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The Shifting Boundaries of Prejudice

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ISBN: 9788215034676 9788215034683 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 328 DOI: https://doi.org/10.18261/978-82-15-03468-3-2019 Language: English
Publisher: Scandinavian University Press (Universitetsforlaget)
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-27 12:38:54
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In recent years, harassment and violent attacks against Jews and Muslims have become issues of concern in many Western countries. However, antisemitism and Islamophobia are often framed as essentially different phenomena, not least as a result of political polarization and deeply divided opinions on both immigration and the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The present volume challenges this view and argues that antisemitism and Islamophobia are largely related phenomena and linked to xenophobic ideas in the general population. The study is based on varied and comprehensive survey data about attitudes towards Jews and Muslims in Norway, including the attitudes and experiences of the two minority groups themselves. Moreover, it supplements survey analysis with qualitative research, exploring the discursively constructed boundaries of “what can or cannot be said” about Jews and Muslims. Focused on the rich material of the Norwegian case, the volume thus offers new perspectives for the study of prejudice in general.

Targeted'

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Book Series: UTS Shopfront Series ISBN: 9781863654203 Year: Pages: 48 DOI: 10.5130/978-1-86365-420-3 Language: English
Publisher: UTS ePRESS
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-08 00:01:58
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Targeted researches experiences of racism in New South Wales after September 11, 2001. The monograph analyses data collected by the anti-racism hotline established by the Community Relations Commission For a Multicultural NSW (CRC). It details a significant increase in racially motivated violence and verbal abuse in NSW in the months following the US 2001 September 11 attacks and finds these incidents produced a climate of fear and insecurity, which continues to impact these communities, and denies them the chance to enjoy a true sense of Australian citizenship.

Loud and proud: Passion and politics in the English Defence League

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Book Series: New Ethnographies ISBN: 9781526114013 Year: Pages: 328 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: University of Manchester
Subject: Ethnology --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-12 11:01:14
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The book uses interviews, informal conversations and extended observation at EDL events to critically reflect on the gap between the movement's public image and activists' own understandings of it. It details how activists construct the EDL, and themselves, as 'not racist, not violent, just no longer silent' inter alia through the exclusion of Muslims as a possible object of racism on the grounds that they are a religiously not racially defined group. In contrast activists perceive themselves to be 'second-class citizens', disadvantaged and discriminated by a 'two-tier' justice system that privileges the rights of 'others'. This failure to recognise themselves as a privileged white majority explains why ostensibly intimidating EDL street demonstrations marked by racist chanting and nationalistic flag waving are understood by activists as standing 'loud and proud'; the only way of 'being heard' in a political system governed by a politics of silencing. Unlike most studies of 'far right' movements, this book focuses not on the EDL as an organisation - its origins, ideology, strategic repertoire and effectiveness - but on the individuals who constitute the movement. Its ethnographic approach challenges stereotypes and allows insight into the emotional as well as political dimension of activism. At the same time, the book recognises and discusses the complex political and ethical issues of conducting close-up social research with 'distasteful' groups.

Whose Responsibility?

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Book Series: UTS Shopfront Series ISBN: 9781863654210 Year: Pages: 47 DOI: 10.5130/978-1-86365-421-0 Language: English
Publisher: UTS ePRESS
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-08 00:01:55
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This research monograph documents and analyses the many ways in which communities experiencing racism after September 11, 2001 have responded to increased prejudice, harassment and discrimination. While much research analyses the 'problem' of racism, this book highlights the responses developed by targeted communities, including strategies of Interfaith, cross-cultural education, media responses and community cultural development work. A follow-up to the 2006 work Targeted, the research underlying this book is based on extensive community consultations and interviews with Arab, Muslim and Sikh communities in Sydney. It maps the field and identifies common challenges with the aim of contributing to wider processes of innovation in community anti-racism work.

Islam, Immigration, and Identity

ISBN: 9783906980591 9783906980607 Year: Pages: 276 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-12 11:48:46
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It has been two decades since Samuel P. Huntington, a Harvard political scientist, first published his famous essay, “The Clash of Civilizations?” [1]. In the essay, and later in his book with the same title (minus the question mark) [2], Huntington argues that conflict in the post-Cold War era will be driven largely by irreconcilable cultural and religious differences, particularly in regards to Islam and the West. The conflict between these two civilizations, while not new, is bound to persist in large part because Islam is prone to violence. Much of the global conflict that exists in the modern world, observes Huntington, involves Muslims. It is for this reason that he states so bluntly: “Islam has bloody borders” ([1], p. 35). The “clash of civilizations” thesis did not originate with Huntington. Bernard Lewis, the prominent historian of Islam and orientalist, had already invoked this language in his own scholarship, most notably in his 1990 article for The Atlantic Monthly, “The Roots of Muslim Rage” [3]. In the article, Lewis explores many possible explanations as to why Muslims have so much hatred for the West. He concludes that Muslims are jealous and humiliated due to the superiority of Western civilization. Western secularism and modernism in particular are the objects of Muslim anger and the reason behind the surge in Islamic fundamentalism in recent history. Both Huntington and Lewis invoke the very themes that Edward Said describes as the foundation of Orientalism [4]. Both view the West as superior and enlightened, in contrast to the Muslim world (i.e., the Orient), which they portray as monolithic, violent, backwards, and irrational. Conflict is inevitable in light of such profound differences, insist Huntington and Lewis, and yet both scholars maintain that the real source of this conflict lies within Islam. [...]

Vernetzte Islamfeindlichkeit

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Book Series: Religionswissenschaft ISBN: 9783839449738 Year: Pages: 432 DOI: 10.14361/9783839449738 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-10 11:21:02
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With the slogan of "Islamization" different social currents mobilize their followers. It also serves the fight against liberal democracies with their social pluralism. In the intra-societal cultural struggle, apocalyptic down and downfall scenarios call for fundamental change. Oliver Wäckerlig's network analysis traces a transatlantic Islamophobic movement with its transitions to the middle of society and shows an organizational continuity from anti-communism to Islamophobia. "Islam experts" stand in various roles at the hinges of the network and connect actors, organizations and media.

War and Literature: Commiserating with the Enemy

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ISBN: 9783039219100 9783039219117 Year: Pages: 145 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-911-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This Special Issue focuses specifically on the topic of commiseration with the “enemy” within war literature. The articles included in this Special Issue show authors and/or literary characters attempting to understand the motives, beliefs, and cultural values of those who have been defined by their nations as their enemies. This process of attempting to understand the orientation of defined “enemies” often shows that the soldier has begun a process of reflection about why he or she is part of the war experience. The texts included in this issue also show how political authorities often resort to propaganda and myth-making tactics that are meant to convince soldiers that they are fighting opponents who are evil, sub-human, etc., and are therefore their direct enemies. Literary texts that show an author and/or literary character trying to reflect against state-supported definitions of good/evil, right/wrong, and ally/enemy often present an opportunity to reevaluate the purposes of war and one’s moral responsibility during wartime.

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