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Drinking in Victorian and Edwardian Britain

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ISBN: 9783319929644 Year: Pages: 195 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92964-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:15
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This open access book surveys drinking in Britain between the Licensing Act of 1869 and the wartime regulations imposed on alcohol production and consumption after 1914. This was a period marked by the expansion of the drink industry and by increasingly restrictive licensing laws. Politics and commerce co-existed with moral and medical concerns about drunkenness and combined, these factors pushed alcohol consumers into the public spotlight. Through an analysis of public and private records, medical texts and sociological studies, the book investigates the reasons why Victorians and Edwardians consumed alcohol in the ways that they did and explores the ideas about alcohol that circulated in the period. This book shows that they had many reasons for purchasing and consuming alcoholic substances and these were driven by broader social, cultural, medical and commercial factors. Although drunkenness may have been the most visible consequence of alcohol consumption, it was not the only type of drinking behaviour. Alcohol played an important social role in the everyday lives of Victorians and Edwardians where its consumption held many different meanings.

The Lives of Machines: The Industrial Imaginary in Victorian Literature and Culture

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ISBN: 9780472071401 9780472051403 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 14:29:55
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Today we commonly describe ourselves as machines that ""let off steam"" or feel ""under pressure."" The Lives of Machines investigates how Victorian technoculture came to shape this language of human emotion so pervasively and irrevocably and argues that nothing is more intensely human and affecting than the nonhuman. Tamara Ketabgian explores the emergence of a modern and more mechanical view of human nature in Victorian literature and culture. Treating British literature from the 1830s to the 1870s, this study examines forms of feeling and community that combine the vital and the mechanical, the human and the nonhuman, in surprisingly hybrid and productive alliances. Challenging accounts of industrial alienation that still persist, the author defines mechanical character and feeling not as erasures or negations of self, but as robust and nuanced entities in their own right. The Lives of Machines thus offers an alternate cultural history that traces sympathies between humans, animals, and machines in novels and nonfiction about factory work as well as in other unexpected literary sites and genres, whether domestic, scientific, musical, or philosophical. Ketabgian historicizes a model of affect and community that continues to inform recent theories of technology, psychology, and the posthuman. The Lives of Machines will be of interest to students of British literature and history, history of science and of technology, novel studies, psychoanalysis, and postmodern cultural studies.

Framed: The New Woman Criminal in British Culture at the Fin de Siècle

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ISBN: 9780472070442 9780472050444 9780472024469 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 14:29:55
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Framed uses fin de siècle British crime narrative to pose a highly interesting question: why do female criminal characters tend to be alluring and appealing while fictional male criminals of the era are unsympathetic or even grotesque? In this elegantly argued study, Elizabeth Carolyn Miller addresses this question, examining popular literary and cinematic culture from roughly 1880 to 1914 to shed light on an otherwise overlooked social and cultural type: the conspicuously glamorous New Woman criminal. In so doing, she breaks with the many Foucauldian studies of crime to emphasize the genuinely subversive aspects of these popular female figures. Drawing on a rich body of archival material, Miller argues that the New Woman Criminal exploited iconic elements of late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century commodity culture, including cosmetics and clothing, to fashion an illicit identity that enabled her to subvert legal authority in both the public and the private spheres.

Child Protection in England, 1960–2000

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in the History of Childhood ISBN: 9783319947181 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-94718-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Social Sciences --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:06
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History; Social history; Great Britain—History; Europe—History—1492-; Social policy; Childhood; Adolescence

Harnessing the Power of the Criminal Corpse

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9783319779089 Year: Pages: 273 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-77908-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
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This open access book is the culmination of many years of research on what happened to the bodies of executed criminals in the past. Focusing on the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, it looks at the consequences of the 1752 Murder Act. These criminal bodies had a crucial role in the history of medicine, and the history of crime, and great symbolic resonance in literature and popular culture. Starting with a consideration of the criminal corpse in the medieval and early modern periods, chapters go on to review the histories of criminal justice, of medical history and of gibbeting under the Murder Act, and ends with some discussion of the afterlives of the corpse, in literature, folklore and in contemporary medical ethics. Using sophisticated insights from cultural history, archaeology, literature, philosophy and ethics as well as medical and crime history, this book is a uniquely interdisciplinary take on a fascinating historical phenomenon.

Vermin, Victims and Disease

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ISBN: 9783030191863 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19186-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Political Science --- Medicine (General) --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:09
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This open access book provides the first critical history of the controversy over whether to cull wild badgers to control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) in British cattle. This question has plagued several professional generations of politicians, policymakers, experts and campaigners since the early 1970s. Questions of what is known, who knows, who cares, who to trust and what to do about this complex problem have been the source of scientific, policy, and increasingly vociferous public debate ever since. This book integrates contemporary history, science and technology studies, human-animal relations, and policy research to conduct a cross-cutting analysis. It explores the worldviews of those involved with animal health, disease ecology and badger protection between the 1970s and 1990s, before reintegrating them to investigate the recent public polarisation of the controversy. Finally it asks how we might move beyond the current impasse.

Placing the Public in Public Health in Post-War Britain, 1948–2012

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Book Series: Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History ISBN: 9783030186852 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-18685-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:17
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This open access book explores the question of who or what ‘the public’ is within ‘public health’ in post-war Britain. Drawing on historical research on the place of the public in public health in Britain from the establishment of the National Health Service in 1948, the book presents a new perspective on the relationship between state and citizen. Focusing on health education, health surveys, heart disease and the development of vaccination policy and practice, the book establishes that ‘the public’ was not one thing but many. It considers how public health policy makers and practitioners imagined the public or publics. These publics were not mere constructions; they had agency and the ability to ‘speak back’ to public health. The nature of publicness changed during the latter half of the twentieth century, and this book argues that the relationship between the public and public health offers a powerful lens through which to examine such shifts.

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