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Programming for Computations - Python: A Gentle Introduction to Numerical Simulations with Python

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Book Series: Texts in Computational Science and Engineering ISSN: 1611-0994 ISBN: 9783319324272 9783319324289 Volume: 15 Pages: 232 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32428-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 18:19:48
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Numerical simulations;programming;Python

On the Origin (and Evolution) of Baryonic Galaxy Halos

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ISBN: 9783038427223 9783038427216 Year: Pages: 230 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-16 08:49:06
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This book covers aspects and achievements of the baryonic (star and gas) component of galaxy halos as presented at the successful conference “On the Origin (and Evolution) of Baryonic Galaxy Halos”, held on the Galapagos Islands, Ecuador, March 13–17, 2017. It can be regarded as a compendium of the prominent results in this field. The main focus is the latest simulations and observations of galaxy halos. This compendium is recommended to researchers, and advanced students, as it contains peer-reviewed high quality papers that will meet their scientific needs and help to initiate new research directions. Everything described in this book is the result of a truly collective effort from the participants of the Galapagos conference.

Stabilisation behaviour of cyclically loaded shallow foundations for offshore wind turbines

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ISBN: 9783866444133 Year: Pages: VIII, 132 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000012332 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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This work presents the results of model tests and numerical simulations of shallow foundations subjected to cyclic loads typical of offshore loadings. Main focus is spent on the accumulated rotational and settlement behaviour relevant in particular for fixed installed offshore wind turbines.

Drop, Bubble and Particle Dynamics in Complex Fluids

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ISBN: 9783039282968 9783039282975 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-297-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The presence of drops, bubbles, and particles affects the behavior and response of complex multiphase fluids. In many applications, these complex fluids have more than one non-Newtonian component, e.g., polymer melts, liquid crystals, and blood plasma. In fact, most fluids exhibit non-Newtonian behaviors, such as yield stress, viscoelastity, viscoplasticity, shear thinning, or shear thickening, under certain flow conditions. Even in the complex fluids composed of Newtonian components, the coupling between different components and the evolution of internal boundaries often lead to a complex rheology. Thus the dynamics of drops, bubbles, and particles in both Newtonian fluids and non-Newtonian fluids are crucial to the understanding of the macroscopic behavior of complex fluids. This Special Issue aims to gather a wide variety of papers that focus on drop, bubble and particle dynamics in complex fluids. Potential topics include, but are not limited to, drop deformation, rising drops, pair-wise drop interactions, drop migration in channel flows, and the interaction of particles with flow systems such as pastes and slurries, glasses, suspensions, and emulsions. We emphasize numerical simulations, but also welcome experimental and theoretical contributions.

Mathematical Modelling in Engineering & Human Behaviour 2018

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ISBN: 9783038978046 9783038978053 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-805-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 10:09:00
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This book includes papers in cross-disciplinary applications of mathematical modelling: from medicine to linguistics, social problems, and more. Based on cutting-edge research, each chapter is focused on a different problem of modelling human behaviour or engineering problems at different levels. The reader would find this book to be a useful reference in identifying problems of interest in social, medicine and engineering sciences, and in developing mathematical models that could be used to successfully predict behaviours and obtain practical information for specialised practitioners. This book is a must-read for anyone interested in the new developments of applied mathematics in connection with epidemics, medical modelling, social issues, random differential equations and numerical methods.

Numerical and Evolutionary Optimization

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ISBN: 9783039218165 9783039218172 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-817-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This book was established after the 6th International Workshop on Numerical and Evolutionary Optimization (NEO), representing a collection of papers on the intersection of the two research areas covered at this workshop: numerical optimization and evolutionary search techniques. While focusing on the design of fast and reliable methods lying across these two paradigms, the resulting techniques are strongly applicable to a broad class of real-world problems, such as pattern recognition, routing, energy, lines of production, prediction, and modeling, among others. This volume is intended to serve as a useful reference for mathematicians, engineers, and computer scientists to explore current issues and solutions emerging from these mathematical and computational methods and their applications.

Outstanding Topics in Ocean Optics

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ISBN: 9783038977049 9783038977056 Year: Pages: 454 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-705-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Oceanography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Ocean optics is a branch of oceanography which is firmly embedded in studies of a great variety of ocean science and engineering questions. The interactive nature between radiative transfer of light and various dissolved and particulate constituents of seawater is at the core of ocean optics science and applications. The transfer of radiant solar energy has vital implications to life and climate on Earth, and the large variety of subjects of ocean optics ranges from the subtle problems of physical optics to optical remote sensing towards a better understanding of ocean biology, biogeochemistry and ecosystems and their roles in the Earth's system processes. The intention of this book is to present a collection of papers that generally share a common denominator of frontier topics in ocean optics which are unique, uncommon or outstanding in the literature, and to provide a balanced view of the extraordinary breadth of research in this field. Topics as diverse as measurements and modeling of radiative transfer, light fields, light scattering and polarization, ocean color, benthic optical properties, and the use of optics for characterizing seawater constituents are addressed in this book. The book is expected to be of interest and useful to a broad audience of professional ocean scientists, engineers and advanced students with an interest in ocean optics and applications of optical methods in oceanography.

Keywords

forward modeling --- suspended matter --- marine particles --- fractal structure --- organic carbon --- chlorophyll-a --- oceanic light field --- irradiance quartet --- apparent optical properties --- inelastic processes --- Gershun equation --- ocean euphotic zone --- phytoplankton pigments --- ocean color --- remote sensing --- MERIS --- global oceans --- light scattering --- light scattering by pure water --- light scattering by pure seawater --- anomalous properties of water --- remote-sensing reflectance --- bathymetry --- hyperspectral --- bottom mapping --- radiative transfer --- apparent optical properties --- 3D Monte Carlo numerical simulations --- downward irradiance --- upward radiance --- sea ice heterogeneity --- vertical attenuation coefficient --- melt ponds --- remote sensing --- coral reef --- sensor noise --- retrieval uncertainty --- particle dynamics --- optical properties --- suspended sediment --- phytoplankton --- PFT --- ocean colour --- satellite radiometry --- radiative transfer --- optical modelling --- vector radiative transfer --- polarization --- coupled systems --- atmosphere --- ocean --- forward modeling --- inverse problems --- marine optics --- inherent optical properties --- volume scattering function --- degree of linear polarization --- marine particles --- light scattering measurements --- LISST-VSF instrument --- ocean optics --- ocean color --- remote sensing --- radiative transfer approximation --- volume scattering function --- NASA PACE mission --- polarization --- ocean optics --- upwelling radiance distribution --- remote sensing --- remote sensing --- hyperspectral --- shallow water --- coral --- derivative --- radiative transfer --- canopy --- ocean color database --- oceanic carbon --- chromophoric dissolved organic matter --- dissolved organic carbon --- CDOM spectral slope --- ocean color remote sensing --- algorithm development --- ocean color algorithm validation --- ocean optics --- CDOM climatology --- CDOM and ENSO --- machine learning --- ocean optics --- backscattering ratio --- phytoplankton --- coated-sphere model --- bulk refractive index --- seawater component --- natural organic matter --- DOM --- FDOM --- CDOM --- Gelbstoff --- EEMS --- PARAFAC --- marine sensors --- Kallemeter --- FerryBox --- Trondheimsfjord --- Norway --- ocean optics --- light scattering --- Mueller matrix --- volume and surface integral methods

Resilience and Sustainability of Civil Infrastructures under Extreme Loads

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039214013 9783039214020 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-402-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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There are many regions worldwide which are susceptible to extreme loads such as earthquakes. These can cause loss of life and adverse impacts on civil infrastructures, the environment, and communities. A series of methods and measures have been used to mitigate the effects of these extreme loads. The adopted approaches and methods must enable civil structures to be resilient and sustainable. Therefore, to reduce damage and downtime in addition to protecting life and promoting safety, new resilient structure technologies must be proposed and developed. This special issue book focuses on methods of enhancing the sustainability and resilience of civil infrastructures in the event of extreme loads (e.g., earthquakes). This book contributes proposals of and theoretical, numerical, and experimental research on new and resilient civil structures and their structural performance under extreme loading events. These works will certainly play a significant role in promoting the application of new recoverable structures. Moreover, this book also introduces some case studies discussing the implementation of low-damage structural systems in buildings as well as articles on the development of design philosophies and performance criteria for resilient buildings and new sustainable communities.

Keywords

corporation --- resilience --- disaster --- recovery --- Great East Japan Earthquake --- viscous damper --- hybrid damper --- seismic performance --- cyclic loading test --- silt --- subway induced vibration --- numerical simulations --- finite element --- infinite element boundary --- measurement --- substructure --- boundary technique --- inflection point --- hybrid simulation --- force-displacement control --- integration algorithm --- pseudodynamic test, earthquake --- nonlinearity --- model-based --- Brazier effect --- angle section --- Brazier flattening --- variational method --- numerical simulation --- beam --- reinforced concrete --- corrosion --- chloride ingress --- carbonation --- probabilistic --- sustainability prediction --- cold-formed steel structure --- cold-formed steel composite shear wall building --- mid-rise --- simplified modeling method --- seismic analysis --- shaking table test --- seismic damage --- simulation model --- system restoration --- water supply networks --- progressive collapse --- abnormal loads --- sudden column removal --- seismic connection detail --- energy-based approximate analysis --- structural robustness --- structural sensitivity --- mitigation --- shaking table test --- liquefaction --- settlement --- ground improvement --- resilience-based design --- dynamic structural analysis --- GM selection --- displacement response spectrum --- structural response estimates --- spectrum variance --- probabilistic framework --- reinforced concrete frames --- liquefaction --- response surface method --- artificial neural network --- Monte Carlo simulation --- optimized section --- precast slab --- concrete --- tapered cross section --- shear performance --- ground motion --- matching pursuit decomposition --- time-frequency energy distribution --- ratcheting effect --- nonlinear response --- flow --- analysis --- concrete --- girder --- damage --- NDE --- replaceable coupling beam --- beam --- shear wall --- cyclic reversal test --- seismic behavior --- settlement --- mined-out region --- railway construction --- dynamic model --- column-top isolation --- single-layer reticulated dome --- nonlinear time-history analysis --- damping effect --- hybrid simulation --- intermediate column --- subway station --- OpenFresco --- OpenSees --- resilience --- sustainability --- civil infrastructures --- extreme loads --- natural hazards --- earthquakes --- seismic performance --- energy dissipative devices

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