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Le roman français contemporain face à l’Histoire

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ISBN: 9788874629602 Language: French
Publisher: Quodlibet
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L’Histoire ne laisse pas la littérature en paix. Ou bien est-ce l’inverse? Depuis une trentaine d’années, une floraison de romans français revisitent le passé. Cette rétrospection concerne surtout le XXe siècle, ses phases cruciales et ses événements tragiques, mais elle embrasse aussi les époques antérieures. Les romanciers ne se satisfont plus de raconter : ils suspectent, ils enquêtent, multiplient leurs approches. Et leurs œuvres diffèrent par bien des aspects, formels et thématiques, du roman historique en vogue au XIXe siècle. Dans le même temps, nombre d’historiens s’interrogent sur l’instance narrative, la forme du récit et sur les usages scientifiques de la fiction littéraire. À la confluence de ces mouvements se déploie la fortune de ce qu’on pourrait appeler des romans historiens, pour lesquels l’Histoire, les événements aussi bien que la manière de les écrire, devient elle-même une question partagée. Autour de ce grand courant historicisant qui accroît encore son élan dans la première décennie du XXIe siècle, le présent ouvrage réunit des réflexions d’écrivains, d’historiens, de littéraires. Attentif aux textes les plus récents, il en explore les choix chronologiques, les modèles formels, les thèmes saillants, parmi lesquels les guerres, la décolonisation et les questions politiques jouent un rôle de premier plan.

Le vagabond et son ombre : G. Nagarajan

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ISBN: 9791036549915 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.3194 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Ce brahmane déconcerte : à travers une ultime décennie de bohème et d'errance, cet homme de bonne caste, d’une carrure tant physique qu’intellectuelle au-dessus de la moyenne, abolit toute respectabilité et s’applique à s’autodétruire. Telle est l’image que GN laisse de lui-même en fin de vie, réussissant ainsi à brouiller notre vision de son œuvre par l’ombre qu’il projette inévitablement sur elle. Ecrivain d’une rigueur et d’une densité rares, ses thèmes et son style incisif tranchent sur une littérature tamoule de coteaux moyens, plus tournée vers le divertissement. Il lui impose un monde étranger à son lectorat bourgeois et fort peu exploré en tamoul avant lui, celui d’un ‘prolétariat’ urbain grouillant de vie. Sans jamais sombrer dans le misérabilisme ni dans l’idéologie progressiste des intellectuels militants qu’il a fréquentés d’abord, il anticipe brillamment d'une génération sur l’explosion globale des littératures ‘dalit’ mais sans pour autant être intégré à celles-ci. Seul, ignoré ou admiré, il reste largement à découvrir. Son œuvre de fiction, ni réaliste ni populiste, est d’une précision clinique. Le talent de l’écrivain, très conscient mais rebelle à toute théorisation, consiste à peindre en l'éclairant de la lumière la plus crue, sous des angles variés mais toujours impitoyables, la société dans laquelle il situe une action exorcisée de toute métaphysique comme de tout misérabilisme, imperméable à toute sensiblerie, une vision du monde à travers ses soubassements. C’est par en-dessous qu’il en lait découvrir les mécanismes, intéressé par les manipulateurs de tous calibres, petits truqueurs ou ‘brokers’ parvenus, autant et plus que par leurs victimes, fasciné par la complexité des comportements humains et de leur enchaînement.

Kakanien als Gesellschaftskonstruktion

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ISBN: 9783205787402 Year: Pages: 1222 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437166 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4286
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:04
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This monograph (professorial dissertation FU Berlin 2009) undertakes an interpretation of the entirety of Musil's monumental novel by placing the focus on its socio-analytical critique of contemporary society. It adapts Pierre Bourdieu's concept of the socio-analysis of literary texts, complemented by methodology from recent narratology, discourse and media theory, and is empirically grounded upon research from social and cultural history. Opening with a reconstruction of Musil's 'negative' anthropology and his concurrently analytical and constructivistic conception of the novel, as well as his essayistic, 'anti-filmic' poetics, the first part of the study profiles the socio-analytical implications of two major terms of his concept of the novel: firstly "Eigenschaftslosigkeit" (lack of inherent qualities or characteristics), and secondly "Möglichkeitssinn" (sense of possibility) or "Essayismus" (essayism). The main section of the study continues with a reading of The Man without Qualities as a social 'force field', beginning with an analysis of the narratively constituted chronotope and the social sphere of Kakania. It then turns to the central male and female figures of the novel (in the sections Heirs and Disinherited; Climbers and Stagnaters; Terrorists and Prophets, as well as Fallen Lovers; Sufferers of an 'obscure time-disease'; Adapters and Dissidents) and finally to the constellations and interactions of the characters in their aesthetic arrangements (in the sections Marriages in Crises; Orderless Circumstances, Gender Struggle; Attempts at Love beyond Marriage; and Rivalry over Principles and People; Ideologic Hostilities and Class Struggle). Special attention is paid to Musil's contemporary critique of a society in a contradictory process of modernisation, and to his concrete historical and ideological points of reference in the conflict strewn Austria and Germany of the preand inter-war years, as it is these to date neglected aspects that cause the uncompleted, and yet epoch-making, novel to appear so unique and incomparable. A final section considers the positioning of the novel and ist author in the contemporary literary field, as well as his indirect authorial self-analysis which occurs in a concealed manner throughout the fictional narration. With this socio-analysis of The Man without Qualities, Bourdieu's innovative cultural-sociological approach is for the first time applied in a consistent and detailed manner on a canonical German language novel. Moreover, an integral aspect of the study involves a theoretically aware integration of meticulous textual analysis and a broad cultural and literary historical contextualisation, which not only extends over Musil's essays and his voluminous literary remains (notes and drafts of sequels), but also over numerous discoursive involvements with contemporary Austrian and German politics and scholarship, and national and international literature. The Man without Qualities hence is presented as a modern classic of European literature, which relentlessly reveals the roots of the catastrophical history of the early twentieth century, and which transcends the sociological knowledge of its time.

PAIN - Novel targets and new technologies

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193943 Year: Pages: 95 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-394-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Therapeutics --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-03 13:02:24
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The problem of clinical pain management is complex and far-reaching, as it encompasses many different types of pain, such as arthritis, musculoskeletal conditions, neuropathic pain, and visceral pain. It is widely known that many of the well-established analgesic pathways are centrally based, involving spinal and supraspinal sites. However, pain can also be effectively controlled by peripheral pathways. The analgesics market is growing and the driving forces are the aging population and need for better therapeutic benefits. There are various analgesic products that are available that can be administered by various routes, yet research is active in identifying new technologies for better drug targeting and novel targets to gain improved therapeutic efficiency. This e-Book "PAIN - Novel targets and new technologies" has brought together experts in the field of pain at the physiological, pharmacological and pharmaceutical levels to discuss novel pain targets and new pain technologies across the various types of pain. This information is presented as novel research findings, short communications and review articles. The goal of this e-Book is to generate further collaborative discussion on the future and direction of pain therapies.

Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) Applications

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ISBN: 9783038425380 9783038425397 Year: Pages: VIII, 270 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-539-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-27 12:48:49
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The issue is dedicated to applications of Deep Brain Stimulation and, in this issue, we would like to highlight the new developments that are taking place in the field. These include the application of new technology to existing indications, as well as ‘new’ indications. We would also like to highlight the most recent clinical evidence from international multicentre trials. The issue will include articles relating to movement disorders, pain, psychiatric indications, as well as emerging indications that are not yet accompanied by clinical evidence. We look forward to your expert contribution to this exciting issue.

Recent Changes in Drug Abuse Scenario: The Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) Phenomenon

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ISBN: 9783038975076 9783038975083 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-508-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Neurology --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 10:04:51
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In parallel with a decrease/stabilization in the use of internationally controlled drugs, the market of novel psychoactive substances (NPS) continues increasing, year after year, with the Internet playing a pivotal role in contributing to this complex scenario. At times, although misleading, the terms ‘legal highs’ or ’research chemicals’ have been used to describe these molecules. Overall, about 5% of 19–24-year-old European people have already experimented with them, because both NPS’ intense psychoactive effects and their virtual non-detectability in routine drug screenings. Although ‘novel’ typically refers to molecules that have recently become a reason of current/potential public health concern, at times, the NPS scenario may indeed focus on pharmaceutical molecules. These may have either not entered the market, or are currently prescribed, with their potential for misuse resulting from the relating high dosages/idiosyncratic ways of self-administration. A concurrent use of a range of different NPS, and/or medications, is frequently being reported and this may be a reason of further clinical complications. Given their complex pharmacodynamics, there are increasing levels of concern about the onset of acute/chronic psychopathological associated with NPS intake. This Special Issue aims at providing an overview of a range of NPS-related issues, e.g., preclinical, epidemiological, and clinical pharmacological; the medical and psychopathological consequences associated with their intake; and, finally, the analytical chemistry and forensic analysis challenges associated with the NPS phenomenon.

Towards Turkish American Literature

Authors: ---
Book Series: Interamericana ISBN: 9783631677247 9783631677247 9783653072297 9783631709054 Year: DOI: 10.3726/978-3-653-07229-7 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103567
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:12
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The author expands the definition of Turkish American literature beyond fiction written by Americans of Turkish descent to incorporate texts that literally ‘commute’ between two national spheres. This segment of Turkish American literature transcends established paradigms of immigrant life-writing, as it includes works by Turkish authors who do not qualify as American permanent residents and were not born in the United States by Turkish parents (such as Elif Shafak and Halide Edip), and on novels where the Turkish and Ottoman matter decisively prevails over the American (Güneli Gün’s «On the Road to Baghdad» and Alev Lytle Croutier’s «Seven Houses»). Yet, these texts were written in English, were purposefully located on the American market, and simultaneously engage the Turkish and the American cultural and literary traditions.

Hyperion, or the Hermit in Greece

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Book Series: Open Book Classics ISSN: 2054-216X/2054-2178 ISBN: 9781783746552 9781783746576 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0160 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-06 15:15:30
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Friedrich Hölderlin’s only novel, Hyperion (1797–99), is a fictional epistolary autobiography that juxtaposes narration with critical reflection. Returning to Greece after German exile, following his part in the abortive uprising against the occupying Turks (1770), and his failure as both a lover and a revolutionary, Hyperion assumes a hermitic existence, during which he writes his letters. Confronting and commenting on his own past, with all its joy and grief, the narrator undergoes a transformation that culminates in the realisation of his true vocation.Though Hölderlin is now established as a great lyric poet, recognition of his novel as a supreme achievement of European Romanticism has been belated in the Anglophone world. Incorporating the aesthetic evangelism that is a characteristic feature of the age, Hyperion preaches a message of redemption through beauty. The resolution of the contradictions and antinomies raised in the novel is found in the act of articulation itself. To a degree remarkable in a prose work of any length, what it means is inseparable from how it means. In this skilful translation, Gaskill conveys the beautiful music and rhythms of Hölderlin’s language to an English-speaking reader.

Houses, Secrets, and the Closet

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Book Series: Lettre ISBN: 9783837634686 9783839434680 Year: Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101251
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 11:02:30
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»Houses, Secrets, and the Closet« investigates the literary production of masculinities and their relation to secrets and sexualities in 18th and 19th century fiction. It focusses on close readings of Gothic fiction, Sensation Novels, and tales by Horace Walpole, Ann Radcliffe, William Godwin, Mary Elizabeth Braddon, Wilkie Collins, and Henry James. The study approaches these texts through the lens of domestic space, gender, knowledge, and power. This approach serves to investigate the cultural roots of the »closet« – the male homosexual secret – which reveals a more general notion of male secrecy in modern society. The study thus contributes to a better understanding of the cultural history of masculinities and sexualities.

L'Œuvre sans fin. Réception des romans de Monique Saint-Hélier par la critique française (1932-1955)

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Book Series: Histoire des Idées et Critique Littéraire ISBN: 9782600017626 Year: Pages: 494 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_579630 Language: French
Publisher: Librairie Droz Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163540
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Social Sciences --- Arts in general --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-21 11:01:11
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Monique Saint-Hélier became quite successful during the 1930s in particular because of the violent controversy that surrounded her second novel, Bois-Mort. How is it that Saint-Hélier’s work provoked such passionate criticism, but encountered nothing but disinterest after the war? Studying unpublished sources as well as a vast corpus of book reviews, the author explores by this quite particular literary path, as well as the variations in how a work is received over time.

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