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Efficiency of Bank Filtration and Post-Treatment

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ISBN: 9783039213054 / 9783039213061 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-306-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

Riverbank filtration (RBF) schemes for the production of drinking water are increasingly challenged by new constituents of concern, such as organic micropollutants and pathogens in the source water and hydrological flow variations due to weather extremes. RBF and new technology components are integrated and monitoring and operating regimes are adopted to further optimize water treatment in bank filtration schemes for these new requirements. This Special Issue presents results from the EU project AquaNES “Demonstrating synergies in combined natural and engineered processes for water treatment systems” (www.aquanes.eu). Additionally, papers from other research groups cover the efficiency of bank filtration and post-treatment, advantages and limitations of combining natural and engineered processes, parameter-specific assessment of removal rates during bank filtration, and the design and operation of RBF wells. The feasibility, design, and operation of RBF schemes under specific site conditions are highlighted for sites in the US, India, and South Korea

Keywords

riverbank filtration --- removal efficacy --- dissolved organic carbon (DOC) --- pesticides --- pharmaceutical residues --- riverbank filtration --- organic matter degradation --- manganese --- riverbed --- climate change --- floods --- droughts --- column experiments --- PHREEQC --- decentralized capillary nanofiltration --- anoxic --- suboxic --- organic micropollutants --- bank filtrate --- groundwater --- sulphate --- dissolved organic matter --- high temperature --- sub-oxic conditions --- organic matter composition --- PARAFAC-EEM --- LC-OCD --- redox sensitivity --- micropollutants --- oxypurinol --- gabapentin --- river bank filtration --- hydrological trends --- sustainable water production --- well structure remodeling --- point-bar alluvial setting --- riverbank filtration --- site investigation --- hydrochemistry --- subsurface geology --- riverbank filtration --- organic micropollutants --- water quality --- environmental monitoring --- riverbank filtration --- collector wells --- performance --- entrance velocity --- river bank filtration --- attenuation --- organic micropollutants --- pharmaceuticals --- riverbank filtration --- small communities --- disinfection by-products --- trihalomethanes --- riverbank filtration (RBF) --- Krishna River --- southern India --- water treatment --- water quality --- salinity --- river bank filtration --- ultrafiltration --- surface water treatment --- energy efficiency --- out/in membrane comparison --- inline electrolysis --- bank filtration --- biofilm --- clogging --- filter cake --- pathogen barrier --- pressure loss --- slow sand filtration --- electro-chlorination --- smart villages --- disinfection --- river bank filtration --- rural water supply, online monitoring --- dissolved organic matter --- fluorescence excitation-emission matrix --- LC-OCD --- Nakdong River --- riverbank filtration --- bank filtration --- drinking water treatment --- inorganic chemicals --- organic micropollutants --- Ganga --- Yamuna --- Damodar --- riverbank filtration --- water quality --- organic carbon --- nitrate --- heavy metals --- microorganisms --- riverbank filtration --- riverside water source --- analytical method --- mirror-image method --- optimization --- riverbank filtration --- water quality --- bank filtrate portion --- iron --- manganese --- microorganisms --- system costs --- water supply --- storage tank --- drinking water hydropower --- turbine --- energy generation --- renewable energy

Clean Energy and Fuel (Hydrogen) Storage

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039216307 / 9783039216314 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-631-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

Clean energy and fuel storage are often required for both stationary and automotive applications. Some of these clean energy and fuel storage technologies currently under extensive research and development include hydrogen storage, direct electric storage, mechanical energy storage, solar–thermal energy storage, electrochemical (batteries and supercapacitors), and thermochemical storage. The gravimetric and volumetric storage capacity, energy storage density, power output, operating temperature and pressure, cycle life, recyclability, and cost of clean energy or fuel storage are some of the factors that govern efficient energy and fuel storage technologies for potential deployment in energy harvesting (solar and wind farms) stations and onboard vehicular transportation. This Special Issue thus serves the need for promoting exploratory research and development on clean energy and fuel storage technologies while addressing their challenges to practical and sustainable infrastructures.

Keywords

dye-sensitized solar cells --- carbon materials --- Ag nanoparticles --- freestanding TiO2 nanotube arrays --- gas turbine engine --- lean direct injection --- four-point --- low emissions combustion --- carbonate gas reservoirs --- water invasion --- recovery factor --- aquifer size --- production rate --- hydrogen storage --- complex hydrides --- nanocatalyst --- LiNH2 --- MgH2 --- ball milling --- Li-ion batteries --- nanocomposite materials --- cathode --- anode --- binder --- separator --- ionic liquid --- vertically oriented graphene --- electrical double layers --- charge density --- capacitance --- gas storage --- material science --- rock permeability --- synthetic rock salt testing --- Klinkenberg method --- hydrogen storage systems --- hydrogen absorption --- thermochemical energy storage --- metal hydride --- magnetism --- heat transfer enhancement --- Power to Liquid --- Fischer–Tropsch --- dynamic modeling --- lab-scale --- lithium-ion batteries --- simplified electrochemical model --- state of charge estimator --- extended kalman filter --- hot summer and cold winter area --- PCM roof --- comprehensive incremental benefit --- conjugate phase change heat transfer --- lattice Boltzmann method --- large-scale wind farm --- auxiliary services compensation --- battery energy storage system --- optimal capacity --- equivalent loss of cycle life --- hydrogen storage --- porous media --- bacterial sulfate reduction --- methanogenesis --- gas loss --- diffusion --- reactive transport modeling --- PHREEQC --- energy discharge --- bubbles burst --- bubbles transportation --- crystal growth rates --- undercooling --- salt cavern --- leaching tubing --- flutter instability --- flow-induced vibration --- internal and reverse external axial flows --- thermal energy storage (TES) --- slag --- regenerator --- concentrated solar power (CSP) --- quality function deployment (QFD) --- failure mode and effect analysis (FMEA) --- thermal energy storage --- electrochemical energy storage --- hydrogen energy storage --- salt cavern energy storage

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (2)


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CC by-nc-nd (2)


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eng (2)


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2019 (2)