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Guts and Brains

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Book Series: LUP Academic ISBN: 9789087280147 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.24415/9789087280147 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Sociology --- Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The human brain and its one hundred billion neurons compose the most complex organ in the body and harness more than 20 per cent of all the energy we produce. Why do we have such large and energy-demanding brains, and how have we been able to afford such an expensive organ for thousands of years? Guts and Brains discusses the key variables at stake in such a question, including the relationship between brain size and diet, diet and social organization, and large brains and the human sexual division of labour. This interdisciplinary volume provides an entry for the reader into understanding the development of both early primates and our own species

Playful Identities

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: MediaMatters ISBN: 9789089646392 9789048523030 Year: Pages: 366 DOI: 10.5117/9789089646392 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 283464
Subject: Media and communication --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-01 11:01:10
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In this edited volume, eighteen scholars examine the increasing role of digital media technologies in identity construction through play. Going beyond computer games, this interdisciplinary collection argues that present-day play and games are not only appropriate metaphors for capturing postmodern human identities, but are in fact the means by which people create their identity. From discussions of World of Warcraft and Foursquare to digital cartographies, the combined essays form a groundbreaking volume that features the most recent insights in play and game studies, media research, and identity studies.

The Archaeology of Human Ancestry

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780203974131 9780415118620 9780415642941 9781134814497 9781134814480 9781134814442 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203974131 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:10
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Human social life is constrained and defined by our cognitive and emotional dispositions, which are the legacy of our foraging ancestors. But how difficult is it to reconstruct the social systems and cultural traditions of those ancestors? The Archaeology of Human Ancestry provides a stimulating and provocative answer, in which archaeologists and biological anthropologists set out and demonstrate their reconstructive methods. Contributors use observations of primates and modern hunter-gatherers to illuminate the fossil and artefactual records. Thematic treatment covers the evolution of group size; group composition and the emotional structure of social bonds; sexual dimorphism and the sexual division of labour; and the origins of human cultural traditions. The Archaeology of Human Ancestry is an essential introduction to the subject for advanced undergraduates and researchers in archaeology and biological anthropology. It will also be used by workers in psychology, sociology and feminist studies as a resource for understanding human social origins.

Keywords

homo --- erectus --- hominid --- evolution --- archaeological --- record --- early --- reproductive --- success --- modern

Homo apostata. Die Entfremdung des Menschen

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876903910 Year: Pages: 802 DOI: 10.3726/b12728 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:53
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Die hier vorliegende Arbeit stellt das Ergebnis eines Versuchs dar, dem Wesen und den Erscheinungsformen des 'Homo apostata' im Werk Dostoevskijs nachzuspüren und diese 'Spurensuche' im Kontext einiger Aspekte und Konstellationen der philosophie- und geistesgeschichtlichen Entwicklung des 19. Jahrhunderts vorzunehmen.

State Martyr

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Book Series: Media and Religion | Medien und Religion ISBN: 9783845299372 Year: Volume: 2 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845299372 Language: English
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-05 10:54:38
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The politician Aldo Moro was abducted and killed in 1978 by the terrorist organisation the Red Brigades. The media then stylised Moro as a ‘state martyr’. This volume deals with the highly topical question concerning the performativity of this concept in the tension between democratic states and terrorism and reconstructs a crucial phase of post-war policy in Italy on the basis of media sources on the Moro case. What role does a term from Christian antiquity play within modern sociopolitical discourses? What changes has the term ‘martyr’ undergone in European religious and cultural history? On the basis of these questions, this study opens up an interdisciplinary theoretical horizon in order to understand the role of religious motifs in sociopolitical contexts. It brings a central new dimension to the secularisation debate, which sees secularisation as a new configuration of politics and religion.

Imagined Economies – Real Fictions

Authors: ---
Book Series: Edition Kulturwissenschaft ISBN: 9783839448816 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839448816 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:25:33
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The way we conceptualise the economy and ourselves as homo economicus has profound consequences for our lives. The contributions to this anthology take debates about the financial crisis, about recent austerity measures or about the Brexit referendum a step further. A common denominator of these dynamics are underlying ideas of »the economy«. Each author identifies a facet of Britain's imagined economies. They connect seemingly separate fields such as finance and fiction in order to better understand current political changes. In addition, the book offers an urgently needed interdisciplinary view on the performative power of economic thought - and in this respect moves far beyond merely British perspectives.

Reorienting Indian Agriculture: Challenges and Opportunities

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ISBN: 9781786395177; 9781786395184; 9781786395191 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.1079/9781786395177.0000 Language: English
Publisher: CABI
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-16 16:20:14
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This book covers various aspects of Indian agriculture. It consists of 32 chapters that are presented in 12 parts with the following headings: agricultural scenario; revolutions in agriculture; reorienting agricultural research for innovation; improving productivity and production; harnessing agricultural biotechnology; managing plant genetic resources; the role and growth of the seed sector; integrated natural resource management; impact of climate change; innovation in extension; the role of women and youth; and policy reforms for accelerated growth.

Organic Food Systems: Meeting the Needs of Southern Africa

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ISBN: 9781786399601; 9781786399625; 9781786399618 Year: Pages: 365 DOI: 10.1079/9781786399601.0000 Language: English
Publisher: CABI
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-16 15:57:49
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This book reports on long-term comparative organic farming systems' research trials carried out over the last 5 years in the Southern Cape of South Africa, as well as research into the successes and failures of the organic sector and the technical tools required for sustainable development in South Africa, Zambia, Uganda and Tanzania. It includes 24 chapters organized into 4 parts. Part 1 (Chapters 1-6) discusses the historical development of organic farming systems, examines the global issues which confront us, and develops some concepts showing a progression in small-scale farmer development and how this can be supported with appropriate training and policy. The difference between national food self-sufficiency and household food security is examined, and the organic sector is introduced. Part 2 (Chapters 7-14) deals with capacity building and climate change. Holistic systems, inclusive participatory approaches, institution building and experiential learning are examined. Organic food production, farmer training, value chains, impact of drought on food prices and food availability, and urban water and energy use efficiency are described. Part 3 (Chapters 15-22) presents evidence on how to support organic farmers. It starts with 2 case studies on the well-developed organic sector in Uganda and the developing one in Zambia. The following chapters discuss soil carbon determination, comparison of organic and conventional farming systems, pest and disease control (e.g., chemical, holistic and biological control), soil fumigation, soil microbiology in organic and conventional systems, soil fertility changes and crop yield. Part 4 (Chapters 23-24) makes strategic suggestions about how to upscale organic farming and organic food systems in Southern Africa. This book is a vital resource for all stakeholders in organic agriculture.

Pharmaceutical Crystals

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039287123 / 9783039287130 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-713-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The crystalline state is the most commonly used essential solid active pharmaceutical ingredient (API). The characterization of pharmaceutical crystals encompasses many scientific disciplines, but the core is crystal structure analysis, which reveals the molecular structure of essential pharmaceutical compounds. Crystal structure analysis provides important structural information related to the API's wide range of physicochemical properties, such as solubility, stability, tablet performance, color, and hygroscopicity. This book entitled “Pharmaceutical Crystals"" focuses on the relationship between crystal structure and physicochemical properties. In particular, the new crystal structure of pharmaceutical compounds involving multi-component crystals, such as co-crystals, salts, and hydrates, and polymorph crystals are reported. Such crystal structures were investigated in the latest studies that combined morphology, spectroscopic, theoretical calculation, and thermal analysis with crystallographic study. This book highlights the importance of crystal structure information in many areas of pharmaceutical science and presents current trends in the structure–property study of pharmaceutical crystals. The Guest Editors of this book hope the readers enjoy a wide variety of recent studies on Pharmaceutical Crystals.

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