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Neutralität nach "Schweizer Muster"?

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Book Series: Studien zur Geschichte des Völkerrechts ISBN: 9783845284750 Year: Volume: 37 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845284750 Language: German
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-30 08:46:22
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"Permanent neutrality – a chance or more a burden for a young nation? In 1955 Austria gained back its sovereignty with signing the State Treaty of Vienna. Before that, Austria took over the obligation of becoming a permanent neutral state in the Moscow Memorandum. This study focuses on the efforts of Austrian politics, science and people to position the country in Europe and in the United Nations within the framework of the Cold War. The analysis shows how the semantics and the functions of the permanent neutrality have changed from 1955 to 1989 and how the Austrian citizens have contemplated the neutrality of their state. Moreover the study explores the interdependency between political developments and scientific research and, as a consequence of that, the role neutrality played on a political level. The examination reveals the various definitions of neutrality and points out the significance it still has today. "

Disintegration and Integration in East-Central Europe

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Book Series: Veröffentlichungen der Historiker-Verbindungsgruppe bei der Europäischen Kommission – Publications of the European Union Liaison Committee of Historians ISBN: 9783845254227 Year: Volume: 16 Pages: 380 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845254227 Language: English
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-05 12:58:39
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In this volume, based on an international colloquium at the Faculty of European Studies, Babes-Bolyai University, in Cluj-Napoca, the integration of former member states of the Soviet bloc into the European Union is for the first time discussed in its broad historical context. 30 scholars are providing a comprehensive insight into the state of integration of East-Central European countries.

Bilderfronten

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ISBN: 9783412514952 9783412514976 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104892
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-01 11:21:03
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Das Ziel der UdSSR: eine afghanische Stabilität. Das Ergebnis: eine sowjetische Instabilität. Als die Sowjetunion 1979 Soldaten nach Afghanistan verlegte, geschah dies im Geheimen – offizielle Bilder gab es nicht. Die Militärzeitung Krasnaja Zvezda sowie das Zentralorgan Pravda agierten zu Beginn der 1980er Jahre als Partner im Geiste. Die UdSSR als Friedensmacht stand den Genossen in Kabul auch visuell helfend zur Seite. Als die letzten sowjetischen Soldaten 1989 das Land am Hindukusch verließen, war das Ereignis im Fokus der medialen Öffentlichkeit. Was war geschehen? Der extern geführte Konflikt auf afghanischem Boden war zu einer innersowjetischen Auseinandersetzung über die mediale Deutungshoheit, die soziale Verantwortung sowie den Umgang mit den Ereignissen erwachsen. Die Studie betrachtet den strategischen Gebrauch fotografischer Bilder zum sowjetisch-afghanischen Konflikt und wertet sie als Impulse für eine gesellschaftliche Transformation.

Loin de Moscou : Gérard Singer et l’art engagé

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ISBN: 9782735126873 DOI: 10.4000/books.editionsmsh.17083 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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En 2014, une peinture monumentale du peintre français Gérard Singer, Le 14 février 1950 à Nice, est redécouverte dans les réserves du musée de Szczecin en Pologne. Par quels chemins cette œuvre est-elle arrivée là ? C’est ce que Szymon Piotr Kubiak entreprend de retracer dans le présent ouvrage. À travers une narration foisonnante, il met en relation les milieux artistiques et culturels communistes de France et de Pologne, rarement rassemblés par l’histoire de l’art de la seconde moitié du XXe siècle. Le recul historique lui permet de révéler les transformations qu’a connues l’analyse des pratiques artistiques de l’époque stalinienne en Pologne. L’auteur invite ainsi à une réflexion sur le long silence autour de l’art dans les pays communistes lorsqu’il ne relevait pas des avant-gardes. Par-delà les différences politiques et les frontières géographiques, Kubiak tisse des liens à travers l’Europe coupée en deux par le rideau de fer et fait apparaître l’art des pays communistes comme participant à la toile de fond sur laquelle se sont développés les arts plastiques de l’espace capitaliste. L’ouvrage incite donc à penser les interdépendances entre l’Est et l’Ouest, pour relire la guerre froide en Europe sous un nouveau jour.

Diskurse des Kalten Krieges

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783205203803 Year: Pages: 742 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 420
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:18

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The study analyses Cold War discourses in Austrian post-war literature, a subject that so far has been neglected in Austrian literary history. Through extensive research, 50 mainly unknown or little acknowledged novels, stories, plays and scenes were discovered which discuss phenomena of the Cold War that defined the first post-war decades. The theoretical focus on New Historicism allows an analysis of a broad spectrum of thematic clusters, images, discursive constellations and narratives which are contextualised both in national and international Cold War discourse./ In 15 chapters, the study discusses the discursive patterns of more than 50 rather unknown books from Austrian literature from the period 1945 to 1966, such as constructions and imaginations of borders, fictive travels behind the Iron Curtain, the Gulag, and metaphors of disease and narratives of espionage. These discourse patterns are positioned within the context of the Cold War.

La réalité en partage : Pour une histoire des relations artistiques entre l’Est et l’Ouest en Europe pendant la guerre froide

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ISBN: 9782735126583 DOI: 10.4000/books.editionsmsh.16894 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:29
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Traiter des relations artistiques européennes entre l’Est et l’Ouest pendant la guerre froide est un défi. En effet, la limitation des circulations et l’imprégnation du champ artistique par des idéologies rivales peut rendre la démarche illusoire, mais considérer ces limites incite à les questionner. S’appuyant sur des exemples concrets de relations artistiques entre la France, la RFA, la RDA et la Pologne, à la fois dans les discours sur l’art et dans les pratiques artistiques des années 1960 à 1989, cet ouvrage porte sur les conceptions singulières des notions de réel et de réalité selon les contextes, tout en éclairant les partages, incompréhension, malentendus. Musées, catalogues, revues, galeries, congrès, espaces extérieurs sont les lieux dans lesquels les facettes de ces conceptions prennent forme à travers les différents auteurs et acteurs de l’histoire de l’art que sont les artistes, les historiens et critiques d’art. À partir des distinctions et des rapprochements étudiés, cet essai interroge les précédentes analyses pour offrir un point de vue renouvelé sur ces relations, en Europe, durant cette période.

Kerne, Kooperation und Konkurrenz

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ISBN: 9783205795124 Year: Pages: 378 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_470590 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - P 19557
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-29 09:14:24
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At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, a new sub-field of physics and chemistry emerged centering on radioactivity. Its disciplinary structures were slow to crystallize. The early phase of this field was characterized by substantial international exchange between the European centers in Vienna, Paris, Berlin and Cambridge and a concomitant high degree of transdisciplinarity. Research on radioactivity was also marked by an unusual openness in respect to gender and gender politics. The volatile political and social context of nuclear research, which abruptly changed several times, acted to further, impede or block these initiatives to transcend diverse boundaries in science, politics, and society. The two central questions of the present project are: How did the agendas and foci of Austrian nuclear research, and the styles of work of the scientists, change within the framework of international cooperation and competition? How were these developments dynamically linked with the political, social and cultural shifts in European history in the 20th century? The historical analysis starts with the founding of the Vienna Institute for Radium Research (IRR), including the institutes for physics at the University of Vienna that worked in close cooperation with the IRR. The period under investigation extends from the late years of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire to World War I, the era of "Red Vienna," the "state of estates" (Ständestaat) and the Nazi dictatorship, down to the full restoration of Austrian sovereignty in 1955. The study will include systematic transnational comparisons with the other centers of European nuclear research, based in part on existing literature from the history of science, as well as exact reconstructions of the bilateral and multilateral cooperative links and relations with the international scientific community. In this way, the proposed project is expected to go beyond the historical reconstruction of nuclear research in Austria and shed light on the importance of nationality and internationality, both for framing politics and as mental and cultural points of reference for the behavior and actions of the scientific actors and the production of scientific knowledge under shifting constellations of war and peace, democracy and dictatorship.

Das Netz und die Virtuelle Realität

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Book Series: Kultur- und Medientheorie ISBN: 9783839401767 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.14361/9783839401767 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:04
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Die computerbasierten »Neuen Medien« scheinen eine radikale Umwälzung der Gesellschaft zu bewirken. Aber: Die »Neuen Medien« hätten sich auch anders entwickeln können. Technologien verändern zwar die Gesellschaft, werden aber zugleich auch von ihr erfunden und umgeformt. Insbesondere gilt das für die Computer, die universell und programmierbar sind. Sie werden gesellschaftlichen Vorstellungen, was sie sein und tun sollen, unterworfen. Die Frage ist also: Wie und warum hat sich die Gesellschaft durch das Medium Computer - insbesondere durch die Konstellationen des »Netzes« und der »Virtuellen Realität« - selbst programmiert? Jens Schröters Antworten aktualisieren die etablierte Sichtweise auf das Verhältnis von Gesellschaft und Computer. Zahlreiche Abbildungen dokumentieren die Entwicklung der »Universalmaschine«.

Zwischen geistiger Erneuerung und Restauration

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ISBN: 9783205795001 Year: Pages: 762 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_465031 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 82
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-27 08:27:28
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The book discusses the origins and the formation of U.S. reorientation strategies for post-war democratization and its implementation in the aftermath of World War II, exemplified by case studies of university and academic reconstruction in Austria in the years from 1945 to 1955. The study illustrates and analyzes both the changes and the specific implementations of U.S. reorientation strategies, starting with the war years and continuing up to U.S. propaganda strategies at the outbreak of the Cold War and its subsequent ramifications of post-war-democratization. After the end of World War II, the initial civil intent of U.S. reorientation was to foster a sustainable peacebuilding process by means of intellectual disarmament and a set of long-term democratization measures. The focus of reorientation narrowed first to the limited repertoire of educational and academic policy before ultimately becoming a propaganda instrument of the Cold War.

Im Rauschen der Schweizer Alpen

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Book Series: Musik und Klangkultur ISBN: 9783839451649 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.14361/9783839451649 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-11 23:58:31
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