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The Roots of Nationalism: National Identity Formation in Early Modern Europe, 1600-1815

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Book Series: Heritage and Memory Studies ISBN: 9789462981072 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789462981072 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-16 11:01:15
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This collection brings together scholars from a wide range of disciplines to offer perspectives on national identity formation in various European contexts between 1600 and 1815. Contributors challenge the dichotomy between modernists and traditionalists in nationalism studies through an emphasis on continuity rather than ruptures in the shaping of European nations in the period, while also offering an overview of current debates in the field and case studies on a number of topics, including literature, historiography, and cartography.

NATO, Neutrality and National Identity: the case of Austria and Hungary

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205770756 Year: Pages: 488 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437135 Language: English
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3429
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:34
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When the cold war was over, a vehement discussion of the new alternatives in security policy started in almost all former Warsaw-Pact States and in the neutral and nonaligned nations, Austria and Hungary among the latter. These nations' entry into the NATO has been the pivotal question. These discussions were the subject of comparative research that was done in Hungary and Austria. The results are presented in the book "NATO, Neutrality and National Identity - the Case of Ausria and Hungary".The book does not focus on the manifold security problems that the concerned nations' joining of NATO would entail but deals with the discourses and debates on neutrality and NATO. The argumentation strategies that were applied in these discourses and debates touch on important motives of national identity and are thus creating identity. Moreover, the NATO discussion is a discussion on security policy and national identity at the same time. The authors' intention was to clarify the dimension relating to identity in the NATO discussion by analyzing the argumentation strategies that were used by the advocates and opponents of NATO membership and the reception of typical arguments in various public opinions. In many cases the argumentation strategies are based on historicizing ways of thinking which claim that there are historical reasons for choosing either of the alternatives (NATO or neutrality). In Hungary, discussions focus on the question whether Hungary is historically an organic part of Europe or whether its own identity will only materialize if the nation adopts a special course between the western and the eastern world. In Austria, the consequences of a potential renunciation of neutrality, one of the most important elements of modern Austrian identity, has been made a subject of passionate discussion. The book analyzes the issues of creating identity by discussion both from a historical-sociological standpoint and from the angle of discourse analysis. The individual chapters deal with comparative studies of the change and upheaval in the national identities in Hungary and Austria. Although these specific analyses are intended to be case studies, they allow generalizations on all of central Europe. The individual corpora (opinion surveys, political speeches, focus groups, talk-shows, newspapers), having been selected so as to ensure comparability, are subjected to a comparative and interdisciplinary analysis and interpretation. Following the introduction - problems are defined from the standpoint of history and political science - the complex discourses from focus group discussions and the outcomes of opinion surveys are presented and analyzed, and newspapers, TV talk-shows and speeches held on days of remembrance are presented applying the methods of discourse analysis. Against this backdrop a comprehensive picture of the identity discourses develops. In the introduction and concluding remarks the two editors draw theoretical and methodical conclusions for interdisciplinary and comparative studies.

Literatur in Österreich 1938-1945, Kärnten

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205786535 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437201 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4266
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:37
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The book is the second volume of an encyclopedic reference work that, as the result of basic research in literary studies, represents the first systematic attempt to provide comprehensive documentation of the literary life of Austria during the Nazi era (1938-1945); the first volume (Styria) was published in 2008. From its methodological approach, it is intended to make the literary events that took place within the official system of the Third Reich as promoted, or at least tolerated, by the decision-makers in the cultural industry more accessible, without resorting to limiting, biased attempts to define a canon. Materials will be presented for the analysis and interpretation of the genesis and effects of these events and institutions. For this reason, the study is based on a functional understanding of literature and has taken key institutional elements of the literary communication system into consideration: authors and their works (including radio and film writers), scholars of German studies, the decision-makers of cultural policy (promotion/censure, literary awards), literary associations, publishing houses and theaters, anthologies and periodicals. The total control of all public creative and media activities in the year 1938 through the Third Reich dictatorship rarely provides good sources for the testing of this method. Our systematic research of the phase between 1938 and 1945 intends to create the most comprehensive description possible of the institutions within the literary system and the integration of authors. Apart from printed material in files pertaining to individuals, we primarily scrutinized the contents of the National Archive Berlin / Division on National Socialism (BDC) and what is known as the Gauakten or District Files for this purpose (the vast majority of personal information related to authors was provided by the authors themselves). The most important archival basis for the description of the institutions are files from the National Archive Koblenz (now in the National Archive Berlin) and the Municipal and Provincial Archives of Vienna.In the survey of material, some of the events that transpired before and after the critical Nazi years were systematically included in order to draw attention to continuities and breaks. Especially significant were literary awards and honors, which illustrate the integration of writers in the various governments from the monarchy up through the Second Republic. For this reason, we have included all such prizes that are known. The first attempt to list all literary organizations in Austria and all German-language anthologies, in which Austrian texts were included, covers the period between 1933 and 1945. The subsequent period has been documented not only through literary awards and honors, but also through the inclusion of the so-called Gauakten in the Austrian National Archive (Österreichisches Staatsarchiv / Archiv der Republik). In order to explore the institutional factors of the literary sub-system in German-speaking regions, a new kind of handbook was created in accordance with this methodological approach, a combination of encyclopedia of persons and specialized dictionary, which should be combined in a network to form a whole. Another factor that led to this format was the division of Austria by the Nazis into seven divisions subject directly to the German government. The handbooks have thus been structured as follows:Part I: Encyclopedia of Persons is divided into several volumes based on the administrative divisions (Gaue) at the time. The second volume will focus on Carinthia. The alphabetically-ordered author entries will be preceded by a literary and historical introduction and an organizational diagram of the literary-political associations of the individual divisions as well as an overview of institutions in the Gau. A list of abbreviations and a list of sources will be included at the end of each volume. The volumes devoted to individual authors wi

Firmin Gémier

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ISBN: 9782753502291 9782753527102 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-22 17:18:59
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Firmin Gémier (1869-1933) est souvent le grand oublié des panoramas sur le théâtre du XXe siècle. Et pourtant la vie de cet acteur, metteur en scène et directeur est une véritable épopée. Ce livre raconte l'histoire de son combat pour le théâtre populaire, l'équipée du Théâtre national ambulant, la fondation du TNP dont il est le premier directeur, l'invention esthétique du « théâtre de la foule ». Mais ce livre ne veut pas être le panégyrique d'un individu. Gémier, homme de théâtre, est d'ab...

True Biographies of Nations?

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ISBN: 9781760462741 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.22459/TBN.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:02
License: ANU Press

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Dictionaries of national biography are a long-established and significant genre of biographical and historical writing, existing in many forms across the globe. This book brings together practitioners from around the English‑speaking world to reflect on national biographical dictionary projects’ recent cultural journeys, and the challenges presented to them by such developments as the transition to a digital environment, a new alertness to the need to represent diversity, and the rise of transnationalism. Exploring their paths forward, the chapters of this book collectively make a powerful argument for the continued value and importance of large‑scale collaborative biographical dictionary research.&#xD;

"... allerlei für die Nationalbibliothek zu ergattern..."

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205775041 Year: Pages: 617 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437148 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3835
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:46
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When Austria was annexed by Hitler Germany in March 1938, the National Library in Vienna was not only the biggest scientific library in the country, it was now the third largest in the German Reich. Its status among and influence on the scholarly libraries in the Reich was considerably enhanced by one person during the Nazi period, namely the newly-appointed director-general Dr. Paul Heigl, a fervent National socialist, Acquisitions by the Library during the years 1938 to 1945 are a key focal point of this history, and Heigl played both an active and significant role in the process of book looting in the interest of the National Library.The Library may well have regarded itself in the inter-war years as being „apolitical“ – and house historians have tended to reinforce this image – but this does not stand up to closer scrutiny even during the political period of the „Corporate State“ und Dollfuss and Schuschnigg, let alone during the time of national socialist rule in Austria. The study breaks with the previos taboos and presents the essentially political role of the Library both before and after March 1938 by investigating its involvement in the crimes of the Nazi regime. But the study does not only concentrate on acquisitions made through improper means, it also attempts to capture some of the atmosphere of a major library under the NS-regime and in war-time.The examination also sees itself as a contribution to the hitherto neglected history of libraries in Austria in the Nazi period in general and of church and official libraries in particular. It might be noted that Paul Heigl was not only in charge of scholary libraries in south-eastern Europe following the German invasion of Yugoslavia in April 1941, he was also a library consultant for local Nazi officials and had considerable sway in forging library policy. Our study discusses a number of chapters in the Library ´s history during the Nazi period which have so far been absent from official histories, primarily those which implicate the Library and point to the vast and varied acquisitions. The main chapter focusses on the development and acquisitions of the Library´s many collections from 1938 o 1945, chiefly on the basis of library records and files, and attempts to describe not only the looting, but also fate of stolen books, libraries and collections immediately after World War Two and on up to the present day. And, as the case may be, their subsequent restitution over the past few years as a consequence of the Art Restitution Law of 1998. Name and subject indices are intended to make the information in thistory more easily accessible.

Remembering Hedley

Authors: ---
Book Series: Canberra Papers on Strategy and Defence ISBN: 9781921536076 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459493 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Remembering Hedley commemorates the life of Hedley Bull (1932–85), a pivotal figure in the fields of international relations and strategic studies. Its publication coincides with the official opening on 6 August 2008 of the Hedley Bull Centre at The Australian National University in Canberra.

Geology at ANU (1959?2009)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921666674 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459252 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This history was undertaken to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Geology Department at ANU, and to honour its founding professor David A. Brown. It includes contributions from some 100 former students outlining their career successes. This history was compiled by Dr Mike Rickard, a staff member of the Department of Geology from 1963 to 1997, who also served as Head of Department for seven years. He graduated BSc and PhD from Imperial College London in 1957 and has specialised in mapping the structure of mountain chains in Ireland, Canada, Norway, and southern South America. He also mapped volcanic rocks for the Geological Survey of Fiji. He taught Structural Geology and Tectonics and has supervised field work in south eastern and central Australia. After retirement he has taught U3A courses in Earth Science.

Une histoire consternante

Author:
ISBN: 9782840160786 9782821826694 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Paris Nanterre
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-29 10:33:34
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Ce livre critique la façon dont le « cas Heidegger », c’est-à-dire la compromission de l’ancien recteur du Fribourg dans le national-socialisme, est envisagé par des philosophes tels que Gadamer, Habermas, Derrida, Lyotard, Lacoue-Labarthe, Rorty ou Arendt. L’auteur nous montre comment ces philosophes reprennent et commentent les mêmes lieux communs : le « tournant de 1929 » ou le « silence après 1945 », sans interroger la déshumanisation radicale de la pensée qui caractérise selon lui le fon...

Lietuviškojo identiteto trajektorijos

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9786094671432 Year: Pages: 188 p. Language: Lithuanian
Publisher: Vytautas Magnus University
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-02 09:52:13
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This is an anthropological-sociological study of Lithuanian identity contours that are affected by the globalization. Compilers of the book suggests to start to talk about the national identity with the assumption that there are and there were no single and invariable Lithuanian model, however, no matter how various and movable would be the forms of identities, the nation consists of them. This study is an attempt to answer to the question – what does it mean to be Lithuanian today, on the ground of research.

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