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The book edition of the Universe Special Issue “Compact Stars in the QCD Phase Diagram” is devoted to the overarching aspects shared between heavyion collisions and compact star astrophysics in investigating the hadrontoquark matter phase transition in the equation of state of strongly interacting matter in different regions of the phase diagram of QCD. It comprises 22 review and research articles that, together, will serve as a useful guide in educating both young and senior scientists in this emerging field that represents an intersection of the communities of strongly interacting matter theory, heavyion collision physics and compact star astrophysics.
heavyion collisions  directed flow  hydrodynamics  deconfinement  hybrid stars  neutron stars  equation of state  ? meson condensation  maximum mass  ? resonances  finite temperature  finite density  quarkgluon plasma  finite size  speed of sound  neutron stars  equation of state  inmedium effects  neutrino  Quantum Chromodynamics  dense matter  vector interaction  neutron stars  equation of state  QCD matter  phase transition  critical point  modified excludedvolume mechanism  dense matter  equation of state  stars: neutron  pulsars: general, pulsars: PSR J0737 ? 3039A  pulsars: PSR J1757 ? 1854  relativistic heavyion collisions  monte carlo simulations  transport theory  strangeness  neutron stars  star oscillations  hadron–quark continuity  neutron stars  QCD phase diagram  neutron stars  stellar magnetic field  stellar structure  stellar evolution  neutron star  equation of state  phase transition  quark matter  pulsars  quark stars  general relativity  Gravitational waves  Gammaray bursts  nuclear matter  neutron stars  quarks  combustion  neutron star  QCD matter  phase transition  critical point  neutron stars  gravitational waves  equation of state  chiral symmetry  axion QED  quarkhole pairing  colddense QCD  magnetic DCDW  quark matter  hadronic matter  quark deconfinement  neutron star matter  nuclear equation of state  phase transition  crystalline structure  neutrino emissivities  cluster virial expansion  quarkhadron matter  Mott dissociation  BethUhlenbeck equation of state  heavyion collisions  supernova explosions  masstwin stars  nuclear symmetry energy  heavyion collisions  transport theory  collective flow  light cluster emission  meson production  quarkhadron phase transition  pasta phases  speed of sound  hybrid compact stars  massradius relation  GW170817
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Emergent quantum mechanics explores the possibility of an ontology for quantum mechanics. The resurgence of interest in ""deeperlevel"" theories for quantum phenomena challenges the standard, textbook interpretation. The book presents expert views that critically evaluate the significance—for 21st century physics—of ontological quantum mechanics, an approach that David Bohm helped pioneer. The possibility of a deterministic quantum theory was first introduced with the original de BroglieBohm theory, which has also been developed as Bohmian mechanics. The wide range of perspectives that were contributed to this book on the occasion of David Bohm’s centennial celebration provide ample evidence for the physical consistency of ontological quantum mechanics. The book addresses deeperlevel questions such as the following: Is reality intrinsically random or fundamentally interconnected? Is the universe local or nonlocal? Might a radically new conception of reality include a form of quantum causality or quantum ontology? What is the role of the experimenter agent? As the book demonstrates, the advancement of ‘quantum ontology’—as a scientific concept—marks a clear break with classical reality. The search for quantum reality entails unconventional causal structures and nonclassical ontology, which can be fully consistent with the known record of quantum observations in the laboratory.
quantum foundations  nonlocality  retrocausality  Bell’s theorem  Bohmian mechanics  quantum theory  surrealistic trajectories  Bell inequality  quantum mechanics  generalized Lagrangian paths  covariant quantum gravity  emergent spacetime  Gaussianlike solutions  entropy and time evolution  resonances in quantum systems  the Friedrichs model  complex entropy.  Bell’s theorem  the causal arrow of time  retrocausality  superdeterminism  toymodels  quantum ontology  subquantum dynamics  microconstituents  emergent spacetime  emergent quantum gravity  entropic gravity  black hole thermodynamics  SternGerlach  trajectories  spin  Bell theorem  fractal geometry  padic metric  singular limit  gravity  conspiracy  free will  number theory  quantum potential  Feynman paths  weak values  Bohm theory  nohiddenvariables theorems  observables  measurement problem  Bohmian mechanics  primitive ontology  Retrocausation  weak values  Stochastic Electrodynamics  quantum mechanics  decoherence  interpretations  pilotwave theory  Bohmian mechanics  Born rule statistics  measurement problem  quantum thermodynamics  strong coupling  operator thermodynamic functions  quantum theory  de Broglie–Bohm theory  contextuality  atomsurface scattering  bohmian mechanics  matterwave optics  diffraction  vortical dynamics  Schrödinger equation  de Broglie–Bohm theory  nonequilibrium thermodynamics  zeropoint field  de Broglie–Bohm interpretation of quantum mechanics  pilot wave  interiorboundary condition  ultraviolet divergence  quantum field theory  Aharonov–Bohm effect  physical ontology  nomology  interpretation  gauge freedom  Canonical Presentation  relational space  relational interpretation of quantum mechanics  measurement problem  nonlocality  discrete calculus  iterant  commutator  diffusion constant  LeviCivita connection  curvature tensor  constraints  Kilmister equation  Bianchi identity  stochastic differential equations  Monte Carlo simulations  Burgers equation  Langevin equation  fractional velocity  interpretations of quantum mechanics  David Bohm  mind–body problem  quantum holism  fundamental irreversibility  spacetime fluctuations  spontaneous state reduction  Poincaré recurrence  symplectic camel  quantum mechanics  Hamiltonian  molecule interference  matterwaves  metrology  magnetic deflectometry  photochemistry  past of the photon  Mach–Zehnder interferometer  Dove prism  photon trajectory  weak measurement  transition probability amplitude  atomic metastable states  Bell’s theorem  Bohmian mechanics  nonlocality  many interacting worlds  wavefunction nodes  bouncing oil droplets  stochastic quantum dynamics  de Broglie–Bohm theory  quantum nonequilibrium  Htheorem  ergodicity  ontological quantum mechanics  objective nonsignaling constraint  quantum inaccessibility  epistemic agent  emergent quantum state  selfreferential dynamics  dynamical chaos  computational irreducibility  undecidable dynamics  Turing incomputability  quantum ontology  nonlocality  timesymmetry  retrocausality  quantum causality  conscious agent  emergent quantum mechanics  Bohmian mechanics  de BroglieBohm theory
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Risk measures play a vital role in many subfields of economics and finance. It has been proposed that risk measures could be analysed in relation to the performance of variables extracted from empirical realworld data. For example, risk measures may help inform effective monetary and fiscal policies and, therefore, the further development of pricing models for financial assets such as equities, bonds, currencies, and derivative securities.
falsified products  medication  health risk  lowincome country  regular vine copulas  tree structures  codependence modelling  European stock markets  carbon emissions  fossil fuels  crude oil  coal  low carbon targets  green energy  spot and futures prices  Granger causality  volatility spillovers  quasi likelihood ratio (QLR) test  diagonal BEKK  full BEKK  dynamic hedging  socially responsible investment  multivariate regimeswitching  timevarying correlations  volatility transmission  conscientiousness  openness to experience  perceived ease of use  perceived usefulness  online purchase intention  dynamic conditional correlation  generalized autoregressive score functions  timevarying copula function  CoVaR  utility  credit derivatives  stochastic volatility  asymptotic approximation  risk aversion  portfolio selection  need hierarchy theory  twolevel optimization  variance  coherent risk measures  probability of default  bank risk  banking regulation  SYMBOL  financial stability  China’s food policy  sustainable food security system  japonica rice production  twolevel CES function  technological progress  Project Financing  Mezzanine Financing  option value  Monte Carlo Simulations  probabilistic cash flow  optimizing financial model  risks mitigation  investment profitability  financial hazard map  random forests  early warning system  bank failure  Bsplines  inflation forecast  monthly CPI data  outofsample forecast  the sudden stop of capital inflow  financial security  the optimal scale of foreign exchange reserve  utility maximization  finance risk  liquidity premium  uncertainty termination  investment horizon  Amihud’s illiquidity ratio  factor models  diversification  bank profitability  bank risk  dynamic panel  European banking system  sustainability of economic recovery  Bayesian approach  conjugate prior  cartel  leniency program  policy simulation  S&P 500 index options  gainloss ratio  riskneutral distribution  binomial tree  risk management  market timing  moving averages  riskfree rate  returns and volatility  financial risk  bankruptcy  regression model  sustainable development  Slovak enterprises  sentiment analysis  polarity  scientific verification  emotion  joy  sadness  climate change  GMC  VIX  RV5MIN  causal path  ANN  sovereign credit default swap (SCDS)  emerging market  markov regime switching  credit risk  risk assessment  risk measures  IPO underpricing  financial crisis  information asymmetry  financial risks  business groups  financial performance  groupaffiliated  institutional voids  production frontier function  stochastic frontier model  specification testing  wild bootstrap  smoothing process  empirical process  simulations  stakeholder theory  sustainability  risk  social efficiency  banking  cooperative banks  Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA)  corporate sustainability  news release  stakeholder theory  stock return volatility  EGARCHm  life insurance  term life insurance  whole life insurance  selfperceived health  objective health status  future health risk  SHARE  national health system
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