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Wind Turbine Aerodynamics

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ISBN: 9783039215249 / 9783039215256 Year: Pages: 410 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-525-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

Wind turbine aerodynamics is one of the central subjects of wind turbine technology. To reduce the levelized cost of energy (LCOE), the size of a single wind turbine has been increased to 12 MW at present, with further increases expected in the near future. Big wind turbines and their associated wind farms have many advantages but also challenges. The typical effects are mainly related to the increase in Reynolds number and blade flexibility. This Special Issue is a collection of 21 important research works addressing the aerodynamic challenges appearing in such developments. The 21 research papers cover a wide range of problems related to wind turbine aerodynamics, which includes atmospheric turbulent flow modeling, wind turbine flow modeling, wind turbine design, wind turbine control, wind farm flow modeling in complex terrain, wind turbine noise modeling, vertical axis wind turbine, and offshore wind energy. Readers from all over the globe are expected to greatly benefit from this Special Issue collection regarding their own work and the goal of enabling the technological development of new environmentally friendly and cost-effective wind energy systems in order to reach the target of 100% energy use from renewable sources, worldwide, by 2050

Keywords

H-type floating VAWT --- truss Spar floating foundation --- coupling of aerodynamics and hydrodynamics --- computational fluid dynamics --- wind farm --- complex terrain --- SCADA --- met mast measurements --- wind turbine --- simplified free vortex wake --- vortex ring --- aerodynamics --- axial steady condition --- variable pitch --- H-type VAWT --- straight blade --- DMST model --- NACA0012 --- wind energy --- power coefficient --- tip speed ratio --- wind turbine blade optimization --- computational fluid dynamic --- actuator disc --- wake effect --- Non-dominated Sorting Genetic Algorithm (NSGA-II) --- wind turbine airfoil --- dynamic stall --- boundary layer separation --- aerodynamic characteristics --- rotor blade optimization --- blade parametrization --- computational fluid dynamics --- OpenFOAM --- gradient-based --- adjoint approach --- wind turbine optimization --- low wind speed areas --- cost of energy --- particle swarm optimization --- dynamic stall --- pitch oscillation --- oscillating freestream --- rotational augmentation --- wind turbine --- turbulence --- super-statistics --- piezo-electric flow sensor --- ABL stability --- laminar-turbulent transition --- wind speed extrapolation --- atmospheric stability --- wind shear --- wind resource assessment --- wind turbine --- stall --- NREL Phase VI --- S809 airfoil --- MEXICO --- RANS --- wind turbine wakes --- turbulence --- actuator disk --- LES --- wind tunnel --- OpenFOAM --- wind turbine --- wind turbine design --- optimization --- blade length --- economic analysis --- typhoon --- wind turbine --- meso/microscale --- aerodynamic force --- mechanical performance --- thermography --- wind turbine blades --- defects --- image processing --- condition monitoring --- wind farm --- layout optimization --- design --- random search --- complex terrain --- airfoil design --- aerodynamic --- wind tunnel experiment --- VAWTs (Vertical axis wind turbines) --- computational fluid dynamics --- floating offshore wind turbine --- dynamic fluid body interaction --- semi-submersible platform --- OC5 DeepCWind --- wind turbine --- aerodynamics --- turbulent inflow --- Computational Fluid Dynamics --- blade element momentum theory --- actuator line method --- Fatigue Loads --- wind turbine noise source --- wind turbine noise propagation --- wind turbine wake --- n/a

Advances in Experimental and Computational Rheology

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ISBN: 9783039213337 / 9783039213344 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-334-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Rheology, defined as the science of deformation and flow of matter, is a multidisciplinary scientific field, covering both fundamental and applied approaches. The study of rheology includes both experimental and computational methods, which are not mutually exclusive. Its practical importance embraces many processes, from daily life, like preparing mayonnaise or spread an ointment or shampooing, to industrial processes like polymer processing and oil extraction, among several others. Practical applications include also formulations and product development. This Special Issue aims to present the latest advances in the fields of experimental and computational rheology applied to the most diverse classes of materials (foods, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, polymers and biopolymers, multiphasic systems and composites) and processes. This Special Issue will comprise, not only original research papers, but also review articles.

Gas Flows in Microsystems

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ISBN: 9783039215423 / 9783039215430 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-543-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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The last two decades have witnessed a rapid development of microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) involving gas microflows in various technical fields. Gas microflows can, for example, be observed in microheat exchangers designed for chemical applications or for cooling of electronic components, in fluidic microactuators developed for active flow control purposes, in micronozzles used for the micropropulsion of nano and picosats, in microgas chromatographs, analyzers or separators, in vacuum generators and in Knudsen micropumps, as well as in some organs-on-a-chip, such as artificial lungs. These flows are rarefied due to the small MEMS dimensions, and the rarefaction can be increased by low-pressure conditions. The flows relate to the slip flow, transition or free molecular regimes and can involve monatomic or polyatomic gases and gas mixtures. Hydrodynamics and heat and mass transfer are strongly impacted by rarefaction effects, and temperature-driven microflows offer new opportunities for designing original MEMS for gas pumping or separation. Accordingly, this Special Issue seeks to showcase research papers, short communications, and review articles that focus on novel theoretical and numerical models or data, as well as on new experimental results and technics, for improving knowledge on heat and mass transfer in gas microflows. Papers dealing with the development of original gas MEMS are also welcome.

Keywords

pressure drop --- microchannels --- heat sinks --- slip flow --- electronic cooling --- Knudsen pump --- thermally induced flow --- gas mixtures --- direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) --- microfluidic --- rarefied gas flows --- micro-scale flows --- Knudsen layer --- computational fluid dynamics (CFD) --- OpenFOAM --- Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMS) --- Nano-Electro-Mechanical Systems (NEMS) --- backward facing step --- gaseous rarefaction effects --- fractal surface topography --- modified Reynolds equation --- aerodynamic effect --- bearing characteristics --- underexpansion --- Fanno flow --- flow choking --- compressibility --- binary gas mixing --- micro-mixer --- DSMC --- splitter --- mixing length --- control mixture composition --- preconcentrator --- microfluidics --- miniaturized gas chromatograph --- BTEX --- PID detector --- ultraviolet light-emitting diode (UV LED) --- spectrophotometry --- UV absorption --- gas sensors --- Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX) --- toluene --- hollow core waveguides --- capillary tubes --- gas mixing --- pulsed flow --- modular micromixer --- multi-stage micromixer --- modelling --- photoionization detector --- microfluidics --- microfabrication --- volatile organic compound (VOC) detection --- toluene --- supersonic microjets --- Pitot tube --- Knudsen pump --- thermal transpiration --- vacuum micropump --- rarefied gas flow --- kinetic theory --- microfabrication --- photolithography --- microfluidics --- resonant micro-electromechanical-systems (MEMS) --- micro-mirrors --- out-of-plane comb actuation --- fluid damping --- analytical solution --- FE analysis --- miniaturization --- gas flows in micro scale --- measurement and control --- integrated micro sensors --- advanced measurement technologies --- n/a

Selected Problems in Fluid Flow and Heat Transfer

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ISBN: 9783039214273 / 9783039214280 Year: Pages: 460 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-428-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Fluid flow and heat transfer processes play an important role in many areas of science and engineering, from the planetary scale (e.g., influencing weather and climate) to the microscopic scales of enhancing heat transfer by the use of nanofluids; understood in the broadest possible sense, they also underpin the performance of many energy systems. This topical Special Issue of Energies is dedicated to the recent advances in this very broad field. This book will be of interest to readers not only in the fields of mechanical, aerospace, chemical, process and petroleum, energy, earth, civil ,and flow instrumentation engineering but, equally, biological and medical sciences, as well as physics and mathematics; that is, anywhere that “fluid flow and heat transfer” phenomena may play an important role or be a subject of worthy research pursuits.

Keywords

performance characteristics --- Positive Temperature Coefficient (PTC) elements --- heat transfer --- thermal performance --- Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulation --- air heater --- impingement heat transfer enhancement --- orthogonal jet --- turbulence --- flat plate --- Colebrook equation --- Colebrook-White --- flow friction --- iterative procedure --- logarithms --- Padé polynomials --- hydraulic resistances --- turbulent flow --- pipes --- computational burden --- thermodynamic --- numerical simulation --- thermal effect --- axial piston pumps --- microbubble pump --- bubble generation --- pump efficiency --- bubble size --- concentration --- particle counter --- flow-induced motion --- sharp sections --- T-section prism --- load resistances --- section aspect ratios --- energy conversion --- thermosyphon --- phase change --- two-phase flow --- visualization --- superheated steam --- triaxial stress --- thermogravimetry --- X-ray microtomography --- thermal cracking --- microbubbles --- fluidics --- flow oscillation --- oscillators --- energetics --- pressure loss --- pressure drop --- friction factor --- multiphase flow --- flow rate --- flow regime --- POD --- entropy generation --- boundary layer --- laminar separation bubble --- two-phase flow --- pump performance --- computational fluid dynamics --- centrifugal pump --- flow behavior --- magnetic field --- ferrofluid --- porous cavity --- heat transfer --- mass transfer --- numerical modeling --- numerical modeling --- surrogate model --- correlation --- fin-tube --- spiral fin-tube --- CFD --- ( A g ? F e 3 O 4 / H 2 O ) hybrid nanofluid --- nonlinear thermal radiation --- heat transfer --- chemical reaction --- mass transfer --- method of moment --- numerical results --- transient analysis --- pumps --- moment of inertia --- water hammer --- pipe flow --- wind turbine --- downwind --- tower shadow --- load --- tower --- BEM --- actuator disc --- CANDU-6 --- PHWR --- moderator --- turbulence --- OpenFOAM --- printed circuit heat exchanger --- supercritical LNG --- zigzag type --- heat transfer performance --- gas turbine engine --- particle deposition --- capture efficiency --- multiphase flow --- tip leakage flow --- detached-eddy simulation --- vortex breakdown --- transonic compressor --- POD --- tip leakage flow --- decomposition region --- decomposition dimensionalities --- vortex identification --- SPIV --- fire-spreading characteristics --- real vehicle experiments --- toxic gases --- temperature distributions --- unsteady heat release rate --- thermal energy recovery --- flue gas --- dew point temperature --- condensation --- Aspen® --- thermoacoustic electricity generator --- multi-stage --- traveling-wave heat engine --- push-pull --- inertance-compliance --- acoustic streaming --- n/a

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (4)


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eng (4)


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2019 (4)