its father, Ferdinand II.. In the centre of his reign, the war ended in 1648 with the Peace of Westphalia and thereby the long time of the confessional arguments going along with denomination questions. The Peace of Westphalia was at the same time an important stage in the decay of the alliance of the Spanish and Austrian Habsburger which had emerged under Karl of the V. and which had polarised Europe about for one century. Now the Peace helped to create sovereign member states in Europe. For Ferdinand III. this multilayered epoch change presented itself as a number of dilemmas. These resulted from his search for peace and at the same time his attempts to fight for more favourable peace conditions; his separation from Spain against his consent and nevertheless his attempts to hold on to his Iberian relatives which were nevertheless slipping away; his timid protection of peace after 1648 and nevertheless his return against his consent to the European wars of the 1650er-Jahre. For a new comprehension of the time of Ferdinand III, it seemed important it to me to particularly stress some structural aspects, above all the close entwinement of the controversy over denominations and rule rights. In his elective monarchies, in the Empire, and in Hungary, Ferdinand III. pursued a pragmatically moderated confessional policy, in his hereditary countries, Austria and Bohemia, he was a rigid counter reformer. His counter reformation however was not only motivated religiously, but it was directed at the same time against the almost autonomous rule of the aristocracy over the rural subjects. Both confessional pragmatism and the counter reformation based on the regionally established church were a burden on the relationship Ferdinand III. to the papacy, who anyhow resisted to the dominance of the house of Habsbourg in Italy. The manuscript also provides new aspects regarding the cultural dimension of early-modern rule. The text essential stresses the pictures and terms, the symbols and rituals on which the Emperor's self understanding and his relation to the world was based and lived accordingly. Education, environment and ceremoniality take therefore much space. Rulers of the early modern times knew themselves observed and acted thereafter. If it is so difficult to determine precisely the share of Ferdinands III. of 'his' government, this is not only due to institutionalised discussions and the separation of functions within a complex government machinery. It is furthermore not only due to the fact that the Court was for the Emperor and courtiers a convincingly handled instrument of the self-manifestation with representative stage appearances on the one hand and useful concealments on the other hand. It is due above all to the fact that this Emperor did not understand governance in a modern, comprehensive sense as politics. Governance did not serve the realisation of an utopia formulated from an individual point of view or from the society. The cosmos for Ferdinand III.was still God-given, an allegedly natural order. The task of princes therein was limited, and the protection and the development of princes' rule considering the complexity of confessional and political goals and problems were in practice difficult enough. That this Emperor took up the idea of state sovereignty was a step of detachment from what he once learned to be correct. In alchemy, in magnetism and in music, Ferdinand III. continued to look for an expression of the natural order of the things. On the other hand (also here the Emperor stands at an epoch change) he was interested in a phenomenon, whose physical and artistic developments in the 17. Century destroyed the bases of his mental world: in seeing. The Emperor learned that not only the regarded object, but also the person seeing takes part in the construction of one's picture.

Islamic Peace Ethics

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Book Series: Studien zur Friedensethik ISBN: 9783845283494 Year: Volume: 57 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845283494 Language: en
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-05 12:58:40
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This book addresses the arguments of contemporary Muslim thinkers regarding war and peace. It takes into account the confessional, geographical and ideological diversity of Islamic peace ethics and includes papers on peace ethics by different groups and scholars who represent both the Sunni and Shi

Interventionsalltag

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837643855 9783839443859 Year: DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14361/9783839443859 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103670
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 06:28:26
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»Frieden schaffen« ist das gemeinsame große Ziel vieler internationaler Akteure in Kriegs- und Krisengebieten. In der Praxis sind sie jedoch mit unterschiedlichsten Aufgaben betraut. Basierend auf qualitativen Interviews mit zurückgekehrten Praktiker_innen entwickelt Julika Bake ein vielschichtiges, dichtes Bild des Interventionsalltags. Sie zeigt auf, wie sich Angehörige verschiedener Berufsfelder in ihren Erzählungen über die Arbeit vor Ort positionieren, und geht der Frage nach, inwieweit die Unterscheidung von Intervenierenden in die Kategorien »zivil« und »militärisch« zu einem besseren Verständnis von internationalen Interventionen beiträgt.

Peace Through Law

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Book Series: Studies of the Max Planck Institute Luxembourg for International, European and Regulatory Procedural Law ISBN: 9783845299167 Year: Volume: 16 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845299167 Language: en
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 14:01:47
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With the benefit of hindsight, presenting the Treaty of Versailles as an example of ‘peace through law’ might seem like a provocation. And yet, the extreme variety and innovativeness of international procedural and substantial ‘experiments’ attempted as a result of the Treaty of Versailles and the other Paris Peace Treaties of 1919–1920 remain striking even today. While many of these ‘experiments’ had a lasting impact on international law and dispute settlement after the Second World War, and considerably broadened the very idea of ‘peace through law’, they have often disappeared from collective memories.Relying on both legal and historical research, this book provides a global overview of how the Paris Peace Treaties impacted on dispute resolution in the interwar period, both substantially and procedurally. The book’s accounts of several all-but-forgotten international tribunals and their case law include references to archival records and photographic illustrations.

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