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The Nile

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Book Series: Mainzer Historische Cultural Studiesen ISBN: 9783837636154 9783839436158 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_627663 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100591
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-20 11:01:33
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Although Herodot's dictum that "Egypt is a gift of the Nile" is proverbial, there has been only scant attention to the way the river impacted on ancient Egyptian society. Egyptologists frequently focus on the textual and iconographic record, whereas archaeologists and earth scientists approach the issue from the perspective of natural sciences. The contributions in this volume bridge this gap by analyzing the river both as a natural and as a cultural phenomenon. Adopting an approach of cultural ecology, it addresses issues like ancient land use, administration and taxation, irrigation, and religious concepts.

Advances in Flavivirus Research

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ISBN: 9783038424864 9783038424871 Year: Pages: VI, 192 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-487-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-25 13:14:10
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The flaviviruses are composed almost entirely of arthropod-borne viruses, a subset of which are responsible for millions of cases of human disease each year. Among these viruses are dengue virus—a scourge throughout the tropical regions of Asia and the Americas; yellow fever virus—the “original” hemorrhagic fever virus; and the recently emerged Zika virus. While the flaviviruses are related genetically, in their structure and in their replication processes, the dissimilarity of diseases caused by the flaviviruses is remarkable. In this Special Issue, primary research articles and reviews discuss topics ranging from broadly applicable questions of nuclear translocation of viral proteins to virus-specific envelope protein epitopes that may be associated with virus attenuation. Also included in this issue are articles discussing findings with less well known flaviviruses including pegivirus and Duck Tembusu virus. The latter provides a reminder that the flaviviruses not only impact humans, but other species as well.

Marine Natural Products and Obesity

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ISBN: 9783039211913 9783039211920 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-192-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Obesity and related co-morbidities are increasing worldwide and pose a serious health problem. Changes in lifestyle and diet would be the best remedies to fight obesity; however, many people will still rely on medical aid. Marine organisms have been prolific in the production of bioactive compounds for many diseases, e.g., cancer, and promise to be an excellent source for natural-derived molecules and novel nutraceuticals. Bioactive compounds with beneficial activities towards obesity have been described from diverse marine organism including marine algae, bacteria, sponges, fungi, crustaceans or fish. This Special Issue will highlight the progress in the following topics: Bioactive compounds for the treatment of obesity and obesity-related co-morbidities (diabetes, fatty liver, hyperlipidemia) from marine organisms; the isolation of novel compounds, the bioactivity screening of marine organisms and the elucidation of molecular mode of action of marine bioactive compounds.

Groundwater Resources and Salt Water Intrusion in a Changing Environment

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ISBN: 9783039211975 9783039211982 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-198-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This Special Issue presents the work of 30 scientists from 11 countries. It confirms that the impacts of global change, resulting from both climate change and increasing anthropogenic pressure, are huge on worldwide coastal areas (and critically so on some islands in the Pacific Ocean), with highly negative effects on coastal groundwater resources, which are widely affected by seawater intrusion. Some improved research methods are proposed in the contributions: using innovative hydrogeological, geophysical, and geochemical monitoring; assessing impacts of the changing environment on the coastal groundwater resources in terms of quantity and quality; and using modelling, especially to improve management approaches. The scientific research needed to face these challenges must continue to be deployed by different approaches based on the monitoring, modelling and management of groundwater resources. Novel and more efficient methods must be developed to keep up with the accelerating pace of global change.

Equine Viruses

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ISBN: 9783039283200 / 9783039283217 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-321-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations has recently estimated that the world equid population exceeds 110 million. Working equids (horses, ponies, donkeys, and mules) remain essential to ensure the livelihood of poor communities around the world. In many developed countries, the equine industry has significant economical weight, with around 7 million horses in Europe alone. The close relationship between humans and equids and the fact that the athlete horse is the terrestrial mammal that travels the most worldwide after humans are important elements to consider in the transmission of pathogens and diseases, amongst equids and to other species. The potential effect of climate change on vector ecology and vector-borne diseases is also of concern for both human and animal health. In this Special Issue, we intend to explore our understanding of a panel of equine viruses, looking at their pathogenicity, their importance in terms of welfare and potential association with diseases, their economic importance and impact on performance, and how their identification can be helped by new technologies and methods.

Keywords

equine papillomaviruses --- horse --- genital wart --- phylogeny --- evolution --- Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus --- vaccine --- strain selection --- Animal Rule --- cDNA cloned virus --- virus stock propagation --- African horse sickness --- virus structure --- replication --- vaccine strategies --- Equid alphaherpesvirus 1 --- horse --- PCR --- sequencing --- ORF30 --- ORF33 --- ORF34 --- ORF68 --- equine herpesvirus type 1 --- outbreak --- respiratory disease --- abortion --- neuropathogenic strain --- myeloencephalopathy --- phylogeny --- ORF30 --- MLST --- Parvoviridae --- Eqcopivirus --- horse parvovirus-CSF --- equine hepacivirus --- equine parvovirus H --- bosavirus --- virome --- equine coronavirus --- Ireland --- enteric disease --- equine rhinitis virus A --- Thoroughbred racehorses --- loss of performance --- equine parvovirus-hepatitis --- Germany --- risk factors --- transmission --- arbovirus --- flavivirus --- hematophagous arthropod --- hepacivirus A --- hepatitis --- insects --- mosquito-borne virus --- virus transmission --- equine coronavirus --- spike S1 protein --- ELISA --- virus neutralization --- seroprevalence --- MxA --- equine Mx1 --- influenza A viruses --- polymerase activity --- interspecies transmission --- nucleoprotein --- equine influenza --- non-primate hepacivirus --- equine hepacivirus --- in utero transmission --- horse --- fetuses --- encephalitis --- arbovirus --- rabies --- Equid herpesviruses --- Borna disease virus --- West Nile virus --- horses --- n/a

Marine Chitin 2019

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039360727 / 9783039360734 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03936-073-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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In 2019, we sent out a call for submissions to a Special Issue of Marine Drugs entitled “Marine Chitin 2019”, and we are pleased that this issue has now been published. Over 16 high-impact papers were included in this issue, which we now plan to publish as a book. In addition, we now seek to publish a further Special Issue of Marine Drugs, “Marine Chitin 2020–2021”. As before, we plan to produce an authoritative and exciting issue that will encompass breakthroughs in scientific and industrial chitin and chitosan research. Significant advances in chitin and chitosan research have been made since the 1970s, and current overviews in recent publications involving chitin and chitosan research advances are in need of an update.

Keywords

chitosan --- cytotoxicity --- polymer film --- sodium carbonate --- soluble chitosan complex --- chitin --- chitosan --- protease --- chitinase --- chitosan oligomers --- chitooligosaccharides --- anti-inflammatory action --- RAW264.7 macrophage --- chitosan oleate salt --- amphiphilic polymer --- PLGA --- nanoparticles --- mucoadhesion --- Caco-2 cell culture --- nile red --- curcumin --- chitooligosaccharide --- immunostimulatory activity --- RAW 264.7 cells --- mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) --- phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3K)/Akt --- chitosan oligosaccharides --- streptomycin --- Pseudomonas aeruginosa --- biofilms --- conjugation --- chitin --- marine sponges --- scaffolds --- Aplysina archeri --- express method --- bromotyrosines --- crude oil --- blood --- methylene blue --- chitin --- chitosan --- Paenibacillus --- chitosanase --- chitosan oligomers --- ?-glucosidase inhibitor --- antioxidant --- Polybius henslowii --- marine resources --- chitosan --- chitooligosaccharides --- antifungal activity --- antioxidant activity --- chitin --- collagen --- electrospinning --- mechanical property --- 2D correlation spectroscopy --- polymorph --- chitosan lactate --- chitosan tartrate --- chitosan citrate --- Eudragit® S100 --- layer-by-layer film --- mucoadhesive film --- Tenofovir controlled release --- pH responsive release --- vaginal preexposure prophylaxis --- HIV sexual transmission --- chitin --- chitosan --- wound treatment --- derivatization --- nanocomposites --- chitosan --- antibacterial activity --- Clostridium perfringens --- pork sausage --- chitin --- chitosan --- chitooligosaccharides --- enzymatic modification --- biotechnology --- chitinase --- chitosanase --- lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase --- chitin deacetylase --- chitosan-coated liposomes --- chitosan hydrogel --- mucoadhesion --- vaginal infections --- antibacterial activity --- Staphylococcus epidermidis --- Staphylococcus aureus --- chitin --- roller compaction --- ball milling --- direct compression --- compression work --- crushing strength --- Hausner ratio --- Kawakita analysis --- bulk density --- dissolution

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