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Chapter Black box approaches to genealogical classification and their shortcomings (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9783110488081 Year: DOI: 10.1515/9783110305258.429 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 240816
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-20 11:21:19

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In the past 20 years, the application of quantitative methods in historical linguistics has received a lot of attention. Traditional historical linguistics relies on the comparative method in order to determine the genealogical related-ness of languages. More recent quantitative approaches attempt to automate this process, either by developing computational tools that complement the comparative method (Steiner et al. 2010) or by applying fully automatized methods that take into account very limited or no linguistic knowledge, e.g. the Levenshtein approach. The Levenshtein method has been extensively used in dialectometry to measure the distances between various dialects (Kessler 1995; Heeringa 2004; Nerbonne 1996). It has also been frequently used to analyze the relatedness between languages, such as Indo-European (Serva and Petroni 2008; Blanchard et al. 2010), Austronesian (Petroni and Serva 2008), and a very large sample of 3002 languages (Holman 2010). In this paper we will examine the performance of the Levenshtein distance against n-gram models and a zipping approach by applying these methods to the same set of language data.&#xD;

Sprachkorpora – Datenmengen und Erkenntnisfortschritt

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Book Series: Jahrbuch des Instituts für Deutsche Sprache ISSN: 0537-7900 ISBN: 9783110439083 Year: Volume: 2006 Pages: 275 DOI: 10.1515/9783110439083 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56

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Large linguistic corpora are becoming increasingly important for linguistic work. For several years now, research endeavors have been dedicated to the construction of large corpora, the theory of data and corpora, as well as the development of methods in corpus analysis. The current volume focuses on theoretical and methodological questions about the compilation and use of large corpora and deals with these questions from the perspective of various linguistic subdisciplines, such as grammar, lexicon/lexicography, pragmatics/sociolinguistics and computer linguistics/informatics.

Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics 1

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Book Series: Selected Papers from the 20th ISTAL ISBN: 9788376560762 9783110399271 Year: Pages: 520 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560762 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:44:36
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In the three volumes of Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, the editors guide the reader through a well-selected compendium of works, presenting a fresh look at contemporary linguistics. Specialists will find chapters that contribute to their fields of interest, and the three-volume collection will provide useful reading for anyone interested in linguistics. The first volume explores theoretical issues dealing with phonetics-phonology and syntax-semantics-morphology. Volume two is organized into three main sections that examine interdisciplinary linguistics: discourse analysis, gender and lexicography; language acquisition, and language disorders. Finally, volume three focuses on applied linguistics - both language teaching/ learning and education.

Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics 2

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Book Series: Selected Papers from the 20th ISTAL ISBN: 9788376560885 9783110399301 Year: Pages: 470 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560885 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:46:04
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In the three volumes of Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, the editors guide the reader through a well-selected compendium of works, presenting a fresh look at contemporary linguistics. Aimed at specialists or anyone interested in languages, this publication deals with both theoretical issues and applied linguistics, looking closely at discourse analysis, gender and lexicography, language acquisition and language disorders.

Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics 3

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Book Series: Selected Papers from the 20th ISTAL ISBN: 9788376560915 9783110399318 Year: Pages: 470 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560915 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 13:47:37
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In the three volumes of Major Trends in Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, the editors guide the reader through a well-selected compendium of works, presenting a fresh look at contemporary linguistics. Specialists will find chapters that contribute to their fields of interest, and the three-volume collection will provide useful reading for anyone interested in linguistics. The first volume explores theoretical issues dealing with phonetics-phonology and syntax-semantics-morphology. Volume two is organized into three main sections that examine interdisciplinary linguistics: discourse analysis, gender and lexicography; language acquisition, and language disorders. Finally, volume three focuses on applied linguistics - both language teaching/ learning and education.

Doing Applied Linguistics. Enabling Transdisciplinary Communication

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Book Series: De Gruyter Collection ISBN: 9783110496604 Year: Pages: viii, 251 DOI: 10.1515/9783110496604 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Media and communication --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-25 17:33:41
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How can students be empowered to communicate professionally – as translators, journalists and CCOs? How can professionals engaged in crucial language interactions do the same – pilots, nurses, lawyers and many others? This volume gives answers to these questions, providing insights into critical situations and good practices from many years of research and teaching in a practice-oriented, research driven School of Applied Linguistics.

Chapter All typologies leak (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9783110219050 Year: DOI: 10.1515/9783110219067.5.343 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 230310
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-15 11:21:17

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In his (1921) book, Language, Sapir made the famous observation, “All grammars leak” (38). By this he meant that within the systematic paradigms, rules and routinized patterns of any grammar, we always find a few irregularities and surprises. The same can be said for linguistic typologies. Typological theories are critical tools for linguists, for exploring differences and similarities among languages, for learning about the cognitive factors and social practices that make languages the way they are, and for making predictions about other properties of languages that are members of a certain type. So what do we do when a typology leaks? This paper follows the spirit of such work as Aske (1989) on path types and Mithun and Chafe (1999) on grammatical relations types to understand the grammatical and functional motivations of language-internal typological diversity: that is, why and how a single language uses patterns and constructions of more than one type.&#xD;

The empirical base of linguistics: Grammaticality judgments and linguistic methodology

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Book Series: Classics in Linguistics ISBN: 9783946234036 9783946234043 Year: Pages: 244 + xix DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_603356 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-25 11:01:19
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Throughout much of the history of linguistics, grammaticality judgments – intuitions about the well-formedness of sentences – have constituted most of the empirical base against which theoretical hypothesis have been tested. Although such judgments often rest on subtle intuitions, there is no systematic methodology for eliciting them, and their apparent instability and unreliability have led many to conclude that they should be abandoned as a source of data.

Enjeux du jeu de mots. Perspectives linguistiques et littéraires

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Book Series: The Dynamics of Wordplay ISBN: 9783110408348 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 315 DOI: 10.1515/9783110408348 Language: French
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 12:38:13
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In conjunction with the first volume of the series, this collection of essays analyzes techniques and basic traditions of wordplay in various communicative situations and offers new perspectives on the dynamics of wordplay as an interface phenomenon.

Sprachen, Völker und Phantome. Sprach- und kulturwissenschaftliche Studien zur Ethnizität

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Book Series: Münchner Vorlesungen zu Antiken Welten ISSN: 2198-9664 ISBN: 9783110601268 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 359 DOI: 10.1515/9783110601268 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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Academics have long stopped speaking of “peoples” and “their” languages and cultures. Yet languages and cultures are still taken as evidence of quasi-ethnic community and “identity.” Nine papers by scholars in Egyptology, general linguists, archeology, German-Romance onomastics, Hittite studies, and Turkish studies reveal the incongruities between linguistic community, ethnicity, and culture.

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