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My Country, Mine Country: Indigenous people, mining and development contestation in remote Australia (CAEPR Monograph 33)

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Book Series: CAEPR Monograph ISBN: 9781922144720 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459939 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:13
License: ANU Press

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Agreements between the mining industry and Indigenous people are not creating sustainable economic futures for Indigenous people, and this demands consideration of alternate forms of economic engagement in order to realise such ‘futures’. Within the context of three mining agreements in north Australia this study considers Indigenous livelihood aspirations and their intersection with sustainable development agendas. The three agreements are the Yandi Land Use Agreement in the Central Pilbara in Western Australia, the Ranger Uranium Mine Agreement in the Kakadu region of the Northern Territory, and the Gulf Communities Agreement in relation to the Century zinc mine in the southern Gulf of Carpentaria in Queensland. Recent shifts in Indigenous policy in Australia seek to de-emphasise the cultural behaviour or imperatives of Indigenous people in undertaking economic action, in favour of a mainstream conventional approach to economic development. Concepts of ‘value’, ‘identity’, and ‘community’ are key elements in the tension between culture and economics that exists in the Indigenous policy environment. Whilst significant diversity exists within the Indigenous polity, Indigenous aspirations for the future typically emphasise a desire for alternate forms of economic engagement that combine elements of the mainstream economy with the maintenance and enhancement of Indigenous institutions and ‘livelihood’ activities. Such aspirations reflect ongoing and dynamic responses to modernity, and typically concern the interrelated issues of access to and management of ‘country’, the maintenance of Indigenous institutions associated with family and kin, access to resources such as cash and vehicles, the establishment of robust representative organisations, and are integrally linked to the derivation of both symbolic and economic value of livelihood pursuits.

Keywords

indigenous studies --- mining

Mining and Communities in Northern Canada: History, Politics, and Memory

Authors: ---
Book Series: Canadian History and Environment ISSN: 19253702 ISBN: 9781552388051 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 456 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Ecology --- History --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-01 17:14:36
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For indigenous communities throughout the globe, mining has been a historical forerunner of colonialism, introducing new, and often disruptive, settlement patterns and economic arrangements. Although indigenous communities may benefit from and adapt to the wage labour and training opportunities provided by new mining operations, they are also often left to navigate the complicated process of remediating the long-term ecological changes associated with industrial mining. In this regard, the mining often inscribes colonialism as a broad set of physical and ecological changes to indigenous lands. Mining and Communities in Northern Canada examines historical and contemporary social, economic, and environmental impacts of mining on Aboriginal communities in northern Canada. Combining oral history research with intensive archival study, this work juxtaposes the perspectives of government and industry with the perspectives of local communities. The oral history and ethnographic material provides an extremely significant record of local Aboriginal perspectives on histories of mining and development in their regions.With contributions by:Patricia BoulterJean-Sébastien BoutetEmilie CameronSarah GordonHeather GreenJane HammondJoella HoganArn KeelingTyler LevitanHereward LongleyScott MidgleyKevin O'ReillyAndrea ProcterJohn SandlosAlexandra Winton

Keywords

Mining --- Community --- History --- Geography

Mining Goes Digital

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Proceedings in Earth and geosciences ISBN: 9780367336042 9780429320774 Year: Pages: 780 DOI: 10.1201/9780429320774 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-08 11:21:11
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The abbreviation “APCOM” stands for “Applications for Computers and Operations Research&#xD;in the Minerals Industry”. When the conference started in 1964, it was an informal meeting&#xD;of scientists from different universities in the USA together with the “Society of Mining&#xD;Engineers” (SME) of the United States. During the years the APCOM conference was&#xD;performed in a mostly bi-annual rhythm. Up to today APCOM maintained its original logo&#xD;formed around a punch card clearly remembering the historic origin of the conference from&#xD;the times prior to the revolution caused by the era of semiconductors.&#xD;In the beginning, APCOM focused on the optimization of geostatistics and resource&#xD;estimation and a number of methods used in these fields were initially presented and discussed&#xD;on APCOM conferences. This field still today is an important part of any APCOM.&#xD;During the years, information technology has dramatically developed, new algorithmic&#xD;methods evolved and the entire fields of electronic communication, machine automation,&#xD;autonomous machines and process optimization developed. Consequently, today, APCOM&#xD;is much more than a meeting of specialists in geostatistics and resource estimation: The&#xD;APCOM has expanded to a conference covering all kinds of Information and Communication&#xD;Technology in the mineral industry: Already in 2005 on the conference in Tuscon/AZ, the&#xD;term “Mining Process Optimization” was presented as the next paradigm shift in mining&#xD;after mechanization and automation, which marked another example of the continued&#xD;innovative impact of the APCOM. Well ahead of the current discussions about “Digital&#xD;Transformation”.&#xD;

Keywords

Computers --- mineral industry --- mining

Large-Scale Pattern-Based Information Extraction from the World Wide Web

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ISBN: 9783866444799 Year: Pages: VII, 236 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000015694 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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Extracting information from text is the task of obtaining structured, machine-processable facts from information that is mentioned in an unstructured manner. It thus allows systems to automatically aggregate information for further analysis, efficient retrieval, automatic validation, or appropriate visualization. This work explores the potential of using textual patterns for Information Extraction from the World Wide Web.

Gendering the Field

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Book Series: Asia-Pacific Environment Monograph ISBN: 9781921862175 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459251 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
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The chapters in this book offer concrete examples from all over the world to show how community livelihoods in mineral-rich tracts can be more sustainable by fully integrating gender concerns into all aspects of the relationship between mining practices and mine affected communities. By looking at the mining industry and the mine-affected communities through a gender lens, the authors indicate a variety of practical strategies to mitigate the impacts of mining on women’s livelihoods without undermining women’s voice and status within the mine-affected communities. The term ‘field’ in the title of this volume is not restricted to the open-cut pits of large scale mining operations which are male-dominated workplaces, or with mining as a masculine, capital-intensive industry, but also connotes the wider range of mineral extractive practices which are carried out informally by women and men of artisanal communities at much smaller geographical scales throughout the mineral-rich tracts of poorer countries.

Black Gold: Aboriginal People on the Goldfields of Victoria, 1850-1870

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ISBN: 9781921862953 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459855 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 12:33:49
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Fred Cahir tells the story about the magnitude of Aboriginal involvement on the Victorian goldfields in the middle of the nineteenth century. The first history of Aboriginal–white interaction on the Victorian goldfields, Black Gold offers new insights on one of the great epochs in Australian and world history—the gold story.&#xD;&#xD;In vivid detail it describes how Aboriginal people often figured significantly in the search for gold and documents the devastating social impact of gold mining on Victorian Aboriginal communities. It reveals the complexity of their involvement from passive presence, to active discovery, to shunning the goldfields.&#xD;&#xD;This detailed examination of Aboriginal people on the goldfields of Victoria provides striking evidence which demonstrates that Aboriginal people participated in gold mining and interacted with non-Aboriginal people in a range of hitherto neglected ways.&#xD;&#xD;Running through this book are themes of Aboriginal empowerment, identity, integration, resistance, social disruption and communication.

Dilemmas of Development

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ISBN: 9781922144416 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459885 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:03
License: ANU Press

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The Porgera gold mine in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea is technically one of the most sophisticated and successful mines of recent times. In its second year of operations (1992) it was the third largest gold producing mine in the world. Socially, though, the mine has brought a range of massive changes for the local Ipili community-both positive and negative. Dilemmas of Development is a record of a series of studies of the social and economic effects of the Porgerta mine, commissioned by the Porgera Joint Vemture (PJV).

Big Data in Context: Legal, Social and Technological Insights

Authors: ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Law ISSN: 2192-8568 ISBN: 9783319624600 9783319624617 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-62461-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 10:19:35
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This book sheds new light on a selection of big data scenarios from an interdisciplinary perspective. It features legal, sociological and economic approaches to fundamental big data topics such as privacy, data quality and the ECJ’s Safe Harbor decision on the one hand, and practical applications such as smart cars, wearables and web tracking on the other. Addressing the interests of researchers and practitioners alike, it provides a comprehensive overview of and introduction to the emerging challenges regarding big data.All contributions are based on papers submitted in connection with ABIDA (Assessing Big Data), an interdisciplinary research project exploring the societal aspects of big data and funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research.This volume was produced as a part of the ABIDA project (Assessing Big Data, 01IS15016A-F). ABIDA is a four-year collaborative project funded by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research. However the views and opinions expressed in this book reflect only the authors’ point of view and not necessarily those of all members of the ABIDA project or the Federal Ministry of Education and Research.

Data Mining in der Medizin und Medizintechnik

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe des Instituts für Angewandte Informatik - Automatisierungstechnik, Universität Karlsruhe (TH) ISSN: 16145267 ISBN: 9783866442535 Year: Volume: 22 Pages: VIII, 356 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000008476 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Dieses Buch systematisiert Ziele, Einsatzszenarien, Vorgehensweisen, Methoden und Anwendungsfelder für eine automatisierte Datenanalyse in der Medizin und Medizintechnik. Es wendet sich hauptsächlich an Doktoranden, Diplom- und Masterstudenten der Ingenieurwissenschaften und Informatik. Im Mittelpunkt steht dabei das Spannungsfeld zwischen medizinischen Anwendern und ihren Zielstellungen sowie den Potenzialen vorhandener Data-Mining-Verfahren.

Urban Data Mining : Operationalisierung der Strukturerkennung und Strukturbildung von Ähnlichkeitsmustern über die gebaute Umwelt [mit CD]

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ISBN: 9783866442498 Year: Pages: 303 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000008458 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Durch den schnellen Fortschritt in der Informationstechnologie und das rapide Anwachsen raumbezogener Daten steigen die Anforderungen an Systeme, die Wissen aus diesen Daten extrahieren und darstellen. ""Urban Data Mining"" wird als Methodik zur Problemlösung verstanden, um logische oder mathematische, zum Teil komplexe Beschreibungen von Mustern und Regelmäßigkeiten in Datensätzen zu entdecken. Auf der Grundlage von bestehenden Methoden des Data Mining und der Knowledge Discovery wird ein für die Stadt- und Regionalforschung strukturiertes methodisches Arbeitskonzept erarbeitet und am deutschen Gemeindesystem empirisch-analytisch vorgestellt. Neben Methoden, die eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme und Auseinandersetzung mit vorhandenen räumlichen Eigenschaften und Entwicklungstendenzen ermöglichen, werden Vorgehensweisen gesucht, die sich eignen, bereits vorhandene Informationen oder Erkenntnisse auf weitere Objekte zu übertragen.

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