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Ten Thousand Years of Cultivation at Kuk Swamp in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea (Terra Australis 46)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781760461157 Year: Language: Undetermined
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-08 11:01:47
License: ANU Press

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Abstract

Kuk is a settlement at c. 1600 m altitude in the upper Wahgi Valley of the Western Highlands Province of Papua New Guinea, near Mount Hagen, the provincial capital. The site forms part of the highland spine that runs for more than 2500 km from the western head of the island of New Guinea to the end of its eastern tail. Until the early 1930s, when the region was first explored by European outsiders, it was thought to be a single, uninhabited mountain chain. Instead, it was found to be a complex area of valleys and basins inhabited by large populations of people and pigs, supported by the intensive cultivation of the tropical American sweet potato on the slopes above swampy valley bottoms. With the end of World War II, the area, with others, became a focus for the development of coffee and tea plantations, of which the establishment of Kuk Research Station was a result. Large-scale drainage of the swamps produced abundant evidence in the form of stone axes and preserved wooden digging sticks and spades for their past use in cultivation. Investigations in 1966 at a tea plantation in the upper Wahgi Valley by a small team from The Australian National University yielded a date of over 2000 years ago for a wooden stick collected from the bottom of a prehistoric ditch. The establishment of Kuk Research Station a few kilometres away shortly afterwards provided an ideal opportunity for a research project.

Keywords

papua new guinea --- kuk

Echoes of the Tambaran

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921862465 Year: Pages: 311 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459090 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
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In the Sepik Basin of Papua New Guinea, ritual culture was dominated by the Tambaran —a male tutelary spirit that acted as a social and intellectual guardian or patron to those under its aegis as they made their way through life. To Melanesian scholarship, the cultural and psychological anthropologist, Donald F. Tuzin, was something of a Tambaran, a figure whose brilliant and fine-grained ethnographic project in the Arapesh village of Ilahita was immensely influential within and beyond New Guinea anthropology. Tuzin died in 2007, at the age of 61. In his memory, the editors of this collection commissioned a set of original and thought provoking essays from eminent and accomplished anthropologists who knew and were influenced by his work. They are echoes of the Tambaran. The anthology begins with a biographical sketch of Tuzin’s life and scholarship. It is divided into four sections, each of which focuses loosely around one of his preoccupations. The first concerns warfare history, the male cult and changing masculinity, all in Melanesia. The second addresses the relationship between actor and structure. Here, the ethnographic focus momentarily shifts to the Caribbean before turning back to Papua New Guinea in essays that examine uncanny phenomena, narratives about childhood and messianic promises. The third part goes on to offer comparative and psychoanalytic perspectives on the subject in Fiji, Bali, the Amazon as well as Melanesia. Appropriately, the last section concludes with essays on Tuzin’s fieldwork style and his distinctive authorial voice.

Keywords

papua new guinea --- essays --- ethnology

Election 2007: The Shift to Limited Preferential Voting in Papua New Guinea

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781922144294 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459994 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 12:33:55
License: ANU Press

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Papua New Guinea’s general election in 2007 attracted particular interest for several reasons. Not only did it follow what was widely acknowledged as the country’s worst election ever, in 2002 (in which elections in six of the country’s 109 electorates were declared to be ‘failed elections’), it was the first general election to be held under a new limited preferential voting system. It also followed the first full parliamentary term under the Organic Law on the Integrity of Political Parties and Candidates, which had been introduced in 2001 in an attempt to strengthen political parties and create a greater degree of stability in the national parliament, and was the first to embrace a ‘whole-of-government’ approach to electoral administration, through an Interdepartmental Electoral Committee. This volume provides an analysis of the 2007 election, drawing on the work of a domestic monitoring team organized through the National Research Institute, and several visiting scholars. It addresses key issues such as voter education, electoral administration, election security, the role of political parties, women as candidates and voters, the shift to limited preferential voting, and HIV transmission, and provides detailed accounts of the election in a number of open and provincial electorates. It is generally agreed that the election of 2007 was an improvement on that of 2002. But problems of electoral administration and voting behaviour remain. These are identified in this volume, and recommendations made for electoral reform.

Securing Village Life: Development in Late Colonial Papua New Guinea

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ISBN: 9781922144843 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459940 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:29
License: ANU Press

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Securing Village Life: Development in Late Colonial Papua New Guinea examines the significance for post-World War II Australian colonial policy of the modern

Permissive Residents: West Papuan refugees living in Papua New Guinea

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ISBN: 9781921536236 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459440 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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This book offers another frame through which to view the event of the outrigger landing of 43 West Papuans in Australia in 2006. West Papuans have crossed boundaries to seek asylum since 1962, usually eastward into Papua New Guinea (PNG), and occasionally southward to Australia. Between 1984–86, around 11,000 people crossed into PNG seeking asylum. After the Government of PNG acceded to the United Nations Convention and Protocol Relating to the Status of Refugees, West Papuans were relocated from informal camps on the international border to a single inland location called East Awin. This volume provides an ethnography of that settlement based on the author’s fieldwork carried out in 1998–99.

Food and Agriculture in PNG

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921536618 Year: Pages: 638 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459238 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
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Agriculture dominates the rural economy of Papua New Guinea (PNG). More than five million rural dwellers (80% of the population) earn a living from subsistence agriculture and selling crops in domestic and international markets. Many aspects of agriculture in PNG are described in this data-rich book. Topics include agricultural environments in which crops are grown; production of food crops, cash crops and animals; land use; soils; demography; migration; the macro-economic environment; gender issues; governance of agricultural institutions; and transport. The history of agriculture over the 50 000 years that PNG has been occupied by humans is summarised. Much of the information presented is not readily available within PNG. The book contains results of many new analyses, including a food budget for the entire nation. The text is supported by 165 tables and 215 maps and figures.

A Trial Separation

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ISBN: 9781921862915 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459759 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-10 15:05:14
License: ANU Press

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Decolonization; Politics and government; Papua new guinea

Dilemmas of Development

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ISBN: 9781922144416 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459885 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:03
License: ANU Press

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The Porgera gold mine in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea is technically one of the most sophisticated and successful mines of recent times. In its second year of operations (1992) it was the third largest gold producing mine in the world. Socially, though, the mine has brought a range of massive changes for the local Ipili community-both positive and negative. Dilemmas of Development is a record of a series of studies of the social and economic effects of the Porgerta mine, commissioned by the Porgera Joint Vemture (PJV).

Protection of intellectual, biological & cultural property in Papua New Guinea

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ISBN: 9781922144928 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459934 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:05
License: ANU Press

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Intellectual, biological and cultural property rights are a powerful and debatable topic. They offer the possibility for protection of rights to intangible resources, including the products of knowledge and creativity. The forces of globalisation have made this subject of immediate, international concern. Struggles for ownership of intellectual property occur between and within local and global arenas. This book examines important questions which Papua New Guinea must ask in the development of intellectual property legislation. The chapters are written by specialists in the fields of medicine, law, the environment, music, genetics and traditional cultural knowledge.&#xD;&#xD;The wise and creative protection of intellectual, biological and cultural property is important if Papua New Guinea is to successfully define and realise its future. This book is for all those interested in finding the best policies for protecting these rights wherever they may live and work.

Name, Shame and Blame: Criminalising Consensual Sex in Papua New Guinea

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ISBN: 9781925021219 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515936 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-01 11:01:41
License: ANU Press

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This book is an exceptional contribution to our knowledge of the nexus between the criminal law and negative attitudes of society, and what effects criminalization has on the social lives of prostitutes and males who have sex with males, and whether these effects might provide evidence to support the argument for law reform.

Keywords

papua new guinea --- pacific --- hiv --- sex --- criminalisation

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