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Glass Making in the Greco-Roman World

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Book Series: Studies in Archaeological Sciences ISBN: 9789461661579 Year: Pages: 190 Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-11 10:10:19
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New insights into the trade and processing of mineral raw materials for glass making - Free ebook available at OAPEN Library >>>This book presents a reconstruction of the Hellenistic-Roman glass industry from the point of view of raw material procurement. Within the ERC funded ARCHGLASS project, the authors of this work developed new geochemical techniques to provenance primary glass making. They investigated both production and consumer sites of glass, and identified suitable mineral resources for glass making through geological prospecting. Because the source of the raw materials used in the manufacturing of natron glass can be determined, new insights in the trade of this material are revealed. While eastern Mediterranean glass factories were active throughout the Hellenistic to early Islamic period, western Mediterranean and possibly Italian and North African sources also supplied the Mediterranean world with raw glass in early Roman times. By combining archaeological and scientific data, the authors develop new interdisciplinary techniques for an innovative archaeological interpretation of glass trade in the Hellenistic-Roman world, highlighting the development of glass as an economic material.ContributorsAnnelore Blomme (KU Leuven), Sara Boyen (KU Leuven), Dieter Brems (KU Leuven), Florence Cattin (Université de Bourgogne), Mike Carremans (KU Leuven), Veerle Devulder (KU Leuven, UGent), Thomas Fenn (Yale University), Monica Ganio (Northwestern University), Johan Honings (KU Leuven), Rebecca Scott (KU Leuven)

Things that travelled-Mediterranean Glass in the First Millennium CE

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781787351172 Year: Pages: 416 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351172 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Anthropology --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-17 11:02:29
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Recent research has demonstrated that, in the Roman, Late Antique, Early Islamic and Medieval worlds, glass was traded over long distances, from the Eastern Mediterranean, mainly Egypt and Israel, to Northern Africa, the Western Mediterranean and Northern Europe. Things that Travelled, a collaboration between the UCL Early Glass Technology Research Network, the Association for the History of Glass and the British Museum, aims to build on this knowledge. Covering all aspects of glass production, technology, distribution and trade in Roman, Byzantine and Early Medieval/Early Islamic times, including studies from Britain, Egypt, Cyprus, Italy and many others, the volume combines the strengths of the sciences and cultural studies to offer a new approach to research on ancient glass. By bringing together such a varied mix of contributors, specialising in a range of geographical areas and chronological time frames, this volume also offers a valuable contribution to broader discussions on glass within political, economic, cultural and historical arenas.

Sichtlich evangelisch - Die Glasfenster der Jakobikirche in Göttingen von 1900/1901 und die Hannoveraner Glasmalwerkstätten Henning & Andres und Lauterbach & Schröder

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ISBN: 9783863953027 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-19 11:01:33
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Sichtlich evangelisch – das sind in der mittelalterlichen Jacobikirche in Göttingen vor allem die Glasfenster von 1900/01. Im Zuge einer umfassenden Innenrenovierung wurden hier um die Jahrhundertwende reformationsgeschichtliche Ereignisse und reformatorische Glaubensüberzeugungen in Bilder gefasst. Heute zeugen diese Fenster von der ganz eigenen, nicht selten aktualisierenden Sicht auf die Reformationszeit. Gleichzeitig geben sie Einblicke in das eindrucksvolle künstlerische Vermögen der ausführenden Glasmaler. Der vorliegende Katalog stellt diese Fenster zum ersten Mal in umfassender Weise vor. Er erschließt ihre Entwurfsgeschichte, ihr theologisches und künstlerisches Programm sowie ihre gestalterische Ausführung. Weiterführende Beiträge widmen sich der historistischen Renovierung der Jacobikirche, in deren Zusammenhang die Fenster entstanden, sowie dem Schaffen der bedeutenden Hannoveraner Glasmalwerkstätten Henning & Andres sowie Lauterbach & Schröder, das hier erstmals für die Forschung erschlossen wird.

Inorganic Biomaterials

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198016 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-801-6 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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The intention of the editors A. R. Boccaccini and W. Höland has been to target this e-book to a broad readership and at the same time to present scientific contributions sufficiently detailed which discuss various specific fundamental aspects of inorganic biomaterials and their biomedical and dental applications. In this context, two large categories of biomaterials need to be mentioned, namely bioactive biomaterials for the replacement and regeneration of hard tissue and biocompatible, non-bioactive biomaterials for restorative dentistry. Both categories include products based on glasses or glass-ceramics as well as organic-inorganic composite materials. Among the bioactive products, BIOGLASS®, developed in the late 1960s by Prof. Dr. L. L. Hench, occupies a prominent position, being BIOGLASS® the first man-made material shown to form strong and functional bonding to leaving tissue. Sadly, Prof. Hench passed away in December 2015, at the time this e-book was being completed, it is therefore a great honor for the editors to dedicate this e-book to his memory. Indeed the book contains a comprehensive review written by Prof. Hench, in collaboration with Prof. J. R. Jones (UK), which provides a timely overview of the development and applications of bioactive glasses, including a discussion on the remaining challenges in the field. Further bioactive materials have been developed over the years by leading scientists such as Prof. Kokubo (Japan). These materials have also found their way into this book. The other contributions in this book, written by worldwide recognized experts in the field, present the latest advances in relevant areas such as scaffolds for bone tissue engineering, metallic ion releasing systems, cements, bioactive glass–polymer coatings, composites for bone regeneration, and effect of porosity on cellular response to bioceramics. In addition to bioactive materials, inorganic systems for restorative dentistry are also discussed in this e-book. Biomaterials for dental restorations consist of glassy or crystalline phases. Glass-ceramics represent a special group of inorganic biomaterials for dental restorations. Glass-ceramics are composed of at least one inorganic glassy phase and at least one crystalline phase. These products demonstrate a combination of properties, which include excellent aesthetics and the ability to mimic the optical properties of natural teeth, as well as high strength and toughness. They can be processed using special processing procedures, e.g. machining, moulding and sintering, to fabricate high quality products. The editors would like to extend their gratitude to the Frontiers team in Lausanne, Switzerland, for their outstanding dedication to make possible the publication of this e-book in a timely manner. It is our wish that the book will contribute to expand the field of inorganic biomaterials, both in terms of fundamental knowledge and applications, and that the book will be useful not only to established researchers but also to the increasing number of young scientists starting their careers in the field of inorganic biomaterials.

Palmyras Reichtum durch weltweiten Handel. Achäologische Untersuchungen im Bereich der hellenistischen Stadt

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783902868640 Year: Pages: 314 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 60
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:27
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Final publication of an international excavation project in Palmyra/Syria. Publicaation of so called small finds of an hellenistic-roman caravan building: pottery (incl. natural science analyses), amphorae, lamps, glass. metal, coins, animal bones.

Entwicklung neuer Materialien für die additive Fertigung und das Rapid Prototyping von Glas und Polymethylmethacrylat

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Book Series: Schriften des Instituts für Mikrostrukturtechnik am Karlsruher Institut für Technologie / Hrsg.: Institut für Mikrostrukturtechnik ISSN: 18695183 ISBN: 9783731508359 Year: Volume: 39 Pages: XVII, 219 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000085420 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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Curable nanocomposites were developed to fabricate fused silica glass. During a thermal debinding and sintering step a transparent fused silica glass is received. These nanocomposites can be structured using stereolithography or replicative processes. PMMA prepolymers were developed which can be structured using lithography in a few seconds. PFPEs were established as a stereolithography material.

Advanced Glasses, Composites and Ceramics for High Growth Industries

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038979609 / 9783038979616 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-961-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Advanced Glasses, Composites and Ceramics for High-Growth Industries (CoACH) was a European Training Network (ETN) project (http://www.coach-etn.eu/) funded by the Horizon 2020 program. CoACH involved multiple actors in the innovation ecosystem for advanced materials, composed of five universities and ten enterprises in seven different European countries. The project studied the next generation of materials that could bring innovation in the healthcare, construction, and energy sectors, among others, from new bioactive glasses for bone implants to eco-friendly cements and new environmentally friendly thermoelectrics for energy conversion. The novel materials developed in the CoACH project pave the way for innovative products, improved cost competitiveness, and positive environmental impact. The present Special Issue contains 14 papers resulting from the CoACH project, showcasing the breadth of materials and processes developed during the project.

Ultrafine-Grained Metals

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ISBN: 9783038425243 9783038425250 Year: Pages: VIII, 181 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-27 12:58:00
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Ultrafine-grained metallic materials produced by severe plastic deformation methods are at the cutting edge of modern materials science. UFG-metals exhibit outstanding properties which make them very interesting for structural or functional engineering applications. Fifteen articles in this special issue address a broad variety of topics: New developments in severe plastic deformation techniques, advances in modeling and simulation of the severe plastic deformation processes, mechanical properties under monotonic and cyclic loading of homogenous and graded UFG structures, dominating deformation mechanisms in UFG materials, advances and strategies for high conductivity UFG-materials, correlation between severe plastic deformation parameters and resulting materials properties and peculiarities in the corrosion behavior of UFG materials. The book covers latest results on ultrafine-grained titanium, aluminum and copper alloys and on UFG iron and steels and thus provides a deep insight to current research activities in the field of ultrafine-grained metals.

Metallmatrixverbunde mit Verstärkungselementen aus metallischem Glas Ni??Nb??Ta?? – Herstellung und Charakterisierung

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Materialien, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 21929963 ISBN: 9783731507826 Year: Volume: 75 Pages: XVI, 402 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000081432 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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AlSi12-based metal matrix composites using metallic glass Ni??Nb??Ta?? as reinforcement were produced via gas pressure melt infiltration technique. Comprehensive investigations were performed to determine the composite´s microstructural, mechanical and thermal properties as well as damage mechanisms. The results contribute to a better understanding on the material´s processing-structure-property relations.

Nucleation and Crystallization of Glasses and Glass-Ceramics

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452248 Year: Pages: 103 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-224-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 14:57:01
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The E-book "Nucleation and Crystallization of Glasses and Glass-Ceramics" highlights historic perspectives and current research in the field of glass-ceramic technology. Glass-ceramic technology is promising to provide us with materials of high strength, high toughness, unique electrical/electronic or magnetic properties, exceptional optical or unusual thermal or chemical properties. The greater diversity of microstructure-property arrangements and processing routes over glasses and ceramics are responsible that glass-ceramics are the preferred choice of materials in many technical, consumer, optical, medical/dental, electrical/electronic, and architectural fields. This includes increasing uses of glass-ceramic materials for environment and energy applications in the last decades. The positive development of glass-ceramic technology has become true in particular due to the pioneering spirit, resourcefulness, and courage of researchers of the first generation. Extraordinary and, therefore, to be distinguished is the work of the glass-ceramic inventor S. Donald Stookey to whom this Research Topic is dedicated. The authors, all experts in the field of glass-ceramics and based in industry, academia and governmental institutions, contributed to this E-book under the guidance of the Technical Committee 07 "Crystallization and Glass-Ceramics" of the International Commission on Glass (ICG).

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