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Cultural Heritage in a Changing World

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ISBN: 9783319295428 9783319295442 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-29544-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Business and Management --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-27 17:39:58
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The central purpose of this collection of essays is to make a creative addition to the debates surrounding the cultural heritage domain. In the 21st century the world faces epochal changes which affect every part of society, including the arenas in which cultural heritage is made, held, collected, curated, exhibited, or simply exists. The book is about these changes; about the decentring of culture and cultural heritage away from institutional structures towards the individual; about the questions which the advent of digital technologies is demanding that we ask and answer in relation to how we understand, collect and make available Europe’s cultural heritage. Cultural heritage has enormous potential in terms of its contribution to improving the quality of life for people, understanding the past, assisting territorial cohesion, driving economic growth, opening up employment opportunities and supporting wider developments such as improvements in education and in artistic careers. Given that spectrum of possible benefits to society, the range of studies that follow here are intended to be a resource and stimulus to help inform not just professionals in the sector but all those with an interest in cultural heritage.

New Horizons for a Data-Driven Economy: A Roadmap for Usage and Exploitation of Big Data in Europe

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ISBN: 9783319215686 9783319215693 Year: Pages: 303 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21569-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Media and communication --- Business and Management --- Information theory --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-08 17:30:33
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In this book readers will find technological discussions on the existing and emerging technologies across the different stages of the big data value chain. They will learn about legal aspects of big data, the social impact, and about education needs and requirements. And they will discover the business perspective and how big data technology can be exploited to deliver value within different sectors of the economy.

Entity-Oriented Search

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Book Series: The Information Retrieval Series ISBN: 9783319939353 Year: Pages: 351 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93935-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:16
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This open access book covers all facets of entity-oriented search—where “search” can be interpreted in the broadest sense of information access—from a unified point of view, and provides a coherent and comprehensive overview of the state of the art. It represents the first synthesis of research in this broad and rapidly developing area. Selected topics are discussed in-depth, the goal being to establish fundamental techniques and methods as a basis for future research and development. Additional topics are treated at a survey level only, containing numerous pointers to the relevant literature. A roadmap for future research, based on open issues and challenges identified along the way, rounds out the book. The book is divided into three main parts, sandwiched between introductory and concluding chapters. The first two chapters introduce readers to the basic concepts, provide an overview of entity-oriented search tasks, and present the various types and sources of data that will be used throughout the book. Part I deals with the core task of entity ranking: given a textual query, possibly enriched with additional elements or structural hints, return a ranked list of entities. This core task is examined in a number of different variants, using both structured and unstructured data collections, and numerous query formulations. In turn, Part II is devoted to the role of entities in bridging unstructured and structured data. Part III explores how entities can enable search engines to understand the concepts, meaning, and intent behind the query that the user enters into the search box, and how they can provide rich and focused responses (as opposed to merely a list of documents)—a process known as semantic search. The final chapter concludes the book by discussing the limitations of current approaches, and suggesting directions for future research. Researchers and graduate students are the primary target audience of this book. A general background in information retrieval is sufficient to follow the material, including an understanding of basic probability and statistics concepts as well as a basic knowledge of machine learning concepts and supervised learning algorithms.

The Future Internet: Future Internet Assembly 2011: Achievements and Technological Promises

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 03029743 ISBN: 9783642208973 9783642208980 Year: Volume: 6656 Pages: 465 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-20898-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Media and communication --- Manufactures --- Transportation --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-16 16:43:16
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Irrespective of whether we use economic or societal metrics, the Internet is one of the most important technical infrastructures in existence today. It will be a catalyst for much of our innovation and prosperity in the future. A competitive Europe will require Internet connectivity and services beyond the capabilities offered by current technologies. Future Internet research is therefore a must. This book is published in full compliance with the Open Access publishing initiative; it is based on the research carried out within the Future Internet Assembly (FIA). It contains a sample of representative results from the recent FIA meetings spanning a broad range of topics, all being of crucial importance for the future Internet. The book includes 32 contributions and has been structured into the following sections, each of which is preceded by a short introduction:Foundations: architectural issues; socio-economic issues; security and trust; and experiments and experimental design. Future Internet Areas: networks, services, and content; and applications.

The Future Internet: Future Internet Assembly 2013: Validated Results and New Horizons

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 03029743 ISBN: 9783642380815 9783642380822 Year: Volume: 7858 Pages: 369 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-38082-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-04 12:15:49
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Evaluating Information Retrieval and Access Tasks

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Book Series: The Information Retrieval Series ISBN: 9789811555541 Year: Pages: 219 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5554-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:05:23
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This open access book summarizes the first two decades of the NII Testbeds and Community for Information access Research (NTCIR). NTCIR is a series of evaluation forums run by a global team of researchers and hosted by the National Institute of Informatics (NII), Japan. The book is unique in that it discusses not just what was done at NTCIR, but also how it was done and the impact it has achieved. For example, in some chapters the reader sees the early seeds of what eventually grew to be the search engines that provide access to content on the World Wide Web, today’s smartphones that can tailor what they show to the needs of their owners, and the smart speakers that enrich our lives at home and on the move. We also get glimpses into how new search engines can be built for mathematical formulae, or for the digital record of a lived human life. Key to the success of the NTCIR endeavor was early recognition that information access research is an empirical discipline and that evaluation therefore lay at the core of the enterprise. Evaluation is thus at the heart of each chapter in this book. They show, for example, how the recognition that some documents are more important than others has shaped thinking about evaluation design. The thirty-three contributors to this volume speak for the many hundreds of researchers from dozens of countries around the world who together shaped NTCIR as organizers and participants. This book is suitable for researchers, practitioners, and students—anyone who wants to learn about past and present evaluation efforts in information retrieval, information access, and natural language processing, as well as those who want to participate in an evaluation task or even to design and organize one.

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