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Leibniz et le principe de raison

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ISBN: 9782722603400 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-20 10:31:46
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Rien dans notre monde ne peut se produire, nous dit Leibniz, s’il ne se trouve une raison suffisante permettant de l’expliquer. Indissociablement logique et épistémologique, ce principe affirme que tout ce que nous pouvons dire de vrai à propos de notre monde doit, au moins en droit, pouvoir être justifié par une raison, et que toutes nos connaissances reposent donc sur la possibilité de telles justifications. En posant que rien ne permet de prouver que notre monde est a priori mystérieux, il...

Religion as a philosophical matter. Concerns about truth, name, and habitation

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ISBN: 9783110468663 9783110468731 Year: Pages: 249 DOI: 10.1515/9783110468663 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-18 15:57:59
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The book works out new perspectives for a philosophy of religion that aims beyond the internal questions of rationality within a theological tradition, on the one hand, and the outer criticism of religion from naturalistic quaters, on the other. Instead it places itself within a wider philosophical view in line with groundbreaking thoughts about culture and a basic human 'conditionality' among interwar philosophers such as Ernst Cassirer, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Walter Benjamin, and Martin Heidegger. The book also offers a concrete interpretation of examples of religious phenomena displaying a human world-relation that centers on issues of 'truth', 'name', and 'habitation'. Finally, lines are drawn to Jean-Luc Nancy's current rethinking of Christianity.

The Jews

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780692620625 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0129.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:37
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The Jews is an anti-historical thriller in the form of a Talmudic tragicomedy, taking place sometime during the Second World War. Stalin and his Minister of Security Beria are worried about the political developments in Germany, where Martin Heidegger has replaced Adolf Hitler as Chancellor of the Third Reich. Suspecting that the Frankfurt School, headed by Vice-Chancellor Walter Benjamin, has masterminded this takeover, he dispatches two Jewish actors, Salomon Maimon and Natalia Goncharova, to investigate the situation in the hope of uncovering the extent of the Jewish conspiracy. Upon arrival in Berlin, Maimon and Goncharova are received by Benjamin, who introduces them to Heidegger. The latter has stopped speaking to anyone except his mother since his rise to power, and Benjamin holds long speeches on the history of theater, the law, God, the royal gods and the old goddesses. Eventually, prodded by his mother, Heidegger marries Goncharova, surrounded by a merry audience. The novel ends on a plain somewhere between Moscow and Berlin, where the final battle for Jerusalem is being waged. In front of the entrance of a camp, Maimon and Benjamin are joined by a group of old Jews arriving by train, bringing the news of Stalin’s death by circumcision. They reenact scenes from the Old Testament while Jerusalem is burning. Did the world to come finally arrive?

Echoes of No Thing: Thinking between Heidegger and Dōgen

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ISBN: 9781950192014 97819501920201 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0239.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 11:21:03
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Echoes of No Thing seeks to understand the space between thinking which Martin Heidegger and the 13th-century Zen patriarch Eihei Dōgen explore in their writing and teachings. Heidegger most clearly attempts this in Contributions to Philosophy (of the Event) and Dōgen in his Shōbōgenzō, a collection of fascicles which he compiled in his lifetime. Both thinkers draw us towards thinking, instead of merely defining systems of thought. Both Heidegger and Dōgen imagine possibilities not apparent in the world we currently inhabit, but notably, find possible, through a refashioning of thinking as a soteriological reimagining that clears space for the presencing of an authentic experience in the space which emerges between certainties. Jenkins elucidates this soteriological reimagining through a close reading of both authors’ conceptions of time and space, and by developing a practice of listening that is attuned to the echoes that resonate between the two thinkers. While Heidegger often wrote about new beginnings (as well as about gathering oneself, preparing the site, clearings, and practicing) in preparation for the evental un-concealing of truth, nowhere is this as present as in the enigmatic, difficult, and in fact beautiful, Contributions. To call a text beautiful, especially a work of philosophy, risks committing an act of disingenuity, and yet Contributions, like Jacques Derrida’s Glas or Walter Benjamin’s unfinished Arcades Project, rises to this acclaim through its very resistance to a system, its refusal to be easily digested, or even understood. Contributions is unfinished, partial, even at times muttered; it is the beginning of a thinking which takes place on a path and as such cannot imagine—or refuse—its final destination. It invites us to take up towards, but not to insist on, its thinking; it is a “turn” away from the reason and logic of a technologized world and returns philosophy—as a thinking—to a place of wonder and awe. Dōgen’s Shōbogenzō, from another culture and time entirely, is also a beautiful text, for similar reasons. The Shōbogenzō, gathered first as a series of talks given by Eihei Dōgen (and later composed as written texts) details the process of understanding which leads, for Dōgen, to a position of pure seeing, or satori, and yet these talks are not simply rules for monks, nor merely imprecations and demands for a laity; rather, they open a being’s thinking to the possibility of something purely other and work as a transition across worlds that also opens us to an other world. What both thinkers illustrate, as do the other thinkers drawn on in this project—most notably, those philosophers associated with the Kyoto School, who were both intimately aware of Dōgen’s work, and studied, or studied with, Heidegger—is that world is not a fixed, stable entity; rather it is a fugal composition of possibility, of as yet untraversed—and at times un-traversable—spaces. Echoes of No Thing seeks to examine, within the lacunal eddies of be-coming’s arrival, that space between which both thinkers point towards as possible sites of new beginnings.

What Is Philosophy?

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ISBN: 9780615685137 Year: Pages: 72 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0011.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:46
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“Every written work,” Giorgio Agamben opens the preface to Infancy and History, “can be regarded as the prologue (or rather, the broken cast) of a work never penned, and destined to remain so.” Although that observation applies to any work of writing, the exemplary case is that of a work of philosophy. While every written work is put to work in its nonexistent successor, a work of philosophy is bereft of even that recourse: philosophy is written in the breakdown of destiny, so that every work of philosophy must first and foremost confront the absolute abandonment of its writing. At work in each and every work of philosophy is the question, “What is a work of philosophy?” More concretely, although well-formed and rigorously structured, What is Philosophy? abstains from work. On even a quick reading that fact must be palpable. A seminar paper? An article, or book chapter? Not in the least. Nor, essentially, may the individual pieces that compose it be so developed. Fragments unrecognizable as at one time a cast, inconceivable at a future time as anything else, the position of each piece with respect to the others thwarts development in order to preserve, in its place, the tension of its absence. As such, the articulations internal to each of the three divisions, and between them, are essential. The first division — What is Philosophy? — takes seriously Deleuze and Guattari’s contention in their book of the same title that “The nonphilosophical is perhaps closer to the heart of philosophy than philosophy itself, and this means that philosophy cannot be content to be understood only philosophically or conceptually, but is essentially addressed to nonphilosophers as well” — including the nonphilosopher in every philosopher. The second division — On Argument — interrogates the status and value of evidence, and self-evidence. The third division — On Not Knowing — generalizes a parenthetical observation of Agamben’s on Heidegger, “If we may attempt to identify something like the characteristic Stimmung of every thinker, perhaps it is precisely this being delivered over to something that refuses itself that defines the specific emotional tonality of Heidegger’s thought”: Might not philosophy be defined, the phil of sophia, precisely, as what it is to be delivered over to something that refuses itself?

Platonic Occasions: Dialogues on Literature, Art and Culture

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Book Series: Stockholm English Studies ISBN: 9789176350003 9789176350034 9789176350027 9789176350010 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.16993/sup.baa Language: English
Publisher: Stockholm University Press Grant: Department of English, Stockholm University
Subject: Philosophy --- Languages and Literatures --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-24 11:01:12
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In Platonic Occasions, Richard Begam and James Soderholm reflect upon a wide range of thinkers, writers and ideas from Plato, Descartes and Nietzsche to Shakespeare, the Romantics and the Moderns—from Evil, Love and Death to Art, Memory and Mimesis. The dialogues suggest that Percy Shelley was right when he claimed “We are all Greeks,” and yet what have we learned about the initiatives of culture and literature since our classical predecessors? Begam and Soderholm’s ten dialogues function as a series of dual-meditations that take Plato as an intellectual godfather while presenting a new form of dialogic knowledge based on the friction and frisson of two minds contending, inventing and improvising. The authors discuss not only what is healthy and vigorous about Western culture but also consider where that culture is in retreat, as they seek to understand the legacy of the Enlightenment and its relation to the contemporary moment.Platonic Occasionsis an experiment in criticism that enjoins the reader to imagine what the dialogic imagination can do when inspired by Platonic inquiry, but not bound by a single master and the singular mind. Beyond Socratic maieutics and Cartesian meditation is a form of intellectual interplay where it is impossible not to be of two minds.

Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge

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ISBN: 9781783744121 9781783744107 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 444 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0129 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy --- Science (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-18 15:38:12
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In this bold and original study, Jeff Kochan constructively combines the sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) with Martin Heidegger’s early existential conception of science. Kochan shows convincingly that these apparently quite different approaches to science are, in fact, largely compatible, even mutually reinforcing. By combining Heidegger with SSK, Kochan argues, we can explicate, elaborate, and empirically ground Heidegger’s philosophy of science in a way that makes it more accessible and useful for social scientists and historians of science. Likewise, incorporating Heideggerian phenomenology into SSK renders SKK a more robust and attractive methodology for use by scholars in the interdisciplinary field of Science and Technology Studies (STS). Kochan’s ground-breaking reinterpretation of Heidegger also enables STS scholars to sustain a principled analytical focus on scientific subjectivity, without running afoul of the orthodox subject-object distinction they often reject.Science as Social Existence is the first book of its kind, unfurling its argument through a range of topics relevant to contemporary STS research. These include the epistemology and metaphysics of scientific practice, as well as the methods of explanation appropriate to social scientific and historical studies of science. Science as Social Existence puts concentrated emphasis on the compatibility of Heidegger’s existential conception of science with the historical sociology of scientific knowledge, pursuing this combination at both macro- and micro-historical levels.Beautifully written and accessible, Science as Social Existence puts new and powerful tools into the hands of sociologists and historians of science, cultural theorists of science, Heidegger scholars, and pluralist philosophers of science.

Transparências: linguagem e reflexão de Cícero a Pessoa

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Book Series: Ideia ISBN: 9789892614809 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1481-6 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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The eleven studies in this book approach the human reflective and linguistic self-transparency, in its relativity, uncertainties and interrogations, through the lenses of philosophy, image, literature and mythology. It studies mainly philosophical conceptions of the 20th century, specially Husserl’s, Heidegger’s and Wittgenstein’s philosophy of language and phenomenology, but it goes back also to some themes in roman rethoric (Cicero and Augustin), and brings into actual debate some key aspects of the philosophy of Kant and German Idealism. Special reference is also made to main figures of the 20th century Portuguese thought: Fernando Pessoa, José Marinho and Eudoro de Sousa. Studying its subject in a wide range of expressions, the texts in this volume call into question elements of literature, with Borges and Pessoa, visual arts, with Escher, and of the 20th century architectonic thought. A unifying understanding of the conditions of human linguistic, conceptual and imagistic self-reflection is thus searched through a large range of thinkers and expressions.

Theodicy

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ISBN: 9783038972280 / 9783038972297 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-229-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The problem of evil has vexed for centuries:

Keywords

theodicy --- queer reading --- gay studies --- liberation theology --- sadomasochism --- suffering --- theodicy --- theodicism --- antitheodicy --- antitheodicism --- realism --- metaphysical realism --- recognition --- acknowledgment --- literature --- the Book of Job --- Roth, Joseph --- creation --- philosophy of religion --- multiverses --- suffering --- black lives matter --- theodicy --- race --- racial disregard --- Marilynne Robinson --- Home --- Gilead trilogy --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- suffering love --- hope --- the problem of evil --- type and token values --- indeterminism --- Paul Celan --- Nelly Sachs --- Martin Heidegger --- Todtnauberg --- Zurichat the Stork --- enestological theodicy --- god --- evil --- infinite value --- the problem of evil --- Anselmianism --- God --- evil --- universe --- world --- multiverse --- Almeida --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- Marilyn Adams --- Richard Swinburne --- mystical body --- god --- evil --- goodness --- religion --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- Qur’an --- Job --- good --- evil --- al Ghaz?l? --- mysticism --- Islam --- theodicy --- problem of evil --- horrendous evil --- disability --- rational moral wish satisfaction --- Marilyn McCord Adams --- anti-theodicy --- theodicy --- suffering --- epistemic injustice --- problem of evil --- theodicy --- anti-theodicy --- Emmanuel Levinas --- Primo Levi --- suffering --- Margaret Cavendish --- theodicy --- problem of evil --- free will --- feminist ethics --- atrocity paradigm --- redemptive goods --- divine justice --- Flannery O’Connor --- Teilhard de Chardin --- good and evil --- theodicy --- Christian vision --- n/a

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