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Schluesselzuweisungen und fiskalische Ungleichheit

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Book Series: Finanzwissenschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783820400519 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: 10.3726/b13749 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:33
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Die Schlüsselzuweisungen haben im kommunalen Finanzausgleich im wesentlichen die Aufgabe, die fiskalische Ungleichheit der Kommunen zu reduzieren. Ob dies auch wirklich gelingt, ist mit analytischen Methoden noch nicht untersucht worden. Das liegt in erster Linie an dem numerischen Iterationsverfahren, mit dem die Schlüsselzuweisungen berechnet werden, und der Intransparenz, die daraus resultiert. Die vorliegende Arbeit erklärt nun erstmals analytisch, von welchen Einflussgrössen die Verteilung der Schlüsselzuweisungen abhängt und wie sie sich auf die fiskalische Ungleichheit der Kommunen auswirkt.

Shifting Paradigms: Thomas S. Kuhn and the History of Science

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Book Series: Proceedings 8: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561119 Year: Pages: 397 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 12:55:38
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The publication of Thomas S. Kuhn’s "Structure of Scientific Revolutions" in 1962 stands for a turning point in the history and philosophy of science. The repercussions of this work have rearticulated the theoretical framework of history and philosophy of science and have also generated discussions that contributed to the formation of the communities of historians as well as philosophers of science in many parts of the world. Different approaches to history of science have since emerged and most of them have the "Structure" as their reference point. In October 2012, a conference at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science brought together some of the historians of science whose work has played a decisive role in the ways history of science has evolved as a field of research in the past 50 years, both intellectually and institutionally. This volume gathers reflections by many of these historians on the history of the history of science, based on the presentations and discussions at the conference. The topics covered range from personal recollections of working with Thomas Kuhn to broad overviews of the historical development of the history of science as a discipline in the past half-century. The series Proceedings of the Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge presents the results of scientific meetings on current issues and supports further cooperation on these issues via an electronic platform. The volumes are available both as print-on-demand books and as open-access publications on the Internet. The material is freely accessible online at www.edition-open-access.de.

Evidence-Based Medicine - A Paradigm Ready To Be Challenged?

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ISBN: 9783476057037 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-476-05703-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Philosophy --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:59:18
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This open access book aims to clarify the term „evidence-based medicine“ (EBM) from a philosophy of science perspective. The author, Marie-Caroline Schulte discusses the importance of evi-dence in medical research and practice with a focus on the ethical and methodological prob-lems of EBM. The claims that EBM can herald a new theory of epistemology and a Kuhnian paradigm will be refuted. The solution is to describe EBM as a necessary development in medicine to deal with the increasing amount of evidence and medical data without loosing the single patient out of sight. ​

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