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PISA 2018

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783830941002 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.31244/9783830991007 Language: german
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
Subject: Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 16:39:14
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Mit der PISA-Studie werden grundlegende Kompetenzen von Fünfzehnjährigen gegen Ende der Pflichtschulzeit erfasst. Ziel ist es, Aussagen darüber zu treffen, wie gut die Jugendlichen auf eine erfolgreiche Teilhabe an der modernen Gesellschaft vorbereitet sind. Die Ergebnisse der PISA-Studie ermöglichen alle drei Jahre den internationalen Vergleich von Kompetenzen Fünfzehnjähriger in den Bereichen Naturwissenschaften, Mathematik und Lesen und damit Aussagen über die Wirksamkeit von Bildungssystemen. Der nationale Berichtsband stellt die Ergebnisse der Schülerinnen und Schüler in Deutschland aus der PISA-Studie 2018 vor und setzt sie in Relation zu den Ergebnissen in anderen Staaten. Der Schwerpunkt der Erhebungen und Auswertungen liegt dabei auf der Lesekompetenz.Die Rahmenkonzeption der Lesekompetenz wurde für die PISA-Studie 2018 im Vergleich zu den vorigen Runden einer Revision unterzogen und berücksichtigt nun die sich verändernde Lesepraxis, die mit der Nutzung digitaler Medien einhergeht. Es werden leistungsbezogene Variablen genauso wie motivationale Orientierungen, Einstellungen und Verhalten erfasst, die für die Lesekompetenz wichtig sein können. Daneben wird der Beitrag der sozialen Herkunft und des Zuwanderungshintergrunds für die Lesekompetenzen untersucht. Darüber hinaus werden die Kompetenzen der Jugendlichen in der Mathematik und den Naturwissenschaften vorgestellt und diskutiert.

PISA 2015

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783830935551 Year: Pages: 506 Language: german
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
Subject: Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-16 10:25:16
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Alle drei Jahre testet PISA den Stand der Grundbildung fünfzehnjähriger Jugendlicher in den Bereichen Naturwissenschaften, Mathematik und Lesen und untersucht so Stärken und Schwächen von Bildungssystemen im Vergleich der OECD-Staaten. Zentral ist dabei die Frage, inwieweit es den teilnehmenden Staaten gelingt, die Schülerinnen und Schüler während der Schulpflicht auf ihre weiteren Bildungs- und Berufswege vorzubereiten. Der nationale Berichtsband stellt die Ergebnisse aus PISA 2015 vor, die von den Schülerinnen und Schülern in Deutschland erreicht wurden, und setzt sie in Relation zu den Ergebnissen in anderen OECD-Staaten. Der Schwerpunkt der Erhebungen und Auswertungen liegt dabei auf den Naturwissenschaften. PISA 2015 bildet als sechste Erhebungsrunde des Programme for International Student Assessment der OECD zugleich den Abschluss des zweiten Zyklus der Studie und den Beginn der computerbasierten Testung. Unter Beibehaltung wesentlicher Standards der Datenerhebung und -auswertung wurden in PISA 2015 mit dem Erhebungsmodus am Computer, einem differenzierteren Skalierungsmodell und einem erweiterten Testdesign mehrere Neuerungen eingeführt. Sie tragen Veränderungen in der Lern- und Lebenswelt Rechnung und werden die Aussagekraft der PISA-Studien auf lange Sicht verbessern. Mit Blick auf diese Balance zwischen Kontinuität und Innovation werden die Befunde aus PISA 2015 in diesem Band eingeordnet und diskutiert.

PISA 2015 Skalenhandbuch

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783830940326 Year: Pages: 364 Language: german
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
Subject: Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-11 14:51:10
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Dieses Skalenhandbuch für das Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2015 umfasst die Dokumentation aller Instrumente, die in der Studie im Jahre 2015 in Deutschland eingesetzt wurden. Neben den Fragen – den sogenannten Items – des Schülerfragebogens, des Elternfragebogens, des Lehrerfragebogens sowie des Schulleiterfragebogens werden die mittleren (internationalen und nationalen) Lösungshäufigkeiten der verwendeten Testaufgaben für die Domänen Naturwissenschaften, Lesen und Mathematik aufgelistet. In der Erhebung 2015 bildete die Domäne Naturwissenschaften zum zweiten Mal die Hauptdomäne. Es werden sowohl die internationalen Fragen als auch Fragen abgebildet, welche nur in Deutschland erhoben worden sind.

PISA 2012 Skalenhandbuch

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783830938255 Year: Pages: 454 Language: german
Publisher: Waxmann Verlag
Subject: Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-16 09:30:04
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Das Skalenhandbuch für das Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012 umfasst die Dokumentation aller Instrumente, die in der Studie im Jahre 2012 in Deutschland eingesetzt wurden. In der Erhebung 2012 bildete Mathematik zum zweiten Mal die Hauptdomäne.Neben den Fragen – den sogenannten Items – des Schüler-, Eltern-, Lehrer- sowie des Schulleiterfragebogens werden die mittleren Lösungshäufigkeiten der verwendeten Testaufgaben für die Domänen Mathematik, Lesen und Naturwissenschaften aufgelistet. Des Weiteren werden Schülerangaben zu ihrer subjektiven Anstrengungsbereitschaft bei der Testbearbeitung veröffentlicht. Es werden sowohl die internationalen Fragen als auch solche Fragen abgebildet, die nur in Deutschland erhoben wurden.

Review of Invertebrate Biological Control Agents Introduced into Europe

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781786390790; 9781786390806; 9781786390813 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.1079/9781786390790.0000 Language: English
Publisher: CABI
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-16 16:28:31
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This review provides an overview of all documented releases of exotic (non-European) invertebrate biological control agents (IBCAs) into the environment in Europe and summarizes key information on the target species as well as on the biological control agent released. It is an update of A Review of Biological Control in Western and Southern Europe edited by Greathead (1976) and covers the period from 1897, when the beetle Rodolia cardinalis was introduced into Portugal against the invasive cottony cushion scale, Icerya purchasi, until the end of 2009. This review is based largely on the BIOCAT database (Greathead and Greathead 1992), which contains records of the introduction of insect natural enemies, namely parasitoids and predators, for the control of insect pests worldwide. This review may not provide the complete list of BC agents introduced into Europe. Nevertheless, the report includes a vast majority of the introductions, and hence provides a representative picture of the history of releases of exotic BC agents into the environment in Europe.

Modelling and Analysis of Sustainability Related Issues in New Era

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ISBN: 9783039210244 9783039210251 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-025-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The purpose of this Special Issue is to investigate topics related to sustainability issues in the new era, especially in Industry 4.0 or other new manufacturing environments. Under Industry 4.0, there have been great changes with respect to production processes, production planning and control, quality assurance, internal control, cost determination, and other management issues. Moreover, it is expected that Industry 4.0 can create positive sustainability impacts along the whole value chain. There are three pillars of sustainability, including environmental sustainability, economic sustainability, and social sustainability. This Special Issue collects 15 sustainability-related papers from various industries that use various methods or models, such as mathematical programming, activity-based costing (ABC), material flow cost accounting, fuel consumption model, artificial intelligence (AI)-based fusion model, multi-attribute decision model (MADM), and so on. These papers are related to carbon emissions, carbon tax, Industry 4.0, economic sustainability, corporate social responsibility (CSR), etc. The research objects come from China, Taiwan, Thailand, Oman, Cyprus, Germany, Austria, and Portugal. Although the research presented in this Special Issue is not exhaustive, this Special Issue provides abundant, significant research related to environmental, economic, and social sustainability. Nevertheless, there still are many research topics that require our attention to solve problems of sustainability.

Keywords

carbon tax policy --- return policy --- carbon reduction --- e-commerce platform --- carbon emissions --- cap & trade --- green production --- footwear industry --- activity-based costing (ABC) --- activity-based costing (ABC) --- industry 4.0 --- integrated mathematical programming --- product-mix decision --- theory of constraints (TOC) --- carbon tax --- small and medium enterprises --- OEE --- OECD --- manufacturing sustainability --- time study --- Industry 4.0 --- material handling systems --- agent-based control architecture --- Activity-Based Costing (ABC) --- Industry 4.0 --- tire industry --- carbon emission --- carbon tax --- mathematical programming --- sustainability --- sustainability performance --- corporate social responsibility (CSR) --- internal control --- multi-attribute decision model (MADM) --- decision making trial and evaluation laboratory (DEMATEL) --- DANP (DEMATEL based ANP) --- VIKOR --- fuel consumption --- sustainability --- active suspension --- PID controller --- white noise --- colored noise --- long- and short-term --- greenhouse gas --- LS-ARIMAXi-ECM model --- sustainability --- economic growth --- exogenous variables --- CO2 emissions --- family business --- succession plan --- corporate characteristics --- family capital --- niche inheritance --- multi-attribute decision model (MADM) --- social sustainability --- artificial intelligence --- corporate social responsibility --- decision making --- firm value --- Activity-Based Costing (ABC) --- Industry 4.0 --- aluminum-alloy wheel industry --- mathematical programming --- Activity-Based Standard Costing (ABSC) --- Manufacturing Execution System (MES) --- Activity-Based Costing (ABC) --- Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) --- Industry 4.0 --- industrial internet of things --- digital transformation --- digital platforms --- qualitative-empirical study --- small and medium-sized enterprises --- sustainable development --- energy efficiency --- electrical appliances --- life cycle cost analysis (LCCA) --- multi-attribute value theory (MAVT) --- multi-objective optimization --- NSGAII --- sustainability --- ISO14051 --- material flow cost accounting --- n/a

Water Governance: Retheorizing Politics

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039215607 9783039215614 Year: Pages: 334 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-561-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This republished Special Issue highlights recent and emergent concepts and approaches to water governance that re-centers the political in relation to water-related decision making, use, and management. To do so at once is to focus on diverse ontologies, meanings and values of water, and related contestations regarding its use, or its importance for livelihoods, identity, or place-making. Building on insights from science and technology studies, feminist, and postcolonial approaches, we engage broadly with the ways that water-related decision making is often depoliticized and evacuated of political content or meaning—and to what effect. Key themes that emerged from the contributions include the politics of water infrastructure and insecurity; participatory politics and multi-scalar governance dynamics; politics related to emergent technologies of water (bottled or packaged water, and water desalination); and Indigenous water governance.

Keywords

water quality --- Indigenous water --- spatio-temporal --- hydrosocial --- water governance --- Belo Monte --- Brazil --- dams --- national interest --- hydropower --- depoliticization --- repoliticization --- energy policy --- international development --- decentralization --- political ecology --- integrated water resource management (IWRM) --- Lesotho --- Africa --- Anishinabek --- nibi (water) --- women --- governance --- giikendaaswin --- urban water infrastructure --- political ecology --- water governance --- water quality --- packaged drinking water (PDW) --- bottled water --- Jakarta --- Indonesia --- water management --- irrigation --- kitchen gardens --- participatory development --- Water Users’ Associations --- Central Asia --- Tajikistan --- water governance --- politics --- law --- decision-making processes --- governmentalities --- UNDRIP --- free --- prior and informed consent --- FPIC --- groundwater --- environmental flows --- environmental assessment --- community-based research --- drinking water --- hydrosocial --- Indigenous knowledge --- settler colonialism --- political ontology --- risk --- Two-Eyed Seeing --- Yukon --- Canada --- water security --- water ethics --- narrative ethics --- water justice --- orientation knowledge --- water governance --- water politics --- bottled water --- water governance --- urban water --- re-theorizing --- First Nations --- OECD --- water governance --- water justice --- water colonialism --- UNDRIP --- UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples --- water --- desalination --- legal geography --- mining --- Chile --- first nations --- Canada --- political ecology --- colonization --- water politics --- WEF Nexus --- PES --- scale politics --- environmental justice --- Latin America --- Colombia --- water politics --- religious difference --- infrastructure --- governance --- planning --- practices of mediation --- urban India --- social control --- participation --- water governance --- remunicipalization --- Cochabamba --- Bolivia --- water governance --- political ecology --- Indigenous water governance --- water rights --- water insecurity --- water justice --- politics --- water --- infrastructure --- informality --- Cairo --- Egypt --- power --- governance

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