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Invito alla filosofia

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ISBN: 9788897523086 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.188 Language: Italian
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
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Nell’assoluta attualità dell’esistente, che precede ogni possibile concettualizzazione dell’essere, risiede quel contrasto apparentemente ineliminabile fra necessità e libertà che – in intima connessione al dissidio tra realismo e idealismo – sta alla base del progetto filosofico della modernità e della crisi che ne è seguita. Un contrasto essenziale senza esperire il quale non è possibile fare filosofia – prospettando le possibili vie d’uscita dalle molteplici forme del nichilismo contemporaneo –, e che costituisce l’attualità filosofica di Schelling, dalla quale occorre ancora oggi prendere avvio. «Certo un’esposizione dogmatica della filosofia potrebbe essere più comprensibile, ma lo scopo di chi vuole insegnare la filosofia non può mai essere quello di presentare i suoi risultati. Chi possiede i risultati, non possiede con ciò la filosofia stessa. Essi sono solo frutti colti dall’albero che marciscono tra le mani. Tra chi insegna meramente i risultati e chi invece insegna la filosofia vi è lo stesso rapporto che esiste tra chi distribuisce l’oro nella sua sostanza e chi dell’oro insegna direttamente la fabbricazione. La filosofia è la più alta alchimia spirituale. Dalle scorie produce il puro oro così come ciò che è afferrato dallo spirito del vero artista viene per così dire purificato attraverso il fuoco» (F.W.J. Schelling).

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idealism

La filosofia positiva di Schelling come unità di Hegel e Schopenhauer

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ISBN: 9788897523222 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.204 Language: Italian
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:23
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«Si tratta di dimostrare in tutto l’essere empiricamente dato, come suoi elementi, e certo come i suoi unici elementi, quei due principi, Volontà e Idea (o Rappresentazione), che con pari diritto sono sostenuti, in quanto attributi, da una sostanza individuale che è in essi identica» (Eduard von Hartmann).

Keywords

philosophy --- idealism

L’individu chez Hegel

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ISBN: 9791036201943 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.14784 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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On n’a longtemps connu le nom de Jacques Martin qu’à travers la dédicace par laquelle Louis Althusser lui rendait hommage dans Pour Marx, où il reconnaissait sa dette envers son ami à propos du concept de problématique. Le mémoire de Martin sur Hegel (Remarques sur la notion d’individu dans la philosophie de Hegel), rédigé en 1947 sous la direction de Gaston Bachelard, révèle toute l’importance qu’il eut pour la pensée d’Althusser, mais aussi pour celle de son autre ami à la rue d’Ulm, Michel Foucault. Non seulement le texte de Martin présente une interprétation forte de la philosophie hégélienne, en montrant que Hegel aurait préfiguré, avant Marx, la critique de l’individu bourgeois, mais cette lecture couplée de Hegel et de Marx lui permet de mettre au jour un certain nombre de concepts et de thèmes qui seront déterminants pour la philosophie française des années 1960 : les concepts de problématique et de surdétermination, le thème du transcendantal historique, la critique de la lecture idéaliste de la dialectique hégélienne. Le mémoire de Jacques Martin s’avère ainsi être une pièce essentielle de la genèse de la philosophie française du second xxe siècle. Jacques Martin (1922-1963) est un philosophe français, ancien élève de l’École normale supérieure de la rue d’Ulm, et proche ami de Louis Althusser et de Michel Foucault. Il a notamment traduit en français L’esprit du christianisme de Hegel (1948, Vrin).

Between Reinhold and Fichte : August Ludwig Hülsen's Contribution to the Emergence of German Idealism

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Book Series: EUKLID : Europäische Kultur und Ideengeschichte. Studien ISSN: 18675018 ISBN: 9783866448612 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: X, 209 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000028590 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:27
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This monograph discusses the importance of A. L. Hülsen's only book for the history of early German idealism. The Wissenschaftslehre is Fichte's ""response"" to the objections of Schulze-Aenesidemus to Reinhold's early Elementarphilosophie. Hülsen, a Fichtean thinker, restructured many aspects of Reinhold's system which Fichte left intact. In 1797, Fichte recognized Hülsen as a partner in the development of his system, thus acknowledging his contribution to the emergence of German idealism.

Ontological Catastrophe: Žižek and the Paradoxical Metaphysics of German Idealism

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Book Series: New Metaphysics ISBN: 9781607853084 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.3998/ohp.12763629.0001.001 Language: English
Publisher: Open Humanities Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-11 11:01:09
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In Ontological Catastrophe, Joseph Carew takes up the central question guiding Slavoj Žižek philosophy: How could something like phenomenal reality emerge out of the meaninglessness of the Real? Carefully reconstructing and expanding upon his controversial reactualization of German Idealism, Carew argues that Žižek offers us an original, but perhaps terrifying, response: experience is possible only if we presuppose a prior moment of breakdown as the ontogenetic basis of subjectivity. Drawing upon resources found in Žižek, Lacanian psychoanalysis, and post-Kantian philosophy, Carew thus develops a new critical metaphysics—a metaphysics which is a variation upon the late German Idealist theme of balancing system and freedom, realism and idealism, in a single, self-reflexive theoretical construct—that challenges our understanding of nature, culture, and the ultimate structure of reality.

The Constitution of Consciousness

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Book Series: Studies in Philosophy ISBN: 9780203641781 9780415971294 9781138011687 9781135875091 9781135875084 9781135875046 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203641781 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:09
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Through the work of philosophers like Sellars, Davidson, and McDowell, the question of how the mind is related to the world has gained new importance in contemporary analytic philosophy. This book demonstrates that Husserl's phenomenological analyses of the structure of consciousness can provide fruitful insights for developing an original approach to these questions.

Nouvelles perspectives pour la reconnaissance : Lectures et enquêtes

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ISBN: 9791036201691 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.13359 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Cet ouvrage offre un état des lieux des théories de la reconnaissance aujourd’hui et une contribution à penser de nouvelles perspectives. Il intègre, d’une part, une discussion relative au paradigme de la reconnaissance et aux cadres théoriques susceptibles d’être mis en œuvre. Il cherche à mesurer, d’autre part, la pertinence et la fécondité de ces théories ainsi que leur potentiel critique dans différents domaines des sciences humaines. Le modèle théorique issu de l’idéalisme allemand et de la Théorie critique se trouve ainsi discuté dans les domaines de la politique, du droit, de l’économie, des études féministes ainsi que dans les théories du travail. Son application est envisagée également dans de nouveaux domaines tels que l’éducation ou l’art. Le concept de reconnaissance est appréhendé de ce fait non seulement du point de vue de sa consistance épistémologique et du point de vue de l’histoire des idées, mais également comme un concept opératoire dans des études de cas ou des situations empiriques. Ce volume fait suite à La « reconnaissance » comme principe de la Théorie critique de Hans-Christoph Schmidt am Busch, dans la même collection. Il s’adresse aux lecteurs et aux lectrices désirant réfléchir sur l’actualité des théories de la reconnaissance en philosophie sociale et dans le domaine de la théorie critique en s’inscrivant dans les perspectives ouvertes par la recherche internationale.

The Letters of Vincent van Gogh: A Critical Study

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Book Series: Cultural Dialectics ISSN: 19158378 ISBN: 9781927356746 9781927356753 9781927356760 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.15215/aupress/9781927356746.01 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-04 17:04:53
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When he died at the age of thirty-seven, Vincent van Gogh left a legacy of over two thousand artworks, for which he is now justly famous. But van Gogh was also a prodigious writer of letters - more than eight hundred of them, addressed to his parents, to friends such as Paul Gauguin, and, above all, to his brother Theo. His letters have long been admired for their exceptional literary quality, and art historians have sometimes drawn on the letters in their analysis of the paintings. And yet, to date, no one has undertaken a critical assessment of this remarkable body of writingÑnot as a footnote to the paintings but as a highly sophisticated literary achievement in its own right. Patrick Grant's long-awaited study provides such an assessment and, as such, redresses a significant omission in the field of van Gogh studies. As Grant demonstrates, quite apart from furnishing a highly revealing self-portrait of their author, the letters are compelling for their imaginative and expressive power, as well as for the perceptive commentary they offer on universal human themes. Through a subtle exploration of van Gogh's contrastive style of thinking and his fascination with the notion of imperfection, Grant illuminates gradual shifts in van Gogh's ideas on religion, ethics, and the meaning of art. He also analyzes the metaphorical significance of a number of key images in the letters, which prove to yield unexpected psychological and conceptual connections, and probes the relationships that surface when the letters are viewed as a cohesive literary product. The result is a wealth of new insights into van Gogh's inner landscape.

Debating Otherness with Richard Kearney

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ISBN: 9781928396635 Year: Pages: 410 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2018.BK94 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:21:03
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Richard Kearney is one of the leading global thinkers in both Continental philosophy and post-metaphysical philosophy of religion, as well as an esteemed Irish professor in philosophy, currently teaching at Boston College, Massachusetts, USA. Professor Kearney first visited South Africa in May as joint visiting academic of the Universities of Stellenbosch, Pretoria and North-West. The visit prompted the publication of this scholarly collected work, authored by South African and international scholars. These specialists in philosophy and religious studies analysed Kearney’s influential work and brought his scholarly perspectives into dialogue with other leading thinkers in the field, both from Africa and abroad. This publication will be the first collective attempt to engage his work from the perspective of the African continent. This collected work contributes significantly in an interdisciplinary way to Ricoeurdian studies. The target audience of the book is peers and specialists in the field of Continental philosophy and philosophy of religion.

Per un nuovo materialismo : Presupposti antropologici ed etico-politici

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ISBN: 9788878856448 DOI: 10.4000/books.res.1370 Language: Italian
Publisher: Rosenberg & Sellier
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
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Questo libro chiude una trilogia i cui momenti precedenti sono dati da Un parricidio mancato (2004), dedicato a un’analisi critica eterodossa del rapporto del giovane Marx con i suoi numi tutelari Hegel e Feuerbach, e Un parricidio compiuto (2014), che trattava della relazione ormai risolta del Marx maturo con Hegel. Nei capitoli-saggi che compongono il nuovo volume, l’autore, ampliando il discorso attraverso una lettura attenta di Freud, una ripresa di Spinoza, e con un confronto con la stessa tradizione postidealistica e antiheideggeriana del pensiero italiano (è una perla il capitolo su un maestro dimenticato come Guido Calogero), mette capo a un’originale proposta teorica: quella di un’antropologia filosofica dell’emancipazione basata su una visione bio-psicoanalitica della relazione corpo-mente nell’essere umano. Il fine è di concorrere così alla costruzione di una nuova etica sociale materialistica, al di là del vecchio materialismo storico, capace di sfidare le seduzioni più allettanti dell’individualismo atomizzante del consumo e del mercato. Una prospettiva che interviene direttamente nell’odierna crisi generale della sinistra, mostrando come questa sia anzitutto di ordine teorico e poi anche politico.

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