Search results: Found 9

Listing 1 - 9 of 9
Sort by
Tranformations of Gender in Melanesia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760460884 Year: DOI: 10.22459/WIWCRC.01.2017 [2] Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Gender Studies --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-06 11:01:20
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Despite the plethora of research on gender and the many projects designed to improve their status in the Pacific region, women continue to be disadvantaged and marginalised in social, economic and political spheres. How are we to understand this and what does it mean for researchers, policy-makers and development practitioners? This book examines these questions, partly by looking back but also by continuing the effort to explain and understand gender inequities in the Pacific through reference to the concept of societies in transition. The contributors discuss emerging masculinities and femininities in the Pacific in order to chart the development of these in their contexts. Exploring how contemporary Pacific identities are shaped by local contexts and traditions, they focus on how these are remade through interaction with global ideas, images and practices, including new forms of Christianity and economic transformations. Grounded in recent, original research in both the villages and towns of Melanesia, the collection engages with the study of gender in Melanesia as well as scholarship on global modernities.

Keywords

pacific --- gender --- melanesia

Talking it Through: Responses to Sorcery and Witchcraft Beliefs and Practices in Melanesia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925021561 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_569113 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-14 11:01:28
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Sorcery and witchcraft practices and beliefs are pervasive across Melanesia. They are in part created by, and give rise to, a wide variety of poor social and developmental outcomes. These include uneven economic development, low public health, lack of social cohesion, crime, fear and insecurity. A further very visible problem is the attacks on men and women who are accused of being practitioners of witchcraft or sorcery, which can lead to serious bodily harm, banishment and sometimes death. Today, many communities, individuals, church organisations and policymakers in Melanesia and internationally are exploring ways to overcome the negative social outcomes associated with witchcraft and sorcery practices and beliefs. This book brings together a collection of chapters written by a diverse range of authors, both Melanesian and non-Melanesian, providing crucial insights both into how these practices and beliefs are playing out in contemporary Melanesia, and also the types of interventions that are being trialled or debated to address the problems associated with them.

Kastom, property and ideology: Land transformations in Melanesia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760461058 Year: DOI: 10.22459/KPI.03.2017 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-04 11:01:49
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The relationship between customary land tenure and ‘modern’ forms of landed property has been a major political issue in the ‘Spearhead’ states of Melanesia since the late colonial period, and is even more pressing today, as the region is subject to its own version of what is described in the international literature as a new ‘land rush’ or ‘land grab’ in developing countries. This volume aims to test the application of one particular theoretical framework to the Melanesian version of this phenomenon, which is the framework put forward by Derek Hall, Philip Hirsch and Tania Murray Li in their 2011 book, Powers of Exclusion: Land Dilemmas in Southeast Asia. Since that framework emerged from studies of the agrarian transition in Southeast Asia, the key question addressed in this volume is whether ‘land transformations’ in Melanesia are proceeding in a similar direction, or whether they take a somewhat different form because of the particular nature of Melanesian political economies or social institutions. The contributors to this volume all deal with this question from the point of view of their own direct engagement with different aspects of the land policy process in particular countries. Aside from discussion of the agrarian transition in Melanesia, particular attention is also paid to the growing problem of land access in urban areas and the gendered nature of landed property relations in this region.

Keywords

land policy --- land tenure --- melanesia

Rank and Status in Polynesia and Melanesia

Author:
ISBN: 9782854300598 9782854301069 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Société des Océanistes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-11 09:56:05
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Oceanic Explorations (TA26)

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Terra Australis ISBN: 9781921313332 Year: Pages: 299 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459398 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Lapita comprises an archaeological horizon that is fundamental to the understanding of human colonisation and settlement of the Pacific as it is associated with the arrival of the common ancestors of the Polynesians and many Austronesian-speaking Melanesians more than 3000 years ago. While Lapita archaeology has captured the imagination and sustained the focus of archaeologists for more than 50 years, more recent discoveries have inspired renewed interpretations and assessments. Oceanic Explorations reports on a number of these latest discoveries and includes papers which reassess the Lapita phenomenon in light of this new data. They reflect on a broad range of interrelated themes including Lapita chronology, patterns of settlement, migration, interaction and exchange, ritual behaviour, sampling strategies and ceramic analyses, all of which relate to aspects highlighting both advances and continuing impediments associated with Lapita research.

Beyond the Horizon

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Anthropologica ISBN: 9789518580709 9789518580686 9789518580693 Year: Pages: 243 DOI: 10.21435/sfa.2 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Ethnology --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:10
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Society is never just a localized aggregate of people but exists by virtue of its members’ narrative and conceptual awareness of other times and places. In Jukka Siikala’s work this idea evolves into a broad ethnographic and theoretical interest in worlds beyond the horizon, in the double sense of “past” and “abroad.” This book is a tribute to Jukka’s contributions to anthropology by his colleagues and students and marks his 60th birthday in January 2007. By exploring the near, distant, inward and outward horizons towards which societies project their reality, the authors aim at developing a new, productive language for addressing culture as a way of experiencing and engaging the world. 

Mistrust

Author:
Book Series: Malinowski Monographs ISBN: 9780997367522 Year: Language: English
Publisher: HAU Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101684
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Trust occupies a unique place in contemporary discourse. Seen as both necessary and good, it is variously depicted as enhancing the social fabric, lowering crime rates, increasing happiness, and generating prosperity. It allows for complex political systems, permits human communication, underpins financial instruments and economic institutions, and holds society itself together. There is scant space within this vision for a nuanced discussion of mistrust. With few exceptions, it is treated as little more than a corrosive absence. This monograph, instead, proposes an ethnographic and conceptual exploration of mistrust as a legitimate epistemological stance in its own right. It examines the impact of mistrust on practices of conversation and communication, friendship and society, as well as politics and cooperation, and suggests that suspicion, doubt, and uncertainty can also ground ways of organizing human society and cooperating with others.

Archaeologies of Island Melanesia

Authors: ---
Book Series: Terra Australis ISBN: 9781760463021 Year: Pages: 227 DOI: 10.22459/TA51.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-12 11:21:03
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Island Melanesia is a remarkable region in many respects, from its great ecological and linguistic diversity, to the complex histories of settlement and interaction spanning from the Pleistocene to the present. Archaeological research in Island Melanesia is currently going through a vibrant phase of exciting new discoveries and challenging debates about questions that apply far beyond the region. This volume draws together a variety of current perspectives in regional archaeology for Island Melanesia, focusing on Vanuatu, the Solomon Islands, New Caledonia and Papua New Guinea. It features both high-level theoretical approaches and rigorous data-driven case studies covering recent research in landscape archaeology, exchange and material culture, and cultural practices.

Tracing the Melanesian Person: Emotions and Relationships in Lihir

Author:
ISBN: 9781922064448 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.20851/lihir Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Added to DOAB on : 2013-05-01 09:31:29
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Through this engaging ethnographic account of connections, conflicts and loss in Lihir, Hemer’s own fieldwork journey of making relationships, experiencing disputes and finally leaving the field, is mirrored. Structured into three parts, the book works through the complexities of creating and sustaining relationships, the evaluation of conduct as moral and the practices of conflict, and the experiences and transformations of death and grief. Throughout these parts various emotions are highlighted and interrogated for their relationship to psychological understandings and definitions: love, anger, jealousy, sadness. Emotions are also understood in a historical context and as connected to social changes wrought by interactions with global phenomena such as religion.

Listing 1 - 9 of 9
Sort by