Search results: Found 20

Listing 1 - 10 of 20 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by
Créativité, motivation et vieillissement : Les sciences cognitives en débat

Author:
ISBN: 9782753564169 DOI: 10.4000/books.pur.61057 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:48
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Comment les pensées créatives émergent-elles dans le champ de notre conscience ? Qu’est-ce qui pousse un individu à s’engager dans une activité ou à changer de comportement ? Notre style de vie peut-il ralentir les effets délétères du vieillissement cérébral ? Une vingtaine de cognitivistes français, belges et allemands tentent de répondre à ces questions et apportent ainsi un nouvel éclairage sur la créativité, la motivation et le vieillissement cognitif. La première partie de l’ouvrage est consacrée à l’étude des idées créatives, des facteurs qui peuvent faciliter leur émergence, et de la façon dont elles sont générées par l’esprit et le cerveau humain. La deuxième partie de l’ouvrage s’intéresse davantage aux processus motivationnels qui sont à l’origine de la production des comportements humains et déterminent leur intensité et leur direction. Les auteurs illustrent leurs propos dans différents domaines de la vie sociale tels que le choix des formations et des professions ou la pratique des activités physiques et sportives. Enfin, la troisième partie de l’ouvrage fait le point sur l’état actuel des connaissances sur le vieillissement cognitif. Il est notamment démontré que les habitudes de vie sont des facteurs déterminants du bien vieillir qui peuvent prolonger la préservation de l’autonomie des seniors et améliorer leur qualité de vie. L’approche qui a été choisie pour avancer sur ces trois questions sociétales est résolument pluridisciplinaire puisqu’elle s’appuie sur différentes sciences telles que la philosophie, les neurosciences cognitives, la psychologie cognitive et la psychologie sociale.

Why Do We Do What We Do? Motivation in History and the Social Sciences

Author:
ISBN: 9783110417593 9783110427271 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.2478/9783110417593 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-04-13 11:08:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Why we do what we do is a matter of great interest to everyone, and everyone seems to have had their say about it – philosophers, sociologists, anthropologists, psychologists, economists, and historians perhaps the most, case by case. Occasionally the specialists have offered their ideas to a general readership, but mostly they prefer to speak to and with their fellows in their particular disciplines. To evaluate and compare their findings in a cross-disciplinary way is now for the first time attempted, by Ramsay MacMullen. Emeritus history professor from Yale University, he is the recipient of various academic awards, including a lifetime Award for Scholarly Distinction from the American Historical Association.

The Well-Being of Children. Philosophical and Social Scientific Approaches

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110450521 9783110450644 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.1515/9783110450521 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 16:33:34
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This volume explores the questions related to the theory, practice, and policy of the well-being and well-becoming of children. It does so in a truly interdisciplinary way with a focus on the social sciences and philosophy, giving therefore justice to the growing insight that studying and promoting the well-being of children has a strong ethical component. It is dependent on the questions of good life, its conditions and cannot be separated from the concept of social justice and moral entitlements of children and their families. In this book, philosophers and social scientists, in close dialogue, shed light on some of the most challenging matters involved.

Chapter: 'User Motivation and Technology Acceptance in Online Learning Environments' from book: Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 / 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319451527 9783319451534 Year: Pages: 5 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_45 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-27 17:20:40
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Research on technology acceptance in educational contexts often shows little or no influence of user acceptance on use intention or use behavior. While recent attempts to factor in learners’ motivation appear promising, the problem of limited explanatory value of technology acceptance models remains. This paper further explores the relationship between motivational and acceptance factors in different learning contexts. Data (N = 673) from four studies conducted among users of two online learning environments at a major university in Germany are analyzed using a combined data set containing items relating to user motivation (according to Self-Determination Theory) and technology acceptance (according to the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology). The data show significant differences in acceptance and motivational levels between these four groups, as well as a connection between acceptance and motivation. Implications of these results include a recommendation to revisit UTAUT assumptions and variables in future research.

La pédagogie au service du droit

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782379280061 DOI: 10.4000/books.putc.411 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

La pédagogie est traditionnellement œuvre de l'enseignant. D'autres acteurs s'efforcent désormais d'être tout aussi pédagogues afin de servir le droit. Deux phénomènes apparaissent en effet : l'un, en direction des citoyens en vue de rendre le droit plus clair et plus accessible ; l'autre, en direction des praticiens consistant en l'élaboration de véritables “modes d'emploi”. La complexité du droit, qui a entraîné ces diverses réactions, a modifié les rapports entre pédagogie et droit. Face à ces changements, quelle place l'enseignant peut-il prendre ? Comment les acteurs du droit prennent-ils en compte cette pédagogie ? Les praticiens, les administrés et les justiciables, perçoivent-ils cet effort ? Est-il suffisant et efficace ? Cet ouvrage collectif est dès lors construit autour de deux problématiques : l'une porte sur les acteurs de cette pédagogie, l'autre sur ses méthodes. La pédagogie n'est-elle qu'une adaptation à la transformation du droit ? Ces méthodes didactiques connaissent-elles une véritable mutation et dans quelle mesure ? De telles interrogations impliquent en définitive d'appréhender les motivations d'une telle pédagogie : un souci de sécurité juridique, la recherche d'une plus grande efficacité du droit, une exigence démocratique… C'est à cet ensemble de questions que le présent ouvrage, issu d'un colloque tenu les 28 et 29 janvier 2010 à l'UT1-Capitole, tente d'apporter un éclairage.

Entrepreneurial Cognition: Exploring the Mindset of Entrepreneurs

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319717814 9783319717821 Year: Pages: 281 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-71782-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: TU Munich
Subject: Business and Management --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:24:47
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book investigates the inter-relationship between the mind and a potential opportunity to explore the psychology of entrepreneurship. Building on recent research, this book offers a broad scope investigation of the different aspects of what goes on in the mind of the (potential) entrepreneur as he or she considers the pursuit of a potential opportunity, the creation of a new organization, and/or the selection of an entrepreneurial career. This book focuses on individuals as the level of analysis and explores the impact of the organization and the environment only inasmuch as they impact the individual’s cognitions. Readers will learn why some individuals and managers are able to able to identify and successfully act upon opportunities in uncertain environments while others are not. This book applies a cognitive lens to understand individuals’ knowledge, motivation, attention, identity, and emotions in the entrepreneurial process.

Neural circuits underlying emotion and motivation: Insights from optogenetics and pharmacogenetics

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195343 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-534-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 11:59:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Application of optogenetic and pharmacogenetic tools to study the neural circuits underlying emotional valence, feeding, arousal and motivated behaviors has provided crucial insights into brain function. Expression of light sensitive proteins into specific neurons and subsequent stimulation by light (optogenetics) to control neuronal activity or expression of designer receptors exclusively activated by designer drugs (DREADD) in specific neuronal populations with subsequent activation or suppression of neuronal activity by an otherwise inert ligand (pharmacogenetics) provides control over defined elements of neural circuits. These novel tools have provided a more in depth understanding into several questions about brain function. These include: • Regulation of sleep-wake transition by the interaction of hypocretin neurons of lateral hypothalamus and nor adrenergic neurons of the locus coruleaus • Regulation of feeding by AGRP and POMC neurons in arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus • Place preference and positive reinforcement by activation of DA neuron of VTA • Place aversion by activation of VTA GABA and lateral habenula neurons • Opposing influences on reinforcement by activation of D1 and D2 expressing medium spiny neurons of dorsal striatum and nucleus accumbens The list still grows... From cell type specific manipulations to signaling properties in the cell (Dietz et al 2012) with unprecedented temporal resolution, these tools revolutionize the exploration of pathways/connectivity. Recent years also witnessed the extension of applying these tools from studying emotional valence and motivated behavior to reactivation of memory. c-fos based genetic approaches allowed us to integrate light sensitive opsins or DREADD receptor into specific neurons that are activated by certain learning events (for example fear) (Garner et al 2012; Liu et al 2012). In this Research Topic, we welcome researchers to contribute original research articles, review articles, methods and commentary on topics utilizing optogenetic and pharmacogenetic tools to study the neural circuits underlying emotional valence, motivation, reinforcement and memory. We believe the Research Topic will shine light on various questions we have about brain function by using novel optogenetic and pharmacogenetic tools and will hopefully inspire ongoing research to overcome the hurdles of using these tools to advance clinical applications.

Chapter: 'Social Facilitation Due to Online Inter-classrooms Tournaments' from book: Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 / 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319451527 9783319451534 Year: Pages: 13 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-27 17:09:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this paper we explore the impact of an inter-classrooms math tournament implemented through internet. The strategy is to increase learning through intra-classroom collaboration generated by inter-classroom competition. Ten fourth grade classes with all their students from eight schools participated. During previous weeks students practiced on-line and played a cloud based board game designed to learn word problems. Afterwards, all students participated on an inter-classroom tournament. They played on-line synchronously during 60 min. The game was played in dyads formed from different schools. The list of each classroom average score was published every 5 min on each student computer. We found an important social facilitation effect: a significant improvement on the performance of male students weak on math, and therefore a reduction on the performance gap between mathematically weak and strong male students. The improvement of female students weak on math was also significant but lower.

The Psychology of Becoming a Successful Worker

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138787421 9781315766515 Year: Pages: 156 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-09 11:02:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this book, we introduce our research on success at work in a very broad sense. This research can be said to have begun during the fi rst years of this millennium.&#xD;Adjunct Professor Uusiautti fi rst focused on work drive in nurses and&#xD;midwives, expanding her analysis to Finnish Employees of the Year, while&#xD;Professor Määttä conducted her studies on love and human relationships. When&#xD;our specifi c research streams converged, we began studying positive development&#xD;in childhood and adolescence as well as in adulthood and later life. We even&#xD;managed to incorporate our ideas on leadership. Now, we think it is time to&#xD;compile our fi ndings into a psychology of success. In many parts of this book, we&#xD;will refer to the route to success – we hope that this book will function as a signpost&#xD;showing the way to happiness-promoting success at work.&#xD;The standpoint in this book rests on psychology, particularly positive psychology.&#xD;This means that we deliberately aimed to combine the themes of work success&#xD;with fl ourishing and favourable development. Our purpose is to inspire and&#xD;challenge researchers and all those interested to examine the possibilities of this&#xD;positive approach and to consider this as one example of how to seize phenomena&#xD;that are diffi cult to defi ne comprehensively but, fi rst and foremost, we want them&#xD;to see the connection between success and happiness.

Educational Neuroscience, Constructivist Learning, and the Mediation of Learning and Creativity in the 21st Century

Author:
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889195190 Year: Pages: 126 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-519-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 11:59:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The advent of educational neuroscience, a transdisciplinary exercise emerging from cognitive neuroscience and educational psychology, is the examination of physiological processes that undermine, support, and enhance the capacities to learn and create. The physiological underpinnings of learning and creativity each impact human ability and performance and mediate the processes of becoming educated, expert, and valued. Evidence of learning provides support to an ongoing canon, process, system, field or domain, while evidence of creativity results in an elaboration or departure from an ongoing canon, process, system, field, or domain. Educational neuroscience extends a challenge to scholars from multiple contexts to engage in the characterization and exploration of human ability and performance in these realms. The role of context, both environmental and interoceptive, is an integral part of efforts in educational neuroscience and in theories of constructivist learning to contribute ecologically valid insight to the pragmatic processes of learning and creativity. Examination at this level of specificity is vital to our ability to educate and support human potential in the 21st century. This Research Topic examines the neural basis of cognitive states and processes that influence knowledge and skill acquisition tied to the demonstration of human ability and performance across individual differences and in multiple contexts including STEM learning and the arts.

Listing 1 - 10 of 20 << page
of 2
>>
Sort by