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Non-Ordinary Mental Expressions

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194858 Year: Pages: 135 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-485-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-16 15:44:59
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Abstract

So-called altered states of consciousness (ASC) are an intriguing, still under-researched topic, with profound neuropsychological and epistemological implications. In the last few decades there has been increasing multidisciplinary interest in consciousness and ASC, a term encompassing a wide range of pathological and non-pathological conditions, including dreaming, near-death experiences (NDEs), hypnagogic states, hallucinogenic experiences, epileptic seizures, psychotic symptoms, coma, and minimally conscious states. There has also been considerable research on procedures that may affect ASC including hypnosis and various forms of meditation. Since the term altered implies for some abnormality or dysfunction, the concept of anomalous experiences (not necessarily implying pathology) is increasingly used and more general.The term non-ordinary mental expressions (NOME) encompasses both anomalous (at least for a particular culture at a particular time) experiences and related neuropsychological processes and induction procedures. Our use of non-ordinary: a) does not assume pathology; and b) is suitable for sophisticated and positive mental activities, including, creativity, intuition, and some forms of spirituality. We use the term mind to include both conscious and preconscious processes, and question the notion that, "ordinary", waking consciousness provides the only epistemologically valid stance with regard to the mind and its interactions with reality. Similarly, although genius and madness both imply something beyond normal, they differ importantly in their ontology and implications. In short, NOME refers to both experiences and procedures that seek to change short- or long-term psychological processes. Regarding the latter, meditation is an intentional activity, calling for training of attention and reflective awareness, and varying in specific procedures and outcomes. With regard to an absence of pathology, NDEs, which have several features in common with mystical experiences, may occur in the absence of any brain disorder and bring about positive changes. Reductionist interpretations of NDEs as pathophysiological do not explain nor encompass the whole range of their phenomenology. Instead, brain areas and neurotransmitters potentially involved in these experiences may provide a common terrain for both pathological and non-pathological mind expressions.We believe that a proper approach to NOME should adopt a neurophenomenological approach to the study of brain mechanisms and subjective experiences as a whole, integrating experiential and neuroscientific perspectives, without any a priori fixed hierarchy or ontology. The brain-mind relationship can be analyzed as a recursive loop, where brain activity gives rise to mental phenomena and mental processes, in turn, yield functional and plastic changes in the brain. This Research Topic will include international experts in NOME as well as young researchers within a multidisciplinary discussion, in which neuroscientists, psychologists, psychiatrists, philosophers, anthropologists, and other professionals will be asked to contribute. We aim to reappraise the importance of NOME and its implications for the mind-brain-world relationship. The editors will solicit original research contributions as well as theoretical papers, such as reviews, mini-reviews, and theoretical discussions.

Ten Years of TerraSAR-X—Scientific Results

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038977247 9783038977254 Year: Pages: 422 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-725-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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This Special Issue is a collection of papers addressing the scientific use of data acquired in the course of the TerraSAR-X mission 10 years after launch. The articles deal with the mission itself, the accuracy of the products, with differential interferometry, and with applications in the domains cryosphere, oceans, wetlands, and urban areas.

Keywords

synthetic aperture radar --- TerraSAR-X --- geolocation --- absolute localization accuracy --- stereo sar --- imaging geodesy --- TerraSAR-X --- internal calibration --- geometric and radiometric calibration --- antenna model verification --- antenna pointing determination --- radiometric accuracy --- calibration targets --- long term performance monitoring --- TerraSAR-X --- TanDEM-X --- LEO --- POD --- SLR --- SAR --- Satellite Laser Ranging --- radar ranging --- satellite orbit --- validation --- InSAR coherence --- NDVI --- damage assessment --- density map --- tsunami --- earthquake --- GIS --- TSX Staring spotlight --- high resolution InSAR --- small-scale movements --- atmospheric phase --- layover --- DSM blending --- SAR --- internal waves --- Andaman Sea --- radar --- satellite --- remote sensing --- SAR --- TerraSAR-X --- operations --- ground segment --- orbit --- mission --- global --- urban footprint --- processing --- validation --- community survey --- sustainability --- synthetic aperture radar --- X-band --- marine --- estuarine --- lacustrine --- riverine --- palustrine --- time-series --- SAR applications --- vegetation --- remote sensing data --- DInSAR --- landslide monitoring --- PSI --- super high-spatial resolution TerraSAR-X images --- pixel selection --- measurement pixels’ density --- synthetic aperture radar --- PolSAR --- TerraSAR-X --- surface water monitoring --- flooded vegetation --- classification --- segmentation --- InSAR --- landslide --- phase unwrapping --- phase demodulation --- TerraSAR-X --- RADARSAT-2 --- ALOS-1 --- ERS --- synthetic aperture radar --- TerraSAR-X --- habitat mapping --- monitoring --- remote sensing --- Wadden Sea --- mussel beds --- intertidal bedforms --- tidal gullies --- remote sensing --- film slicks on the sea surface --- dual co-polarized microwave radar --- surface wind waves --- wave breaking --- Snow Cover Extent (SCE) --- TerraSAR-X --- Landsat --- wet snow --- small Arctic catchments --- satellite time series --- TerraSAR-X --- synthetic aperture radar (SAR), radar mission --- remote sensing --- land subsidence --- TerraSAR-X --- SAR interferometry --- coastal environments --- Venice lagoon --- multi-baseline --- multi-pass --- PS --- DS --- geodetic --- TomoSAR --- D-TomoSAR --- PSI --- robust estimation --- covariance matrix --- InSAR --- SAR --- review --- SAR --- SAR interferometry --- atmospheric propagation delay --- persistent scatterer interferometry --- numerical weather prediction --- stratified atmospheric delay --- zenith path delay --- slant path delay --- interferometry --- surface movement monitoring --- ground control points --- radargrammetry --- automated target recognition --- convolutional neural networks (CNN), deep CNN --- support vector machine --- SVM --- synthetic aperture radar --- TerraSAR-X --- SAR interferometry --- land subsidence --- precise orbit determination --- geometric and radiometric calibration --- PSI

Urban Deformation Monitoring using Persistent Scatterer Interferometry and SAR tomography

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211265 9783039211272 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-127-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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This book focuses on remote sensing for urban deformation monitoring. In particular, it highlights how deformation monitoring in urban areas can be carried out using Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Tomography (TomoSAR). Several contributions show the capabilities of Interferometric SAR (InSAR) and PSI techniques for urban deformation monitoring. Some of them show the advantages of TomoSAR in un-mixing multiple scatterers for urban mapping and monitoring. This book is dedicated to the technical and scientific community interested in urban applications. It is useful for choosing the appropriate technique and gaining an assessment of the expected performance. The book will also be useful to researchers, as it provides information on the state-of-the-art and new trends in this field

Keywords

SBAS-InSAR --- surface subsidence --- Sentinel-1A --- Wuhan --- engineering construction --- carbonate karstification --- water level changes --- reclamation settlements --- Lingang New City --- time series InSAR analysis --- terraSAR-X --- ENVISAT ASAR --- ALOS PALSAR --- time series analysis --- InSAR --- PS --- landslide --- subsidence --- land reclamation --- urbanization --- risk --- Istanbul --- Turkey --- Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) --- Sentinel-1 --- uplift --- expansive soils --- dewatering --- London --- synthetic aperture radar (SAR) --- SAR tomography --- deformation monitoring --- persistent scatterer interferometry (PSI) --- urban deformation monitoring --- radar interferometry --- displacement mapping --- spaceborne SAR --- differential interferometry --- differential tomography --- ERS-1/-2 --- PALSAR --- PALSAR-2 --- InSAR --- land subsidence --- reclaimed land --- Urayasu City --- SAR interferometry --- displacement monitoring --- Sentinel-1 --- permanent scatterers --- thermal dilation --- health monitoring --- SAR --- Sentinel-1 --- differential SAR interferometry --- atmospheric component --- modelling --- deformation time series --- validation --- multi-look SAR tomography --- multiple PS detection --- Capon estimation --- Generalized Likelihood Ratio Test --- synthetic aperture radar --- persistent scatterers --- differential interferometry --- tomography --- radar detection --- generalized likelihood ratio test --- sparse signals --- pursuit monostatic --- PS-InSAR --- urban monitoring --- skyscrapers --- urban subsidence --- Copernicus Sentinel-1 --- Persistent Scatterer Interferometry --- SNAP-StaMPS --- Rome --- synthetic aperture radar --- tomography --- polarimetry --- radar detection --- generalized likelihood ratio test --- sparse signals --- geological and geomorphological mapping --- Late-Quaternary deposits --- differential compaction --- multi-temporal DInSAR --- Venetian-Friulian Plain --- subsidence monitoring --- persistent scatterer interferometry --- asymmetric subsidence --- groundwater level variation --- Sepulveda Transit Corridor --- Los Angeles --- synthetic aperture radar --- persistent scatterers --- tomography --- differential interferometry --- polarimetry --- radar detection --- urban areas --- deformation

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