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On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics Principles, Practices, and Prospects

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ISBN: 9781925021332 Year: Pages: 390 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_462759 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 12:33:37
License: ANU Press

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Ethics, humanity, techonology

Keywords

ethics --- technology --- humanity

Mensch sein

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783903122796 9783903122796 Year: Pages: 730 DOI: 10.15203/3122-79-6 Language: English
Publisher: innsbruck university press
Subject: Anthropology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-14 11:01:02

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The question of what it means and implies to be human is fundamental to both philosophy and society. At the same time, she runs the risk of being answered with phrases. Even today, various questions about humanity are posed: Can humanity be delimited biologically or in its ways of life from other species or artificial creatures? How do people differ from people? Are language ability or free will essential features of being human? These and other questions were discussed intensively during the 10th Congress of the Austrian Society for Philosophy. This anthology presents a selection of contributions.

Keywords

Philosophy --- Humanity --- Philosophie --- Humanität

Islam, Humanity and the Indonesian Identity

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Book Series: Debates on Islam and Society ISBN: 9789087283018 9789400603080 9789400603097 Year: Pages: 289 DOI: 10.24415/9789087283018 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:46:21
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"Islam exists in global history with its richly variegated cultural and social realities. When these specific cultural contexts are marginalized, Islam is reduced to an ahistorical religion without the ability to contribute to humanity. This limited understanding of Islam has been a contributing factor in many of the violent conflicts in the present day. Reflecting on Islam in Indonesia, the world’s third largest democracy, supporting the largest Muslim population, Ahmad Syafii Maarif argues for an understanding that is both faithful to Islam’s essential teachings and open to constantly changing social and cultural contexts. Building on this, he then addresses critical contemporary issues such as democracy, human rights, religious freedom, the status of women, and the future of Islam. Through this book the breadth and depth of the ideas of one of Indonesia’s foremost Muslim scholars are made accessible for English language readership."

Keywords

Islam --- Indonesia --- Humanity --- Democracy --- Religion

Altered Ecologies: Fire, climate and human influence on terrestrial landscapes: Terra Australis 32

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Terra australis ISBN: 9781921666810 Year: Pages: 512 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458799 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Like a star chart this volume orientates the reader to the key issues and debates in Pacific and Australasian biogeography, palaeoecology and human ecology. A feature of this collection is the diversity of approaches ranging from interpretation of the biogeographic significance of plant and animal distributional patterns, pollen analysis from peats and lake sediments to discern Quaternary climate change, explanation of the patterns of faunal extinction events, the interplay of fire on landscape evolution, and models of the environmental consequences of human settlement patterns. The diversity of approaches, geographic scope and academic rigor are a fitting tribute to the enormous contributions of Geoff Hope. As made apparent in this volume, Hope pioneered multidisciplinary understanding of the history and impacts of human cultures in the Australia- Pacific region, arguably the globe’s premier model systems for understanding the consequences of human colonization on ecological systems. The distinguished scholars who have contributed to this volume also demonstrate Hope’s enduring contribution as an inspirational research leader, collaborator and mentor. Terra Australis leave no doubt that history matters, not only for land management, but more importantly, in alerting settler and indigenous societies alike to their past ecological impacts and future environmental trajectories.

Power and Principle

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ISBN: 9781501705526 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_627441 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100415
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
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Human rights advocates have long pressed for international institutions to prosecute crimes against humanity. With its global reach and mandate to investigate and prosecute some of the world's most severe crimes (genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity) the creation of the International Criminal Court in 2002 was hailed as a landmark event in the evolution of truly global society. Supporters argue that the ICC and other transnational tribunals will deter the commission of atrocities and contribute to global peace and stability, and they laud its independence and its potential to check the arbitrary use of power against the powerless. To better understand how international criminal courts function and determine their broader implications for global society, this book examines the factors that led to the creation and evolution of international criminal courts, the nature of the support for and opposition to such institutions, and how they function.

Crímenes de lesa humanidad y genocidio : Cómo calificar la violencia estatal en la Argentina (1976-1983)

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ISBN: 9789874960184 DOI: 10.4000/books.eunrn.3183 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Editorial UNRN
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:32
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Una de las discusiones que perdura desde el fin de la última dictadura militar en la Argentina es la que se refiere a la naturaleza criminal de los actos perpetrados desde el Estado en aquel período. Motivado por responder a ese interrogante, Martín Lozada ofrece un recorrido analítico que va desde el derecho penal internacional a la especificidad del debate local. En la primera parte de este libro, el autor evalúa las características del complejo de los crímenes contra la humanidad y, particularmente, de los crímenes de lesa humanidad y genocidio. Para ello, no solo indaga en la conformación técnico-jurídica de estas figuras, sino que busca explicitar, más allá de la propia letra de la ley, qué tragedias humanas exigieron su construcción teórica. En la segunda parte se aboca al caso argentino: «se suele invocar el carácter genocida de los actos perpetrados por los entonces detentadores del poder del Estado, usurpado mediante las maniobras pergeñadas y concretadas por el poder militar –y sus colaboradores civiles– a partir del día 24 de marzo de 1976. Evaluar el alcance de esa afirmación y verificar si, en efecto, el desarrollo experimentado por ciertas ramas del derecho le brinda razón, responde también al objetivo trazado” en este trabajo, explica el autor. «La obra de Martín Lozada es equilibrada, permite percibir profundidades de conocimiento no desarrolladas previamente, a partir de una exposición ágil, clara, con hilo conductor siempre presente y admirablemente enlazada». Zlata Drnas de Clément

Die Formation des literarischen Humors

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Book Series: Lettre ISBN: 9783839452868 Year: Pages: 338 DOI: 10.14361/9783839452868 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-11 23:58:19
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Understanding Society and Natural Resources: Forging New Strands of Integration Across the Social Sciences

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789401789592 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8959-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 311819
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:22:42
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In this edited volume leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social science disciplines as a means for furthering natural resource social science and environmental problem solving. The chapters provide an overview of the history, vision, advances, examples and methods that could lead to integration. The quest for integration among the social sciences is not new. Some argue that the social sciences have lagged in their advancements and contributions to society due to their inability to address integration related issues. Integration merits debate for a number of reasons. First, natural resource issues are complex and are affected by multiple proximate driving social factors. Single disciplinary studies focused at one level are unlikely to provide explanations that represent this complexity and are limited in their ability to inform policy recommendations. Complex problems are best explored across disciplines that examine social-ecological phenomenon from different scales. Second, multi-disciplinary initiatives such as those with physical and biological scientists are necessary to understand the scope of the social sciences. Too frequently there is a belief that one social scientist on a multi-disciplinary team provides adequate social science representation. Third, more complete models of human behavior will be achieved through a synthesis of diverse social science perspectives.

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