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6 Traditional medicines, law and the (dis)ordering of temporalities (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780415792219 9781315167695 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-08 11:01:02
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In this chapter, I explore the regulation of alternative and traditional medicine, in&#xD;order to reflect on how particular temporalities shape, and are shaped by, the&#xD;interface between law and medicine. This chapter makes two key points: first, it&#xD;argues that both biomedicine and law have relied on a particular sense of&#xD;‘modernity’ as a linear temporal process; in turn, this has been key in developing&#xD;both crude, and more subtle, social patterns of power, dominance, and exclusion&#xD;that continue to impact on contemporary societies. Second, it argues that as law&#xD;increasingly engages in the regulation of other types of medicine, it continues to&#xD;emulate biomedical models and assumptions as to what ‘modern medicine’&#xD;should look like, including its temporal features. This chapter is written as I am&#xD;starting a large investigation of the multiple ways in which traditional and&#xD;alternative medicines apprehend and are apprehended by law in several states in&#xD;Europe and Africa.2 Although the project has several aims, my interest in the field&#xD;came, in part, from the ambivalent and complex ways in which the idea of&#xD;‘modernity’ seemed to be shaping the field and, in turn, how law and medicine&#xD;as institutions were involved in this ambivalence. It is useful, to ‘set the scene’ of&#xD;this chapter, to return to this briefly.

A COPD Primer

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110468007 9783110468113 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.1515/9783110468007 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-07 14:19:43
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In 2012 we received a grant from the Veterans Health Administration Office of Specialty Care entitled, “Patient-Centered Model for the Management of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.” The grant’s goals were to enhance the recognition and diagnosis of COPD and implement a Patient-Centered Model for the Management of COPD. As the work on that proposal progressed, we realized that providers did not have an up-to-date, comprehensive, easily read, “how to” manual for the management of COPD despite all the advances in COPD care that have occurred over the past 5 years. Consensus documents such as the VA-DOD Guidelines were abbreviated summaries that were rarely used. From those discussions, the concept for this volume, a COPD Primer, developed. The goal was to develop a practical book that concisely presented COPD to providers with sufficient background and explanation of the physiologic and scientific rationale for various management strategies without becoming an esoteric academic work. We hope that this COPD Primer has achieved that goal and will be a useful, practical text for practitioners and medical trainees alike.The COPD Primer begins with an examination of what COPD is; it is really a syndrome, a constellation of historical features and clinical, physiologic, and radiographic findings. However, those elements come together in many different ways to create multiple different COPD phenotypes that are only now being recognized and used to define specific management strategies. COPD research has progressed beyond the simple classification of “blue bloaters” and “pink puffers.” Next, the epidemiology and economic consequences of COPD are reviewed. Bill Eschenbacher presents an approach to the patient with respiratory symptoms with detailed discussions of pulmonary function testing and how airflow limitation/obstruction is identified by spirometry and the use of lung imaging to identify individuals with COPD. Michael Borchers and Gregory Motz summarize current evidence implicating genetics, proteolytic imbalance, oxidative stress, inflammation, occupational and environmental exposures, and innate and adaptive immune function in the pathogenesis of COPD and the implication of these findings to future treatments. The single most important intervention in the prevention and treatment of COPD is smoking cessation. Shari Altum, Katherine Butler, and Rachel Juran present a practical approach to smoking cessation utilizing motivational interviewing in combination with pharmacologic interventions. Then, they expand upon these concepts to provide practitioners with convenient, realistic suggestions to encourage patient self-management in all aspects of COPD care and overall health. Ahsan Zafar reviews the natural history, recently described COPD phenotypes, and gender differences that clearly illustrate the broad spectrum of disease that comprises the term, COPD. The cover illustration highlights Dr. Zafar’s creative and artistic talents. The extensive nonpulmonary aspects of COPD are reviewed by Ralph Panos in an examination of COPD’s multi-organ manifestations. Next, the effect of COPD on sleep and the overlap syndrome, the concurrence of COPD and obstructive sleep apnea, and its consequences are presented. Jean Elwing examines the effect of COPD on the pulmonary vasculature with a detailed discussion of the evaluation and management of pulmonary hypertension associated with COPD. COPD’s effects on psychosocial functioning and familial interactions are presented by Mary Panos and Ralph Panos.The focus of the Primer then shifts from manifestations to treatment with a discussion of stable COPD management. With the current plethora of devices for delivering respiratory medications, it is difficult for both patients and providers to sustain knowledge of their proper use. Aaron Mulhall presents a practical guide to correct inhaler use that reviews all the current devices. Folarin Sogbetun then reviews the management of outpatient COPD exacerbations and Nishant Gupta discusses the approach to the patient hospitalized with COPD. Because patients with COPD often see multiple subspecialty physicians in addition to their primary care providers, interdisciplinary communication and coordination of care is essential for their management; Sara Krzywkowski-Mohn reviews the interactions between primary and specialty care for the patient with COPD with suggestions for improved communication and care coordination. Finally, advance care planning including palliative care and hospice is reviewed with a discussion of how end stage COPD affects not only the patient but also their family and social network.This COPD Primer incorporates the knowledge that we have learned over the past several years during the development and implementation of a patient-centered model for the management of COPD. It was written with the explicit goal of assisting both the practicing provider and medical trainee in the care of patients with COPD.

Science, Technology, and Medicine in the Modern Japanese Empire

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ISBN: 9781138905337 Year: Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
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Medicine; Japan

Keywords

medicine --- japan

Chapter Twenty-six Syriac Medicine (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138899018 9781315708195 Year: Pages: 23 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-06 11:21:02
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The field of Syriac medicine is perhaps one of the least investigated and explored&#xD;domains within Syriac intellectual culture. Yet owing to its decisive role during the&#xD;late antique period for the transfer of Greek medical knowledge to the Islamic world,&#xD;it should occupy a very special position, and the results of its study are appealing to&#xD;both Classicists and historians of Greek and Islamic medicine. The study of Syriac&#xD;medicine deals predominantly with medical literature, but also with theory and practice&#xD;as they evolved over centuries within changing social and historical contexts&#xD;(the surveys available differ in perspective and scope: Gignoux 2001a ; Habbi 2001 ;&#xD;Muraviev 2014 ; Pormann and Savage-Smith 2007 : 17–21; Strohmaier 1994 ; on the&#xD;Syriac scholarly milieu more broadly: Debié 2014 ).

Keywords

Syriac medicine

A History of Radionuclide Studies in the UK: 50th Anniversary of the British Nuclear Medicine Society

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319286235 9783319286242 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-28624-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 14:14:57
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The British Nuclear Medicine Society celebrates its 50th Anniversary with this booklet, which reflects the research of many of the pioneers in the use of radionuclides for the diagnosis and therapy of human disease. Since 1949 there have been remarkable advances in radionuclide techniques and imaging equipment: from the first devices “home-made” in the many physics departments throughout the UK, to the sophisticated multimodality imagers now in everyday use in Nuclear Medicine. The BNMS has been instrumental in promoting the use of radionuclide techniques in the investigation of pathology by supporting and providing education, research and guidelines on the optimum use of radiation to help patients. The future of Nuclear Medicine is bright, thanks to improved imaging resolution, new radiopharmaceuticals, and new diagnostic and therapeutic techniques and procedures.

Stellvertretung in Gesundheitsangelegenheiten - Modell eines dreigliedrigen Vertretungssystems

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ISBN: 9783940344786 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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A medical measure influences the physical and mental integrity of the affected people. The right of determination is also part of a person’s personality. The individual can exercise his right of self determination only when its decision conditions and justifies medical practice. Is an adolescent due to an illness or disability not able to excersise decisions, these have to be made by a representative of legal transactions - an agent - or taken by a legal representative - a supervisor. In this study, the different representation schemes on health matters are presented.

Keywords

medicine --- ethics --- medicine law --- health care

Personalized Medicine and Neurosurgery

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453368 Year: Pages: 133 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-336-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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The Precision Medicine Initiative, which was instituted by President Barack Obama on January 20, 2015, highlighted the importance that advances in genomics and related “-omic” approaches have made to science and medicine, and it set the stage for their federally funded and mandated integration into the delivery of health care. Whether these advances comprise large-scale approaches, such as The Cancer Genome Atlas, which provides a modern classification of cancers based on molecular profiles, or genealogy initiatives, which seek to trace the movement of our early ancestors out of Africa, genomic technology has taken us closer to developing targeted therapies and a refined understanding of our evolutionary journey. It is against this backdrop that we summarized some of the recent advances in the field of precision medicine, or personalized medicine, as they pertain to neurosurgery. In this e-Book collection provided by Frontiers in Surgery: Neurosurgery, we present a collection of articles by leaders in the field of neurosurgery that highlight domains using a personalized approach for the treatment of patients or avenues when personalization is possible and when it will likely alter the care of patients with neurological diseases.

Teaching ethics in organ transplantation and tissue donation - cases and movies

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783941875401 Year: Pages: 88 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Organ transplantation is a thrilling new option for modern surgery giving hope for chronically ill patients, and, at the same time, stirring controversial ethical questions on human identity and the meaning of the human body. Being a global and transnational endeavor, organ transplantation raises universal ethical concerns and, yet, has to be adapted to culturally mediated believes. In this book, 30 case studies collected from all over the world illustrate the range of global and local, ethical, social, and cultural problems associated with this new form of treatment. Together with a list of relevant movies, the collection provides a unique resource for ethics education in medicine, health care, philosophy, and religious studies. The authors have completed the teaching material by a systematic introduction into the field of transplantation ethics.

Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_478052 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:11
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

Para-States and Medical Science: Making African Global Health

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Book Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography ISBN: 9780822357490 Year: Pages: 376 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_530530 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 077430, 081507
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-20 11:01:17
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In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes. The resulting fragmented medical science landscape is shaped and sustained by transnational flows of expertise and resources. NGOs, universities, pharmaceutical companies and other nonstate actors now play a significant role in medical research and treatment. But as the contributors to this volume argue, these groups have not supplanted the primacy of the nation-state in Africa. Although not necessarily stable or responsive, national governments remain crucial in medical care, both as employers of health care professionals and as sources of regulation, access, and – albeit sometimes counterintuitively - trust for their people. “The state” has morphed into the “para-state” — not a monolithic and predictable source of sovereignty and governance, but a shifting, and at times ephemeral, figure. Tracing the emergence of the “global health” paradigm in Africa in the treatment of HIV, malaria, and leprosy, this book challenges familiar notions of African statehood as weak or illegitimate by elaborating complex new frameworks of governmentality that can be simultaneously functioning and dysfunctional.

Keywords

africa --- medicine --- public health

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