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Von Herodas zu Elytis

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ISBN: 9783205787105 Year: Pages: 526 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574821 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4241
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:34
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The monography includes ten studies, starting from the 3rd century B.C. and finishing in the 20th century. The first chapter, "The mimiambes of Herodas in Late Antiquity: declamation for a solo mime or theatrical performance?" deals with the seven (or eight) texts of the "mimiambes" of Herodas (or Herondas or Herodes) in the third century B. C., short dialogical scenes of urban life in the hellenistic epoque, written for declamation by a single mime performer. The second chapter, "Christus patiens and ancient tragedy. The loss of scenic understanding during the Byzantine middle ages", analyses the extended dialogical cento-text of "Christus patiens" and the numerous problems which are set by this unique compilation of ancient tragic sources and the christian Gospels, giving arguments for the controversal dating of the text (4/5th century or 11/12th), a hypothesis of the authorship and the intended auditorium, and discussing the literary genre as well: Christian tragedy, Passion Play or dialogical cento-poem? The third chapter, "The Cyprus Passion Cycle and its problems", analyses a similar cento-text (written before 1320) and highlights its philological problems (authorship, dating, western or eastern origin, theatricality etc.), open problems which have cumulated a numerous highly controversal bibliography. The text is unique in Byzantine literature because of his prologue, addressing clearly the organisator of an intended scenic production, but from the citations of biblical and apocryphical sources only the first words (incipit) are written down and linked together with "scenic directions" put in the imperative. The fourth chapter, "The Greek chapbook of Bertoldo (1646): the dialogical structure of a popular reading matter", analyses one of the most popular chapbooks of post-byzantine Hellenism; the narrative structure of the comic story is interspersed with many dialogical scenes in direct speech, in such a way that the reader is many times transformed in the spectator of a scene played in front of him. The fifth chapter, "Germanograecia at the beginning of the 19th century: the literary translations of Konstantinos Kokkinakis and Ioannis Papadopoulos", analyses the translations of four theatre plays of August von Kotzebue by Konstantinos Kokkinakis (edited in Vienna 1801) and the two dramatic translations of Ioannis Papadopoulos, the "Quäker" by the same author (Bucharest 1913/14) and "Iphigenie in Tauris" by Johann Wolgang von Goethe (edited in Jena 1818).The following chapters are focussed on the 19th century as well: the sixth, "Femal drama in the time of the Greek Revolution" presents the works of three femal writers with explicit "feministic" consciousness (the prologues are addressed only to the femal readers): Mitio Sakellariou, Elisabeth Moutzan-Martinegou and Evanthia Kaïri. The seventh chapter, "Patriotic drama in the 19th century" gives an overview about the production and development of the genre of dramatic works inspired by episodes and heroes of the Greek Revolution of 1821 during the 19th century. The eighth chapter, "Greek language satires in the epoque of bourgeoisie", analyses satiric texts on the language question and dialectical comedies of the 19th century: 1) the satire of the figure of the "learned" teacher and his archaistic expressions ("ancient Greek"), 2) the satire of the local idioms of Greece on stage, and 3) the satire of the extravagant use of foreign word and phrases by the bourgeoisie (mostly French). The ninth chapter, "The Death of the young man by Kostis Palamas (1891). Studies in the Greek village novel", is dedicated to an exceptional paradigm of the Greek prosa writing with provincial topics ("ethographism"): in an scrupelous analysis of this text mainly the ironic "play" of the author with his intended reader is highlighted. The tenth and last chapter, "Odysseas Elytis and Greek surrealism in the poetry of the 20th century" places the Nobel winner in the literary production of th

Arqueologia da transição: entre o mundo romano e a Idade Média

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Book Series: Humanitas Supplementum ISSN: 21828814 ISBN: 9789892613529 Year: Pages: 456 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1353-6 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-01 00:11:02
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The aim of the present volume is to discuss one historical moment that is still insufficiently known: Late Antiquity. For this, specialists present their research in some specific subjects: settlement patterns and sites architecture; material culture; the arrival of Christianity; funerary data. All the Iberian peninsula is concerned, searching for parallels with the Mediterranean basin.

The Chronicle of Seert: Christian Historical Imagination in Late Antique Iraq

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Book Series: OXFORD EARLY CHRISTIAN STUDIES ISBN: 9780199670673 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199670673.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: OAPEN-UK
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:49
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This book is a study of the cultural and political history of Christian Iraq, the Church of the East, the so–called ‘Nestorians’. This history is seen through the Chronicle of Seert, a medieval Arabic Chronicle that reuses sources written several centuries earlier. This monograph aims to isolate different layers of composition and looks for trends in the choice of material and the agenda of their historians. Each layer of the text provides insight into the social construction of ‘orthodox belief’ in Iraq and the church as an institution. A central narrative is the growing power of the bishops (catholicoi) of the Sasanian capital of Ctesiphon, their apostolic heritage, and their alliance with the Persian shahs. The monograph also considers the relationship of the catholicoi with monastic and scholarly centres and with Christian communities of the West. In each of these cases, the material that the Chronicle includes shows us how independent historical traditions were annexed by a narrative focused on Ctesiphon and its bishops. The monograph begins in the fifth century, when a series of abortive alliances between church and shah generated small-scale persecutions. It continues this story into the sixth and early seventh, when the church witnessed considerable growth in numbers and prestige. At each stage, we can see Christians rewriting the past to accommodate a new political and social situation, turning a murky past into a glorious golden age. The book concludes with a final chapter on the church under Muslim rule, when the Chronicle was compiled.

L’historiographie tardo-antique et la transmission des savoirs

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110409239 9783110406931 9783110409314 Year: Pages: 392 DOI: 10.1515/9783110409239 Language: French
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-02 11:21:06

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This volume focuses on the role played by historiography in the selection, processing and transmission of knowledge in Late Antiquity. In particular, the transmission of documents (civil and ecclesiastical, authentic and apocryphal) is studied, the impact of differences in genre, as well as how historical, anthropological, ethnographic, astronomical, and medical notions are reshaped in new cultural traditions.

Das Kalenderhandbuch von 354 - Der Chronograph des Filocalus, Teil1

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ISBN: 9783902976307 Year: Pages: 362 Bücher Language: Latin|Greek
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 236
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:40
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The first coherent and handy edition with commentaries of one oft he most important sources for history, administration and religious mentalities of the city of Rome in the 4th century A.D.The collection of pictures, lists and short notes, known as the "Chronography of 354" or the "Calendar of Filocalus" is a calendar handbook for the year 354 C.E. Of the thirteen texts, four are Christian documents; the remaining are witnesses of Roman administration and provide no clue for Christianity, or at times even attestations to the Roman religiosity of the Republic and the Imperial Time. The handbook contents can be distinguished by whether it has pictures or just text. Given the complexity of the present form of its constituents, the calendar handbook is an important source for the politic administrative history of the late-Constantine time, for the history of the transformation of religious mentalities, and for the success of the story of Christianity in the city of Rome. The following texts are especially noteworthy:(1)The consular fasti from the beginning of the consulate up to the year 354 CE, for the Roman History and the families that dominated it;(2)the yearly calendar for those festivals celebrated in late-Constantine time with their political and religio-historical dimension, which influenced the history of everyday life of the city;(3)the Catalogus Liberianus, the oldest Roman book of the popes, which together with the lists of the Deposito episcoporum and the Deposito martyrum, the oldest feriale of any Christian Church, is important for the Church of Rome and its conception of history.Notwithstanding a century-long history of editions and commentaries of the calendar handbook, there is up to the present no connected edition and commentary of the pertinent texts, only critical editions of individual parts. This is related to the complex tradition process and the preserved late manuscripts of the 16th and the 17th Century. This poses a range of problems, which this edition and its commentaries tackle:(a)what all was part of the original calendar(b)when did the different texts and their redactions, which lead to the expansions, come into being(c)the perennial research problem of the relationship between the traditional Roman religion and Christianity, for which the texts of the chronographs provide crucial evidence(d)the position of the calendar handbook in the history of book illustration in Late Antiquity.Furthermore, since Mommsen's classical edition, a host of individual problems have been identified, which affect very different scientific endeavours, ranging from the studies of classical antiquities to theology and from cultural sciences to astronomy.Vol. I.: lntroduction with the history of research and the manuscript tradition, Frontispice, Dedicatio, Imagines imperatorum, Natales Caesarum, the week of the planets, the months.

Das Kalenderhandbuch von 354 - Der Chronograph des Filocalus, Teil II

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ISBN: 9783902976291 Year: Pages: 302 Seiten Language: Latin|Greek
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 237
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:42
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The first coherent and handy edition with commentaries of one oft he most important sources for history, administration and religious mentalities of the city of Rome in the 4th century A.D.The collection of pictures, lists and short notes, known as the "Chronography of 354" or the "Calendar of Filocalus" is a calendar handbook for the year 354 C.E. Of the thirteen texts, four are Christian documents; the remaining are witnesses of Roman administration and provide no clue for Christianity, or at times even attestations to the Roman religiosity of the Republic and the Imperial Time. The handbook contents can be distinguished by whether it has pictures or just text. Given the complexity of the present form of its constituents, the calendar handbook is an important source for the politic administrative history of the late-Constantine time, for the history of the transformation of religious mentalities, and for the success of the story of Christianity in the city of Rome. The following texts are especially noteworthy:(1) The consular fasti from the beginning of the consulate up to the year 354 CE, for the Roman History and the families that dominated it;(2) the yearly calendar for those festivals celebrated in late-Constantine time with their political and religio-historical dimension, which influenced the history of everyday life of the city;(3) the Catalogus Liberianus, the oldest Roman book of the popes, which together with the lists of the Deposito episcoporum and the Deposito martyrum, the oldest feriale of any Christian Church, is important for the Church of Rome and its conception of history.Notwithstanding a century-long history of editions and commentaries of the calendar handbook, there is up to the present no connected edition and commentary of the pertinent texts, only critical editions of individual parts. This is related to the complex tradition process and the preserved late manuscripts of the 16th and the 17th century. This poses a range of problems, which this edition and its commentaries tackle:(a) what all was part of the original calendar(b) when did the different texts and their redactions, which lead to the expansions, come into being(c) the perennial research problem of the relationship between the traditional Roman religion and Christianity, for which the texts of the chronographs provide crucial evidence(d) the position of the calendar handbook in the history of book illustration in LateAntiquity.Furthermore, since Mommsen's classical edition, a host of individual problems have been identified, which affect very different scientific endeavours, ranging from the studies of classical antiquities to theology and from cultural sciences to astronomy.Vol. 2: Fasti Consulares, Praefecti urbis Romae 254 - 354 A.D., Cpomputus Paschalis, Depositio martyrum, Depositio Episcoporum, Catalogus Liberianus

The Baptized Muse

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ISBN: 9780198726487 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198726487.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Religion --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-22 11:01:57
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With the rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire, increasing numbers of educated people converted to this new belief. As Christianity did not have its own educational institutions, the issue of how to harmonize pagan education and Christian convictions became increasingly pressing. Especially classical poetry, the staple diet of pagan education, was considered morally corrupting (because of its deceitful mythological content) and damaging for the salvation of the soul (because of the false gods it advocated). But Christianity recoiled from an unqualified anti-intellectual attitude, while at the same time the experiment of creating an idiosyncratic form of genuinely Christian poetry failed (the sole exception being the poet Commodianus). This book argues that, instead, Christian poets made creative use of the classical literary tradition, and—in addition to blending it with Judaeo-Christian biblical exegesis—exploited poetry’s special ability of enhancing the effectiveness of communication through aesthetic means. It seeks to explore these strategies through a close analysis of a wide range of Christian, and for comparison partly also pagan, writers mainly from the fourth to sixth centuries. The book reveals that early Christianity was not a hermetically sealed uniform body, but displays a rich spectrum of possibilities in dealing with the past and a willingness to engage with and adapt the surrounding culture(s), thereby developing diverse and changing responses to historical challenges. By demonstrating throughout that authority is a key in understanding the long denigrated and misunderstood early Christian poets, this book reaches the ground-breaking conclusion that early Christian poetry is an art form that gains its justification by adding cultural authority to Christianity. Thus, in a wider sense this book engages with the recently emerged scholarly interest in aspects of religion as cultural phenomena.

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