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Materialität und Präsenz spätantiker Inschriften

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Book Series: Materiale Textkulturen ISBN: 9783110633566 9783110633825 9783110633276 Year: Volume: 25 Pages: 430 DOI: 10.1515/9783110633825 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Archaeology --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 11:21:04
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That inscriptions are not only texts but also material objects of specific materiality and presence is one of the recent central insights of ancient epigraphy. This understanding is applied here for the first time systematically, across different regions and over an entire epoch, by examining the change in the inscriptions culture in late antiquity with a view of the Italian peninsula.

Von Herodas zu Elytis

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ISBN: 9783205787105 Year: Pages: 526 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574821 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4241
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:34
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The monography includes ten studies, starting from the 3rd century B.C. and finishing in the 20th century.

These Shreds, Guardians of Human Memory: Papyrus and Culture in Late Antiquity : Inaugural Lecture delivered on Thursday 7 January 2016

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ISBN: 9782722605008 DOI: 10.4000/books.cdf.5807 Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:24
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Papyrology, which burgeoned in the nineteenth century after the discovery of thousands of papyri in Egypt, consists in the study of Greek and Latin texts written on a transportable medium (papyrus, clay potsherds, wooden tablets or parchment). While inscriptions and literary sources can render a normative, idealized and sometimes deformed image of individuals, papyri – no matter how fragmented they may be – take us into their daily lives, thus making possible the archaeology of cultural practices. Attempting to decipher “these shreds, guardians of the human memory” – to paraphrase Leonardo de Vinci – is the challenge of the papyrologist, who ceaselessly renews our knowledge of the past.

Monarchische Herrschaft im Altertum

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Book Series: Schriften des Historischen Kollegs ISSN: 21901392 ISBN: 9783110463859 Year: Volume: 94 Pages: 685 DOI: 10.1515/9783110463859 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-17 18:36:55

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Monarchical rule was omnipresent in the ancient world, but until now, there has been no comparative study of the phenomenon across epochs and cultures. The volume fills this gap, examining autarchy in the ancient Near East, across Greco-Roman antiquity, and up to the early Middle Ages. It includes a comparison with ancient China, and an essay from the perspective of reception history.

The Chronicle of Seert: Christian Historical Imagination in Late Antique Iraq

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Book Series: OXFORD EARLY CHRISTIAN STUDIES ISBN: 9780199670673 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670673.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:49
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This book is a study of the cultural and political history of Christian Iraq, the Church of the East, the so–called ‘Nestorians’. This history is seen through the Chronicle of Seert, a medieval Arabic Chronicle that reuses sources written several centuries earlier. This monograph aims to isolate different layers of composition and looks for trends in the choice of material and the agenda of their historians. Each layer of the text provides insight into the social construction of ‘orthodox belief’ in Iraq and the church as an institution. A central narrative is the growing power of the bishops (catholicoi) of the Sasanian capital of Ctesiphon, their apostolic heritage, and their alliance with the Persian shahs. The monograph also considers the relationship of the catholicoi with monastic and scholarly centres and with Christian communities of the West. In each of these cases, the material that the Chronicle includes shows us how independent historical traditions were annexed by a narrative focused on Ctesiphon and its bishops. The monograph begins in the fifth century, when a series of abortive alliances between church and shah generated small-scale persecutions. It continues this story into the sixth and early seventh, when the church witnessed considerable growth in numbers and prestige. At each stage, we can see Christians rewriting the past to accommodate a new political and social situation, turning a murky past into a glorious golden age. The book concludes with a final chapter on the church under Muslim rule, when the Chronicle was compiled.

L’historiographie tardo-antique et la transmission des savoirs

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110409239 9783110406931 9783110409314 Year: Pages: 392 DOI: 10.1515/9783110409239 Language: French
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:06

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This volume focuses on the role played by historiography in the selection, processing and transmission of knowledge in Late Antiquity. In particular, the transmission of documents (civil and ecclesiastical, authentic and apocryphal) is studied, the impact of differences in genre, as well as how historical, anthropological, ethnographic, astronomical, and medical notions are reshaped in new cultural traditions.

Das Kalenderhandbuch von 354 - Der Chronograph des Filocalus, Teil1

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ISBN: 9783902976307 Year: Pages: 362 Bücher DOI: 10.15661/mono/klassphil/filocalus2 Language: Latin
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 236
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:40
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The first coherent and handy edition with commentaries of one oft he most important sources for history, administration and religious mentalities of the city of Rome in the 4th century A.D.The collection of pictures, lists and short notes, known as the "Chronography of 354" or the "Calendar of Filocalus" is a calendar handbook for the year 354 C.E. Of the thirteen texts, four are Christian documents; the remaining are witnesses of Roman administration and provide no clue for Christianity, or at times even attestations to the Roman religiosity of the Republic and the Imperial Time. The handbook contents can be distinguished by whether it has pictures or just text. Given the complexity of the present form of its constituents, the calendar handbook is an important source for the politic administrative history of the late-Constantine time, for the history of the transformation of religious mentalities, and for the success of the story of Christianity in the city of Rome. The following texts are especially noteworthy: (1) The consular fasti from the beginning of the consulate up to the year 354 CE, for the Roman History and the families that dominated it; (2) the yearly calendar for those festivals celebrated in late-Constantine time with their political and religio-historical dimension, which influenced the history of everyday life of the city; (3) the Catalogus Liberianus, the oldest Roman book of the popes, which together with the lists of the Deposito episcoporum and the Deposito martyrum, the oldest feriale of any Christian Church, is important for the Church of Rome and its conception of history. Notwithstanding a century-long history of editions and commentaries of the calendar handbook, there is up to the present no connected edition and commentary of the pertinent texts, only critical editions of individual parts. This is related to the complex tradition process and the preserved late manuscripts of the 16th and the 17th Century. This poses a range of problems, which this edition and its commentaries tackle: (a) what all was part of the original calendar (b) when did the different texts and their redactions, which lead to the expansions, come into being (c) the perennial research problem of the relationship between the traditional Roman religion and Christianity, for which the texts of the chronographs provide crucial evidence (d) the position of the calendar handbook in the history of book illustration in Late Antiquity. Furthermore, since Mommsen's classical edition, a host of individual problems have been identified, which affect very different scientific endeavours, ranging from the studies of classical antiquities to theology and from cultural sciences to astronomy. Vol. I.: lntroduction with the history of research and the manuscript tradition, Frontispice, Dedicatio, Imagines imperatorum, Natales Caesarum, the week of the planets, the months.

Das Kalenderhandbuch von 354 - Der Chronograph des Filocalus, Teil II

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783902976291 Year: Pages: 302 Seiten DOI: 10.15661/mono/klassphil/filocalus1 Language: Latin
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 237
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:42
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Abstract

The first coherent and handy edition with commentaries of one oft he most important sources for history, administration and religious mentalities of the city of Rome in the 4th century A.D.The collection of pictures, lists and short notes, known as the "Chronography of 354" or the "Calendar of Filocalus" is a calendar handbook for the year 354 C.E. Of the thirteen texts, four are Christian documents; the remaining are witnesses of Roman administration and provide no clue for Christianity, or at times even attestations to the Roman religiosity of the Republic and the Imperial Time. The handbook contents can be distinguished by whether it has pictures or just text. Given the complexity of the present form of its constituents, the calendar handbook is an important source for the politic administrative history of the late-Constantine time, for the history of the transformation of religious mentalities, and for the success of the story of Christianity in the city of Rome. The following texts are especially noteworthy: (1) The consular fasti from the beginning of the consulate up to the year 354 CE, for the Roman History and the families that dominated it; (2) the yearly calendar for those festivals celebrated in late-Constantine time with their political and religio-historical dimension, which influenced the history of everyday life of the city; (3) the Catalogus Liberianus, the oldest Roman book of the popes, which together with the lists of the Deposito episcoporum and the Deposito martyrum, the oldest feriale of any Christian Church, is important for the Church of Rome and its conception of history. Notwithstanding a century-long history of editions and commentaries of the calendar handbook, there is up to the present no connected edition and commentary of the pertinent texts, only critical editions of individual parts. This is related to the complex tradition process and the preserved late manuscripts of the 16th and the 17th century. This poses a range of problems, which this edition and its commentaries tackle: (a) what all was part of the original calendar (b) when did the different texts and their redactions, which lead to the expansions, come into being (c) the perennial research problem of the relationship between the traditional Roman religion and Christianity, for which the texts of the chronographs provide crucial evidence (d) the position of the calendar handbook in the history of book illustration in LateAntiquity. Furthermore, since Mommsen's classical edition, a host of individual problems have been identified, which affect very different scientific endeavours, ranging from the studies of classical antiquities to theology and from cultural sciences to astronomy. Vol. 2: Fasti Consulares, Praefecti urbis Romae 254 - 354 A.D., Cpomputus Paschalis, Depositio martyrum, Depositio Episcoporum, Catalogus Liberianus

The Baptized Muse

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ISBN: 9780198726487 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726487.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Religion --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-22 11:01:57
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With the rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire, increasing numbers of educated people converted to this new belief. As Christianity did not have its own educational institutions, the issue of how to harmonize pagan education and Christian convictions became increasingly pressing. Especially classical poetry, the staple diet of pagan education, was considered morally corrupting (because of its deceitful mythological content) and damaging for the salvation of the soul (because of the false gods it advocated). But Christianity recoiled from an unqualified anti-intellectual attitude, while at the same time the experiment of creating an idiosyncratic form of genuinely Christian poetry failed (the sole exception being the poet Commodianus). This book argues that, instead, Christian poets made creative use of the classical literary tradition, and—in addition to blending it with Judaeo-Christian biblical exegesis—exploited poetry’s special ability of enhancing the effectiveness of communication through aesthetic means. It seeks to explore these strategies through a close analysis of a wide range of Christian, and for comparison partly also pagan, writers mainly from the fourth to sixth centuries. The book reveals that early Christianity was not a hermetically sealed uniform body, but displays a rich spectrum of possibilities in dealing with the past and a willingness to engage with and adapt the surrounding culture(s), thereby developing diverse and changing responses to historical challenges. By demonstrating throughout that authority is a key in understanding the long denigrated and misunderstood early Christian poets, this book reaches the ground-breaking conclusion that early Christian poetry is an art form that gains its justification by adding cultural authority to Christianity. Thus, in a wider sense this book engages with the recently emerged scholarly interest in aspects of religion as cultural phenomena.

Studies in Semitic Vocalisation and Reading Traditions

Authors: ---
Book Series: Cambridge Semitic Languages and Cultures Series ISSN: 2632-6906/2632-6914 ISBN: 9781783749355/9781783749379 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 708 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0207 Language: English; Hebrew
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Linguistics --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-02 17:40:04
License: CC-BY-4.0

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This volume brings together papers relating to the pronunciation of Semitic languages and the representation of their pronunciation in written form. The papers focus on sources representative of a period that stretches from late antiquity until the Middle Ages. A large proportion of them concern reading traditions of Biblical Hebrew, especially the vocalisation notation systems used to represent them. Also discussed are orthography and the written representation of prosody. Beyond Biblical Hebrew, there are studies concerning Punic, Biblical Aramaic, Syriac, and Arabic, as well as post-biblical traditions of Hebrew such as piyyuṭ and medieval Hebrew poetry. There were many parallels and interactions between these various language traditions and the volume demonstrates that important insights can be gained from such a wide range of perspectives across different historical periods.

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