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Global Business Strategy: Multinational Corporations Venturing into Emerging Markets

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Book Series: Springer Texts in Business and Economics ISSN: 21924333 ISBN: 9784431554677 9784431554684 Year: Pages: 259 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55468-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Manufactures --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Chemical Engineering --- Transportation --- Biotechnology --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 13:14:16
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This book presents theories and case studies for corporations in developed nations, including Japan, for designing strategies to maximize opportunities and minimize threats in business expansion into developing nations. The case studies featured here focus on Asia, including China and India, and use examples of Japanese manufacturers. Five case studies are provided, including Hitachi Construction Machinery and Shiseido in China and Maruti Suzuki in India. These cases facilitate the reader’s understanding of the business environments in emerging economies. This volume is especially recommended for businesspeople responsible for international business development, particularly in China and India. In addition, the book serves as a useful resource for students in graduate-level courses in international management.

Turkey, Migration and the EU: Potentials, Challenges and Opportunities

Authors: ---
Book Series: Edition HWWI ISBN: 9783937816944 Year: Pages: 281 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HWWI.5.118 Language: English
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:21

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In the context of Turkey's accession to the EU, the issue of potential migration from Turkey and its impact upon European labor markets became one of the concerns of the EU, considering Turkey's growing population and young labor force. In 2011, half a century after the bi-lateral agreement between Turkey and Germany on labor recruitment in 1961, migration plays a key role in relations of Turkey with the EU and will even increase its significance - not necessarily for the next fifty years but certainly for the next decade. This book touches upon various aspects of the ongoing debate about the effects of Turkey's accession to the EU upon the migration flows and sheds light on various dimensions of current panorama, addresses policy implications as well as future challenges and opportunities.

Trade and Global Market

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ISBN: 9781789238433 9781789238440 Year: Pages: 180 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.70966 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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International capital flows have become significantly important since the increasing trend in globalization of the early 1990s. The diversified global market has become one single market, the investment sector has strengthened itself and countries have started to allow investment inflows for economic growth. Empirical studies have revealed that political instability, political regimes and the quality of existing institutions, in addition to the transition procedure of a nation itself, have a deterministic effect on the linkage of economic growth and corruption. Additionally, exchange rate volatility can determine the amount of exchange rate risk that firms can be opposed to; therefore, exchange rate volatility is a crucial issue that should be monitored by central banks to prevent contagion of negative microeconomic developments to macroeconomic activity and stability. The significant transformation of banking markets raises many questions regarding the motives of financial organisations to finance SMEs, for example what are the factors that have an impact on these organisations' choice and market strategies?

International Trade - On the Brink of Change

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ISBN: 9789535129110 9789535129127 Year: Pages: 134 DOI: 10.5772/63143 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:10

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Based on previous observations, there is no doubt that trade enhanced economic growth. This is especially valid in regard to international trade as it can help or hinder entire regions, thus adding to the issue of international security. In this book, we tried to collect texts that would not repeat known facts on international trade but would rather discuss special issues. Furthermore, we also wanted to bring regional perspectives. Therefore, this book is organized into two sections: ""Selected Perspectives on International Trade"" and ""Regional Specific Issues of International Trade"".

Nourish the People

Authors: ---
Book Series: Michigan Monographs in Chinese Studies ISBN: 9780472901821 Year: Pages: 634 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.19044 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-05 00:02:49
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The Qing state, driven by Confucian precepts of good government and urgent practical needs, committed vast resources to its granaries. Nourish the People traces the basic practices of this system, analyzes the organizational bases of its successes and failures, and examines variant practices in different regions. The volume concludes with an assessment of the granary system’s social and economic impact and historical comparison with the food supply policies of other states.

The Early Years: Child Well-Being and the Role of Public Policy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781137536495 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1057/9781137536495 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:20:00
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-ND 3.0 IGO license. The Early Years analyzes the development of Latin American and Caribbean children and makes a compelling case for government intervention in what is instinctively a family affair. Spending on effective programs for young children is an investment that, if done well, will have very high returns, while failure to implement such programs will lower the returns on the hefty investments being made in primary, secondary, and higher education. Policies for young children belong at the core of a country's development agenda, alongside policies to develop infrastructure and strengthen institutions. However, if the services provided (or funded) by governments are to benefit children, they must be substantially better than what is currently being delivered in the region. This book offers suggestions for improving public policy in this critical area.

Balancing the Tides

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ISBN: 9780824883393 9780824883522 9780824879686 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.36960/9780824883522 Language: English
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press
Subject: Law --- Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-26 11:23:15
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"Balancing the Tides highlights the influence of marine practices and policies in the unincorporated territory of American S?moa on the local indigenous group, the American fishing industry, international seafood consumption, U.S. environmental programs, as well as global ecological and native concerns. Poblete explains how U.S. federal fishing programs in the post–World War II period encouraged labor based out of American S?moa to catch and can one-third of all tuna for United States consumption until 2009. Labeled �Made in the USA,� this commodity was sometimes caught by non-U.S. regulated ships, produced under labor standards far below continental U.S. minimum wage and maximum work hours, and entered U.S. jurisdiction tax free.&#xD;&#xD;The second half of the book explores the tensions between indigenous and U.S. federal government environmental goals and ecology programs. Whether creating the largest National Marine Sanctuary under U.S. jurisdiction or collecting basic data on local fishing, initiatives that balanced western-based and native expectations for respectful community relationships and appropriate government programs fared better than those that did not acknowledge the positionality of all groups involved. Despite being under the direct authority of the United States, American S?moans have maintained a degree of local autonomy due to the Deeds of Cession signed with the U.S. Navy at the turn of the twentieth century that created shared indigenous and federal governance in the region.&#xD;&#xD;Balancing the Tides demonstrates how western-style economics, policy-making, and knowledge building imposed by the U.S. federal government have been infused into the daily lives of American S?moans. American colonial efforts to protect natural resources based on western approaches intersect with indigenous insistence on adhering to customary principles of respect, reciprocity, and native rights in complicated ways. Experiences and lessons learned from these case studies provide insight into other tensions between colonial governments and indigenous peoples engaging in environmental and marine-based policy-making across the Pacific and the globe. This study connects the U.S.-American S?moa colonial relationship to global overfishing, world consumption patterns, the for-profit fishing industry, international environmental movements and studies, as well as native experiences and indigenous rights.&#xD;&#xD;Open Access publication of this book was made possible by the Sustainable History Monograph Pilot, an initiative sponsored by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation."&#xD;

Investor-State Dispute Settlement and National Courts

Authors: ---
Book Series: European Yearbook of International Economic Law; Special Issue ISBN: 9783030441647 Year: Pages: 117 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-44164-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Law --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:59:15
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This open access book examines the multiple intersections between national and international courts in the field of investment protection, and suggests possible modes for regulating future jurisdictional interactions between domestic courts and international tribunals. The current system of foreign investment protection consists of more than 3,000 international investment agreements (IIAs), most of which provide for investment arbitration as the forum for the resolution of disputes between foreign investors and host States. However, national courts also have jurisdiction over certain matters involving cross-border investments. International investment tribunals and national courts thus interact in a number of ways, which range from harmonious co-existence to reinforcing complementation, reciprocal supervision and, occasionally, competition and discord. The book maps this complex relationship between dispute settlement bodies in the current investment treaty context and assesses the potential role of domestic courts in future treaty frameworks that could emerge from the States’ current efforts to reform the system. The book concludes that, in certain areas of interaction between domestic courts and international investment tribunals, the “division of labor” between the two bodies is not always optimal, producing inefficiencies that burden the system as a whole. In these areas, there is a need for improvement by introducing a more fruitful allocation of tasks between domestic and international courts and tribunals – whatever form(s) the international mechanism for the settlement of investment disputes may take. Given its scope, the book contributes not only to legal analysis, but also to the policy reflections that are needed for ongoing efforts to reform investor-State dispute settlement.

Liberal Democracy

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Political Science ISBN: 9783030474089 Year: Pages: 74 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-47408-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-01 00:02:10
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This open access book aims to show which factors have been decisive in the rise of successful countries. Never before have so many people been so well off. However, prosperity is not a law of nature; it has to be worked for. A liberal economy stands at the forefront of this success – not as a political system, but as a set of economic rules promoting competition, which in turn leads to innovation, research and enormous productivity. Sustainable prosperity is built on a foundation of freedom, equal opportunity and a functioning government. This requires a stable democracy that cannot be defeated by an autocrat. Autocrats claim that “illiberalism” is more efficient, an assertion that justifies their own power. Although autocrats can efficiently guide the first steps out of poverty, once a certain level of prosperity has been achieved, people begin to demand a sense of well-being – freedom and codetermination. Only when this is possible will they feel comfortable, and progress will continue. Respect for human rights is crucial. The rules of the free market do not lean to either the right or left politically. Liberalism and the welfare state are not mutually exclusive. The “conflict” concerns the amount of government intervention. Should there be more or less? As a lawyer, entrepreneur, and board member with over 40 years of experience in this field of conflict, the author clearly describes the conditions necessary for a country to maintain its position at the top.

Chapter 5 Fixed-line broadband (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780415472562 Year: Pages: 40 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:28:32
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Japan's high-speed Internet access services such as ADSL, CATV Internet and FTTH are considered the cheapest and fastest state-of-the-art services drawing international attention. In this book the author introduces the current status of broadband services in Japan and their recent development in competition policy. An econometric model is proposed and discussed to analyse access demand. The purpose of the analysis is to understand quantitively the current status of the rapidly developing Japanese broadband services while providing an academic and practical basis for conceiving prospective competition policies.

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