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Die Ikonographie Palästinas/Israels und der Alte Orient

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ISBN: 9783796538797 Year: Pages: 968 DOI: 10.24894/978-3-7965-3879-7 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-17 11:21:03
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"This forth volume of “Die Ikonographie Palästinas/Israels und der Alte Orient (IPIAO)” is on Iron Age until the beginning of the Achaemenid’s rule. Almost 1000 objects of the pictorial art of Palestine / Israel are compared to the pictures of the neighbouring cultures. "

La vie et l’organisation des communautés bouddhiques modernes de Ceylan

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ISBN: 9791036544385 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.1173 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage consacré aux communautés bouddhiques de Ceylan s’intéresse tout d’abord aux monastères modernes, présentant leurs diverses composantes : temple (vihāra), stūpa, arbre de la bodhi, salle de prédication, salle capitulaire, bibliothèque, bâtiments résidentiels, édicules rituels, salles de cours et ermitages. Il examine aussi brièvement, de manière à fournir des points de comparaison, les monastères singhalais anciens. Il se poursuit par l’étude de l’iconographie moderne du bouddhisme singhalais (Buddha, Bodhisattva, disciples, dieux et personnages divers) et de son culte. Il s’attache enfin à décrire la vie des moines (emploi du temps, activités spirituelles, costume et équipement, nourriture et biens personnels), l’organisation de la communauté, la vie économique des monastères, leurs activités culturelles, charitables, sociales et politiques.

Geschichtsraum Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205775225 Year: Pages: 576 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437150 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3827
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:48
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The history is intended as the first comprehensive examination of the role of Austrian history in the visual arts of the Habsburg monarchy between 1804 and 1918. At its centre are the following three key questions: What status did the general preoccupation with history acquire? What where the favorite historical subjects for artistic representation? What significance did the Habsburgs´own history (almost endlessly "extendible" all the way back to its fictitious mythical beginnings) hold for the issues of the day? Works of art contribute to the creation of traditions in a double sense: a given work simultaneously contains and creates history. A work of art is also a medium for social identification, facilitating communication between the monarch and the people. Investigating the characteristics of the different "reflections on history" in the visual arts in Austria in the 19th century led to the practical necessity of significantly widening the known material basis. It became apparent that previous research was based on a relatively limited range of works (primarily "high art") and failed to relate these works to literary documents from the fiields of historiography or belles-lettres. I believe it is only by expanding the basis in terms of both word and picture documentation that a reliable overview of the different strategies pursued by Habsburg iconography can be gained. Not only did my chosen methodology seem expedient, and indeed almost indispensable for an examination of concrete historical cases, it also reveals that this interlocking approach (furthermore justified by the nature of the material) based on interrelating picture and text media contains the very key to a proper investigation of the historical art of the 19th century. In approaching the central questions, this study begins with an introduction that looks at concepts and methodology and charts the difficult formation of the "Austrian nation" from "Casa d´Austria" to the Habsburg "nation state". The second chapter examines the relevance of the Austrian 18th century in the consciousness of the following century based on the examples of rulers Maria Theresia and Joseph II. This is folloewd almost of necessity by a long section on the ruler iconography of the period Emperor Franz II (I) to Emperor Franz Joseph I. The visual strategies of the Habsburg rulers in the 19th century and the inseparable question of the legitimation of the Austrian Empire in the years after 1848 steer attention back to the quest for "origins" and to the Habsburg "insurance policy" of evoking the figure of founding father Rudolf I. This forms the main focus of the fourth chapter. In this context, the various appeals to the famous progenitor assume the character of an "underpinning" myth (Jan Assmann). The final chapter attempts to provide answers to questions relating to the "flowering" of Austrian historiography in the 19th century relative to historical interpretations in painting. The complex genesis of the celebration of glorious Austrian deeds ist examined on the basis of the concrete example of "military iconography" and the decoration of the "hall of fame" in the "Arsenal" in Vienna.

The gilded Buddha - The traditional art of the Newar metal casters in Nepal

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ISBN: 9783906897066 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 328 DOI: 10.19218/3906897066 Language: English
Publisher: LIBRUM Publishers & Editors LLC
Subject: Archaeology --- Mining and Metallurgy --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-05 16:25:55
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This book celebrates in words and images the traditional metal crafts practised for over a thousand years by the creators of religious Buddhist statues in Nepal. The skills of these artisans are nurtured with deep respect for tradition, regarding religion, iconography and technology. Wax modellers, mould makers, casters, fire-gilders and chasers are among the specialists of the Newar ethnic group, whose work is characterised to this day by a melding of age-old technology, great skill, religious observance and contemplation. There are numerous books and exhibition catalogues dedicated to Buddhist art and iconography but little was available about the craft of the artists who turn the religious imagery into metal casts. This book fills this gap, with a thoroughly documented and historical account of the development of this “archaic” technology. The well-informed text and comprehensive photographic coverage constitute the only up-to-date account and full documentation of an art that is 1300 years old but dying out: the “ritual” production of Buddhist statues in the lost wax casting technique.The author, Dr. Alex Furger, is an archaeologist who has studied ancient metallurgy and metalworking techniques over the past four decades. He spent twenty-five years at the head of the Roman site of Augusta Raurica and lives in Basel (Switzerland). He is the author of over 130 articles in scientific journals and twelve books in the field of culture history. The fieldwork for this book led him repeatedly to Nepal, where he met and interviewed dozens of craftsmen in their workshops.This book is addressed to readers interested in culture history, travellers to Asia, collectors of statues of Buddha, (avocational) metalworkers, historians of technology, Buddhists, ethnologists, archaeologists, art historians, scholars of Asia and to libraries and museums.

Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology 23/2018

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ISBN: 101787520191172 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-18 11:21:03
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The name DGGTB (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie; German Society for the History and Philosophy of Biology) reflects recent history as well as German tradition. The Society is a relatively late addition to a series of German societies of science and medicine that began with the “Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften”, founded in 1910 by Leipzig University’s Karl Sudhoff (1853-1938), who wrote: “We want to establish a ‘German’ society in order to gather German-speaking historians together in our special disciplines so that they form the core of an international society…”. Yet Sudhoff, at this time of burgeoning academic internationalism, was “quite willing” to accommodate the wishes of a number of founding members and “drop the word German in the title of the Society and have it merge with an international society”. The founding and naming of the Society at that time derived from a specifi c set of historical circumstances, and the same was true some 80 years later when in 1991, in the wake of German reunification, the “Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie” was founded. From the start, the Society has been committed to bringing studies in the history and philosophy of biology to a wide audience, using for this purpose its Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie. Parallel to the Jahrbuch, the Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie has become the by now traditional medium for the publication of papers delivered at the Society’s annual meetings. In 2005 the Jahrbuch was renamed Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology, reflecting the Society’s internationalist aspirations in addressing comparative biology as a subject of historical and philosophical studies.

Les vaisseaux du désert et des steppes : Les camélidés dans l’Antiquité (Camelus dromedarius et Camelus bactrianus)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782356681768 DOI: 10.4000/books.momeditions.8457 Language: French
Publisher: MOM Éditions
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
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C’est au Ier millénaire av. J.-C. que le dromadaire et, plus marginalement, le chameau commencent à imposer leurs hautes silhouettes sur les routes du Proche-Orient et d’Égypte. Réunis lors de deux ateliers, à Lyon puis à Nanterre, seize archéologues et historiens ont tenté de prendre la mesure de cette révolution chamelière. Du Xinjiang au désert Libyque, l’usage de plus en plus intensif des grands camélidés de l’ancien monde est en effet venu bouleverser les domaines du transport caravanier mais aussi l’agriculture, redessinant les routes commerciales, accroissant les capacités d’exportation des oasis, désenclavant des régions autrefois isolées. Devenus progressivement une pièce majeure des systèmes économiques des régions désertiques ou semi-désertiques, les camélidés demeurent en même temps associés à des populations nomades disposant d’un savoir-faire sans lequel l’élevage et le dressage de ces grands animaux se révèlent impossibles à réaliser. Les sources écrites (akkadiennes, bibliques, démotiques, grecques…) mais aussi l’archéozoologie, l’iconographie, sans oublier l’ethnologie et la zootechnologie, sont convoquées pour traiter cette révolution chamelière dans ses multiples aspects. Ce livre présente un très grand nombre de documents, dont des inédits, et aborde un large éventail de thématiques : les différents usages des camélidés, le lien entre ces animaux et les populations nomades et sédentaires, leur place au sein des imaginaires des peuples d’Asie et d’Égypte, mais aussi dans la vie quotidienne des Grecs, Romains, Nabatéens, Arabes, habitants du Levant byzantin, populations d’Asie centrale ; au sein d’environnements aussi variés que la Mésopotamie, l’Assyrie, la péninsule Arabique, le Levant, l’Égypte et l’Asie centrale. Deux articles sur le devenir récent de l’animal et sur les pratiques actuelles de l’élevage camelin en Mongolie complètent ce tour d’horizon sur un animal décidément central dans l’histoire des régions envisagées.

The Iranian Plateau during the Bronze Age : Development of urbanisation, production and trade

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9782356681775 DOI: 10.4000/books.momeditions.7816 Language: English
Publisher: MOM Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
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The book compiles a portion of the contributions presented during the symposium “Urbanisation, commerce, subsistence and production during the third millennium BC on the Iranian Plateau”, which took place at the Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée in Lyon, the 29-30 of April, 2014. The twenty papers assembled provide an overview of the recent archaeological research on this region of the Middle East during the Bronze Age. The socio-economic transformation from rural villages to towns and nations has prompted many questions into this evolution of urbanisation. What was the impact of interactions between cultures in the Iranian Plateau and the surrounding regions (Mesopotamia, the South Caucasus, Central Asia, Indus Valley)? What was the overall context during the Bronze Age on the Iranian Plateau? What was the extent and means of the expansion of the Kuro-Araxe culture? How did the Elamite Kingdom become established? What new knowledge has been contributed by the recent excavations and studies undertaken in the east of Iran? What was the influence of the Indus Valley culture, known as an epicentre of urbanisation in South Asia? What are the unique characteristics of the ancient cultures in Iran? While the urbanisation of early Mesopotamia has been the subject of much debate for several decades, this topic has only recently been raised in respect to the Iranian Plateau. This volume is the product of an international community from Iranian, European, and American institutions, consisting of recognised specialists in the archaeology of the Iranian Bronze Age. It provides an overview of the latest research, including abundant results from current on-going excavations. The current state of archaeological research in Iran, comprising many dynamic questions and perspectives, is presented here in the form of original contributions on the first emergence of towns in the Near and Middle East.

Keltische Theonymie, Kulte, interpretatio

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783700173694 Year: Pages: 274 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_451552 Language: French
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 87
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2013-08-16 18:46:34
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This tenth volume appearing within the framework of the OEAW interdisciplinary research- project Fontes epigraphici religionum Celticarum antiquarum increases our understanding of several aspects of the religious traditions handed down by Celtic-speaking populations, from Britain and the Iberian Peninsula to ancient Italy and Dacia, all through the Gauls and the Germaniae.This tenth volume appearing within the framework of the OEAW interdisciplinary research- project Fontes epigraphici religionum Celticarum antiquarum increases our understanding of several aspects of the religious traditions handed down by Celtic-speaking populations, from Britain and the Iberian Peninsula to ancient Italy and Dacia, all through the Gauls and the Germaniae. G. Bauchhenss corrects some preconceived notions about iconography; F. Burillo Mozota, J. A. Arenas Esteban and M. P. Burillo Cuadrado investigate the cultural context of an astronomic platform at Segeda; P. Scherrer puts the nautae Parisiaci pillar on a new hermeneutical basis; N. Gavrilović looks for Celtic speakers in Eastern Europe. J. Gorrochategui, M. C. González Rodríguez, P. Lajoye offer partly revised readings of several votive inscriptions and divine names while P. Y. Lambert, B. Rémy, X. Delamarre analyse theonymical epithets in different ways and N. Beck scrutinizes the relationship between deities and ethnics. P. de Bernardo Stempel discusses the transformations to be observed in a provincial pantheon from the first Celtic inscriptions to the latest Roman ones; W. Spickermann questions the continuity between Pre-Roman and Romano-Celtic religion; A. Hofeneder follows the trail of an Old Celtic and later syncretic deity up to the Imperial Roman historical tradition. M. Hainzmann and P. de Bernardo Stempel present – with the help of numerous and easy understandable tables – an innovative systematization of the various syncretic phenomena known as Interpretatio, whose geographic diversity is pointed out by F. Marco Simón.

Dei gratia rex Sicilie: Scene d’incoronazione divina nell’iconografia regia normanna

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Book Series: Regna: Testi e studi su istituzioni, cultura e memoria del Mezzogiorno medievale ISSN: 2532-9898 ISBN: 9788868870188 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 186 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-018-8 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-08 17:35:56
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Following Percy Ernst Schramm’s studies on Staatssymbolik, historians have in general considered medieval royal portraits as images mirroring medieval notions of power and political ideology that can legitimate power and strengthen admiration of the king. This interpretation has also had a crucial impact on the analysis of monarchic ideologies and sacral kingship during the Middle Ages. However, the research prompted in Germany on the social praxis of Memoria has opened up new perspectives, by creating an active historiographical debate about the social function and meaning of royal portraits in the liturgical context during the Middle Ages (political/propagandistic vs religious/devotional).This book aims to foster this debate by analysing the functions and meanings of monarchic pictures characterized by sacral figures and symbols and religious and liturgical contexts in the Norman kingdom of Sicily (1130-1189). In the specific, it investigates three royal portraits: St. Nikolas blesses Roger II in the Basilica of St. Nikolas in Bari; Christ crows Roger II in the Church of St. Mary of the Admiral in Palermo; and Christ crowns William II in the Cathedral of Monreale. By going beyond traditional methodological tactics, its exegesis avoids a ‘one-way’ approach in which artwork is analysed in an ‘autonomous’ manner that extrapolates it from its historical, political and functional context. Moreover, it studies royal portraiture as part of a wider communicative strategy to create a mise-en-scène around the monarchic figure by comparing the iconographic sources and the information provided by written evidence regarding the monarch’s official kingship.This new analysis of the Norman royal portraits in the religious and liturgical context leads to original perspectives and uses new cues to reformulate the traditional ideas held by historiography in this regard and on political ideologies and royal sacrality.

Fontes epigraphici religionum Celticarum antiquarum. I: Provincia Noricum. Fasciculus 1 und 2

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ISBN: 9783700180654 Year: Pages: 504 Seiten Language: English
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 471
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-05 11:21:02
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Thoroughly illustrated edition, translation and commentary of all religious Norican inscriptions with a probably Celtic-speaking background, together with an in-depth linguistic and historical discussion of the single numina and an iconographic study in Fasc. 1. Fasc 1: https://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:1424 Fasc 2: https://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:1425

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