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Entropy in Image Analysis

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ISBN: 9783039210923 / 9783039210930 Year: Pages: 456 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-093-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Abstract

Image analysis is a fundamental task for extracting information from images acquired across a range of different devices. Since reliable quantitative results are requested, image analysis requires highly sophisticated numerical and analytical methods—particularly for applications in medicine, security, and remote sensing, where the results of the processing may consist of vitally important data. The contributions to this book provide a good overview of the most important demands and solutions concerning this research area. In particular, the reader will find image analysis applied for feature extraction, encryption and decryption of data, color segmentation, and in the support new technologies. In all the contributions, entropy plays a pivotal role.

Keywords

image retrieval --- multi-feature fusion --- entropy --- relevance feedback --- chaotic system --- image encryption --- permutation-diffusion --- SHA-256 hash value --- dynamic index --- entropy --- keyframes --- Shannon’s entropy --- sign languages --- video summarization --- video skimming --- image encryption --- multiple-image encryption --- two-dimensional chaotic economic map --- security analysis --- image encryption --- chaotic cryptography --- cryptanalysis --- chosen-plaintext attack --- image information entropy --- blind image quality assessment (BIQA) --- information entropy, natural scene statistics (NSS) --- Weibull statistics --- discrete cosine transform (DCT) --- ultrasound --- hepatic steatosis --- Shannon entropy --- fatty liver --- metabolic syndrome --- multi-exposure image fusion --- texture information entropy --- adaptive selection --- patch structure decomposition --- image encryption --- time-delay --- random insertion --- information entropy --- chaotic map --- uncertainty assessment --- deep neural network --- random forest --- Shannon entropy --- positron emission tomography --- reconstruction --- field of experts --- additive manufacturing --- 3D prints --- 3D scanning --- image entropy --- depth maps --- surface quality assessment --- machine vision --- image analysis --- Arimoto entropy --- free-form deformations --- normalized divergence measure --- gradient distributions --- nonextensive entropy --- non-rigid registration --- pavement --- macrotexture --- 3-D digital imaging --- entropy --- decay trend --- discrete entropy --- infrared images --- low contrast --- multiscale top-hat transform --- image encryption --- DNA encoding --- chaotic cryptography --- cryptanalysis --- image privacy --- computer aided diagnostics --- colonoscopy --- Rényi entropies --- structural entropy --- spatial filling factor --- binary image --- Cantor set --- Hénon map --- Minkowski island --- prime-indexed primes --- Ramanujan primes --- Kapur’s entropy --- color image segmentation --- whale optimization algorithm --- differential evolution --- hybrid algorithm --- Otsu method --- image encryption --- dynamic filtering --- DNA computing --- 3D Latin cube --- permutation --- diffusion --- fuzzy entropy --- electromagnetic field optimization --- chaotic strategy --- color image segmentation --- multilevel thresholding --- contrast enhancement --- sigmoid --- Tsallis statistics --- q-exponential --- q-sigmoid --- q-Gaussian --- ultra-sound images --- person re-identification --- image analysis --- hash layer --- quantization loss --- Hamming distance --- cross-entropy loss --- image entropy --- Shannon entropy --- generalized entropies --- image processing --- image segmentation --- medical imaging --- remote sensing --- security

Molecular Computing and Bioinformatics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211951 / 9783039211968 Year: Pages: 390 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-196-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Abstract

This text will provide the most recent knowledge and advances in the area of molecular computing and bioinformatics. Molecular computing and bioinformatics have a close relationship, paying attention to the same object but working towards different orientations. The articles will range from topics such as DNA computing and membrane computing to specific biomedical applications, including drug R&D and disease analysis.

Keywords

prostate cancer --- Mycoplasma hominis --- endoplasmic reticulum --- systems biology --- protein targeting --- biomedical text mining --- big data --- Tianhe-2 --- parallel computing --- load balancing --- bacterial computing --- bacteria and plasmid system --- Turing universality --- recursively enumerable function --- miRNA biogenesis --- structural patterns --- DCL1 --- protein–protein interaction (PPI) --- clustering --- protein complex --- penalized matrix decomposition --- avian influenza virus --- interspecies transmission --- amino acid mutation --- machine learning --- Bayesian causal model --- causal direction learning --- K2 --- brain storm optimization --- line graph --- Cartesian product graph --- join graph --- atom-bond connectivity index --- geometric arithmetic index --- P-glycoprotein --- efflux ratio --- in silico --- machine learning --- hierarchical support vector regression --- absorption --- distribution --- metabolism --- excretion --- toxicity --- image encryption --- chaotic map --- DNA coding --- Hamming distance --- Stenotrophomonas maltophilia --- iron acquisition systems --- iron-depleted --- RAST server --- NanoString Technologies --- siderophores --- gene fusion data --- gene susceptibility prioritization --- evaluating driver partner --- gene networks --- drug-target interaction prediction --- machine learning --- drug discovery --- microRNA --- environmental factor --- structure information --- similarity network --- bioinformatics --- identification of Chinese herbal medicines --- biochip technology --- DNA barcoding technology --- DNA strand displacement --- cascade --- 8-bit adder/subtractor --- domain label --- Alzheimer’s disease --- gene coding protein --- sequence information --- support vector machine --- classification --- adverse drug reaction prediction --- heterogeneous information network embedding --- stacking denoising auto-encoder --- meta-path-based proximity --- Panax ginseng --- oligopeptide transporter --- flowering plant --- phylogeny --- transcription factor --- multiple interaction networks --- function prediction --- multinetwork integration --- low-dimensional representation --- dihydrouridine --- nucleotide physicochemical property --- pseudo dinucleotide composition --- RNA secondary structure --- ensemble classifier --- diabetes mellitus --- hypoxia-inducible factor-1? --- angiogenesis --- bone formation --- osteogenesis --- protein transduction domain --- membrane computing --- edge detection --- enzymatic numerical P system --- resolution free --- molecular computing --- molecular learning --- DNA computing --- self-organizing systems --- pattern classification --- machine learning --- laccase --- Brassica napus --- lignification --- stress --- molecular computing --- bioinformatics --- machine learning --- protein --- DNA --- RNA --- drug --- bio-inspired

Algebraic Structures of Neutrosophic Triplets, Neutrosophic Duplets, or Neutrosophic Multisets

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038973843 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 478 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-385-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
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Abstract

Neutrosophy (1995) is a new branch of philosophy that studies triads of the form (, , ), where is an entity {i.e. element, concept, idea, theory, logical proposition, etc.}, is the opposite of , while is the neutral (or indeterminate) between them, i.e., neither nor .Based on neutrosophy, the neutrosophic triplets were founded, which have a similar form (x, neut(x), anti(x)), that satisfy several axioms, for each element x in a given set.This collective book presents original research papers by many neutrosophic researchers from around the world, that report on the state-of-the-art and recent advancements of neutrosophic triplets, neutrosophic duplets, neutrosophic multisets and their algebraic structures – that have been defined recently in 2016 but have gained interest from world researchers. Connections between classical algebraic structures and neutrosophic triplet / duplet / multiset structures are also studied. And numerous neutrosophic applications in various fields, such as: multi-criteria decision making, image segmentation, medical diagnosis, fault diagnosis, clustering data, neutrosophic probability, human resource management, strategic planning, forecasting model, multi-granulation, supplier selection problems, typhoon disaster evaluation, skin lesson detection, mining algorithm for big data analysis, etc.

Keywords

generalized aggregation operators --- interval neutrosophic set (INS) --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- Choquet integral --- fuzzy measure --- clustering algorithm --- neutrosophic association rule --- data mining --- neutrosophic sets --- big data --- analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- SWOT analysis --- multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques --- neutrosophic set theory --- neutrosophic clustering --- image segmentation --- neutrosophic c-means clustering --- region growing --- dermoscopy --- skin cancer --- neutosophic extended triplet subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet cosets --- neutrosophic triplet normal subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet quotient groups --- shopping mall --- photovoltaic plan --- decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) --- interval-valued neutrosophic set --- extended ELECTRE III --- symmetry --- single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) --- neutrosophic multiset (NM) --- single valued neutrosophic multiset (SVNM) --- cosine measure --- multiple attribute decision-making --- LNGPBM operator --- LNGWPBM operator --- Linguistic neutrosophic sets --- generalized partitioned Bonferroni mean operator --- multiple attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- pseudo-BCI algebra --- hesitant fuzzy set --- neutrosophic set --- filter --- action learning --- school administrator --- SVM --- neutrosophic classification --- neutrosophic set --- soft set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic soft set --- generalized De Morgan algebra --- complex neutrosophic set --- complex neutrosophic graph --- fuzzy graph --- matrix representation --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- semigroup --- semi-neutrosophic triplets --- classical group of neutrosophic triplets --- S-semigroup of neutrosophic triplets --- pseudo primitive elements --- neutrosophic sets (NSs) --- interval neutrosophic numbers (INNs) --- exponential operational laws of interval neutrosophic numbers --- interval neutrosophic weighted exponential aggregation (INWEA) operator --- multiple attribute decision making (MADM) --- typhoon disaster evaluation --- simplified neutrosophic linguistic numbers --- cloud model --- Maclaurin symmetric mean --- multi-criteria decision-making --- neutrosophy --- DSmT --- decision-making algorithms --- robotic dexterous hands --- grasping configurations --- grasp type --- generalized group --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutrosophic triplet group --- group --- neutrosophic cubic set --- neutrosophic cubic graphs --- applications of neutrosophic cubic graphs --- single-valued neutrosophic multisets --- medical diagnosis --- probabilistic rough sets over two universes --- three-way decisions --- similarity measures --- neutrosophic cubic set --- decision-making --- soft sets --- support soft sets --- interval valued neutrosophic support soft sets --- sustainable supplier selection problems (SSSPs) --- analytic network process --- interdependency of criteria --- TOPSIS --- neutrosophic set --- 2ingle-valued neutrosophic set --- Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) --- integrated weight --- maximizing deviation --- multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- neutrosophic triplet set (NTS) --- partial metric spaces (PMS) --- fixed point theory (FPT) --- neutrosophic triplet --- quasi neutrosophic triplet loop --- quasi neutrosophic triplet group --- BE-algebra --- CI-algebra --- fuzzy time series --- forecasting --- two-factor fuzzy logical relationship --- multi-valued neutrosophic set --- Hamming distance --- neutrosophic set --- prioritized operator --- Muirhead mean --- multicriteria decision-making --- aggregation operators --- dual aggregation operators --- neutrosophic triplet group (NTG) --- NT-subgroup --- homomorphism theorem --- weak commutative neutrosophic triplet group --- neutrosophic rough set --- MGNRS --- dual domains --- inclusion relation --- decision-making --- neutro-monomorphism --- neutro-epimorphism --- neutro-automorphism --- fundamental neutro-homomorphism theorem --- first neutro-isomorphism theorem --- and second neutro-isomorphism theorem --- linear and non-linear neutrosophic number --- de-neutrosophication methods --- neutrosophic set --- bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy weighted averaging operator --- similarity measure --- algorithm --- multiple attribute decision making problem --- neutrosophic duplets --- semigroup --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- neutrosophic set --- fault diagnosis --- normal distribution --- defuzzification --- simplified neutrosophic weighted averaging operator --- (commutative) ideal --- generalized neutrosophic set --- generalized neutrosophic ideal --- commutative generalized neutrosophic ideal --- linguistic neutrosophic sets --- multi-criteria group decision-making --- power aggregation operator --- extended TOPSIS method --- probabilistic single-valued (interval) neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set --- multi-attribute decision making --- aggregation operator --- quasigroup --- loop --- BCI-algebra --- Bol-Moufang --- quasi neutrosophic loops --- Fenyves identities --- G-metric --- neutrosophic G-metric --- neutrosophic sets --- clustering --- neutrosophic big data --- neutrosophic logic --- aggregation operator --- complement --- intersection --- membership --- neutrosophic soft set --- NC power dual MM operator (NCPDMM) operator --- NCPMM operator --- MADM --- MM operator --- Neutrosophic cubic sets --- PA operator --- interval neutrosophic sets --- Bonferroni mean --- power operator --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM) --- 2-tuple linguistic neutrosophic sets (2TLNSs) --- TODIM model --- 2TLNNs TODIM method --- construction project --- MCGDM problems --- triangular fuzzy neutrosophic sets (TFNSs) --- VIKOR model --- TFNNs VIKOR method --- potential evaluation --- emerging technology commercialization --- Q-linguistic neutrosophic variable set --- vector similarity measure --- cosine measure --- Dice measure --- Jaccard measure --- decision making --- inclusion relation --- neutrosophic rough set --- multi-attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- multigranulation neutrosophic rough set (MNRS) --- two universes --- single valued trapezoidal neutrosophic number --- multi-criteria group decision making --- possibility degree --- power aggregation operators --- LA-semihypergroups --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutro-homomorphism --- algorithm --- decision making --- expert set --- generalized neutrosophic set --- neutrosophic sets --- Q-neutrosophic --- soft sets --- simplified neutrosophic sets (SNSs) --- interval number --- dependent degree --- multi-criteria group decision-making (MCGDM) --- computability --- oracle Turing machines --- neutrosophic sets --- neutrosophic logic --- recursive enumerability --- oracle computation --- criterion functions --- neutrosophic computation --- neutrosophic logic --- quantum computation --- computation --- logic

Algebraic Structures of Neutrosophic Triplets, Neutrosophic Duplets, or Neutrosophic Multisets

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038974758 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 450 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-476-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 10:34:31
License:

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Abstract

Neutrosophy (1995) is a new branch of philosophy that studies triads of the form (, , ), where is an entity {i.e. element, concept, idea, theory, logical proposition, etc.}, is the opposite of , while is the neutral (or indeterminate) between them, i.e., neither nor .Based on neutrosophy, the neutrosophic triplets were founded, which have a similar form (x, neut(x), anti(x)), that satisfy several axioms, for each element x in a given set.This collective book presents original research papers by many neutrosophic researchers from around the world, that report on the state-of-the-art and recent advancements of neutrosophic triplets, neutrosophic duplets, neutrosophic multisets and their algebraic structures – that have been defined recently in 2016 but have gained interest from world researchers. Connections between classical algebraic structures and neutrosophic triplet / duplet / multiset structures are also studied. And numerous neutrosophic applications in various fields, such as: multi-criteria decision making, image segmentation, medical diagnosis, fault diagnosis, clustering data, neutrosophic probability, human resource management, strategic planning, forecasting model, multi-granulation, supplier selection problems, typhoon disaster evaluation, skin lesson detection, mining algorithm for big data analysis, etc.

Keywords

generalized aggregation operators --- interval neutrosophic set (INS) --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- Choquet integral --- fuzzy measure --- clustering algorithm --- neutrosophic association rule --- data mining --- neutrosophic sets --- big data --- analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- SWOT analysis --- multi-criteria decision-making (MCDM) techniques --- neutrosophic set theory --- neutrosophic clustering --- image segmentation --- neutrosophic c-means clustering --- region growing --- dermoscopy --- skin cancer --- neutosophic extended triplet subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet cosets --- neutrosophic triplet normal subgroups --- neutrosophic triplet quotient groups --- shopping mall --- photovoltaic plan --- decision-making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) --- interval-valued neutrosophic set --- extended ELECTRE III --- symmetry --- single valued neutrosophic set (SVNS) --- neutrosophic multiset (NM) --- single valued neutrosophic multiset (SVNM) --- cosine measure --- multiple attribute decision-making --- LNGPBM operator --- LNGWPBM operator --- Linguistic neutrosophic sets --- generalized partitioned Bonferroni mean operator --- multiple attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- pseudo-BCI algebra --- hesitant fuzzy set --- neutrosophic set --- filter --- action learning --- school administrator --- SVM --- neutrosophic classification --- neutrosophic set --- soft set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic set --- totally dependent-neutrosophic soft set --- generalized De Morgan algebra --- complex neutrosophic set --- complex neutrosophic graph --- fuzzy graph --- matrix representation --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- semigroup --- semi-neutrosophic triplets --- classical group of neutrosophic triplets --- S-semigroup of neutrosophic triplets --- pseudo primitive elements --- neutrosophic sets (NSs) --- interval neutrosophic numbers (INNs) --- exponential operational laws of interval neutrosophic numbers --- interval neutrosophic weighted exponential aggregation (INWEA) operator --- multiple attribute decision making (MADM) --- typhoon disaster evaluation --- simplified neutrosophic linguistic numbers --- cloud model --- Maclaurin symmetric mean --- multi-criteria decision-making --- neutrosophy --- DSmT --- decision-making algorithms --- robotic dexterous hands --- grasping configurations --- grasp type --- generalized group --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutrosophic triplet group --- group --- neutrosophic cubic set --- neutrosophic cubic graphs --- applications of neutrosophic cubic graphs --- single-valued neutrosophic multisets --- medical diagnosis --- probabilistic rough sets over two universes --- three-way decisions --- similarity measures --- neutrosophic cubic set --- decision-making --- soft sets --- support soft sets --- interval valued neutrosophic support soft sets --- sustainable supplier selection problems (SSSPs) --- analytic network process --- interdependency of criteria --- TOPSIS --- neutrosophic set --- 2ingle-valued neutrosophic set --- Technique for Order Preference by Similarity to an Ideal Solution (TOPSIS) --- integrated weight --- maximizing deviation --- multi-attribute decision-making (MADM) --- neutrosophic triplet set (NTS) --- partial metric spaces (PMS) --- fixed point theory (FPT) --- neutrosophic triplet --- quasi neutrosophic triplet loop --- quasi neutrosophic triplet group --- BE-algebra --- CI-algebra --- fuzzy time series --- forecasting --- two-factor fuzzy logical relationship --- multi-valued neutrosophic set --- Hamming distance --- neutrosophic set --- prioritized operator --- Muirhead mean --- multicriteria decision-making --- aggregation operators --- dual aggregation operators --- neutrosophic triplet group (NTG) --- NT-subgroup --- homomorphism theorem --- weak commutative neutrosophic triplet group --- neutrosophic rough set --- MGNRS --- dual domains --- inclusion relation --- decision-making --- neutro-monomorphism --- neutro-epimorphism --- neutro-automorphism --- fundamental neutro-homomorphism theorem --- first neutro-isomorphism theorem --- and second neutro-isomorphism theorem --- linear and non-linear neutrosophic number --- de-neutrosophication methods --- neutrosophic set --- bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy set --- neutrosophic bipolar fuzzy weighted averaging operator --- similarity measure --- algorithm --- multiple attribute decision making problem --- neutrosophic duplets --- semigroup --- neutrosophic triplet groups --- neutrosophic set --- fault diagnosis --- normal distribution --- defuzzification --- simplified neutrosophic weighted averaging operator --- (commutative) ideal --- generalized neutrosophic set --- generalized neutrosophic ideal --- commutative generalized neutrosophic ideal --- linguistic neutrosophic sets --- multi-criteria group decision-making --- power aggregation operator --- extended TOPSIS method --- probabilistic single-valued (interval) neutrosophic hesitant fuzzy set --- multi-attribute decision making --- aggregation operator --- quasigroup --- loop --- BCI-algebra --- Bol-Moufang --- quasi neutrosophic loops --- Fenyves identities --- G-metric --- neutrosophic G-metric --- neutrosophic sets --- clustering --- neutrosophic big data --- neutrosophic logic --- aggregation operator --- complement --- intersection --- membership --- neutrosophic soft set --- NC power dual MM operator (NCPDMM) operator --- NCPMM operator --- MADM --- MM operator --- Neutrosophic cubic sets --- PA operator --- interval neutrosophic sets --- Bonferroni mean --- power operator --- multi-attribute decision making (MADM) --- multiple attribute group decision making (MAGDM) --- 2-tuple linguistic neutrosophic sets (2TLNSs) --- TODIM model --- 2TLNNs TODIM method --- construction project --- MCGDM problems --- triangular fuzzy neutrosophic sets (TFNSs) --- VIKOR model --- TFNNs VIKOR method --- potential evaluation --- emerging technology commercialization --- Q-linguistic neutrosophic variable set --- vector similarity measure --- cosine measure --- Dice measure --- Jaccard measure --- decision making --- inclusion relation --- neutrosophic rough set --- multi-attribute group decision-making (MAGDM) --- multigranulation neutrosophic rough set (MNRS) --- two universes --- single valued trapezoidal neutrosophic number --- multi-criteria group decision making --- possibility degree --- power aggregation operators --- LA-semihypergroups --- neutrosophic triplet set --- neutro-homomorphism --- algorithm --- decision making --- expert set --- generalized neutrosophic set --- neutrosophic sets --- Q-neutrosophic --- soft sets --- simplified neutrosophic sets (SNSs) --- interval number --- dependent degree --- multi-criteria group decision-making (MCGDM) --- computability --- oracle Turing machines --- neutrosophic sets --- neutrosophic logic --- recursive enumerability --- oracle computation --- criterion functions --- neutrosophic computation --- neutrosophic logic --- quantum computation --- computation --- logic --- n/a

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