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Novel Advances in Aquatic Vegetation Monitoring in Ocean, Lakes and Rivers

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ISBN: 9783039212057 / 9783039212064 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-206-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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In recent decades, there has been an increase in the development of strategies for water ecosystem mapping and monitoring. Overall, this is primarily due to legislative efforts to improve the quality of water bodies and oceans. Remote sensing has played a key role in the development of such approaches—from the use of drones for vegetation mapping to autonomous vessels for water quality monitoring. Within the specific context of vegetation characterization, the wide range of available observations—from satellite imagery to high-resolution drone aerial imagery—has enabled the development of monitoring and mapping strategies at multiple scales (e.g., micro- and mesoscales). This Special Issue, entitled “Novel Advances in Aquatic Vegetation Monitoring in Ocean, Lakes and Rivers”, collates recent advances in remote sensing-based methods applied to ocean, river, and lake vegetation characterization, including seaweed, kelp, submerged and emergent vegetation, and floating-leaf and free-floating plants. A total of six manuscripts have been compiled in this Special Issue, ranging from area mapping substrates in riverine environments to the identification of macroalgae in marine environments. The work presented leverages current state-of-the-art methods for aquatic vegetation monitoring and will spark further research within this field.

Climate Variability and Climate Change Impacts on Land Surface, Hydrological Processes and Water Management

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ISBN: 9783039215072 / 9783039215089 Year: Pages: 460 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-508-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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During the last several decades, Earth´s climate has undergone significant changes due to anthropogenic global warming, and feedbacks to the water cycle. Therefore, persistent efforts are required to improve our understanding of hydrological processes and to engage in efficient water management strategies that explicitly consider changing environmental conditions. The twenty-four contributions in this book have broadly addressed topics across four major research areas: (1) Climate and land-use change impacts on hydrological processes, (2) hydrological trends and causality analysis faced in hydrology, (3) hydrological model simulations and predictions, and (4) reviews on water prices and climate extremes. The broad spectrum of international contributions to the Special Issue indicates that climate change impacts on water resources analysis attracts global attention. We hope that the collection of articles presented here can provide scientists, policymakers and stakeholders alike with insights that support sustainable decision-making in the face of climate change and increasingly scarce environmental resources.

Keywords

hydrological drought --- Three Gorges Dam --- GRACE --- compound extremes --- climate change --- multivariate distribution --- quantile regression --- indicator --- PUB --- rainfall-runoff experiments --- distributed hydrological model --- Hydro-Informatic Modelling System (HIMS) --- freshwater availability --- runoff --- simulated rainfall --- plot scale --- litter layer --- topsoil --- karst --- Yellow River Delta --- estuarine wetlands --- spatiotemporal change analysis --- remote sensing --- intra-annual climate change --- variation in percentage of flood-season precipitation --- natural streamflow variation --- contribution and sensitivity analysis --- Yellow River --- highland agricultural field area --- diffuse pollutant discharge --- multiple regression model --- climate change --- jackknife validation --- water security --- water pricing --- sustainable water management --- trends and patterns --- economics --- precipitation --- air temperature --- river discharge --- Mann-Kendall test --- Selenga river basin --- Lake Baikal basin --- Mongolia --- snowfall to precipitation ratio --- WRF model --- arid region --- Xinjiang --- water resources management --- climate change --- LULCC --- Budyko equation --- streamflow --- drought --- climate variability --- land surface change --- runoff --- Budyko framework --- elasticity coefficient --- Weihe River Basin --- flood --- streamflow --- CMIP5 --- climate change --- HEC-RAS --- trend analysis --- precipitation --- temperature --- eco-region --- Ethiopia --- Three Gorges Project --- dam --- runoff changes --- flood control --- Yangtze River --- benefits --- evapotranspiration --- Pan evaporation --- TFPW-MK --- Haihe River Basin --- hydrological simulation --- quantitative analysis --- SWAT model --- land use/cover change --- climate change --- scenario simulation --- Climate variability --- Large-scale climate indices --- Reservoir inflow forecasting --- Ensemble empirical mode decomposition --- Time series model --- Artificial intelligence model --- grid-based --- HRU-based --- SHM --- SWAT --- large scale basin --- climate change --- human activities --- power operations --- cascade joint operation chart --- inter-basin water transfer project --- climate change --- MATOPIBA agricultural frontier --- water security --- hydroclimatic analysis --- water conflicts --- average annual runoff --- runoff map --- hydrological model --- GIS --- DPR Korea --- streamflow reduction --- climate change --- coal mining --- SWCM --- coal mining concentrated watershed --- the Loess Plateau --- hydrology --- land cover --- land use and climate change --- water resources management --- macro scale modeling --- climate variability --- climate change --- land use change --- hydrological processes --- trends --- water management --- model --- predictions

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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eng (2)


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2019 (2)