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Isaac Orobio. The Jewish Argument with Dogma and Doubt

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Book Series: Studies and Texts in Scepticism ISSN: 2568-9614 ISBN: 9783110576191 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 134 DOI: 10.1515/9783110576191 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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In this volume, six historians explore new approaches to Isaac Orobio de Castro (1617–1687), an Amsterdam physician who was the most widely-read among the early modern defenders of Judaism against Christian proselytizing. He was also the major author who rebutted Benedict Spinoza’s Freethought from inside his own Sephardic community. Reflecting on the developments in early modern studies that have appeared since the publication of Yosef Kaplan’s seminal monograph in 1982, the authors revisit Orobio’s intellectual personality with a focus on transcultural processes, clandestine book culture, philosophical rhetoric, and literary reception. Born in Portugal to Christian parents of Jewish ancestry, Orobio left behind a brilliant career as a court physician in Spain and France when he publicly embraced Judaism. With academic erudition, he translated Jewish religious positions into the eclectic philosophy of the day, using both rationalist and sceptic arguments. His work leaked out into the non-Jewish world and armed Enlightenment philosophers for their attacks on Christianity, showing the impact of Jewish criticism on the early modern quest for philosophical certainty and religious pluralism.

The True Face of Sir Isaac Brock

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ISBN: 9781773850214 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 338 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: History of arts --- Diplomatics. Archives. Seals
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-29 00:18:57
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Major General Sir Isaac Brock is remembered as the Hero of Upper Canada for his defence of what is now Ontario during the War of 1812, and also for his noble death at the Battle of Queenston Heights. In the more than two centuries since then, Brock’s likeness has been lost in a confusing array of portraits—most of which are misidentified or conceptual.The 1824 monument constructed to honour Brock’s sacrifice was destroyed in 1840 by Benjamin Lett, a disgruntled disciple of William Lyon Mackenzie and critic of the Upper Canadian elite. The replacement and subsequent commemorations emphasized a patriotic desire to visualize the hero's appearance. But despite uncovering an authentic portrait painted only a few years before Brock's death, a series of false faces were promoted to serve competing claims and agendas. St-Denis situates Brock’s portraits within an emerging English Canadian imperial nationalism that sought a heroic past which reflected their own aspirations and ambitions.A work of detailed scholarship and a fascinating detective story, The True Face of Sir Isaac Brock details the sometimes petty world of self-proclaimed guardians of the past, the complex process of identification and misidentification that often occurs even at esteemed Canadian institutions, and St-Denis’ own meticulous work as he separates fact from fiction to finally reveal Brock’s true face.

Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) . Akademievorlesungen Februar - März 2016

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Book Series: Hamburger Akademievorträge ISBN: 9783943423396 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.AV.1.171 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:21
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The conflict of priorities over the discovery of differential and integral calculus between Leibniz and Newton is one of the most violent and far-reaching conflicts in the history of science. It developed slowly - and interestingly- not as a result of a personal conflict between the two scientists, but rather as a result of a conflict that the employees of these men conjured up. The lectures documented in this volume deal with the development of the priority dispute up to its consequences for English analysis in the centuries after Newton. The volume follows the presentation of Thomas Sonar: The history of the priority dispute between Leibniz and Newton (Springer Spektrum 2016).

The Sacred & the Digital. Critical Depictions of Religions in Video Games

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ISBN: 9783038978305 9783038978312 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-831-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Video game studies are a relative young but flourishing academic discipline. But within game studies, however, the perspective of religion and spirituality is rather neglected, both by game scholars and religion scholars. While religion can take different shapes in digital games, ranging from material and referential to reflexive and ritual, it is not necessarily true that game developers depict their in-game religions in a positive, confirming way, but ever so often games approach the topic critically and disavowingly. The religion criticisms found in video games can be categorized as follows: religion as (1) fraud, aimed to manipulate the uneducated, as (2) blind obedience towards an invisible but ultimately non-existing deity/ies, as (3) violence against those who do not share the same set of religious rules, as (4) madness, a deranged alternative for logical reasoning, and as (5) suppression in the hands of the powerful elite to dominate and subdue the masses into submission and obedience. The critical depictions of religion in video games by their developers is the focus of this special issue.

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