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Sprachverfall? Dynamik – Wandel – Variation

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Book Series: Jahrbuch des Instituts für Deutsche Sprache ISSN: 0537-7900 ISBN: 9783110343007 Year: Volume: 2013 Pages: 379 DOI: 10.1515/9783110343007 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56

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The 2013 Annual of the Institute for the German Language provides a classification of discourse on language decline based on language history and variation linguistics. In addition, it offers an analysis of the processes underlying the public debate from the perspectives of language sociology.

Germanic Heritage Languages in North America: Acquisition, attrition and change

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Book Series: Studies in Language Variation ISSN: 18729592 ISBN: 9789027268198 Year: Pages: vi, 418 DOI: 10.1075/silv.18 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Linguistics --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-21 10:26:15
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This book presents new empirical findings about Germanic heritage varieties spoken in North America: Dutch, German, Pennsylvania Dutch, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, West Frisian and Yiddish, and varieties of English spoken both by heritage speakers and in communities after language shift. The volume focuses on three critical issues underlying the notion of ‘heritage language’: acquisition, attrition and change. The book offers theoretically-informed discussions of heritage language processes across phonetics and phonology, morphology, syntax and semantics and the lexicon, in addition to work on sociolinguistics, historical linguistics and contact settings. With this, the volume also includes a variety of frameworks and approaches, synchronic and diachronic. Most European Germanic languages share some central linguistic features, such as V2, gender and agreement in the nominal system, and verb inflection. As minority languages faced with a majority language like English, similarities and differences emerge in patterns of variation and change in these heritage languages. These empirical findings shed new light on mechanisms and processes.

Variation und Wandel. Zur Konkurrenz morphologischer und syntaktischer A+N-Verbindungen im Deutschen und Niederländischen seit 1700

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Book Series: Konvergenz und Divergenz. Sprachvergleichende Studien zum Deutschen ISBN: 9783110423136 9783110423211 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: xviii, 300 DOI: 10.1515/9783110423136 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-25 16:56:15
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The volume covers the development of concurrence in morphological and syntactic A+N naming units such as Gelbfieber (yellow fever) and schwarzer Markt (black market) in German and Dutch since 1700. Using historical case studies, it examines the development of such combinations in view of the principles of construction grammar. In addition, the study also explores potential factors that have fostered divergence between the two languages.

Loan Phonology

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ISBN: 9789027248237 9789027288967 Year: DOI: 10.1075/cilt.307 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102058
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-31 14:05:41
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For many different reasons, speakers borrow words from other languages to fill gaps in their own lexical inventory. The past ten years have been characterized by a great interest among phonologists in the issue of how the nativization of loanwords occurs. The general feeling is that loanword nativization provides a direct window for observing how acoustic cues are categorized in terms of the distinctive features relevant to the L1 phonological system as well as for studying L1 phonological processes in action and thus to the true synchronic phonology of L1. The collection of essays presented in this volume provides an overview of the complex issues phonologists face when investigating this phenomenon and, more generally, the ways in which unfamiliar sounds and sound sequences are adapted to converge with the native language’s sound pattern. This book is of interest to theoretical phonologists as well as to linguists interested in language contact phenomena.

Phonological and phonetic competence: between grammar, signal processing, and neural activity

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198092 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-809-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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The present collection of articles brings together experimental work in the field of segmental and prosodic processing and representation in phonology and phonetics. Contributions focus on the exploration of human cognitive, articulatory, and perceptual abilities dealing with all types of phonetic and phonological entities. Main topics of investigation include: (1) sounds and sound-changing processes—systemic and functional aspects, (2) prosodic units such as syllables and metrical feet—systemic properties, processing, and phonetic consequences, and (3) tones as building blocks of the sentence melody—their relation to the level of linguistic expressions on the one hand, their phonetic realization (e.g., tonal height and contours) and perception on the other hand. In addition, topics (1) and (2) extend to the question how phonological representations are stored in the mental lexicon: specified minimally in terms of categorical phonological information or as variable phonetic imprint of the exemplars in the input. Diagonally to these thematic domains, the present Research Topic shows a strong focus on up-to-date experimental approaches, going far beyond traditional linguistic analysis, and making use of psycho- and neurolinguistic methodologies.

The Adaptive Value of Languages: Non-Linguistic Causes of Language Diversity

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456314 Year: Pages: 179 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-631-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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The goal of this eBook is to shed light on the non-linguistic causes of language diversity, and in particular, to explore the possibility that some aspects of the structure of languages may result from an adaptation to the natural and/or human-made environment. Traditionally, language diversity has been claimed to result from random, internally-motivated changes in language structure. However, ongoing research suggests instead that different factors that are external to language can promote language change and ultimately account for aspects of language diversity, specifically features of the social and physical environments. The contributions in this eBook discuss whether some aspects of languages are an adaptation to ecological, social, or even technological niches.

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